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2015, Vol.15, No.6

  • 1.

    Effect of communication competence on the organizational effectiveness in dental hygienists

    권아름 | Han Su Jin | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1009~1017 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the effect of communication competence on the organizational effectiveness in dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 248 dental hygienists in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggido from November 1 to 30, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(4 items), job characteristics(10 items), communication competence(49 items), organizational commitment(15 items), job satisfaction(16 items), and turnover intention(5 items). The instrument for communication competence and organizational commitment was done by Likert 5 points scale. Data were analyzed by t test, one way ANOVA, stepwise multiple regression test, and post-hoc Scheffe test using SPSS 18.0 program Results: The average of communication competence was 3.49(±0.28). Of the sub-factors of communication competence, interpretational competence had the highest score of 3.65(±0.33) followed by self-presentation 3.50(±0.49), message conversion 3.50(±0.47), role performance 3.44(±0.37), and goal setting competence 3.28(±0.60). There were significant effects in the organizational commitment including workplace(dental clinic=1, =-0.254), weekly average working hours(≦40 hours=1, =0.182), role performance(=0.163), self-presentation(=0.144), goal setting competence(=0.130), and position(head=1, =0.137). There were significants effects in the job satisfaction including position(head=1, =0.217), weekly average working hours(≦40 hours=1, =0.204), education level(graduate school=1, =0.184), job career(3~6 years=1, =-0.181), goal setting competence(=0.194), and interpretational competence( =0.124). Conclusions: The communication competence of the dental hygienists showed a partial effect on the organizational effectiveness. In order to improve the organizational commitment and job satisfaction and the turnover intention, a variety of efforts must be taken and focused on goal setting competence, role performance, self-presentation, and interpretational competence.
  • 2.

    Influence of elderly-related experience on attitude toward elderly in dental hygiene students

    전보혜 | choi young suk | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1019~1026 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the influence of elderly-related experience on attitude toward elderly in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 213 dental hygiene students in Suwon from November 21 to 30, 2012. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, elderly-related experience, knowledge on elderly, and attitude toward elderly by Likert 7 points scale. The instrument for knowledge on elderly was adapted from facts on aging quiz-Iby Palmore and modified by Kim et al. Data were analyzed by t test, one way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 21.0 program. Results: The attitude toward the elderly was 2.79±0.42. The elderly-related experience had a positive influence on the attitude toward elderly(p=0.019) according to the level of experiencing the elderly(r=0.161, p<0.05). The influence of elderly-related experience on attitude toward the elderly showed that an experiencing variable is key factor in predicted variable of the attitude toward the elderly(=0.177 p=0.015) Conclusions: Elderly-related experience had an effect on positive attitude toward the elderly people in the dental hygiene students. It is necessary to develop and implement the education program for the exact knowledge and attitude toward the elderly.
  • 3.

    Attitude toward medical health information in the dental hygiene students

    Lee, Seong-Sook | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1027~1032 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the attitude toward medical health information in the dental hygiene students. Methods: The subjects were 370 dental hygiene college students in the metropolitan area. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 350 students from March 2 to May, 3, 2014. Except 20 incomplete answers, data were analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test, and one-way ANOVA using SPSS 12.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, satisfaction of internet use, and attitude toward medical health information. Results: Most of the students had personal computers and they did not receive computer education. The students used internet in the variety of the fields. Satisfaction level was 3.28 by 5 point Likert scale. The attitude toward medical health information was 3.20. They would not use computer if possible, and the score was 3.50 points that was the highest mark. There was no statistically significant difference in medical health information by the general characteristics of the subjects. Conclusions: The attitude toward medical health information was not fully satisfactory in many fields. The curriculum for the dental hygiene must include step-by-step computer course and the computer education must provide the diverse educational opportunities for the students.
  • 4.

    Effect of part-time employment experience on adaptation to university life in dental hygiene students

    SHIN - SEONHAENG | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1033~1041 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to find out the effect of part-time employment experience on adaptation to university life in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 288 dental hygiene students in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September to October, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(5 items), part-time employment experience(6 items), and adaptation to university life(53 items). The instrument for adaptation to university life was adapted from Baker and Sirky and modified by Kwon. Likert 5 point scale adaptation included personal emotion adaptation, academic adaptation, social adaptation, and university environment adaptation. Cronbach’s α was 0.80 in the study. Results: The adaptation to university life was 3.0 points. The higher the economic level was, the higher the personal emotional adaptation(p<0.001) and academic adaptation were(p<0.05). The adaptation to university life was positively influenced by tuition support by parents and part-time employment(p<0.05). The part-time employment was significantly helpful to future job selection, social adaptation, and university environment adaptation(p<0.001). Economic stability and advantage of future job selection had a positive influence on the adaptation to university life. So the adaptation to university life was proportional to younger age, economic stability, and advantage to future job selection. Conclusions: It is very important to give a positive motivation and stimulation, and a careful counseling to the students in part-time employment. In order to encourage the part-time employed students, major-related part-time job opening must be given.
  • 5.

    Self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student

    Park Sung Suk | Jang Gye Won | SUH EUN JU | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1043~1051 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 479 dental hygiene students in Daegu and Gyeongnam from November 5 to 25, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of self-efficacy(18 items), self-image(23 items), and image as a dental hygienist(36 items) by Likert 5 points scale. Data were analyzed by t test, ANOVA, regression analysis, and post hoc Tukey test using SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The self-efficacy of the first, second, and third grade was 2.72, 2.71, and 2.60, respectively(p<0.002). Those living with family tended to have higher mark than those living without family(p<0.001). The influence of self-efficacy on self image and image as a dental hygienist was positively correlated(p<0.001). Conclusions: The right self-image and self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students can be a powerful influence on the image as a dental hygienist. It is necessary to develop and implement the ethics education for the dental hygiene students.
  • 6.

    Factors associated with community scaling rate : Using community health survey data

    김지민 | 하주원 | Ji Soo Kim and 5other persons | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1053~1061 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the influencing factors of community scaling rate using community health survey data. Methods: The data were extracted from 2013 Community Health Survey, Ministry of education, Korea Dental Association, Statistics Korea, Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, and Ministry of the Interior. The resource factors of independent variables were analysed by Geographical Information System(GIS) using Map Wizard for Excel 17.0. The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis(p<0.05). Results: Seocho-gu in Seoul had the highest annual scaling rate(55.5%) and Goheung-gun had the lowest rate(11%) showing 44.5 percent gap. The influencing factors of scaling included the number of dental hygienists(r=0.316), dentists(r=0.332), dental hospitals(r=0.470), high school graduation rate(r=0.757) and equivalence scales household income(r=0.764)(p<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that community scaling rate was closely associated with community education level and monthly income(p<0.05). Conclusions: Community scaling rate was closely related to the community education and income level. It is necessary to provide the equal distribution of the oral health service to the community society.
  • 7.

    Comparison of quantitative detection of periodontal pathogens before and after scaling by real-time polymerase chain reaction

    Kim, YoungSun | Lee Jung Hwa | LEE, YOUNGEUN | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1063~1071 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the quantitative detection of periodontal pathogens before and after scaling by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Methods: Participants were voluntarily recruited at D university, and saliva samples were extracted before and after scaling. Multiple real-time polymerase chain reactions were used to analyze characteristics and the amount of nine kinds of periodontal pathogens; Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Parvimonas micra, Campylobacter rectus, and Eikenella corrodens. Results: After scaling, most periodontal pathogens except Eikenella corrodens were significantly decreased in all subjects(p<0.05). In addition, the percentage of microorganisms associated with disease, the microorganism risk index of periodontitis and the prevalence of red complex, orange complex, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was also significantly reduced after scaling(p<0.05). Conclusions: Scaling decreased in the amount of major periodontal pathogens and periodontitis prevalence rate.
  • 8.

    Awareness and actual condition toward nonsmoking policy in Korean adult

    Jang, yun jung | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1073~1082 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness and actual condition toward nonsmoking policy in Korean adult. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 306 Korean adults between 20 to 60 years old from April 27 to May 26, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, smoking status(3 items), nonsmoking status(9 items), and nonsmoking policy(7 items). Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: Those who had alcohol consumption or not tried to participated in the nonsmoking program(p<0.05). There was a significant difference between nonsmoking education, cost of the nonsmoking education, and intention to stop smoking. Alcohol consumption is closely related to smoking and the appropriate approach to nonsmoking campaign must be done carefully on the basis of intention to stop smoking(p<0.05). Conclusions: As the government prohibits smoking in the public place, it is important the smokers to stop smoking by themselves and help the smokers to practice nonsmoking in their free will.
  • 9.

    The influence of community oral hygiene promotion program on oral hygiene practice behavior in children

    김영숙 | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1083~1090 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the influence of community oral hygiene program on oral hygiene practice behavior in children. Methods: Oral hygiene promotion program was performed in 23 community child centers in Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggido. The study analyzed the effect of community oral hygiene promotion programs on the oral hygiene practice behavior in children from September to December, 2014. The trained dental hygienists in 23 public health centers and dental hygiene students participated in the oral hygiene promotion program for oral health examination and education for the children. The contents of the program was standardized and instructed to the team members. The individual improvement in children oral hygiene practice was assessed using PHP(patient hygiene performance) index score. Data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 program. Results: After the program, children who stopped eating confectioneries and those eating once a day increased to 32.12% and 14.24%, respectively. Those eating more than four times a day were still high(32.44%), but it was a lower rate than before the program (p<0.001). The rate of toothbrushing of more than 2 to 3 times a day was 82.75% and it was higher than before the education (p<0.001). The knowledge level of children increased from 18.83% to 66.30%. The oral hygiene practice performance in children was highly improved. Conclusions: The four months duration of oral hygiene program remarkably improved the oral hygiene practice in the children. So the community health centers and welfare centers must cooperate and improve the children oral health promotion by developing the oral health promotion program.
  • 10.

    Relationship between educational satisfaction and learning participation in dental hygiene students

    Mi-Yeong Hwang | Jang Gye Won | Won Bok-Yun | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1091~1097 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between educational satisfaction and learning participation of dental hygiene students. Method: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 344 dental hygiene students in Gyeonggido, Chungcheongdo, and Gyeongsangdo from June 2 to 24, 2014, The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(3 items), choice reason of dental hygiene(7 items), educational satisfaction(22 items), and learning participation(11 items). The educational satisfaction and learning participation were assessed by Likert 5 points scale. Data were analyzed by a statistical package SPSS WIN 18.0. Results: Educational satisfaction included educational environments, teaching, educational content and educational effect. Learning participation included class flow, class participation and class readiness. Gyeongsangdo students tended to have higher score than other areas. The educational effect and teaching effect had more influence on learning participation. Conclusion: To improve the better dental hygiene education, it is important to prepare the effective educational methods and find out the influencing factors for class immersion.
  • 11.

    Parents' recognition and attitudes toward national health insurance coverage of sealant by dental hygienist

    Kim Yun Jeong | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1099~1105 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate parents' recognition and attitudes toward national health insurance coverage of sealant by the dental hygienists. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 329 elementary school children parents in G metropolitan city and N city from July 11 to September 27, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, recognition and attitudes toward national health insurance coverage of sealant and sealant by the dental hygienist, and recognition toward national health insurance. The data were analyzed by a descriptive analyses, multiple regression and logistic regression analysis using SPSS 12.0 program. Results: Recognition of national health insurance coverage was 2.52 times higher in high school and 4.97 times higher in recognition toward purpose of sealant. Factor affecting recognition of national health insurance was subscription of private health insurance, recognition of sealant treatment by dental hygienist (DH) and recognition of national health insurance coverage of sealant. Attitude toward sealant treatment by DH was positive in experience of sealant, recognition of sealant treatment by DH and experience of sealant treatment by DH. Factor affecting satisfaction on the sealant by DH was recognition of sealant treatment by DH and recognition of purpose of sealant. Conclusions: To increase national health insurance coverage of sealant, it is necessary to expand positive public relations of sealant by the dental hygienist.
  • 12.

    Awareness and satisfaction toward health insurance coverage of scaling

    Jung Jae Yeon | Lim Mi Hee | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1107~1116 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine awareness and satisfaction toward health insurance coverage of scaling. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 221 patients receiving scaling service from July to August, 2014. The informed consent was approved after the explanation of purpose of the study. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, awareness toward health insurance coverage of scaling, scaling service covered by health insurance, and satisfaction with health insurance service. Results: Those recognizing the health insurance service extension accounted for 87.3 percent and 67.4 percent answered that the appropriate coverage age would be 20 years old. The recommendable frequency of scaling was once a year and this accounted for 49.3 percent. Fifty percent of the subjects thought health insurance coverage of scaling would be reasonable and 34.8 percent acquired the information from mass media. The most common service providers were dental hygienists and the length of service was from 20 to 30 minutes. The contents of service included scaling service, toothbrushing method, and oral care. The satisfaction was 4.39 points. Conclusions: The health insurance coverage of scaling will improve the oral health and quality of life in Korean adults. So the government should try to extend the scaling coverage by health insurance and the frequency of scaling.
  • 13.

    Factor associated with oral health-related quality of life in adults

    Hye-Jeong Youn | Kim Seon Suk | 2015, 15(6) | pp.1117~1123 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the influencing factors of oral health-related quality of life in adults. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 300 adults in Seoul and Gyeonggido from June to July, 2015 by convenience sampling method. Except 19 incomplete answers, 281 data were analyzed by t test, one way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS 18.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, health-related characteristics, whole body dry symptoms and subjective perception of dry mouth. The oral health-related quality of life was measured by Likert five points scale, and a higher score indicated a lower quality of life. Results: The oral health-related quality of life in adult varied by age, systemic diseases, oral health status, missing tooth, stress, decayed tooth, gingival disease. The oral health-related quality of life had positive correlations with the subjective perception of dry mouth and whole body dry symptoms. The subjective perception of dry mouth(ß=0.245) had the influence on the oral health-related quality of life, oral health status(ß=-0.209), gingival disease(ß=-0.151), and decayed tooth(ß=-0.146) in order. Conclusions: The oral health-related quality of life was closely related to the subjective perception of dry mouth and the oral health status. It is necessary to develop the quality of life improvement programs including oral health prevention and care program in the adults.
  • 14.

    Surgical therapy of keratocystic odontogenic tumors

    Ji-Su Oh | Kim, Su-Gwan | 2015, 15(6) | pp.941~946 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Since World Health Organization reclassified the odontogenic keratocyst as a keratocystic odontogenic tumor(KCOT) in 2005, management of KCOT remains controversial. The purpose of the this study is to present a current concept of the treatment of the KCOT. Methods: Recent articles were focused on the method of the surgical therapy and the recurrence rate of KCOT. Results: The treatment modality is divided into conservative treatment—such as simple enucleation with or without curettage or marsupialization—and aggressive treatment including peripheral ostectomy, chemical curettage with Carnoy’s solution, and resection. Conclusions: Keratocystic odontogenic tumors have higher recurrence rates than other odontogenic lesions; thus, the selected type of treatment is very important.
  • 15.

    Relationship between metabolic syndrome and oral diseases in the middle aged and elderly people

    강현주 | Byeng Chul Yu | 2015, 15(6) | pp.947~961 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between metabolic syndrome and oral diseases in the middle aged and elderly in Korea. Methods: The study subjects were 6,390 people over 40 years old from 2010 and 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The survey questionnaire consisted of health, nutrition, and oral examination surveys. The independent variables included general characteristics, health behavior, oral health behavior, and metabolic syndrome. The dependent variables included dental caries experience and periodontal disease. The oral examination was carried out by the dentist based on World Health Organization standard. Results: The average prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome MS was 23.79%, including 54.84% of risk group and 21.37% of normal group. The missing teeth rate was 82.38%, DMFT rate was 90.28% and the periodontal disease rate was 33.15%. Those having abnormal fasting blood glucose had 1.17 fold(95% CI: 1.00∼1.37) higher periodontal disease than the normal group. The abnormal HDL cholesterol group had 1.25 times higher odds ratio(95% CI: 1.07∼1.46) and the obese group had 1.27 times higher odds ratio(95% CI: 1.07∼1.51). The risk group had 1.20 times higher odds ration(95% CI: 1.00∼1.44) and that of the metabolic syndrome group was 1.60 times higher(95% CI: 1.29∼1.97) in periodontal disease. The high blood pressure group had 1.25 times of missing teeth prevalence rate(95% CI: 1.00∼ 1.37). The metabolic syndrome group had 1.47 times of missing teeth prevalence rate(95% CI: 1.11∼1.94). Conclusions: The middle aged and elderly people in Korea had higher rate of metabolic syndrome and oral disease. It is necessary to implement the preventive oral health examination for the control of metabolic syndrome and oral diseases prevalence.
  • 16.

    Relationship between health factor, oral health factor and prevalence of depression in Korean elderly

    전주연 | jung eun seo | 2015, 15(6) | pp.963~971 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between health factor, oral health factor and revalence of depression in Korea elderly by data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2012. Methods: The subjects were 10,938 elderly over 65 years old by rolling survey method and data were extracted from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2012. Data of 1,421 elderly were finally selected and analyzed using kstrada. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographical characteristics of the subjects, health factors, oral health factors and depression. The oral health factors included subjective perception of oral health, alcohol consumption, exercise, smoking, and toothache. Results: Health factors influencing on the prevalence of depression were subjective health(p<0.001), stress(p<0.001), and alcohol consumption(p<0.05). Oral health factors related to the prevalence of depression were subjective oral health(p<0.05), annual dental checkup(p<0.01), and speaking problem(p<0.01). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the oral health promotion program for the elderly and help them maintain good quality of life and mental health.
  • 17.

    Correlation with subjective oral health status and food preference in elderly people

    Park.j.s | Kim in-ja | So-Yong Pakr | 2015, 15(6) | pp.973~981 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation with subjective oral health status and food preference in elderly people. Methods: Data were extracted from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010-2012. The survey data included general characteristics of the subjects, food preference, and subjective oral health status. Food preference was analyzed by assigning score to 63 food categories. The subjective oral health status consisted of toothache within a month, self-perception of oral health, chewing difficulty, mastication difficulty, and speaking difficulty. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, χ2 test, t-test, and ANOVA using SPSS 22.0 program. Results: Elderly men had a tendency to have a liking for all food categories except for fruit. Difficulty in chewing and mastication was shown in those who had older age, lower education, lower monthly income, and national basic livelihood security. Difficulty in speaking was found in those who had older age, lower education, and national basic livelihood security. Self perception of oral health status was closely related to food preference for pulses and potatoes, fish, vegetables and others(p<0.05). Difficulties in chewing and mastication had relation to all food categories excepting cereals, lipids and sugars(p<0.05). Speaking difficulty were significantly different in pulses, potatoes, meat, eggs, vegetables, fruits, milk, dairy products, and others(p<0.05). Conclusions: Poor subjective oral health status was closely related to food preference. It is necessary to educate that maintenance of good oral health is to ingest the balanced nutrition in the elderly people.
  • 18.

    Influencing factors of satisfaction and revisiting intention of dental implant patients

    Lee Jong Hwa | Park, Chun-Man | 2015, 15(6) | pp.983~990 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the influencing factors of satisfaction and revisiting intention of dental implant patients. Methods: An interview and a self-reported questionnaire were completed by 190 patients in 10 dental clinics in Daegu, Gyeongbuk, and Gyeongnam from September 17 to October 31, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of the general characteristics of the subjects and satisfaction of implant. The instrument for implant interview was adapted form Pjetursson et al. by Likert 5 points scale. Cronbach’s α in the study was 0.768. Data were analyzed by SPSS/AMOS version 21.0 program. Results: Cost satisfaction had direct effect on satisfaction of expectation and indirect effect on revisiting intent. Mastication satisfaction had the direct effect on satisfaction of expectation and revisiting intent, and indirect effect on revisiting intent. Satisfaction of aesthetic function had the direct effect on satisfaction of expectation, and the indirect effect on revisiting intent. Conclusions: The determining factors of successful dental implant included expenses, mastication function, and aesthetic satisfaction. The competent dental implant teamwork and appropriate expenses can satisfy the implant patients.
  • 19.

    Relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult: The fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V-1)

    Lee Min Kyung | 진혜정 | 2015, 15(6) | pp.991~997 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult from the data of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES). Methods: The subjects were 3,309 adults from 25 ro 45 years old in the fifth KNHANES. The subjects were divided into three BMI categories: normal weight 1,549(BMI ≤22.9 kg/m2), overweight 792(BMI 23.0-25.0 kg/m2) and obesity 968(BMI≥25.0 kg/m²). Periodontal disease was assessed by community periodontal index(CPI) and periodontitis was defined as ≥ code 3. Results: Increased BMI adults had no significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis than those having normal body weight after adjusting for variables; the odds ratio(OR) was 1.06 in overweight and 1.23 in obesity. BMI and periodontitis had no significant relation to increased age, but the age increase tended to have high odds ratio. Women had a higher OR than men. Conclusions: Through this study, it is necessary to analyze the relationship between the obesity index and periodontitis in the further study.
  • 20.

    Oral health behavior and oral health education experience in Korean adolescents : The ninth(2013) web-based survey of Korean youth risk behavior

    Oh, Hyun Kyung | SONG, YUN-SHIN | So Hee An and 1other persons | 2015, 15(6) | pp.999~1007 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objective of the study is to investigate oral health behavior and oral health education experience in Korean adolescents from the ninth(2013) web-based survey of Korean youth risk behavior. Methods: The subjects were 72,435 students through the ninth 2013 web-based survey of Korean youth risk behavior conducted by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and the Korea Centers for Disease Control. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographical characteristics of the subjects, oral health behavior, and oral health education experience. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0 program. Results: Oral health education had much influence on tooth brushing after lunch, oral cavity disease prevention, sealants, fluoride application, scaling experience, and consumption of vegetables, milk, carbonated soft drinks, noodles, and snacks. The oral health education had a great impact on those who took good oral health behavior into action. Conclusions: It is very important and necessary to develop the continuing effective oral health education program for the adolescents and make them tale into action.