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2015, Vol.15, No.4

  • 1.

    The effect of oral health education for the elderly using Qscan™

    김미 | Lee, Su Young | Cho, Young Sik | 2015, 15(4) | pp.555~563 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of oral health education for the elderly using Qscan™. Methods: This study was a quasi-experiment design of nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design carried out by oral health education from January 17 to March 7, 2015. The subjects were 64 elderly people over 65 years old who had more than one remaining teeth in the anterior teeth and canines living in Hongseong-gun and assigned to 33 control group and 31 intervention group. The intervention group was measured only by Qscan™. The educational effect between two groups were evaluated using oral health behavior, gingivitis index, and plaque index. After Institutional Review Board from Namseoul N University, the elderly people participated in the study. Results: The intervention group showed lower plaque index of percent reduction than the control group. The two groups showed a significant difference in gingival index after the oral health education(p<0.05), but did not show a significant difference in oral health behavior after the oral health education(p<0.05). Conclusions: The effect of oral health education through the motivation of Qscan™ was very effective in the comparison of oral health behavior, gingival index and plaque index.
  • 2.

    Oral health of the elderly people receiving nursing care and home care serivces in Chungnam

    Jang,Hee Kyung | Eun-Mi Choi | Bu-Soon Son | 2015, 15(4) | pp.565~574 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the oral health of the elderly people receiving nursing care and home care services in Chungnam. Methods: The subjects were 350 elderly people receiving 21 nursing care and home care services in Chungnam. The direct interview with the elderly people and oral examination was carried out from July, 2012 to December, 2013 after explanation fo the purpose of the study. The subjects consisted of 178 elderly people receiving nursing care services and 172 elderly people receiving home care services. Except incomplete answers, 315 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, characteristics by facility, oral condition, oral care behavior, correlation by factors on oral health, influencing factor on dental caries, influencing factor on periodontal disease, and influencing factor on elasticity of gingival muscle. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square test, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 21.0 program. Results: Multivariate analysis of influencing factors on oral health revealed that the elderly people with low education level tended to have higher incidence rate of dental caries. The influencing factors on oral health were the elasticity of gingival muscle, periodontal disease, educational level, and economic level. (p<0.05). The explanation power was 26.2%. Conclusions: Oral Health Promotion should be obligatorily established as one of the medical system and medical fee system to promote oral health condition for the aged.
  • 3.

    Relationship between oral health locus of control and oral health behavior promotion in the adolescents

    kim young im | 2015, 15(4) | pp.575~582 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between oral health locus of control and oral health behavior promotion in the adolescents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 493 high school students in Jeonju by convenience sampling from March to June, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of fourteen questions of oral health locus of control, fifteen questions of oral health behavior promotion, and seven questions of the general characteristics of the subjects. Data analysis was done by frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple range test. Results: Oral health behavior promotion and oral health behavior index of internal locus of control showed a positive correlation, Higher internal locus of control showed a positive oral health behavior promotion. The higher propensity of oral health on the external locus of control showed the negative effects. Conclusions: The oral health internal locus of control was closely related to better oral health behavior in the adolescents.
  • 4.

    The Effect of family function and oral health concern on the oral health impact profile(OHIP) in the adolescents

    kyung Hee Lee | Lee, Hea Shoon | 2015, 15(4) | pp.583~591 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of family function and oral health concern on the oral health impact profile (OHIP) in the adolescents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 368 middle school students in Gyeongnam from June 9 to 20, 2014. Except incomplete answers, 337 data were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 20.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of eight questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, seventeen questions of family function, eleven questions of oral health concern, fourteen questions of oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14. Results: OHIP-14 was higher and it showed better oral health-related quality of life in lower grade, liberal parents’ rearing attitude, and satisfaction with parent-child relationship. The family function and oral concern were significantly correlated with the OHIP-14. The influencing factors on the oral health-related quality of life are the family function of communication, oral concern of self oral care and food, and general characteristics. Conclusions: The oral health-related quality of life in the adolescents was affected by family function and oral health concern. It is very important and necessary to develop and apply the oral health promotion program including the family function in the adolescents.
  • 5.

    Relations between oral health status and subjective oral health recognition in Korean adolescents

    이동건 | Wang Keun Yoo | 2015, 15(4) | pp.593~602 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relations between oral health status and subjective oral health recognition in Korean adolescents. Methods: The survey data were extracted from the 2012 Korea National Oral Health Survey from June to November, 2012. The survey consisted of oral checkup data and the oral health interviewing data of 9,981 adolescents(5,335 male, 4,646 female) by proportional distribution. The questionnaire included general objective oral health status and subjective oral health recognition. The subjective oral health recognition consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, oral health status, oral health behavior, and subjective oral health recognition. Results: According to multiple regression analysis for the relations between general characteristics and subjective oral health recognition, subjective health recognition, the influencing factors were gender, age, the number of tooth brushing per day, intake of snacks and carbonated drinks, regular oral examination, decayed teeth (DT), missing teeth (MT,) and DMFT. Conclusions: The routine oral checkup is the most important method to improve the oral health management in the adolescents. The continuing oral health improvement project must be implemented based on the law and will keep the adolescents in good oral health status
  • 6.

    Analysis of academic achievement in comprehensive dental hygiene courses using MBTI personality type

    전현선 | lim kun ok | Choi YongKeum | 2015, 15(4) | pp.603~611 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the academic achievement in comprehensive dental hygiene courses using MBTI personality type. This study will provide the various pedagogical approaches in the dental hygiene education. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 58 dental hygiene students in Chungnam from December, 2012 to March, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of academic achievement of comprehensive dental hygiene course and communication skills, After filling out the questionnaire, the students completed MBTI personality type sheet. Results: The students were categorized as extroversion type (58.6%), sensing type (70.7%), feeling type (56.9%), and perceiving type (67.2%). In the academic achievement, extroversion and judging personality type students had higher self-efficacy than the students of introversion and perceiving types. The extroversion personality type students also had the higher assignment level and confidence than the introversion type. Conclusions: In order to enhance the understanding and learning capacity of the students, dental hygiene professors should understand the differences in achievement levels due to different personality types so that they can utilize better pedagogical approaches.
  • 7.

    Awareness towards employment in the dental hygiene students

    Song-Yi Yang | Ga-Yeon Son | Mi-Sook Cho and 1other persons | 2015, 15(4) | pp.613~621 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the awareness towards employment in the dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 425 dental hygiene students in Chungcheongdo and Gyeongsangdo from July to September, 2014. Except incomplete answer, 401 data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of three questions of general characteristics of the subjects, nine questions of awareness towards employment, six questions of awareness of employment preparation, and eleven questions of awareness of employment outlook. Results: The dental hygiene students prefer to dental hygiene related institution including dental hospital, dental clinic, general hospital, and university hospital. The awareness for the knowledge of desired employment institution was average. The main access for the information of the employment was internet, and senior and professor’s advice, The most important preparations for the employment were a practical skill, trust, certificate, license, communication skill and English proficiency. The future outlook for the dental hygienist within five years was not optimistic, and the best way to overcome the weka point was specialization of the dental hygienist. Conclusions: This study will provide the useful information on improvement of employment strategy program for dental hygiene students.
  • 8.

    Relationship between multiple intelligences, academic selfefficacy and satisfaction with major in dental hygiene students

    Nam.y.o | 최미혜 | 2015, 15(4) | pp.623~629 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationships between multiple intelligence, academic self-efficacy, satisfaction with major in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 490 dental hygiene students in Jeonbuk from March to April, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of 119 questions of multiple intelligences, 28 questions of academic self-efficacy, 5 questions of satisfaction with major by Likert 5 scale. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation test, and stepwise multiple regression test using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The students had the highest score in interpersonal intelligence(3.57) and the lowest in naturalist intelligence(2.66). There was a positive correlation between the multiple intelligences, academic self-efficacy and satisfaction with major(p<0.05). The impact of multiple intelligences on academic self-efficacy was influenced by logical-mathematical intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, and linguistic intelligence(p<0.05). The variables that had an impact on multiple intelligences and satisfaction with major were interpersonal intelligence and intrapersonal intelligence(p<0.01). Conclusions: The development of multiple intelligences can enhance the satisfaction with the major, quality of education, academic self-efficacy in the dental hygiene students.
  • 9.

    Satisfaction towards clinical training institution according to clinical practice contents in the dental hygiene students

    박정희 | LEE MYEONG JU | Goo Hyo Jin | 2015, 15(4) | pp.631~639 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the satisfaction towards clinical training institution according to clinical practice contents in the dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 382 dental hygiene students of five colleges in Busan, Ulsan, and Gyeongsangnam-do from August 20 to September 30, 2013. The data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 20.0 program for t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson’s correlation analysis. The questionnaire consisted of the general characteristics of the subjects and the satisfaction towards the clinical training institution. The satisfaction was composed of 44 questions including the general satisfaction, practice contents, practice guide, training time of practice, training environment, practice evaluation, and personal relationship by Likert 5 point scale. Results: The students were most satisfied with the practice contents of the dental university hospitals. The dental hospital and dental clinics were the most satisfied choice in the personal relationships. Public health center dental clinics bestowed the students with the most satisfied practice guidance, time, environment, and evaluation. Practice contents and practice time were the most influential factors to dental hygiene department satisfaction to the students. Conclusions: In order to enhance the clinical practice satisfaction, it is necessary to have the continuous relationship with the clinical training institution. The practice satisfaction is influenced by the contents and environment of the clinical training institution.
  • 10.

    Relationship between emotional labor, burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists

    오혜승 | 2015, 15(4) | pp.641~648 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between emotional labor, burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 326 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September to October, 2013. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of nine questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, ten questions of turnover intention, and fourteen questions of burnout. Each question was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Results: There was a significant difference in workplace and monthly income which had an impact on emotional . There was a significant difference in current workplace and monthly income which had an impact on emotional dissonance(p&lt;0.05). Burnout had a significant difference(p&lt;0.05) in age, religion, and turnover intention current workplace, employment condition, and the number of turnover. There was a positive correlation between burnout and turnover intention. It was shown that Emotional labor had a positive correlation with burnout and turnover intention and the explanation power was 18.1%. Conclusions: The dental hygienists are one of the most vulnerable emotional labor workers and are apt to feel exhaustion from the job and turnover intention. It is necessary to prepare for the burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists.
  • 11.

    The related factors of severity of musculo-skeletal pain in the dental hygienists based on PRECEDE model

    Moon Ae eun | Park, Jong | 2015, 15(4) | pp.649~659 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the musculo-skeletal pain prevalence and severity in the dental hygienists based on PRECEDE model. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 483 dental hygienists in Gwangju from September 13 to October 12, 2013. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test, and multiple logistic regression analysis using SPSS 18.0 program. Musculo-skeletal pain severity was classified from 1 to 5 by PRECEDE model. The questionnaire consisted of six questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, one question of musculo-skeletal pain prevalence, one question of body part musculo-skeletal pain prevalence, one question of subjective health status, three questions of activities of daily living, six questions of working environment, one question of musculoskeletal system diseases knowledge, two questions of social support, two questions of education experience and data use method, and five questions of necessity of health education. Results: The prevalence rate of musculo-skeletal pain within a year was 83.9% and 22.8% of the dental hygienists complained of severe pain. The odds ratio of moderate pain severity was 1.99(95% CI, 1.10-3.60) and the odds ratio of unhealthiness was 3.27 (95% CI, 1.35-7.94). The odds ratio of pain severity in those working for 4-6 years was 0.21(95% CI, 0.08-0.57). The odds ratio of pain severity in those practicing 6-10 scaling cases per day was 0.33(95% CI, 0.17-0.65). The odds ratio of pain severity in wrist turning and bending was 3.56(95% CI, 1.19-10.62). Conclusions: The muscolu-skeletal pain severity in the dental hygienists was closely associated with subjective health condition, work duration, the number of scaling practice activity, and a treatment posture. Regular physical checkup for the dental hygienists will improve the musculo-skeletal pain due to scaling practice.
  • 12.

    Difference of visiting time and major cause of disease by operating time changes of a university dental emergency room

    HieJin Noh | So-Jung Mun | 전현선 and 1other persons | 2015, 15(4) | pp.661~669 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate of visiting time and major cause of disease by operating time changes of a university dental emergency room. Methods: This study was a retrospect study carried out by reviewing 9,172 records visiting the university emergency room from January 1997 to December 2009. Data were analyzed by frequency test, chi-square test, and logistic regression using SAS version 9.3. Results: Twenty four hours emergency room had 19 percent more patients than those in daytime emergency room. Daytime emergency room had more male patients during spring(26.6%) and winter(20.2%) than female patients(p<0.05). Female patients exceeded male patients during summer(24.4%) and autumn(36.2%)(p<0.05). Twenty-four hours emergency room had the maximal patients in autumn and the minimal patients in winter(p<0.05). The most common injury in the daytime was tooth fracture from 0 to 19 years old(p<0.05). Tooth fracture, jaw fracture, and soft tissue injury were the most common injury in dental emergency room and majority of the patients were the male(p<0.05). Conclusions: Twenty-four hours dental emergency room had a variety of causes of dental emergency thant that in the daytime. Twenty four hours dental emergency room must be prepared for the dental emergency patients at any time provided with personnel and facilities.
  • 13.

    Influencing factors of self-reported dry mouth in the employees in social welfare facilities

    Sun-A Lim | Jung Eun Ju | Hye-Jeong Youn | 2015, 15(4) | pp.671~677 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the influencing factors of self-reported dry mouth in the employees in social welfare facilities. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 260 employees in social welfare facilities from January 5 to 30, 2015 by convenience sampling method. Except 25 incomplete answers, 215 data were analyzed by t test, one way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS 180. program. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, health-related characteristics, whole body dryness and self-reported dry mouth. The oral health-related quality of life was measured by five point Likert scale, and a higher score indicated a lower quality of life. Results: The self-reported dry mouth in the employees in the social welfare facilities varied by the general health status, stress, oral health status and oral malodor. The self-reported dry mouth was closely related to the quality of life and the four subfactors including dryness of skin, eye, lip and nasal mucosa. The quality of life had the influence on the self-reported dry mouth, nasal mucosa dryness, eye dryness, and oral malodor in order. Conclusions: The self-reported dry mouth was closely related to whole body dryness and the quality of life. It is necessary to develop the quality of life improvement programs that prevent and manage the dry mouth and whole body dryness in the employees in the social welfare facilities.
  • 14.

    Change of salivary flow rate, xerostomia, and oral healthrelated quality of life after oral muscle massage

    kim eun ju | kwag jung suk | 2015, 15(4) | pp.679~685 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the change of the salivary flow rate, xerostomia, and oral health-related quality of life in the elderly people after the application of oral massage. Methods: The subjects were 101 elderly people at two senior welfare centers in Mokpo from November, 2012 to January, 2013 by the application of oral massage. The final subjects were 56 elderly people who participated in the massage more than 15 times of 20. They were measured for saliva flow rate, xerostomia, and OHIP. On the first and the last day, a self-reported questionnaire was completed by the elderly people. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, oral health related knowledge, symptoms and behavior of xerostomia, and OHIP. OHIP included functional limitation, physical pain, psychological discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, social disability, and handicap, and was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Results: The salivary flow rate of the elderly people increased after the implementation of the program. There was a significant improvement in xerostomia, functional limitation, physical pain, psychological discomfort, and social efficacy (p<0.001). Conclusions : The oral massage program enhanced the oral function of the elderly people, and had an influence on the improvement of oral health-related quality of life.
  • 15.

    Subjective oral status perceptionand oral health impact profile(OHIP) according to the oral health management among international and domestic university students

    Yoon Sung Uk | 이은숙 | Park Young Nam | 2015, 15(4) | pp.687~694 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the subjective oral status perception and OHIP according to the oral health managementamong international and domestic university students. Methods: self-reported questionnaire was completed by 176 domestic and 175 international university students in Daegu and Gyeongbuk from August 25 to November 1, 2014. The informed consent was received after explanation of the purpose of the study by the researcher. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, toothbrushing behavior, oral health management, subjective oral status perception. and oral health impact profile (OHIP). The subjective oral status perception and OHIP was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Results: The international students tended to have higher subjective oral status perception when they had longer stay with the roommate in Korea. The female international students tended to have higher OHIP than the male students. The domestic students with lower grades and roommates showed higher OHIP. The international students had a poorer practice of oral health management than domestic students. The overall mean of subjective oral status perception was 3.13 in domestic students, and 3.09 and 3.22 in international students. The overall mean of OHIP was 4.21 in domestic students and 4.25 and 4.16 in the international students, Conclusions: International students had a higher subjective oral status perception than domestic students, but their wrong oral health management lowered their quality of life. It is necessary to provide the oral health management for the international students continuously.
  • 16.

    Relationship between dental fear and subjective oral healthrelated quality of life

    KyeongHee Lee | 김소라 | 구지혜 and 2other persons | 2015, 15(4) | pp.695~703 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between dental fear and subjective oral health-related quality of life. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 320 subjects in Seoul and Gyeonggido from June to August, 2014 after permission from Institutional Review Board (IRB). Except incomplete 9 copies, 311 data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 19.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of five questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, twelve questions of oral health related quality of life, eighteen questions of dental fear, and one question of awareness toward subjective health status. Results: The explanation power of subjective oral health-related quality of life on dental fear was 26.2 percent. As the subjective oral health-related quality of life increased by 1 point, the dental fear decreased at the rate of 0.645 (p<0.001). Conclusions: Higher subjective oral health-related quality of life will diminish the dental fear. Regular dental checkups and preventive treatment are very important to enhance the oral health-related quality of life in those who visit the dental clinic.
  • 17.

    Effect of continuing dental care program by elementary school dental clinic in Gimcheon

    최옥선 | Kim Hye-Jin | 장선주 | 2015, 15(4) | pp.705~711 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effect of continuing dental care program by elementary school dental clinic in Gimcheon from 2008 to 2013. Methods: The subjects were experimental group of 152 students from three elementary schools having dental clinics and control group of 136 students from three elementary schools of no dental clinics. The six dentists in Gimcheon community health center carried out the regular dental checkups in the elementary schools and four dental hygienists recorded the dental examination results. After receiving WHO dental survey guideline education, the examiners used dental mirror and dental probe under the natural light. The contents of the survey included dental caries in the deciduous and permanent teeth, malocclusion, remaining ratio of sealant, treatment, and follow up. Results: DFT index by grade showed that 3.71 in experimental group and 4.56 in control group and it was remarkable in the 3rd grade. Thus. DFT index in the experimental group was lower than that of control group (p<0.05). DT index by grade was 0.63 in experimental group and 1.28 in control group marked in the 6th grade. DT index in the control group was higher than that of the experimental group (p<0,001). DFT index and DMFT Index by grade showed no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group. DFT and DMFT Index of the control group in the 3rd and 6th grade were lower score than those of experimental group. DFT and DMFT index in the third and 6th grade showed no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group. The remaining ratio of the sealant was 4.89 experimental group in the 6th grade. The remaining ratio of the sealant in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group. Conclusions: The continuing dental care program in the elementary school is very effective method in the treatment of oral disease in the elementary school children. The oral health care and prevention for the elementary school children should be implemented and carried out continuously.
  • 18.

    Morphological aspect of the attached bacteria by the sterilization method of the ultrasonic scaling tip

    남설희 | Yu-Rin Kim | 2015, 15(4) | pp.713~718 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the bacterial morphology attached on ultrasonic scaler tips using no cleansing solution, alcohol cotton, liquid chemical disinfecting agent, and autoclave method. Methods: Scaling tip was applied to the mouth and the ultrasonic scaler tips were assigned to four groups. Group 1 was control group with no cleansing solution. Group 2 was treated with alcohol cotton. Group 3 was treated with 2% green Y-Na solution in liquid chemical disinfecting agent, and Group 4 was sterilized by autoclave method. Live bacteria were observed by phase contrast microscopy. The scanning electron microscopy(SEM) revealed the morphological characteristics of scaler surface. The type of attached bacteria were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Tukey’s post-hoc test. Results: The types of sterilization methods had influences on the bacterial viability. The numbers of cocci, bacilli, spiral form bacteria, and filamentous bacteria was observed in 89.00±3.60%, 29.67±3.51%, 3.33±0.57% and 1.67±0.57% in control group, 31.67±3.51%, 63.33±4.04%, 2.00±1.00% and 1.67±0.57% in alcohol cotton group, 69.67±4.50%, 12.33±2.51%, 0% and 0% in liquid chemical disinfecting agent group, and 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0% and 0.0% in autoclave method group. The clean surface of ultrasonic scaler tip was shown on SEM by autoclave method. Conclusions: The most effective sterilization method of ultrasonic scaler tip was the autoclave method. Autoclave method is the most effective sterilization method and can reduce the cross-infection in the dental clinic.
  • 19.

    The effect of the cytotoxicity of sodium lauryl sulfate containing toothpaste on HaCaT and NIH-3T3 cells

    PARK SANG RYE | Young Min Kim | choi byul bo ra and 1other persons | 2015, 15(4) | pp.719~725 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the toxic effects of sodium lauryl sulfate(SLS) in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells and mouse fibroblast NIH-3T3 cells. Methods: The effect of sodium lauryl sulfate(SLS) cell viability and proliferation were determined by WST-1 assay and changes shape of nucleus were evaluated by Hoechst staining under fluorescence microscopy. Additionally, observation of cell morphological changes under light microscopy. Results: SLS induced cytotoxicity and a marked apoptosis in both HaCaT and NIH-3T3 cell lines. With the result of the WST-1 assay, SLS induced the cytotoxicity of 0.005% and 0.0075%, 0.01% SLS for 24 h after HaCaT and NIH-3T3 cells in time and dose-dependent manner(p<0.005). SLS inhibited cell growth and caused apoptosis as evidenced by nuclear fragmentation and condensation. Thus, determination of the morphological changes to define apoptosis was visualized using inverted phase contrast microscopy. Conclusions: SLS had toxicity of the human keratinocyte cells and mouse fibroblast cells and this study will provide the basic data for the development of proper SLS concentration in dentifrice.
  • 20.

    Recognition towards oral health care and plaque removal in the elderly people

    kwag jung suk | Seung-Hee Woo | LEE JAE RA | 2015, 15(4) | pp.727~733 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the awareness toward oral health and plaque removal in the elderly people in Korea. Methods: An interview method was carried out to 308 elderly people from a senior welfare facility in Mokpo, Jeonnam from May 1 to December 30, 2011 after receiving informed consents. Except 4 incomplete answers, data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of demographical characteristics of the subjects, experience of plaque removal, recognition towards plaque removal, and correlation to systemic diseases. Results: Most of the elderly people experiences plaque removal(63.4%) and 55.9% had revisit intention. Those having plaque removal accounted for 47.8% and they had good subjective oral health recognition. Those not having plaque removal accounted for 61.8% and 61.8% having average systemic health condition and 53.3% having poor oral health recognition. The plaque removal was closely related to subjective oral health recognition. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the preventive oral health program for the elderly people. The plaque removal in the elderly people is the most important services to prevent the systemic diseases including hypertension, arthritis, diabetes, nervous disease, and gastrointestinal diseases.
  • 21.

    Antimicrobial activities against oral bacteria and growth inhibition against Actinomyces viscosus using Lentinus edodes various extracts

    So-Ra Han | lim kun ok | Tae-Jin Oh | 2015, 15(4) | pp.735~741 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Lentinus edodes is an edible mushroom with a variety of beneficial effects such as antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immune-modulatory activity. This study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of Lentinus edodes extracts against oral-related bacteria. Methods: The antimicrobial activities of this extracts were investigated against S. anginosus, S. sobrinus, S. aureus, S. mutans, S. ratti, S. sanguinis, A. viscosus, A. naeslundii, and A. actinomycetemcomitans by the disc diffusion method, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and growth inhibition. Results: Ethanol extracts had no antimicrobial activities, but acetone extracts showed antimicrobial activities against A. viscosus and A. actinomycetemcomitans and ethyl acetate extracts had effects against S. aureus, S. sanguinis, A. viscosus, and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Conclusions: The inhibitory effect of Lentinus edodes extracts was investigated on the growth of A. viscosus. Ethyl acetate and acetone extracts showed 90% and 77% inhibitory effect, respectively, against A. viscosus for 24 hrs. Ethyl acetate extracts had MIC of 25.0 mg/ml and acetone extracts showed MIC of >25.0 mg/ml.
  • 22.

    Influencing factors on perception of patient medical information protection in dental hygiene students

    김영인 | Sookhyang Kim | 장종화 | 2015, 15(4) | pp.743~750 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to examine the correlation and influencing factors among ethics position, self-esteem, and perception of patient medical information protection in the dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross sectional study using the structured questionnaire. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 202 dental hygiene students using the stratified sampling method from September 1 to November 1, 2013. The questionnaire was modified and complemented from Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ). The questionnaire included EPQ, self-esteem, and perception of patient medical information protection. Data were analyzed by independent t-test, one way ANOVA, Duncan‘s multiple comparison analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 program. Results: There was a positive correlation among all the variable including idealism position, self-esteem, and perception of patient medical information protection, The factors influencing on the perception of patient medical information protection were idealism position (β=0.271, p<0.001) and self-esteem (β=0.248, p<0.001). The corrected explanation power of the model was 15.1%. Conclusions: As the idealism position and self-esteem become higher, the perception of patient medical information protection gets higher. Therefore, this study suggests that it is needed to develop and vitalize implement the appropriate programs enhancing ethics consciousness, proper position, and self-esteem in the dental hygiene students receiving the education for their professionalism in the dental hygiene curricula.