Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the influencing factors of oral health behavior and oral health awareness of university students by assessing oral health practice.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 500 university students in Jeonbuk from June 2 to 15, 2014. Except ten incomplete answers, 490 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, subjective oral health status (8 items), oral health knowledge (18 items), and oral health practice (22 items) by Likert 5 point scale.
Results: Oral health behavior had a significant effect on smoking status (=-0.200, p<0.001), oral health knowledge (=-0.235, p<0.001), dietary control practice (=-0.123, p<0.05), and daily toothbrushing frequency (=-0.240, p<0.001). With respect to factors influencing oral health knowledge, significant effect was found in oral health behavior (=0.258, p<0.001), dietary control awareness (=0.208, p<0.001), and dietary control practice (=-0.136, p<0.05).
Conclusions: Oral health knowledge of university students is an important factor to cause a change in the behavior of oral health practice.
Consequently, oral health education is essential to university students. In order to help improve the oral health, more customized and organized oral health programs will be necessary and it will encourage changes in university students oral health practices.