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2015, Vol.15, No.1

  • 1.

    Influencing factors on happiness index in clinical dental hygienists

    Min Hee-Hong | 2015, 15(1) | pp.1~9 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of happiness index in dental hygienists. This study can be used toimprove the quality of life and the turnover intention in the dental hygienists. Methods: The subjects were 281 dental hygienists in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Chungcheong province. A self-reportedquestionnaire was completed by the subjects. The questionnaire consisted of 7 questions of general characteristics of the subjects, 7questions of dental hygiene performance, and 9 questions of happiness index. The instrument for happiness index was modified fromSuh and Koo. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.850 in the happiness index measure by Likert 7 scale. The instrument for professionalism wasmodified from Baek and consisted of 25 questions measure by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.694 in the professionalism. The instrument for turnover intention was modified from Lee and consisted of 5 questions measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’salpha was 0.712 in turnover intention. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. for one way ANOVA, Duncan posthoc test, Pearsoncorrelation coefficients and hierarchical regression. Results: The means of happiness index, professionalism and turnover intention of subjects were 4.44, 3.06 and 3.05, respectively. The happiness index was higher in those who are married(4.66), those who have high income, and those who have careers in dentalhygienists(4.61). There were significant differences in the happiness index by the average daily working hours, place of treatment,work intensity and off duty hours. Conclusions: This study suggests that improvement of the happiness index in clinical dental hygienists requires the continuing andsystematic education program and administrative support that can reduce the turnover intention.
  • 2.

    The relationship between noise awareness, hearing ability, and dental hygiene performance in dental hygienists

    박경화 | Hyo-Jin Kim | 2015, 15(1) | pp.11~17 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between noise awareness, hearing ability, and dental hygieneperformance in dental hygienists. Methods: The subjects were 234 dental hygienists in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Incheon. The questionnaire consisted of 3 questionsof general characteristics of the subjects, 1 question of noise awareness, 3 questions of hearing ability, 5 questions of dental hygieneperformance, 1 question of noise reduction necessity, and 2 questions of noise control. Noise awareness, dental hygiene performance,and noise reduction necessity were measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.825 in dental hygiene performance reliability. Results: There was a significant difference in noise recognition by age(p<0.01) and working career(p<0.05). Those who pumped upthe higher TV volume accounted for 31.6% and 3.0% had hearing impairment in the regular health checkup. 3.4% of the respondentscomplained of hearing loss, ear fluid, and equilibrium problem diagnosed by the doctors. The relationship between the type ofworkplace environment and task performance showed a significant difference. Those who work in the dental hospitals had highscore of 3.43, while those who work in dental clinics had 3.20(p<0.05). The increased level of noise recognition affected the taskperformance and it is necessary to reduce the noise level. More try must be focused on the noise exposure prevention. Conclusions: In order to reduce the problems due to noise and improve their quality of life, it is necessary to change the noiserecognition in the work place.
  • 3.

    Related factors to dental care utilization and oral health status in immigrant workers in Korea

    Nam In-Suk | Lee, Kyeong-Soo | 장은진 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.19~29 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the related factors to dental care utilization, oral health behaviors, and oralhealth status in immigrant workers in Korea. Methods: The subjects were 504 foreign immigrant male workers over 20 years old who visited Daegu labor consultation center fororal health survey and oral examination. The questionnaire included 5 questions of socioeconomic characteristics, 8 questions of oralhealth practice behavior, 6 questions of dental clinic visit, 8 questions of social relations and Korean language proficiency. Thequestion for health behavior was measure by body mass index(BMI). Social relations and Korean language proficiency instrumentwas modified by Seol from “Family welfare survey in Korean international marriage” and scored by Liker 5 scale. Results: The oral health examination of the immigrant workers was as follows: decayed teeth - 76.6%, filling teeth - 27.4%, missingteeth -69.8%, dental caries experience above five or more - 60.2%, periodontal pocket tissues . 58.9%. Simplified Oral HygieneIndex was very poor and accounted for 49.0%. Dental care utilization experience was closely associated with social relation indexesincluding attendance in family events, household stuff help, financial help and counseling for hard work(p<0.01). Dental careutilization experience proportionally increased with proficiency in Korean literacy including speaking, listening, and writingabilities of Korean language(p<0.01). Conclusions: In order to improve the oral health condition of the immigrant workers, it is important to provide social network,Korean language proficiency support, and health insurance coverage through economic burden reduction by the Korean government.
  • 4.

    The factors of oral health beliefs on scaling performance by national health insurance coverage in consumers

    Myung Sun Lee | lim hee jung | 2015, 15(1) | pp.31~38 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors of oral health beliefs on scaling performance by national healthinsurance coverage in consumers. Methods: The subjects were 353 people living in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do from September 25 to October 20, 2013. Theyfilled out the self-reported questionnaire after receiving informed consents. The questionnaire included 6 questions of generalcharacteristics, 6 questions of oral health behavior, 6 questions of health insurance coverage, and 1 question of subjective oral healthrecognition. The oral health belief consisted of 6 questions of seriousness, 6 questions of susceptibility, 8 questions of barriers, 5questions of benefit, and 3 questions of self-efficacy measure by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha in the study was 0.759. Data wereanalyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, post-hoc Scheffe test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient,and binary logistic regression. Results: The influencing factors of oral health belief model were Seriousness(=0.091), Self efficacy(=-0.471) and age(=0.855)(p<0.05). Those who had highly perceived seriousness and younger age tended to have probability of scaling performance. Higherself-efficacy tended to take more chance to have scaling performance probability. Conclusions: In order to cover the scaling by national health insurance, it is very important to notice the benefit of health insurancecoverage of scaling to the consumers. National health insurance coverage enables the scaling practice to be easily accessible to thepeople. Easy access to scaling by low cost strategy can improve the oral health behavior.
  • 5.

    Cognition of dental caries prevention by the level of the social economic status in Korea: Based on Gallup survey

    진혜정 | 정은경 | LEE, YOUNGEUN and 1other persons | 2015, 15(1) | pp.39~46 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the cognition of dental caries prevention by the level of socioeconomic statusbased on Gallup survey in Korea. Methods: This study was done by Korean Gallup survey in October, 2010. A trained researcher carried out the computer aidedtelephone interview(CATI) using a structured questionnaire. This study was based on the latest population statistics of residentregistration and whole country's phone data base. This survey included 869 selected Korean adults over 19 years old, and they wereasked to answer a CATI. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and socioeconomic factors includingage, gender, education level, monthly income, and residential area. Cognition of dental caries prevention was measured by Likert 4scale including ‘much’, ‘a little’, ‘rarely’, and ‘never’. The attitude toward dental caries prevention consisted of daily tooth brushingfrequency, experience of oral health education, regular dental checkup, chewing gums(xylitol), regular scaling, and use of oral caredevices. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 for frequency analysis, t-test, chi-square test, and one way ANOVA. Cronbach’s alphawas 0.462 in oral health concern and attitude. Results: Mean of the frequencies of daily tooth brushing in men was 2.54 times and 2.78 in women. By the comparison to age group,35-44 years old group had 2.82 times, 19-37 years old group had 2.72 times, and 45-64 years old group had 2.51 times. The level ofeducation and monthly income was proportional to the tooth brushing frequency. Highly educated and higher monthly income groupreceived regular dental checkup within a year and used the auxiliary oral health care devices. Conclusions: This study suggested the relationship between dental caries prevention and socioeconomic status. It is important toprovide the low socioeconomic group with the better oral health promotion services in the future.
  • 6.

    Influencing factors to dental caries and periodontal diseases in Korean adults

    정유진 | Cho Mi-Hyang | 문덕환 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.47~54 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to dental caries and periodontal disease in Korean adults. Methods: The subjects were 5,149 adults over 19 years old who participated in the 5th Korea National Health and NutritionExamination Survey 2012. Data were analyzed by chi-square test and logistic regression analysis using SPSS 18.0 statistical packageprogram. The questionnaire consisted of 17 questions of independent variables and 2 kinds of dependent variables including dentalcaries and periodontal diseases by direct interview. The independent variables included 5 questions of general characteristics, 3questions of health behavior, 5 questions of oral health behavior, and 4 questions of chronic diseases diagnosed by the doctors. Results: The prevalence rate of dental caries was higher in those who did not regularly work out and did not receive regular checkupsincluding dental floss and dental brush use. The prevalence rate of periodontal diseases was higher in male adults, smokers, and thosewho were obese and had diabetes mellitus, poor oral health care habit without using dental floss and inter-dental brush. Conclusions: In order to prevent the dental caries in the adults, it is very important to do regular exercise and regular dental checkup. The best ways of dental caries prevention include tooth brushing after meal with use of dental floss and inter-dental brush. This studysuggests that dental health promotion can be enhanced by smoking cessation, ideal body weight maintenance, timely tooth brushingafter meal, and use of dental floss and inter-dental brush.
  • 7.

    Associated factors of self-reported dry mouth in adults

    Kim Seon Suk | Hye-Jeong Youn | 2015, 15(1) | pp.55~62 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associated factors of self-reported dry mouth in adults. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 249 adults in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do from June to October, 2014. Thequestionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, age, monthly income, smoking, alcohol drinking, and systemicdiseases including systemic diseases, medication, oral health status, and stress. The question for dry mouth consisted of dryness inskin, eyes, lips, and nasal mucosa. The subjective dry mouth consisted of 6 questions measured by visual analogue scale(VAS). Cronbach’s alpha was 0.881 in the study. Oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) was adapted from Yoon. The questionnaire forOHIP-14 included functional limitation, physical pain, psychological disability, social disability, and experience in hadicapmeasured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.885 in the study. Data was analyzed for a t-test, one-way ANOVA and multipleregression analysis by using SPSS(SPSS 18.0, USA) program. Results: There were positive correlations between oral health-related quality of life and self-reported dry mouth (functional limitationr=0.288, physical pain r=0.219, psychological discomfort r=0.193, physical disability r=0.280, psychological disability r=0.205, socialdisability r=0.224 and handicap r=0.270). In the multiple regression analysis, variation of self-reported dry mouth were positivelyassociated with dry eyes{very often(=0.305)), sometimes(=0.186)}, dryness on lips{very often(=0.247), sometimes(=0.177)},handicap(=0.152), physical disability(=0.128) and alcohol drinking(1-2 times/week)(=0.116) (p<0.001). Conclusions: Self-reported dry mouth may cause deterioration of the entire body dryness(dryness on eyes and lips), low oralhealth-related quality of life(handicap and physical disability) and alcohol drinking. Thus, It is necessary to develop oral healtheducation programs to prevent and manage dry mouth in adults.
  • 8.

    Relationship between bone mineral density and the remaining teeth in Korean adults

    Song, Hye Jeong | LEE, DUK HEE | 2015, 15(1) | pp.63~72 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between bone mineral density and remaining teeth in Koreanadults. Methods: Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 5th Year 1(2010), 1,985 adults over 50 years oldhaving bone mineral density test were selected. Male adults were 883, and female adults were 1,102. The raw data consisted ofgeneral characteristics of the subjects, bone density data, and oral examination data. The questionnaire consisted of general healthsurvey, laboratory examination study, and nutrition study. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program for multiple regressionanalysis, ANOVA, t-test. The variables included general characteristics of the subjects, health behavior, diet habit, and oral healthbehavior. General characteristics consisted of gender, age, residence area, education level, marital status, monthly income, andvocation. Health behavior consisted of smoking, alcohol drinking, body mass index(BMI), physical activity, and mental health. Diethabit consisted of frequency of meal, milk, coffee, and calcium ingestion. Oral health behavior consisted of frequency of toothbrushing, use of oral health care devices, and oral examination. Systemic diseases were measured by the questionnaire forhypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. Bone density was measured in T-score of femoral bone, neck of femur, andlumbar vertebrae. Bone density was classified into normal(T-score ≥ -1.0), osteopenia(-2.5 < T-score < -1.0), and osteoporosis(T-score ≤ -2.5). The remaining teeth were measured by the differences between normal teeth and missing teeth. Results: Smoking and age are the most influencing factors on the number of remaining teeth and bone density(p<0.01)(p<0.05). Those who had higher bone density, younger age, and nonsmoker significantly had more remaining teeth. Those who were men,diabetic, lowly educated women, and low birth weighted persons tended to have less number of teeth(p<0.01). Conclusions: The study suggested that there were significant differences between men and women according to the oral healthmanagement behavior and systemic disease control. Proper management of the oral health and good quality of bone mineral densitycan reserve the remaining teeth through the whole life.
  • 9.

    The influencing factors of denture satisfaction in the low income elderly people

    이지희 | Cho Mi-Hyang | 문덕환 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.73~79 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing on the denture satisfaction in the low income elderlypeople. Methods: The subjects were 143 elderly people from 60 to 75 years old wearing dentures and receiving consistent follow-up in thepublic health center in Busan. A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by the elderly people from February 1 to March 1, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of denture satisfaction, social variables, and psychological variables. Data were analyzed by ANOVAand multiple regression analysis using SPSS 18.0. The sociodemographic characteristics included gender, age, and chronic diseases. The recognition of oral health included pronunciation, denture maintenance, mastication ability, and education for denture care. Thequestionnaire was measured by Likert 5 scale. Results: Gender, chronic disease, denture care instructions, and the self-preception of the oral health after denture treatment wereclosely correlated with denture satisfaction(p<0.001). Age and the number of repairs were very important factor to denturesatisfaction(p<0.05). Elderly women were more satisfied with denture than men and those who had no chronic diseases tended to bemore satisfied with denture. Those who received oral care instructions were more satisfied with the denture than those who did not. The younger age group and no repairing prosthetic group tended to be more satisfied with the denture. Conclusions: It is important to provide the denture management services to the low income elderly when they demand the services. The national dental health policy must be focused on connection of the elderly people denture services with the public health center.
  • 10.

    Effect of values on major satisfaction in dental hygiene students

    김미나 | 허윤민 | 김형주 and 1other persons | 2015, 15(1) | pp.81~89 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of values on major satisfaction in dental hygiene students. Methods: The subjects were 214 dental hygiene students in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do who filled out the self-reported questionnaire afterreceiving informed consents from January 20 to February 15, 2014. Except incomplete answers, 187 data were analyzed using PASWStatistics 18.0 for Scheffe post hoc test, Pearson correlation coefficient, hierarchical regression analysis, independent sample t-test, andone-way ANOVA. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and values. General characteristics consistedof gender, age, grade, school record, major choice motivation, and the influencing person to choose the major. The instrument for valueswas modified from Shin based on MILOV(Multi-Item Measures Of Values) and two professors of dental hygiene verified the validityof the instrument. Instrument for values consisted of 7 questions of values for self-respect, 6 questions of relation oriented values, 5questions of emotion oriented values, and 5 questions of values for others measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.769 inthe study. The instrument for major satisfaction was modified from Na based on Program Evaluation Survey of Illinois University andtwo professors of dental hygiene verified the validity of the instrument. Major satisfaction consisted of 7 questions of general satisfaction,5 questions of consciousness satisfaction, 5 questions of curriculum satisfaction and 3 questions of relation satisfaction measured byLikert 5 scale and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.887 in the study. Results: Values of self-respect, relationship orientation and grade had significant influence on general satisfaction, while values ofself-respect, relationship orientation and gender had significant influence on consciousness satisfaction. Values of relationshiporientation, grade and school record had significant influence on curriculum satisfaction. Grade showed significant influence onrelationship satisfaction. Conclusions: Values of self-respect and relationship orientation are the most important factors in dental hygiene students. The guidancefor professional career and major satisfaction can be accomplished through the values of self-respect and relationship orientation.
  • 11.

    Relationship between internet addiction and health in dental hygiene students

    Kang Hyun Joo | Lee Jung Hwa | 2015, 15(1) | pp.91~99 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between internet addiction and health in dental hygienestudents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 216 dental hygiene students in Daegu from June 9 to 13, 2014. Data wereanalyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA using SAS 9.2 program. The instruments included Korean internet addictionscale(K scale) and Korean version of the general health questionnaire. General characteristics consisted of grade, religion, residentialtypes, economic condition, place of internet use, duration, purpose, and time of use. Physical characteristics consisted of subjectivephysical condition, smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise above twice per week, musculoskeletal disease, and location of physicalsymptoms. Psychiatric scale and 6 questions of physical characteristics were consulted by the statistician of preventive medicinedepartment. Results: Internet users over 4 hours manifested the poor mental health, while those who uses internet under 2 hours showed goodmental health(F = 1.41, p < 0.01). The students having good physical condition showed better mental health than those with poorphysical condition(t = -2.81, p < 0.01). The students exercising at least twice a week showed better mental health than those who donot exercise(t = -3.10, p < 0.01). Those who having musculoskeletal symptoms showed higher index of internet addiction score thanthose who do not(t = 4.21, p < 0.01). Those who have no musculoskeletal symptoms tended to have better mental health than thosewho have musculoskeletal symptoms(t = 2.28, p < 0.05). The variables correlated to mental health were internet addiction, subjectivephysical condition, and exercise at least twice a week. The severity level of internet addiction leads to poor mental health(r = 0.26, p< 0.001). Conclusions: Internet addiction is closely related to mental health. So the students must know the danger of internet addiction. Properhealth education is necessary for the prevention of addiction symptoms.
  • 12.

    Knowledge and attitude change towards radiation protection after radiation safety management education in dental hygiene students

    김성애 | 이지영 | 황세현 and 4other persons | 2015, 15(1) | pp.101~109 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the knowledge and attitude towards radiation protection after radiation safetymanagement education in dental hygiene students. Methods: After receiving informed consents, a self-reported questionnaire was carried out for 135 dental hygiene students in Busanon June 17 for preliminary survey and September 3 for post-education survey, 2011. The questionnaire was modified from Han andconsisted of 5 questions of general characteristics, 6 questions of radiation use, 7 questions of scholastic characteristics, 15 questionsof knowledge towards radiation safety management, and 15 questions of attitude towards radiation safety management. Cronbach’salpha was 0.808 in the knowledge towards radiation safety management. Attitude towards radiation safety management included 15questions of general attitude towards radiation safety management, individual and patient, and attitude toward radiation exposurereduction measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.970 in the attitude towards radiation safety management. Data were analyzedusing SAS version 9.2 for educational analysis, technical analysis and multivariate analysis, paired t-test, and GLM. Results: Significant differences were shown in the knowledge and attitudes towards radiation safety management; the level of knowledgewas respectively 9.8±3.0 and 12.9±1.9 points before and after education, and the level of attitude was 4.28±0.51 and 4.53±0.47 beforeand after the education. The levels of knowledge and attitude according to general characteristics showed a significant differences ingrade and academic results. Post-education survey suggested that the education is very important and necessary and can change theknowledge and attitude towards radiation safety management in the dental hygiene students. Conclusions: Through the radiation safety management education, the levels of knowledge and attitude towards radiation safetymanagement have changed significantly, which showed that the radiation safety management education proved to be very effective. Therefore, an effective radiation safety management education program is necessary to improve the levels of knowledge and attitudetowards radiation safety management in the dental hygiene students.
  • 13.

    The impact of health belief model in the middle and high school students on oral health behaviors

    lim hee jung | 김형주 | 안용순 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.111~118 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of the study is to investigate the health belief model affecting the oral health behavior in middle and high schoolstudents. Methods: The subjects were 296 middle and high school students in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon from February 15 to March 21,2014. The students filled out the self-reported questionnaires after receiving informed consents. The instrument was adopted andrevised from those of Kim & Hwang, and Choi & Joo. The questionnaire consisted of 4 questions of general characteristics, 9questions of oral health status including subjective oral health status, frequency of tooth brushing, duration of tooth brushing, methodof tooth brushing, use of oral health devices, dental clinic visit, scaling services, snack intake, and smoking. The oral health beliefconsisted of 25 questions including susceptibility, seriousness, barriers, benefit, and self-efficacy using Likert 5 scale. The reliabilityof Cronbach’s alpha in the study was 0.725. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver 18.0 for frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, χ²-test,and Pearson's correlation coefficient, simple regression, and binary logistic regression. Results: Oral health beliefs of middle and high school students affected the oral health behaviors. Susceptibility, barriers andself-efficacy also influenced on the oral health behaviors. In order to provide the best oral health education, susceptibility andself-efficacy are the primary factors to increase motivation because the motivation endows the students with correction of oral healthbehaviors that improve the knowledge, attitudes, and decrease barriers in oral hygiene. Conclusions: It is important to correct oral health behaviors in the middle and high school students by providing the continuing andsystematic oral health education.
  • 14.

    Relationship between dental caries and oral health behavior in middle and high school students: The Ninth(2013) Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey

    Lee Jong Hwa | 백지민 | 유지영 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.119~127 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between dental caries and oral health behaviors in middle andhigh school students by web-based survey of the ninth(2013) Korean youth risk behavior. Methods: The subjects were 75,149 students from 400 middle schools and 400 high schools. Finally, the survey participation ratewas 96.4%(72,435 students from 799 schools) by complex sample design. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics ofthe subjects, oral health behaviors, and oral health status. General characteristics included gender, types of schools, economiccondition, and residential types. Oral health behaviors included subjective oral health condition, frequency of tooth brushing, toothbrushing after meal within recent 7 days, sealant within 12 months, fluoride application within 12 months, scaling within 12 months,and oral health education experience within 12 months. Oral health condition included dental caries incidence within 12 months. Results: Oral health behavior influenced on dental caries in the middle and high school students in Korea. This study showed therelationship between the sociodemographic characteristics, tooth brushing frequency, sealant experience, dental caries and halitosisexperience, and scaling within 12 months. Scaling is the best prevention method for dental caries and halitosis in the students. Conclusions: The study showed the necessity for practical oral health education and the effect of fluoride application for dentalcaries prevention.
  • 15.

    Influencing factors on oral health related self-efficacy and social support in high school students

    kim young im | 유상회 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.129~135 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the influencing factors on oral health related self-efficacy and social support inhigh school students. Methods: The subjects were 750 high school students in Jeonbuk by convenience sampling.. A self-reported questionnaire wascompleted from April 3 to June 4, 2013. Except incomplete answers, 589 data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program for t-test,ANOVA, post hoc Scheffe test, and multiple regression analysis. The questionnaire consisted 6 questions of general characteristicsof the subjects, 8 questions of oral health related self-efficacy, and 8 questions of oral health related social support. The instrumentfor self-efficacy was developed by Sherer and Maddux and measured by Likert 4 scale. Interpersonal Support Evaluation List(ISEL)was developed by Cohen and Hoberman and revised by Suh as oral health related social support in high school students, andmeasured by Liker 4 scale. Cronbach’s alpha in self-efficacy was 0.768 and that in social support was 0.772. Results: The good oral health behavior in the high school students was closely related ro self-efficacy and social support. Higherself-efficacy and social support could make the students practice good oral behavior. Conclusions: Higher self-efficacy and social support can influence on the good oral health behavior in high school students. So it isvery important to provide the continuous oral health education that can enhance self-efficacy and health promotion.
  • 16.

    Current education status of the community dental hygiene practice

    Yeun Ju Kim | Han Yang-Keum | 김영경 and 5other persons | 2015, 15(1) | pp.137~146 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was obtained to identify current education status of the community dental hygiene practice. Methods: It was designed cross section and self-reported on-line questionnaire(Survey monkey). It was performed probabilitysampling by targeting 82 dental hygiene schools(each one faculty member) in charge of community dental hygiene curriculum and254 community health centers's community dental hygienists whom was working at oral health section. The response rate was 60%and 53%, respectively. The questionnaire consisted of time, duration, practice group, evaluation method, and practice contentsincluding 63 learning objectives of dental hygiene. Results: Nearly half of these schools conduct such community field work practice in the spring semester of the junior year. Thispractice was mainly progressed based on average 4 students as one team per each one school for 7-8 hours a day during the period ofmore than 5 weeks(p<0.05). However, in case of both school and community health center, almost half of feedback after practice wasnot achieved and there was a difference in needs for practice education between schools and community health center. Conclusions: We should be considered that a sufficient consultation for the practice environment and its contents between schoolsand community health centers. It was considered that development of a standardized practice manual reflecting such requirement.
  • 17.

    Oral health and hygiene in the neurosurgical patients in intensive care unit

    Eun-Kyong Kim | Hee-Kyung Lee | 2015, 15(1) | pp.147~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health and hygiene in the neurosurgical patients in intensive care unit(ICU). Methods: The subjects were 92 neurosurgical patients in intensive care unit(ICU) from March , 2011 to December, 2012. The oralexamination consisted of number of residual teeth, DMFT index, clinical attachment loss, gingival index, plague index, and Candidaspecies colony of tongue and saliva. Plaque was inoculated from tongue and saliva and incubated in 36.5C incubator for 48 hours usingDentocult®CA(Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland). Glasgow coma scale(GCS) was measured to evaluate the consciousness of thepatients on the basis of medical record. Results: Oral health was poor in clinical attachment loss and gingival index. Oral hygiene in neurosurgical patients in ICU was verypoor due to high plaque index and Candida colonization of tongue and saliva. Plague index was closely related to Candida colonizationof tongue and saliva(p<0.05). Conclusions: Oral health and hygiene of patients in neurosurgical ICU were very poor. More careful oral hygiene care is very importantand necessary to enhance the oral health improvement of the neurosurgical patients in ICU.
  • 18.

    Oral health condition, recognition, and practice in prisoners

    Ryu da young | Song Kwui-Sook | 한수연 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.153~159 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health condition, recognition, and practice in prisoners. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 143 prisoners in three jails from April 7 to June 2, 2014. The questionnaireconsisted of 35 questions including 5 questions of general characteristics of the subjects, 4 questions of subjective oral healthcondition, 5 questions of management of oral health care, 11 questions of oral health recognition, and 10 questions of oral healthpractice. The questionnaire was adopted and modified by Shon et al. and Cho & Choi and measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’salpha was 0.845 in recognition questions and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.826 in the practice questions. The data were analyzed usingSPSS 18.0 for t-test, one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Pearson’s correlation analysis. Results: 21.0% of prisoners answered that their perceived oral health condition was good. Those who received the dental treatmentaccounted for 42.0% and 12.6% of them took the oral health education. There was a significantly negative relationship betweenperceived oral health and oral health recognition(p<0.05). The oral health recognition showed positive influence on oral healthpractice(p<0.001). Conclusions: In general, prisoners did not receive the proper care of oral health in jails. Therefore, It is desirable that we need to setup a oral health care system for prisoners.
  • 19.

    The demand for the change in Korean dental hygiene curriculum

    Won Bok-Yun | jung eui jung | 장종화 | 2015, 15(1) | pp.161~169 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examined the demand for the change in Korean dental hygiene curriculum. This study comparedthe dental hygiene curriculum of domestic and overseas university and tired to provide the basic data for the development of standardcurriculum that meets the education policy changes. Methods: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 1,192 participants including dental hygiene professors, dental hygienistsand students. Data were collected by mail, telephone call from the professors and research assistants, email, and direct visit from June10 to August 10, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of 4 questions of general characteristics of the subjects and 13 questions of dentalhygiene curriculum. Results: The professors answered the development of integrated dental hygiene curriculum as the first priority(48.9%) and dentalhygienists(51.6%) and students(42.6%) chose the development of new dental hygiene curriculum(p<0.001). In the analysis of validityof dental hygiene curriculum, the professors gave 3.29 to the validity of evaluation for basic job performance, and the clinical dentalhygienists and the students gave 3.05 and 3.26 points, respectively(p<0.001). In relation to the necessity of the change of the dentalhygiene curriculums, the professors gave 4.17 points which implied that curriculum change is the most important and necessary thingto do. The clinical dental hygienists and the students gave 3.90 and 3.47 points, respectively(p<0.001). Conclusions: The above-mentioned findings suggest that the revision of the current Korean dental hygiene curriculums is required. Therefore organizations related to dental hygiene including professor association and Korean Dental Hygienists Association shouldcarefully rebuild the curriculum to improve the competency of dental hygienists. They should take the initiative in the developmentof a standardized curriculum.
  • 20.

    Relationship between toothbrushing and hand washing according to health education experience in middle school students

    Yoo Jahea | Nam.y.o | 2015, 15(1) | pp.171~177 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between toothbrushing and hand washing according tohealth education experience in middle school students. Methods: The subjects were 480 students of four middle schools in Y region. This is a cross sectional study and the study instrumentwas adapted from the knowledge, attitude and practice of hand washing and toothbrushing in elementary school students by Jung. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.87 in the study. The questionnaire consisted of 5 questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, 5questions of hand washing knowledge, 3 questions of hand washing behavior, 3 questions of health education experience. Toothbrushing questionnaire consisted of 10 questions of knowledge, 5 questions of behavior, 5 questions of health educationexperience, and 5 questions of dental health care facilities within schools. Data were analyzed by PASW 20.0 program. Results: Toothbrushing more than three times a day accounted for 76.8%. Those who receiving health education in elementaryschool accounted for 41.5% and those who had not accounted for 58.5%. Health education experience(75.8%) led to toothbrushingafter meal(p<0.05). Those who receiving health education in elementary schools had 1.76 times of toothbrushing after meal thanthose who had not(p<0.01). Conclusions: Middle school students receiving health education had a tendency to do toothbrushing and hand washing frequently.