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2014, Vol.14, No.6

  • 1.

    The Necessity for the Korean Dental Hygiene Education Accreditation System

    KimJi-Youn | 김영숙 | 정순희 and 1other persons | 2014, 14(6) | pp.789~794 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The increasing cross-border mobility of dental school or dental hygiene students, educators, practitioners, programs and providerstakes challenges for existing national quality assurance and accreditation frameworks and bodies, as well as for the systems forrecognizing foreign qualifications. The new dental hygiene accreditation system was introduced to encourage the improvement ofdental hygiene programs, to ensure the quality of education and, most of all, to establish an internationally compatible system ofevaluation and accreditation. The accreditation procedure takes 1 year to complete. The result of the accreditation is released afterevaluation via self-study report, site visit, preliminary draft report, responses from the institution and the results from the conciliationand review committees. The result from the accreditation procedure is either ‘accreditation’ or ‘no accreditation’. Accredited schoolsreceive one of several statuses following the evaluation. These are next general review, interim report and interim visit or suspension. Dental healthcare quality is not improved instantaneously, but instead gradually through continuous communication within thedental field. For this accreditation system to be successful, the following are essential: the accreditation agency should adopt hygieneeducation accreditation; it needs to become financially independent and managed efficiently; the autonomy and regulationssurrounding the system need to be balanced; the professionalism of the system is ensured; and the dental field which includes notonly dental program, but also hygiene program, needs to play an active role in the operation of the system.
  • 2.

    Relationship between the oral contraceptive pill and periodontal disease in Korean women: The 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data analysis phase3(2012)

    Lee Jong Hwa | Jinyeong Yoo | Jung Gi Ok and 1other persons | 2014, 14(6) | pp.795~804 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between the oral contraceptive pill and periodontal diseasein Korean women aged from 19 to 50 years old. Methods: This study selected 1,579 women of childbearing age from 19 to 50 years old from the 5th National Health and NutritionSurvey data analysis(phase 3, 2012) taking the oral examination. The questionnaire consisted of socioeconomic demographiccharacteristics, health behavior, use of oral contraceptive pills, and periodontal disease. Socioeconomic demographic characteristicsincluded age, marital status, education, monthly income, and vocation. The health behavior included obesity, stress, smoking,subjective oral health status, use of dental floss, tooth brushing, and diabetes mellitus by fasting blood sugar level. Use of oralcontraceptive pills was recorded by monthly use and duration. The periodontal disease was documented by yes or no and selected asdependent variable by logistic regression analysis. Results: After revising the taking period of oral contraceptive pill for this study, there was the correlation between the prevalence ofperiodontal disease and odds ratio(95% CI) 1.288(1.027-1.617). Conclusions: This study will contribute to the direction of policy for an oral contraceptive pill and provide the basic data forcounseling for the oral health and the side effects of oral contraceptive pills.
  • 3.

    The association between diabetes mellitus and community periodontal index: The 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition examination survey

    Young-Suk Kim | 전지현 | Min Hee-Hong | 2014, 14(6) | pp.805~812 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the association between diabetes mellitus and community periodontal index inKorean adults. Methods: The study populations were recruited by the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Studysubjects were 10,411 who were examined oral examination, blood test, and aged over 19 years. Using multiple logistic regressionanalyses, the variables were adjusted for gender, age, household income, family history of diabetes, body mess index, smoking habit,and frequency of tooth brushing. Periodontal tissue examination of the subjects was performed and scored by Communityperiodontal index(CPI). Using probe, six teeth were examined for hemorrhage, plaque, and pocket depth and classified into CPI0,CPI1, CPI2, CPI3 and CPI4. Healthy periodontal groups(CPI0-2) and periodontal disease groups(CPI3-4) were divided by theperiodontal disease status. The definition of diabetes mellitus(DM) was decided by the diagnosis by the doctors and fasting bloodsugar level. Those who were diagnosed as DM were included in DM group. The DM variables included normal blood sugar level,increased fasting blood sugar level, and DM blood sugar level. The DM variables were compared to periodontal disease blood sugarlevel and analyzed. Results: The periodontitis prevalence rate was 23.2%. Those who had diabetes mellitus accounted for 5.5% of the subjects. Thosewho had impaired fasting glucose accounted for 17.7% and 7.9% of subjects were diabetes mellitus by blood test. In the confirmeddiabetes group by doctor, the periodontitis prevalence rate was significantly higher than the non-diabetic group. Diabetic group byblood test had the highest prevalence rate of periodontitis than those who had impaired fasting glucose group or normal group. Afteradjusting for gender, age, household income, family history of diabetes, body mass index, smoking habit, and frequency of toothbrushing, the risk of periodontitis in diagnosed diabetes mellitus was 1.57 times(95% CI; 1.27-1.94) higher than the normal group. Inimpaired fasting glucose group and diabetes mellitus group by blood test, the risk of periodontitis was 1.11 times(95% CI; 0.95-1.30)and 1.45 times(95% CI; 1.45-2.12) higher, respectively. Conclusions: There was a significant relationship between diabetes mellitus and periodontitis in Korean adults. These results suggestthat diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for periodontitis.
  • 4.

    The relationship between vocational calling and ethical inclination in clinical dental hygienists

    천세희 | LEE, Hyang-Yeon | Mi-Sook Cho | 2014, 14(6) | pp.813~820 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between professional vocation and ethical inclination inclinical dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 221 clinical dental hygienist in Busan and Kyeongnam from April 1 to 30,2014. The questionnaire consisted of structured questions including demographic characteristics(9 questions), vocational calling(9questions), deontology(12 questions), asceticism(13 questions), and utilitarianism(8 questions). Questionnaire was carried out byLikert scale. Data were analyzed using the statistical package SPSS Window 19.0 for frequency, mean and standard deviationanalysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA and linear regression. Results: There was a significantly positive correlation between professional vocation and ethical inclination. The deontology wasassociated with education, dental service career, duty hours, and number of clients in multivariate analysis after adjusting forsocio-demographic characteristics and professional vocation. Asceticism was also correlated with education, and utilitarianism wasclosely associated with vocational calling, work place, number of clients, and monthly income. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the curricula including vocational calling and ethical inclination in the dental hygieneeducation. The dental hygienists should learn the ethical and vocational calling as a professional career.
  • 5.

    Influence of humor sense on job satisfaction and turnover intention in clinical dental hygienists

    전지현 | 2014, 14(6) | pp.821~830 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of humor sense on job satisfaction and turnover intention inclinical dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 277 dental hygienists in Chungnam from May to June, 2014. Theinstrument for humor sense was adapted from Thorson and Powell instrument by Lee and 20 questions. Each question includedhumor making and preference for humor and scored by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha in the study was 0.869. Job satisfaction wasadapted from Smith Job Description Index and included task requirement, collaborate support, manager support, promotion, andwages and score by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha in the study was 0.827. Turnover intention was developed by Lee and 5questions was score by Likert 5 scale. Crobach’s alpha was 0.712 in the study. Results: The average of humor sense was 3.33, average of job satisfaction was 3.20, and average of turnover intention was 3.05. Thesense of humor had a positive effect on turnover intention. Conclusions: This result will provide the high productivity and high quality of life in clinical dental hygienists. Humor sense is theimportant factor that support the job satisfaction and decrease the turnover intention.
  • 6.

    Perception and practice of the infection control by empowerment in the dental hygienists

    Park Sung Suk | Jang Gye Won | Yong-Ju Kang | 2014, 14(6) | pp.831~838 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the perception and practice of the infection control by empowerment in thedental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 200 dental hygienists in Gyeongbuk from January 3 to February 20, 2013. Data were analyzed by SPSS 12.0 program. The instrument of impowerment was adapted from Spreitzer and consisted of 12questions including meaning(4 questions), competency(4 questions), self-decision(4 questions), and impact(4 questions). Impowerment was score by Likert 5 scale and higher score means higher impowerment. The instrument for hand washingrecognition and practice was adapted from Kim and consisted of hand washing(5 questions), personal protective clothingmanagement(5 questions), contaminated appliance management(3 questions), sterilization(3 questions), and infection controlenvironment(8 questions). The empowerment instrument was score by Likert 5 scale and the mean was 3.83 points. Based on 3.83,infection control recognition and practice were divided into upper group and lower group. Cronbach alpha was 0.951 inempowerment, 0.931 in recognition, and 0.924 in practice in the study. Results: Based on the average points of 3.83, the groups were divided into two groups including upper group and lower group. Theupper group showed higher score in hand washing than the lower group. In the protective clothing management, the upper groupchanged the mask at one-hour interval(p<0.001). Conclusions: In the viewpoint of empowerment, it had a significant influence on the perception and practice of the dental infectioncontrol in the dental hygienists.
  • 7.

    The perception in regard to the clinical trial of dental hygienists

    장나희 | jung eui jung | Jang Gye Won | 2014, 14(6) | pp.839~847 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the perception of clinical trials of dental hygienist. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 126 dental hygienists in Seoul, Kyonggi and other area from October 1 toNovember 15, 2012. The instrument of the study was adapted from Jung and reconstructed. The questionnaire consisted of generalcharacteristics of the subjects(9 questions) and recognition for clinical trials(10 questions). Recognition for clinical trials instrumentincluded recognition for clinical trial conception(2 questions), objective recognition(5 questions), and subjective recognition forclinical trial(3 questions). The instrument was score by Likert 5 scale and Cronbach alpha was 0.936 in the study. Data were analyzedby SPSS 20.0 program and set at p<0.05. Independent t-test, chi-square test, one way ANOVA, and post-hoc Duncan test were done. Results: Those who had higher ages and higher education tended to have longer clinical careers(p<0.05). There was a significantdifference in clinical trials between the level of education, clinical dental hygienists and professors. The differences in problemperception for activation of clinical trial according to workplace appeared to lack of publicity and inadequacy of facilities(p<0.05). Conclusions: To improve the perception of the clinical trials in dental hygienists, it is necessary to prepare the human resourcesprograms, the additional curricula, continuing education courses and active publicity.
  • 8.

    The knowledge and attitude toward radiation safety management in dental clinic worker

    Ok-Sung Han | Seung-Hee Woo | Kim,Seo-Yeon | 2014, 14(6) | pp.849~857 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude toward radiation safety management in dental clinicworker. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 294 dental clinic workers in dental hospitals and clinics in Gwangju andJeonnam from February 17 to March 30, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of radiation safety(8questions), knowledge of radiation safety(15 questions), and attitudes of radiation safety(16 questions). The survey was done byLikert 5 scale method. Results: In completion of the radiodontia courses, 84.0% of the learners were female workers. 88.0% of the learners took thetheoretical and practical courses. Those who work in the university dental hospital accounted for 87.1% and those in dental clinicsaccounted for 83.2%. Majority of the workers took on Leaden protective clothing in order to protect the thyroid gland. Male workershad more knowledge toward the radiation safety management than the female workers. The attitude toward the radiation safetymanagement revealed the significant differences between age, gender, academic careers, license, clinical careers and the meannumber of patients per day(p<0.05). Conclusions: The radiation safety management is very important in dental clinical workers and it is necessary to enhance the attitudetoward the radiation safety through continuous education.
  • 9.

    Impact of the oral health-related quality of life(OHIP-14) of industrial workers in some area

    Cheon, hye won | 2014, 14(6) | pp.859~869 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective oral health awareness, oral health knowledge, oral healthbehavior and OHIP-14 in industrial workers. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 243 workers in Jeonbuk May 7 to June 10, 2014. Except incompleteanswers, 230 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(sex, age, career, maritalstatus, abd family), oral health recognition characteristics(oral health attention, subjective oral health status, and oral health concern),oral health knowledge, oral health behavior, and oral health related quality of life. The instrument was 14 questions od OHIP-14including functional restriction(2 questions), physical pain(2 questions), psychological discomfort(2 questions), physical abilitydecease(2 questions), psychological function decease(2 questions), social activity decrease (2 questions), and social discomfort(2questions). Cronbach’s alpha was 0.949 in this study and it was reliable. Results: Oral health interests showed that 57.8% of the workers had concern for oral health interests and 50.4% perceived that theirsubjective oral health was moderate status. 55.6% of the workers answered that their oral health status was very worried. Women hadmore knowledge about the oral health. Those who were in fifties tended to have more knowledge of oral health than the other agegroups. Those who had more concern for oral health included female workers, married workers, and workers above 21 years. Theconcern for oral health made the workers keep good oral health. Higher score of OHIP-14 means good oral health. Conclusions: Good oral health-related quality of life is proportional to continuous management of oral health and subjective oralhealth status. It is necessary to develop the tailored oral health education program for the workers.
  • 10.

    The subjective recognition of oral malodor and oral malodor self test

    전주연 | KyeongHee Lee | 2014, 14(6) | pp.871~879 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the appropriate management and implementation of the oral malodorprevention for the general people. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 420 subjects in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province from March to October,2013. Except 19 copies, 401 copies were analyzed. The instrument of subjective oral malodor awareness and status was adaptedfrom Yoon and Youn and partly modified. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics(4 questions), oral malodorawareness(3 questions), oral malodor related characteristics(3 questions), self-diagnostic test of oral malodor(5 questions), andsubjective oral malodor and health status(3 questions). Self-diagnostic test of oral malodor was score as yes(1 point) and no(0 point). The subjective oral malodor and health status scoring was done by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach alpha was 0.713 in the self-diagnostictest of oral malodor. Results: The self-recognition rate of oral malodor was 0.8%. When the level of oral malodor increased to 1 point, the self-test of oralmalodor increased as the rate of 0.033(p<0.05). Conclusions: There existed no close correlation between subjective recognition of oral malodor and oral malodor self-test. Therefore, oral malodor should be measured by an expert counseling to make an accurate diagnosis. It is important to establish theappropriate oral malodor prevention program for the general people.
  • 11.

    Related factors to dental fear in some adults

    Soo-Kyung Kim | 김미희 | 최현지 and 1other persons | 2014, 14(6) | pp.881~886 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the related factors to dental fear in some adults. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 320 adults in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do from April to June, 2013. Except 14incomplete answers, data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of thesubjects(7 questions), dental fear related factor(18 questions), distrust for dentist(15 questions), and distrust for dental hygienist(11questions). The instrument for dental treatment fear was Dental fear Survey(DFS) adapted from Kleinknecht and partly modified byChoi. Out of 20 questions, 18 questions were reconstructed and score by Likert 5 scale. Higher score means higher dental fear. Cronbach alpha was 0.959 in the study. The distrust for dentist and dental hygienist was adapted from Choi and reconstructed andscore by Likert 5 scale. Higher score means higher distrust for dentist and dental hygienist. Cronbach alpha was 0.937 in distrust fordentist and 0.874 in distrust for dental hygienist in the study. Results: Those who experienced dental pain tended to have dental fear. The reasons for dental fear were as follows; bad breath(2.96out of 5 points, hereafter represented as of 2.96/5), dental caries(2.88/5), missing teeth(2.87/5) and tooth pain(2.77/5). The distrustfor the dentist was the main dental fear in the adults. Conclusions: The dental fear was closely related to gender, experience of dental pain, oral symptoms and distrust for the dentist. Asthe psychological pain in the patients was mainly influenced by the trustful atmosphere, it is necessary to make the patient easybefore treatment.
  • 12.

    Behavior and attitude toward oral health care in implant wearers

    Boo Wol Kang | Sun-Mi Lee | 2014, 14(6) | pp.887~894 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health education and oral health care in the implant wearers. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was conducted by 253 patients in 14 different dental hospitals and clinics in Seoul andGyeonggi-do from July 1 to September 30, 2012. The instrument was adapted from Kang and Lee, Yu and Shim, and Ko and Jang onthe basis of the previous study. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions including general characteristics of the subjects(4questions), oral health education(3 questions), behavior and attitude of tooth brushing(3 questions), and use of auxiliary supplies(2questions). Results: 1. 38.3% of the patients received the dental care education for the first time. The most common education method wasdemonstration by dental hygienists(28.9%). 26.2% of the patients wanted to know the right toothbrushing method. 2. The besttoothbrushing methods were rolling method(28.9%) and Leonard’s method(28.9%). 19.4% of the patients changed thetoothbrushing method after education. 22.5 percent brushed their natural teeth and implant teeth by a different maneuver. 3. Theinterdental brush was the most commonly used product(35.8%) and most of the patients the interdental brush once a day(36.6%). 4. There was a significant difference between the frequency of toothbrushing and method(p<0.05). 5. There was a significant differencebetween the separate brushing of implant and natural teeth by the frequency of toothbrushing and method of education(p<0.05). 6. Use of interdental brush had an influenced on education method(p<0.05). Conclusions: Regular dental checkup and use of interdental brush can improve the oral care for the implant wearers. Regular use ofinterdental brush can prolong the life span of implant tooth and keep the patients’ teeth in good condition.
  • 13.

    Actual oral condition and dental fear level of the elderly

    Park.j.s | On-Ju Ju | 2014, 14(6) | pp.895~902 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the actual oral health status and dental fear level in the elderly. Methods: Data were collected by questionnaire interview method from June 15, 2013 to December 14, 2013. The subjects wereelderly over 65 years old in Jeonbuk province. The study instrument was structured questionnaire including general characteristics ofthe subjects(3 questions), oral health management status(16 questions), Dental Fear Survey(DFS, 9 questions). Cronbach alphaswere 0.804 and 0.959 in the study. Higher score of oral health management status showed good oral health care and higher DFSshowed higher level of dental fear. Data were analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA, post-hoc Scheffe test, and Pearson correlationanalysis. Higher dental fear was defined below 33.3%. Results: Women tended to have better oral health than male. Women brush their teeth more frequently than male. Most of the elderlyanswered that it was important to brush teeth for 3 minutes, to use dental floss and to have oral health education(p<0.05). Score ofdental fear level was similar in men and women. Those who were above 69 years old tended to have dental fear. Poor oral healthcondition was closely related to dental fear. Conclusions: The oral care in the elderly showed considerable differences between the groups and affected the dental fear. It isimportant to implement the nationwide dental care for the elderly in the future.
  • 14.

    Content analysis of daily tooth cleaning service records by caregivers in a long-term care facility

    백지현 | 이혜주 | 최호준 and 5other persons | 2014, 14(6) | pp.903~913 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the content analysis of daily tooth cleaning service records by caregivers ina long-term care facility. Methods: The data were analyzed by qualitative research based on content analysis of the daily records of the processes and resultsof daily tooth cleaning service. Twenty caregivers provided tooth, gum and denture cleaning service after breakfast, lunch, anddinner to 48 elderly residents. The study lasted about two weeks(from August 4 to August 20, 2014). The researcher reconstructedthe language by repeatedly reviewing the caregivers statements in the records. The content categories were derived from the recordsthrough a reiterative manual comparative analysis. Using constant comparison method, reconstructed meanings were incorporatedinto various meanings and reanalyzed by final categories called as analytic coding. In order to validate the reliability, 6 times ofdiscussion made the common meanings through a master’s degree student and a dental hygiene professor. Results: The caregivers identified lack of understanding and ability to recognize the functional physical and mental changes in theelderly. The elderly had difficulty in recognizing silent communication and daily tooth cleaning. The caregivers were so strenuous intaking care of the daily tooth cleaning service for the elderly. At last, they gave up the daily tooth cleaning service and took on it tothe guardians. They found that there was no social supporting network for oral health of the elderly residents. Conclusions: Caregivers had insufficient understanding of the functional physical and mental changes in the elderly residents, andthey had difficulty providing daily tooth cleaning service to the elderly due to poor skill and abilities.
  • 15.

    Influencing factors on oral and maxillofacial trauma prevention education experience of students majoring in physical education

    Jang Kyeung Ae | 2014, 14(6) | pp.915~920 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the influencing factors on oral and maxillofacial trauma prevention educationexperience of students majoring in physical education. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 268 students majoring in physical education in Busan. All statisticalanalyses were performed using SPSS 21.0. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics(4 questions), TMJ symptoms(9questions), oral habit(8 questions), and mouth guard awareness(5 questions). The questionnaire was carried out by 5 Likert scale. Higher points of Likert scale showed the negative tendency except the mouth guard awareness. The higher points of mouth guardawareness showed the positive tendency to use the mouth guard. Results: Male students had higher scores of 2.75 points in bad oral habit than the female students(p<0.05). Female students higherscore of 1.30 points in mouth guard awareness than male students(p<0.05). TMJ symptoms experience in oral and maxillofacialtrauma was 3.15 points which was higher than the prevention education experience without maxillofacial trauma(p<0.001). TMJsymptoms and Mouth guard awareness showed 2.71(p<0.01) and 1.20 points(p<0.001) respectively in students with maxillofacialtrauma prevention education experience. These score were higher than those without education experience of trauma preventioneducation experience. The influencing factors on trauma prevention education experience are mouth guard awareness(p<0.001), oralhabits(p<0.01), and temporomandibular joint symptom(p<0.01). Conclusions: The necessity of mouth guards should be emphasized to prevent the serious oral trauma. It is very important to establishthe rule for mouth guard use in sports activities. Therefore, oral and maxillofacial trauma prevention education program is needed.
  • 16.

    Factors associated with gingival bleeding by tooth brushing in college students

    조명숙 | 2014, 14(6) | pp.921~926 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the factors associated with gingival bleeding(GB) by tooth brushing in collegestudents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 232 college students in Daegu Health College from March to June, 2014. Data were analyzed for frequency, chi square test, and logistic regression analysis using SPSS 12.0 program. The study was a crosssectional study. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(gender, age, marital status, and smoking),frequency and duration of tooth brushing, scaling experience, and physical health status. Self-reporting hemorrhage was reported byyes or no. Frequency of tooth brushing was documented as the number of behavior. Above 4 times of tooth brushing was defined as4. Duration of tooth brushing was documented as minute. Above 4 minutes, it was recorded as 4. In physical health status, 1 is feelingweak and 4 is feeling very healthy. Cronbach alpha was 0.82 in the study. Results: There were significant relationships between gingival bleeding and age(p<0.05), subjective health(p<0.01), tooth brushingfrequency(p<0.05) and duration(p<0.05) by chi square test. Logistic regression analysis showed that the age(p<0.05), subjectivehealth(p<0.01), tooth brushing frequency(p<0.05) and duration(p<0.05) were associated with gingival bleeding. Prevalence ofgingival bleeding in 20 years was 0.62(odds ratio 1.85, 95% CI 1.00∼3.43) and it was higher than that in 10 years. Prevalence ofgingival bleeding in good health group was -1.38 and it was lower than that in poor health group. Conclusions: The factors associated with gingival bleeding were age, subjective health, and tooth brushing frequency and time.
  • 17.

    Volunteer activity, sociality, and morality in the dental hygiene students

    이혜경 | 2014, 14(6) | pp.927~933 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the voluntary activity, sociality, and morality in the dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 563 dental hygiene students in Jeonbuk from May 20 to June 20, 2013. Thequestionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, volunteer activity, sociality, and morality. The instrument ofsociality was adapted from Kim and reconstructed. Sociality was scored by Likert 5 scale and consisted of autonomy(4 questions),assiduousness(4 questions), sociability(4 questions), stability(4 questions), and leadership(4 questions). Cronbach alpha was 0.655in the study. Morality instrument was adapted from Kim and Cho and reconstructed. The instrument was score by Likert 5 scale. Morality consisted of altruistic(8 questions) and social responsibility(8 questions). Cronbach alpha was 0.786 in the study. Data wereanalyzed using SPSS 12.0 program for descriptive analysis, frequency analysis, and t-test. P value was set at p>0.05. Results: Among the dental hygiene students, 50.4% participated in the volunteer activity. 22% of the students tended to help others. There was a significant difference between the volunteer activity, sociality, and morality. Conclusions: The volunteer activity experience and sociality had a positive effect on the participation in helping others. Sharing withhelp is the most important attitude toward the positive thinking and the right way of living. So the professors and students must try toshare knowledge and volunteering mind in clinical practice for the patients.
  • 18.

    Related factors of clinical practice satisfaction and social support in dental hygiene students

    Sun-A Lim | Hye-Jeong Youn | 2014, 14(6) | pp.935~942 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the related factors of clinical practice satisfaction and social support indental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 420 dental hygiene students in Gwangju and Jeonnam from March 8 toApril 8, 2014. Except 26 incomplete answers, 394 data were analyzed. The instrument consisted of general characteristics of thesubjects(7 questions), social support(7 questions), and satisfaction level with clinical practice(22 questions). The instrument forsatisfaction level with clinical practice included self-esteem(1 question), interest and usefulness(2 questions), knowledgeapplication(1 question), place of clinical practice(1 question), and influence by practice leader(1 question). Cronbach alpha was0.773 in the study. The instrument of social support was adapted from Park and reconstructed. Social support included emotionalsupport(11 questions), self-esteem support(7 questions), and informative support(4 questions). Social support was score by Likert 5scale and higher score showed the higher social support. Results: The dental hygiene students got a mean of 3.11±0.55 in clinical practice satisfaction. They got 3.35 points in satisfactionwith major and 3.32 in satisfaction with curricula(p<0.001). They got a mean of 3.68±0.55 in social support. They got 3.69±0.57 inemotional support; 3.81±0.59 in self-esteem support; and 3.53±0.66 in informative support. The influencing variables on satisfactionwith clinical practice were self-esteem support(B=0.202), satisfaction with major(B=0.234), and satisfaction with curricula(B=0.128). Conclusions: There was a close relationship between satisfaction with clinical practice and social support. In order to enhance thesatisfaction with clinical practice, it is necessary to connect self-esteem support with major satisfaction and curricula satisfaction.
  • 19.

    The relationship between the personality types and satisfaction of education in dental hygiene students

    Kim, Chang-suk | 천세희 | Mi-Sook Cho | 2014, 14(6) | pp.943~949 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the personality types and satisfaction of educationsatisfaction in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 898 students in Busan, Gyeongnam, and Ulsan from March 2 to 25, 2014. Data were analyzed through t-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The instruments used personality types andsatisfaction of education. The personality types was adapted from Korean Eyesenck Personality Questionnaire that was modified byLee on the basis of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire(Eysenck & Eysenck, 1971). The questionnaire consisted of 44 questionsincluding extroversion factors(18 questions) and neurotic tendency(26 questions). The questionnaire was score by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach alpha was 0.835 in the study. The neurotic tendency consisted of 26 questions and the higher score showed the higherneurotic tendency. Cronbach alpha was 0.927 in the study. The instrument for satisfaction of education was adapted from Kim andGo and partly modified. The instrument was categorized into dental hygiene department satisfaction(6 questions), majorsatisfaction(6 questions), facilities satisfaction(4 questions), lecture satisfaction(7 questions), and faculty satisfaction(4 questions). The instrument was scored by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach alpha of education satisfaction was 0.928 in the study. Results: Extroverted students showed 3.70 point which was the highest score in the department satisfaction(p<0.001). Less neuroticstudents showed 3.68 point which was the highest score in the department satisfaction(p<0.001). There was a strong positivecorrelation between the major satisfaction and department satisfaction(p<0.01). The personality types that affected the educationsatisfaction were related to the extroverted students and less neurotic students(p<0.01). Conclusions: The personality types had much influences on the satisfaction of the major and academic accomplishment.
  • 20.

    Fear of dentist care and quality of life in dental health in male high school students

    Lee Jung Hwa | 이영애 | Kim, YoungSun | 2014, 14(6) | pp.951~959 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find out the fear of dentist care, subjective recognition of dental health, and quality oflife in the male high school students and to analyze the influencing factors on dental health care. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 243 special high-school in Deagu province from March 3 to March 14,2014. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(5 questions), subjective recognition of health andactivities to improve health(6 questions), dental fear(20 questions), oral health related quality of life(16 questions). The instrumentfor dental fear was adapted from measured by Berggren Dental Fear Survey(DFS). A total of 20 DFS questions included treatmentavoidance(8 questions), stimulus reaction(6 questions), and physiological reaction(5 questions) and score by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach alpha was 0.974 in the study. Oral health related quality of life was measured by 16 questions of CPQ11-14 for theadolescents by Lau. CPQ11-14 consisted of oral symptoms(4 questions), functional restriction(4 questions), and emotionalwellbeing(4 questions). The instrument was score by Likert 5 scale and Cronbach alpha was 0.9354 in the study. Data were analyzedusing SPSS 18.0 program for ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results: Fear of dentist care showed significant differences in treatment avoidance factor(p<0.001), stimulus reaction factor(p<0.05), and physiological reaction factor(p<0.001). The factors depended on subjective recognition of health andhealth-improving activities and differences in treatment avoidance factor(p<0.05) and physiological reaction factor(p<0.01). Thedental symptoms factors showed significant differences in health recognition(p<0.001), interest in health(p<0.001), alcohol drinkingstatus(p<0.001) and regular meal(p<0.001). While function limit factors showed differences in health recognition (p<0.001), interestin health(p<0.001), smoking(p<0.001), alcohol drinking(p<0.001) and regular meal(p<0.001). Mental and social stabilities factorsshowed significant differences in health recognition(p<0.001), interest in health(p<0.001) and alcohol drinking status(p<0.001). Among the factors influencing on the quality of life in dental health, interest in health(p<0.005), alcohol drinking(p<0.005) andphysiological reaction in the midst of fear of dentist care(p<0.001) were the significant impact factor. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a continuous and systematical program of dental health and dental care by experts so that thestudents can reduce the fear of dentist care by regular dental checkup and preventive treatment and care.
  • 21.

    Current condition of humanities and social sciences classes in the pubic health curricula

    moonsangeun | Kim Yun Jeong | 김선영 | 2014, 14(6) | pp.961~966 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the classes of humanities and social sciences in the public health curricula. Methods: Data were collected through online received from 329 public health curricula from July to August, 2014. Categorized areintroduction, management of hospital, medical health law, and ethics, patient psychology, others(communication, behavioralscience, administration). The data were analyzed by a descriptive analyses and χ2-test(SPSS 12.0). Results: As a result of evaluate the classes of humanities and social sciences in the public health curriculum, 86.0% of department ofoccupational therapy, 71.4% of department of radiological technology and 72.6% of department of dental hygiene established more4 classes. 92.1% of department physical therapy and 64.9% of department medical technology established more 5 credits. Numbersand credits of courses showed no differences by educational system. Conclusions: Humanities and social sciences are not popularly introduced in the most departments of public health sciences. Humanities and social sciences are very important and necessary for training competent future professionals in the public healthsciences. So this study will provide the basic data for the introduction of humanities and social sciences in the public health curricula.