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2016, Vol.16, No.6

  • 1.

    Beverage consumption and related factors of undergraduates in Jeonnam

    Jung Eun Ju | 박인숙 | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1009~1022 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the beverage consumption and related factors of undergraduates in Jeonnam. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 480 undergraduates in Jeonnam from June 1 to 15, 2016 based on convenience sampling. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, beverage intake frequency, and awareness of beverage. Results: Carbonated beverage intake was 3.05 times per week and five kinds of beverage consumption was 12.48 times per week. Higher beverage intake was closely related to male students, higher beverage purchase, and lower awareness toward oral health impact by beverage and sugar contents. Conclusions: The recognition level of beverage related to oral health had an impact on the frequency of drink intake. It is necessary to educate the dietary guide for appropriate oral health management in beverage intake.
  • 2.

    Related factors of learning ethics of dental hygiene students

    Kim Yun Jeong | 조혜은 | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1023~1031 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the related factors of learning ethics of dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 278 dental hygiene students in G metropolitan city from June 9 to July 29, 2016. The data were analyzed by frequency analysis, percentage and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS 12.0 program. The questionnaire comprised learning ethics (10 items), condition of learning ethics (10 items), reason of plagiarism (8 items), intellectual property right consciousness (8 items), internet ethics consciousness (20 items), individual ethics consciousness (2 items). Results: Condition of learning ethics was higher in mosaic plagiarism (33.9%). The main reason of plagiarism was higher in lack of time (52.7%). Related factors with the intellectual property right consciousness was use of reference (β =0.424), internet expectancy (β =0.228) and parental rearing attitude (β =0.229) (Adjusted R 2 =0.336). Related factors with the internet ethics consciousness were parental rearing attitude (β =-0.241), academic achievements (β =0.420), internet expectancy (β =-0.368) and grade (β =-0.154)(Adjusted R 2 =0.390). Related factor with the individual ethics consciousness was academic achievements (β =0.445) (Adjusted R 2 =0.192). Conclusions: To increase the learning ethics and preventing plagiarism, it is necessary to have essential understanding and practice to make the liberal arts education and extracurricular program of institutions.
  • 3.

    The association between patient safety culture perceptions and patient safety management activities in dental hospital workers

    김선경 | Jae Woo Choi | Sang Gyu Lee and 3other persons | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1033~1045 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This research was conducted to recognize dental health care employees’ awareness of patient safety culture and to examine the association between awareness of patient safety culture and patient safety activities. Methods: The subject of this research includes the dental health care employees from 11 different dental hospitals in the nation, dental offices in the 6 different general hospitals in Seoul, and 4 different private dental offices in 2014. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 485 dental health care employees from March 17 to April 3, 2014. Multiple regression models were used in the analysis. Results: First, the dental health employees’ awareness of patient safety culture was 3.25 on average. The extent of patient safety activities was 2.75. The behavior of the supervisor/manager and the adequate explanation showed positive correlation with r=0.213 (p<0.001). The process of communication and the preventative inspection of the medical equipment showed negative correlation with r=-0.258 (p<0.001), and especially the awareness of patient safety culture and the infection control exercise showed the most significant correlation (r=0.293, p<0.001). Second, hospital environment factor of patient safety perceptions positively were related to most of patient safety management activities after controlling several covariates. Conclusions: The result of this research showed that most of the patient safety culture perceptions positively were correlated with patient safety activities. We also found that proper hospital environment, simple communication process, and positive perceptions for patient safety level were more likely to perform patient safety management activities after controlling several covariates. Improving the patient safety perceptions of dental hospital workers is an important consideration.
  • 4.

    Factors influencing turnover intention in new dental hygienists

    Min Hee-Hong | Young-Suk Kim | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1047~1055 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors influencing turnover intention in new dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 202 new dental hygienists in Gyeonggido, Chungcheongdo, Jeollado, and Gyeongsangdo from March 1 to April 24, 2016. Data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 19.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects (7 items), job-related characteristics (6 items), turnover intention (7 items), burnout (6 items), job satisfaction (13 items), job stress (10 items), organizational commitment (6 items), and critical thinking disposition (8 itmes). Results: Turnover intention was 2.92 points and burnout was 3.26 points. Each of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and critical thinking disposition was 3.27, 2.95, and 3.32, respectively. Conclusions: The factors influencing turnover intention included age, job stress, job satisfaction, job burnout, and organizational commitment. Among them, job burnout had the highest impact on turnover intention.
  • 5.

    Correlation between personal temperament, dental visit, and dental fear among adults

    Cheoul-Sin Kim | Choi YongKeum | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1057~1066 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between personal temperament, dental visit, and dental fear among adults. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 400 adults visiting dental clinics from April to June, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, dental fear, and temperament. Data were analyzed by t test, chi-square test, chi-square test, and pearson’s correlation analysis using SPSS v. 23.0. Results: The first impression of dental clinics had an impact on dental fear (p<0.001). The negative image on the dental clinics increased dental fear of the visitors. There was a significant difference between the purpose of dental visit and dentla fear. Conclusions: The positive image of the dental clinics can solve the dental fear due to treatment in the adults. The dental consumers should try to have the comfortable attitude toward dental clinic in case of visit.
  • 6.

    Educational effect of CPR training in department of dental hygiene students

    Myung-Eun Kim | Hee-Kyoung Kim | Lee, Chang Hee and 1other persons | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1067~1078 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by fifty dental hygiene students in May 2016 before and after CPR education. The questionnaire consisted of knowledge, attitude, confidence, and performance of CPR skill. Performance test by professionals was measured to evaluate capability of skill after CPR education. Results: Scores of the knowledge increased from 4.35 to 12.24 after education (p<0.001). Scores of attitude increased from 51.86 to 58.92 (p<0.001). Scores of confidence changed from 56.66 to 85.02 (p<0.001). Scores of self-capability of skill increased from 44.90 to 74.02 (p<0.001). 5. The average score of capability of skill by professional test was 24.47. Conclusions: CPR education improved the knowledge, attitude, confidence and capability of skill in dental hygiene students. The development and education of CPR program will make the students perform bystander CPR in the emergency situation actively.
  • 7.

    The effect of self-leadership on organizational effectiveness and job performance in dental hygienist

    김지혜 | Han Su Jin | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1079~1092 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of self-leadership on organizational effectiveness and job performance in the dental hygienist. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 281 dental hygienists in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggido from March 1 to 31, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, self-leadership, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job performance. Data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, multiple regression analysis using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The average of self-leadership was 3.62, self-reward had highest score of 3.84, followed by rehearsal 3.73, self-expectation 3.72, self-goal setting 3.51, constructive thinking 3.48, and self-criticism 3.45. The average of organizational commitment was 3.11, and that of job satisfaction was 3.11 and the average of job performance was 3.70. Among the sub-factors of self-leadership, self-expectation, self-goal setting, constructive thinking showed a positive correlation with organizational commitment and job satisfaction. All sub-factors except for self-criticism showed a positive correlation with job performance. Among the sub-factors of self-leadership, self-expectation (β =0.350), constructive thinking (β =0.124), self-reward (β =0.106), rehearsal (β =0.102) showed a significant effect together with job satisfaction (β =0.187) on job performance. Also, age, education level, clinical career, the average monthly salary showed a significant effect on job performance. Conclusions: The self-leadership and job satisfaction of in the dental hygienist had influence on job performance. To improve the job performance of dental hygienists, it is necessary to apply self-leadership development program focusing on the strengthening of self-expectation and constructive thinking.
  • 8.

    Impact of chronic disease on oral health behavior

    강유민 | 이인숙 | 김나연 | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1093~1104 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of chronic disease on oral health behavior. Methods: The subjects were 317 adults over 30-years old living in urban and rural areas. They were selected by convenience sampling method and filled out the self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, dental treatment, chronic disease, and oral health behavior including oral health self-care behavior and professional oral health care. Results: The self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care had a negative correlation with the chronic diseases. Especially, the self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care had a statistically significant negative correlation with hypertension and osteoporosis. Multiple regression analysis was performed after including general characteristics, dental treatment, chronic disease. Meanwhile the presence of chronic disease had a significant influence on the self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care. Hypertension and Osteoporosis were the most influential factors of chronic diseases and had a significant influence on the oral health behavior. In conclusion, the chronic diseases aggravated the oral health behavior practice. Conclusions: presence of chronic disease affects oral health behavior. Therefore, the effective intervention and education programs related to oral health care are necessary to enhance adult’s oral health behavior and total health. The continuous follow-up study will determine the causal relationship between oral health behavior and the presence of chronic disease.
  • 9.

    Scaling experience and related factors in people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis

    kim ji hyun | KIM MIN YOUNG | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1105~1114 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the scaling experience and related factors of people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: The subjects were 30,680 people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis from the 2014 community health survey who were ≧19 years old. Data were analyzed by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: Those having regular scaling included well educated people, drinkers, more than three times tooth brushing practice, and regular dental checkup. The respondents were in the higher quartile of income And the respondents who were in the higher quartile of income were less likely to have scaling experience (p<0.05). Conclusions: The scaling experience was closely related with the age, educational level, residential area, income, drinking, tooth brushing practice, and regular dental checkup. It is necessary to investigate the influencing factors of rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal diseases in the further studies.
  • 10.

    Influence of resilience on academic stress in dental hygiene students: focused on the mediating effects of self-esteem

    엄숙 | Choi Yu-Jin | CHOI JUNGOK | 2016, 16(6) | pp.1115~1124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of resilience on academic stress in dental hygiene students focused on the mediating effects of self-esteem. Methods: The subjects in this study were 208 selected dental hygiene students in colleges located in Y region of U city. A self-administered survey was conducted by 215 students from May 1 to 15, 2016. The study instruments included resilience, academic stress, and self-esteem. Results: The dental hygiene students got a mean of 4.40 in resilience. Among the subfactors of resilience, they got 4.42 in personal usefulness and 4.38 in self-receptivity. They got a mean of 3.29 in self-esteem and 2.76 in academic stress. Resilience was positively correlated with self-esteem (4=0.55, p<0.01) and negatively with academic stress (r=-0.28, p<0.01). Personal usefulness and usefulness of oneself had a positive correlation with self-esteem (r=0.51, 0.52, p<0.01) and had a negative correlation with academic stress (r=-0.25, -0.28, p<0.01). Self-esteem was negatively correlated with academic stress (r=-0.32, p<0.01). As for the mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between resilience and academic stress, self-esteem had perfect mediating effects on the relationship between the two. Conclusions: The results suggested that the self-esteem of the dental hygiene students played an important mediating role in the relationship between resilience and academic stress.
  • 11.

    Relationship between obesity and periodontal diseases in adults

    Soo-Kyung Kim | 2016, 16(6) | pp.815~824 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between obesity and periodontal diseases in adults. Methods: The subjects were 6,762 adults over 19 years old selected from the 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013). The study instruments included periodontal status of periodontal diseases, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). Periodontal status was evaluated by community periodontal index (CPI). Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The prevalence of periodontal diseases was higher in male, older aged people, undereducated people, current smokers, and those having poor cognition for toothbrushing (p<0.001). The rate of obesity by BMI and WC was higher in male, older aged people and current smokers. The rate of obesity was lower in well-educated people and good practice of toothbrushing (p<0.001). The prevalence of periodontal diseases by BMI showed 0.565 times lower in underweight population, 1.302 times higher in overweight population, and 1.311 times higher in highly obese population than normal population. The prevalence of periodontal diseases by waist circumferences showed 1.404 times higher in obese population than the normal population (p<0.05). Conclusions: It is very important to promote periodontal disease prevention and education for obese population in Korea. The risk of periodontal diseases can be preventable by decrease of BMI and WC.
  • 12.

    Relationship between smoking behavior and periodontitis in Korean adults

    Young-Suk Kim | Min Hee-Hong | 2016, 16(6) | pp.825~833 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between smoking behavior and periodontitis in Korean adults. Methods: The study subjects were 4,896 from the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were analysed by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis using SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The rate of periodontitis was 27.5%. The prevalence rate of periodontitis was closely related to socio-economic characteristics including gender, age, living area, household income, educational level, history of diabetes mellitus, and regular dental visit. The rate of periodontitis in non-smoker, ex-smoker, and current smoker were 56.7%, 19.5%, and 23.8%, respectively. Smoking behavior was significantly related to socio-economic characteristics. After adjusting for gender, age, household income, educational level, history of diabetes mellitus, and dental visit within 1 year, the risk of periodontitis in ex-smoker and current group were 1.31 (95% CI; 1.04-1.65) and 2.31 (95% CI; 1.87- 2.85), respectively. Conclusions: Smoking behavior had a significant impact on periodontitis prevalence in Korean adults.
  • 13.

    Influences of job performance of dental hygienists on emotional labor evaluation

    Lee Jong Ryol | Soo-Myoung Bae | Kim Hye-Jin | 2016, 16(6) | pp.835~847 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the influences of job performance of dental hygienists on emotional labor evaluation. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 203 dental hygienists working at dental hospitals and clinics in Gyeongnam and Busan from May 2014 and March 2015. The study instruments comprised general characteristics of the subjects (9 items), job performance competency (44 items), and emotional labor evaluation (29 items) by Likert 5 point scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0 program and AMOS 18.0 program. Results: Those who had turnover intention showed higher scores in the dental treatment cooperation category and overall job performance than those who had not. Higher job performance was shown in those who had more work experience and higher salary. The scores of emotional labor evaluation were higher in the group of higher salary and team and department leaders. The job performance had a significant impact of the emotional labor evaluation. Conclusions: The job performance of dental hygienists had a significant influence on the emotional labor evaluation. Psychologic stress by work caused the dental hygienists to have depression and lower quality of life.
  • 14.

    Relationships among snack habits, oral health practice, and oral health status in preschool children

    Lee Eun Gyeong | 2016, 16(6) | pp.849~861 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships among snack habits, oral health practice, and oral health status in preschool children. Methods: The subjects were 209 preschool children and their mothers in Jeonbuk from March 24 to May 30, 2014. The study instruments comprised snack habits, oral health practice, and oral health status. Data were analyzed for independent t-test, one way ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression using SPSS Win 21.0 version. Results: Higher dft index was shown in the older age (p=0.033), lower mother’s education (p<0.001), lower mother’s daily toothbrushing (p<0.001), check-up after tooth-brushing (p<0.001), tooth-brushing practice before sleeping (p<0.001), tooth-brushing practice after snack (p<0.001), regular dental check-up (p<0.001), fluoride and sealant for prevention caries (p<0.001), limitation of sugar snack intake (p<0.007), periodic replacement toothbrush (p=0.022). The cause of higher dft index included soda (p<0.001), yogurt (p<0.001), snack (p=0.002), bread and cake (p=0.002) and caramel and candy (p<0.001). Fruit (p<0.001), vegetable (p<0.001) and milk (p=0.004) decreased dft index. Factors affecting oral health status were tooth-brushing practice before sleeping, tooth-brushing practice after snack, regular dental check-up, fluoride and sealant for prevention caries, and intake of soda, yogurt, caramel, candy, and fruit. The explanation power of the final model was 67.6%. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the oral health education program for the preschool children and mothers to enhance the best oral health condition.
  • 15.

    Influence of perceived patient safety culture on patient safety management activity in the dental hygienists

    Dajung Lee | Han Su Jin | 2016, 16(6) | pp.863~877 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the influence of perceived patient safety culture on patient safety management activity in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 292 dental hygienists in Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggido from March 1 to April 8, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects (9 items), patient safety culture (44 items), and patient safety management activity (25 items) by Likert 5 point scale. Data were analyzed by t test, one way ANOVA, stepwise multiple regression test, and post-hoc Tukey test using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The perceived patient safety culture was 3.50 on average. Entire organization was the highest score (3.68) and followed the communication process (3.55), the environment of work unit (3.47), the attitude of supervisor/ manager (3.45), and the frequency of events reported (2.98). The average of patient safety management activity was 3.71. As for the factors of patient safety culture on patient safety management activity, communication process was the most influential factor (β =0.268), and followed the entire organization (β =0.265), the environment of work unit (β =0.166), the frequency of events reported (β =0.104), and among the control variables. Work place proved to be the only significant variable. Conclusions: In order to promote patient safety management activity of dental institutions, the patient safety culture should be created and established. The influence of communication process and patient safety culture at entire organization level was huge. So the environment of work unit and the perceived patient safety culture in the process of reported events were influencing factors. The strategy for patient safety management activity should be considered because of low level of perceived patient safety culture.
  • 16.

    Oral health literacy among foreign residents in South Korea

    김현경 | 정주희 | HieJin Noh | 2016, 16(6) | pp.879~891 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the oral health literacy of foreign students in Korea regarding their utilization of dental clinic services and oral care products. Methods: This study measured the oral health literacy through a self-administered questionnaire that were distributed among 145 foreign students in Seoul and 153 Korean students in Wonju, Gangwon province. The questionnaire is used to assess the oral health literacy with a total of 92 questions including 30 questions on linguistic oral health literacy, and 40 questions on functional oral health literacy (sentence translation ability 27 questions, document decoding ability 13 questions), and 22 questions on the general characteristics. The collected data were analyzed by frequency test, χ 2 , independent t-test, and ANOVA with p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The linguistic oral health literacy awareness score was doubly lower in foreign students 20.5±22.4% than Korean students 53.9±18.4% (p<0.05), three words were not statistically significant with less than 10% of all the foreign and Korean students. Correct answer rate of sentence translation ability was statistically significant in all questions by foreign students 26.7±27.1% and Korean students 99.0±2.3% (p<0.05). Correct answer rate of document decoding ability showed a relatively small difference between foreign students and Korean students with 54.7±33.1% and 87.3±8.7%, respectively, but it was statistically significant in all questions (p<0.05). Oral health literacy according to residence period and Korean language class level of foreign students were the most correlated among the other variables (p<0.05). Conclusions: Dental terminology was difficult for ordinary people to understand regardless of the Korean language proficiency levels, so it is recommended and needed to express dental clinical terms in simple layman’s term or to use illustrations to dental patients. In case of foreign residents in Korea, interpretation services are needed. Additionally, labels and instructions of oral hygiene products retailed in Korea with the consideration for foreigners are required.
  • 17.

    Related factors of oral symptoms in adolescents from Korean multicultural families

    한여정 | sin young Park | So Yeon, Ryu | 2016, 16(6) | pp.893~907 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the related factors of dental caries and periodontal disease in adolescents from Korean multicultural families, thereby helping to reduce the prevalence rate of oral disease. Methods: The subjects were 710 multicultural adolescents recruited using a web-based survey, National 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior, from the Korean Center for Disease Control. A multicultural family was defined in this study as one having an immigrant mother or father. Oral symptoms included dental caries and periodontal disease. Toothache was defined as a symptom of dental caries. Tender or bleeding gums were defined as symptom of periodontal disease. For statistical analysis, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 21.0 for Windows was used. Descriptive analysis and a Chi-square test were conducted to determine the factors associated with general characteristics, health behavior, and oral health behavior. Finally, to investigate the associations among oral disease symptoms, logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: Toothache was significantly higher in female 1.52 (95% CI; 1.45-1.60), high school 1.23 (95% CI; 1.18-1.28), women school 1.10 (95% CI; 1.05-1.16), individuals with poor economic status 1.45 (95% CI; 1.30-1.52), and participants who consumed alcohol 1.32 (95% CI; 1.27-1.37). Toothache related to perceived health status was significantly lower in the healthy group 0.69 (95% CI; 0.64-0.75), and was higher in usual stress group 1.65 (95% CI; 1.57-1.74). Gum bleeding was significantly higher in female 1.32 (95% CI; 1.27-1.37), high school 1.15 (95% CI; 1.10-1.19), and individuals with poor economic status 1.38 (95% CI; 1.27-1.50). Gum bleeding related to perceived health status was significantly lower in the healthy group 0.68 (95% CI; 0.63-0.74), and was higher in usual stress group 1.54 (95% CI; 1.46-1.62). Conclusions: Taking into account of social and economic levels, and dietary habits in the multicultural families adolescents, further education and support will be needed for oral disease prevention and early treatment.
  • 18.

    Correlation between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and awareness for disability in dental hygiene students

    조혜은 | 2016, 16(6) | pp.909~918 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and awareness for disability in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 521 dental hygiene students from 5 universities in Gwangju and Jeonnam frm June 13 to July 16, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of self-esteem by Rosenberg (10 items), self-efficacy by Schwarzer (7 items), and the negative awareness for disabled person by Siller (24 items) using Likert 5 point scale. Results: Those who did volunteer activity for disabled person showed high self-esteem and self-efficacy than those who did not. Students having disability-related training experience had high self-esteem (p<0.05). Higher the self-esteem was, higher the self-efficacy was (r=0.655). Higher the self-efficacy was, the lower the negative awareness was (r=-0.142). Higher self-esteem enhanced the positive awareness for the disabled person (r=-0.206)(p<0.01). Conclusions: The systematic curriculum development for the disabled person recognition improvement should be made in order to enhance self-esteem and self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students.
  • 19.

    Influence of college life adjustment on emotional intelligence in dental hygiene students

    Kim, YoungSun | Lee Jung Hwa | 2016, 16(6) | pp.919~929 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of college life adjustment on emotional intelligence in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 550 dental hygiene students in Daegu from May to June, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, emotional intelligence scale, and student adaptation to college questionnaire using Likert 5 point scale. Data were analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA, post hoc Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation test, and multiple regression test. Results: The mean scores of emotional intelligence 3.40 points and college life adjustment 3.14 points were above average. Every sub-field of emotional intelligence had static correlation, and there was a close correlation between college life adjustment and every specific field. The academic adjustment (r=0.515) and institutional adjustment (r=0.458) showed strong correlation with the emotional intelligence. The higher the emotional intelligence score was, the higher the college life adjustment was. Variables having statistically significant influence on college life adjustment included economic status, major satisfaction, self-emotional, use of emotional and emotional control (37.7%, p<0.001). Conclusions: Emotional intelligence played a significant role in dental hygiene students to adapt well with the demands of college life. The college should provide the efficient programs in the curriculum that helps enhance emotional intelligence of the students.
  • 20.

    Association between depression and poor oral health in Korean elderly: the six Korean national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES VI-2)

    cho han a | 최은실 | 2016, 16(6) | pp.931~941 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depression and poor oral health in Korean elderly using Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessment of depressive symptoms. Methods: This study used the data from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-2). The study included 1,454 elderly Korean aged over 65. Variables included demographic characteristics (gender, age), socioeconomic factor (income, education), systemic diseases, oral health related factor (tooth brush, dental products), health related factor (alcohol drinking, smoking), and depression. Logistic regression analysis was used as sequential models. Effects were quantified as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: From frequency analysis, being female, primary school or less, non-alcohol drinking, poor oral health were significantly related to depression. In the multiple logistic regression model, depression was significantly associated with poor oral health (OR=1.96, CI=1.15-3.53) after adjustment for other covariates including demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factor, systemic diseases, oral health related factor, and health related factor (OR=1.91, CI=1.13-3.27). Conclusions: Depression had an influence on the poor oral health after adjustment as confounding variable in the elderly. It should be focused on the health promotion for the elderly vulnerable to depression and poor oral health. The development of the mental health and oral health should be established.
  • 21.

    Relationship between intake of energy and protein and permanent teeth caries

    Han-Na Kim | 2016, 16(6) | pp.943~953 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the association between intake of energy, calcium and protein and permanent teeth caries in Korean children. Methods: Research data were obtained from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and 1,274 Korean children within 9 to 12 years were selected as subjects for the study. The DMFT index, nutrition factors including total energy and protein intake, and degree of calcium intake were identified Chi-square test was performed to assess the difference of distribution in socioeconomic status, oral health behavior and nutrition factors according to sex. Multilevel linear regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between DMFT index and the related variables. Results: Significant differences in energy, protein and Ca intake were confirmed according to the sex. Among 10 year-old children who intake total energy less than the recommended had few dental caries (p=0.058, β =-0.411). In addition, 11-year-old children having protein intake more than the recommended experienced dental caries (p=0.02, β =0.588). Conclusions: These results suggest that, there is significant differences between intake of energy and protein and dental caries among Korean children. However, further researches is needed to confirm between intake of energy and protein as a related factor.
  • 22.

    Oral health behavior according to perceived oral symptoms in the elderly

    Park.j.s | Kim in-ja | 2016, 16(6) | pp.955~968 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the oral health behavior according to perceived oral symptoms in the elderly. Methods: The data were obtained from the 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013). Data were analyzed by complex sample frequency t test, one-way ANOVA, χ 2 test, and general analysis. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and perceived oral symptoms. Results: Those who had higher education tended to brush teeth regularly. The use of oral hygiene product was also high in higher educated elderly and higher income. Those with good oral health perception showed regular toothbrushing habit. Those with good chewing and mastication used oral hygiene products. Male tended to have regular dental checkup. Those having spouse, higher income, younger age, regular dental checkup had good chewing ability. Poor oral health perception, toothache, and chewing difficulty were the main cause of dental visit (p<0.05). Conclusions: The elderly with poor perceived oral symptoms showed lower level of oral hygiene care. They tended to visit dental clinics only when they had oral symptoms.
  • 23.

    In-depth interview about expected role and competency of future public health dental hygienist

    김솔 | 김수정 | 장미래 and 6other persons | 2016, 16(6) | pp.969~978 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the expected role and competency of future public health dental hygienist. Methods: This study was cross-sectional design. One dental hygienist per 16 cities and provinces was selected from the list of Korea Society of public dental hygienists. After signing in the informed consent, the interview was carried out. Transcripts were made after each interview. Six researchers recorded meaningful contents in the transcripts. They classified and integrated the information that they had recorded commonly or not. Their opinions were converged by conference. Two supervisors verified results whether they were derived from actual recordings for the reliability of the results. The records were confirmed once again and corrected into common message. Results: The main difficult subjects in public health official examination were public health, English, and medical legislation to pass the examine. The preliminary certificates included public health related certificate, computer certificate, and driver’s license. In the personality aspect, creativity, activeness, cooperation and good responsibility were very important trait to public health official. Among 16 interviews, 9 were positive and 5 were negative about the future prospects of a public dental hygienist. Conclusions: The future of public health dental hygienist will be positive. Throughout effort to prepare for the public health official, the public health dental hygienist will be expanded and in many ways the dental hygienists will take the charge of the important parts of the public health administration in the near future.
  • 24.

    Effect of oral health belief and metabolic syndrome on CPITN

    정명희 | Kim, Chang-suk | Lee, Kyeong-Soo | 2016, 16(6) | pp.979~991 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of oral health belief and metabolic syndrome on CPITN. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 847 adult visitors over 20 years old in Busan from August 1 to December 31, 2011. Except incomplete answers, 776 data were analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA, and logistic regression analysis using SPSS 20.0 program. The questionnaire comprised general characteristics of the subjects, oral health behavior, and metabolic syndrome related risk factors. Results: There was statistically significant difference of an oral health belief rating between the groups receiving oral health education. Community periodontal index had statistically significant difference depending on smoking and waist circumference. To analyze related factors of community periodontal index, multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. As the final outcome, gender, age, benefit, salience, scaling experience, experience of oral health education, and related factors and metabolic syndrome were shown to impact on significant influence (p<0.05). Conclusions: Thus, To manage the effective oral health, it is necessary to control the factors of metabolic syndrome and oral health.
  • 25.

    Analysis on the current status of clinical practice and training in dental hygiene students

    Won Bok-Yun | Jang Gye Won | Mi-Yeong Hwang and 1other persons | 2016, 16(6) | pp.993~1007 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to review the current status of clinical practice and training in dental hygiene in hospitals and clinics for the students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 80 dental hospitals and clinics from August 8 to September 12, 2016. Except incomplete answers, 211 copies were retrieved and analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects (6 items), present condition of clinical education (7 items), support policy and facilities (8 items), teaching personnel (6 items), improvement direction (3 items), and general considerations (3 items). Results: The annual practice time for students was 8.4 weeks. The average number of students per each practice institution was 5.95. The evaluation of the clinical practice period was rated as ‘average’ by 55.3% of the respondents, while 65.4% preferred the current duration of the practice. Meanwhile, 33.0% of the respondents wanted to increase the practice period. In clinical training education support, 62.3% of the hospitals had a person in charge, 79.2% of the hospitals and clinics had a operative procedure, appointed staff and a department for student practice. But 86.5% of the hospitals did not have standards for the budget for practice and instruction fee. In the personnel for clinical training, 52.6% said they were dental hygienists. In 87.1%, the practice instruction conducted by professors was done through communication with the hospital or clinic, while the man-to-man practice instruction was 8.6%. Conclusions: It is necessary to improve the process and operation method of dental hygiene clinical training. In order to make clinical training meet education goals, a standardized set of criteria is needed to support training education and guidelines for instructors and students.