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2017, Vol.17, No.6

  • 1.

    The effects of CPR education on CPR knowledge and self-efficacy for dental hygiene students from different regions

    Young-soo LEE | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1003~1012 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the knowledge and self-efficacy of dental hygiene students after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 260 dental hygiene students in the period between 5 November 2015 and 30 December 2015. The data analysis was performed by SPSS win 22.0 program for frequency analysis, chi-square analysis, and dichotomies multiple response analysis. Results: Self-efficacy and knowledge increased after CPR education. Most of the dental hygiene students are statistically significant difference in self-efficacy depending on CPR knowledge. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, we suggest that the theory and practice of CPR, if taught to dental hygiene students, will boost their self-efficacy, and enable them to perform it correctly when faced with and emergency situation.
  • 2.

    The opinions of health care workers on the inclusion of dental hygienists in the category of medical personnel

    형주희 | Jang, yun jung | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1013~1024 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The study investigated health professionals working in the metropolitan area and Jeolla-bukdo, South Korea, from April 30 to May 17, 2017 to understand their views on the issue of including dental hygienists in the scope of medical personnel of South Korea. Methods: A total of 270 surveys were analyzed in this study. The survey consists of 5 questions on general issues; 10 on the awareness of present work of dental hygienist; and 1 on opposition or approval about including dental hygienist in medical personnel. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows 18.0, as well as frequency analysis, cross analysis and logistic regression analysis. Statistical significance level (α) is 0.05. Results: 1. Broken down by gender, male subjects showed more oppositions against including dental hygienists in the category of medical personnel while female subjects showed more favorable opinions (p<0.05). In terms of academic background, those who had graduated from graduate school or higher showed a higher propensity for opposition while those who had graduated from a 3-year college showed a higher tendency for approval on the idea (p<0.05), In terms of occupational type, health professionals showed more opposing views whereas medical technologists showed more approvals than others (p<0.001). 2. With respect to the awareness of work specialty and proficiency of dental hygienist according to general characteristics, the higher the age, the higher the awareness level was. In terms of the occupational type, medical technologists were found to have higher awareness level than health professionals (p<0.001). 3. With respect to the relationship between general characteristics and view on including dental hygienists in medical personnel, the occupational type of health professional was found to have 6.33 times more oppositions than medical technologists. When the awareness level on proficiency of dental hygienist was low, opposition was 6.52 times more frequent (p<0.05). Conclusions: Based on the findings above, the inclusion of dental hygienists in medical personnel seems necessary in properly establishing the specialty and role of dental hygienist in the dentist medical environment of the country in order to enhance national oral health related preventive dental service and expand the demand. To this end, it is necessary to provide nationwide promotion, work to change the awareness of health professionals in other occupational types, and facilitate public promotion for legal ground establishment.
  • 3.

    Development of scale of long-term employment intention for dental hygienist

    양정아 | Lim Soon Ryun | Cho, Young Sik | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1025~1035 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to develop a survey instrument to assess intention to stay for dental hygienists based on validity and reliability. Methods: A survey was conducted targeting 317 dental hygienists in dental clinics. The data was used for the analysis of the study, using PASW Statistics 20.0 and IBM SPSS AMOS 18.0. Results: The preliminary instrument includes 44 item. 22 items were excluded by variable analysis. 17 final items was selected by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was composed of four elements, ‘organization fit’, ‘interpersonal relationship’, ‘identity’, and ‘job connectivity’. Conclusions: The validity and reliability of measurement tool for dental hygienist’s intention to stay was proved. It could be used to help dental hygienist’s long-term employment.
  • 4.

    Analysis of factors affecting the implementation of CPR by dental hygienists in certain regions

    Cheon, hye won | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1037~1051 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of dental hygienists on CPR, their CPR attitude and performance ability in an effort to offer data that can contribute to the development of a more effective CPR education program. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 234 dental hygienists in Jeollanam and Jeollabukdo from February 24 to May 20, 2017. The questionnaire asked dental hygienists of the knowledge, attitude, performance ability in regards to CPR. The data were analyzed using SPSS Window ver. 19.0 program through independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, chi-square test and multiple regression analysis. The Cronbach alpha of their CPR knowledge was 0.78, and that of attitude to CPR was 0.79. The Cronbach alpha of CPR performance ability was 0.96. Results: The dental hygienists surveyed in this study who were aware of CPR accounted for 88.9% of total subjects. Dental hygienists who were certified in CPR accounted for 20.5% of total subjects. They received a score of 7.66 on CPR knowledge, 3.33 on attitude and 2.61 on performance ability. There was a positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude, between the knowledge and performance ability and between the attitude and performance ability (r=0.332, r=0.461, r=0.426). A regression analysis showed that the dental hygienists who were younger, who graduated from a four-year university or a higher educational institution, who were CPR certificate holders, who received more CPR education, who were cognizant of automated external defibrillator, who were more knowledgeable on CPR and who took a more positive attitude were more likely to be affected in terms of CPR performance. Conclusions: The dental hygienists surveyed were aware of CPR on the whole, but their CPR knowledge, attitude and performance were not sufficient to perform CPR in emergency situations. More intensive education should be provided for dental hygienists to have an accurate knowledge of CPR to carry it out with a positive attitude.
  • 5.

    A study on radiation safety education, knowledge, and practice in using portable intraoral X-ray equipment of dental hygienist’s

    유정민 | Bo-Sun Kang | Kim, Seol Hee | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1053~1065 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate radiation safety education, knowledge and practice of dental hygienists in using handheld portable intraoral X-ray equipment and to suggest the need for radiation safety education in using handheld portable intraoral X-ray equipment. Methods: We surveyed 223 dental hygienists from July, 2017 to August in the dental clinics of Daejeon, Seoul and Gyeonggi area. Results: Radiation safety educational experience was higher in a year's career (72.9%), than 3 years experience (32.5%) (p<0.05). 82.7% of dental clinic workers took university education for radiation safety education while 55.6% of dental hospital workers took company training (p<0.05). More than 70% of the subjects did not have experience of radiation safety education about using portable intraoral X-ray. Radiation safety knowledge was highest in a year’s career (p<0.05). The cumulative dose, radiation sensitivity, and lead defense knowledge were high in all subjects, but knowledge related to scattering radiation and scattering radiation sources was low. Practice of portable intraoral X-ray safety was significantly lower than knowledge. Conclusions: Knowledge of portable intraoral radiography safety is available, but performance is poor. Even with the small amount of radiation exposure, the risk is perceivable. There is a need to actively utilize the provided radiation protection products. In order to do this, efforts should be made to improve knowledge and perfor
  • 6.

    The awareness of dental hygienist regarding the content of clinical practice education and importance of duty

    김창희 | Sun-Jung, Shin | Myong-Suk Shin | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1067~1080 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study analyzed the perception towards clinical practice education content held by dental hygiene students in dental institutions and their perceived importance of dental hygienists’ clinical duties. Methods: The subjects of this study were 182 dental hygienists who were working at dental institutions in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Chungcheong areas. A survey was conducted with a self-administered questionnaire. In the questionnaire, the clinical practice contents were classified into observation, preparation, and performance, and the importance of clinical duty was measured with a 3-point scale. For the clinical practice contents and the importance of duty, descriptive statistics and chi-square test were performed, and the study results were analyzed using STATA 11.0. Results: With regard to clinical practice contents, observation was mainly performed in oral & maxillofacilal radiology, preventive dentistry, periodontal medicine and oral medicine. In primary care and infection control, practice and observation were mainly performed. In the department of orthodontics and pediatric dentistry, observation and preparation were mainly conducted, while in oral surgery, conservative dentistry observation, preparation and practice were all conducted. With regard to clinical practice contents according to the dental institution, there were statistically significant differences in the type of dental institution and the duty (p>0.05). In terms of the importance of dental hygienist’s duty, infection control, toothbrushing education for each patient, removal of plaque, and patient education after surgery were considered important. Conclusions: For clinical practice of the dental hygiene department, the education contents should be standardized in accordance with the importance of the dental hygienist’s duty, a protocol for operation of practice should be developed, and a method of standardization of evaluation should be sought in the future.
  • 7.

    Factors affecting oral health care and toothbrush use in adults

    KyeongHee Lee | 김보연 | 김찬주 and 5other persons | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1081~1094 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find out how to provide the correct information about toothbrushing and to promote oral health. Methods: A survey was conducted from December 2016 with 354 subjects who are over 20 years old in South Korea to find out the influence of the using toothbrush. The results are as follows. Statistical analysis of the collected data was performed using the SPSS WIN 21.0 statistical program. Results: After reviewing the result that the using toothbrush of oral health according to the general nature, the average score of the female 3.94±0.87 was higher than the male, the highest average score of 50-59 age was 4.10±0.83. As for the highest average score regarding martial status, the married group's score was 3.91±0.88. After reviewing the factors affecting the toothbrushing, the age group of 50-59 has the highest using toothbrush and the more using toothbrush in oral health, the more using toothbrush. Conclusions: Systematic dental health education program is needed to increase the correct knowledge of time to replace the toothbrush among the public. Also it is needed to increase people’s toothbrushing constantly by acquiring the information through SNS, AD, and mass media.
  • 8.

    Interest levels of adults in dental radiology education and factors affecting dental radiography in adults

    KyeongHee Lee | 김소라 | 김찬주 and 3other persons | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1095~1107 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was designed to provide raise awareness of the guidelines associated with radiation, including those associated with ensuring safety at dental clinics. Methods: A survey was conducted on the degree of awareness on dental radiation among adults over age 20 in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province from December 2016. The questionnaire copies from 21 respondents whose answers were insincere were excluded from analysis. A total of 320 copies, equivalent to 93.4% of the total data collected, were used in the analysis. Results: Dental radiography was found to have been experienced by 60. 5% of the subjects, and 83.4% of them did not receive any explanation to the radiation exposure, while 78.7% had no experience wearing protective equipment. As a result of investigating factors affecting the recognition of dental radiation, it was found that female subjects had a higher awareness of the hazards associated with dental radiation hazard and the necessity to provide information. Conclusions: It is necessary to educate the dental medical personnel to raise awareness on radiation exposure and the need for protective equipment, especially when checking for pregnancy.
  • 9.

    Relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and prevalence of periodontal disease in Korean adults: The 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition (2015)

    ChoiMaI | So Jung Mun | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1109~1119 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and prevalence of periodontal disease in a representative sample of Korean adults older than age 20. Methods: Data of 3,837 adults were collected by the six Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted in 2015. Socioeconomic, demographic, and oral health-related behavior data were collected as independent variables. We determined frequencies, percentage, and determining statistical significance using multiple regression analysis. Results: Prevalence of periodontal diseases showed statistically significant difference in accordance with sex, age, socioeconomic and demographical characteristics and oral health-related behavior. It was confirmed that the prevalence of periodontal diseases was increased in the lower educational level and income (OR, 1.478 and 1.520) after adjusting for conditions such as age, sex, recent dental check-ups, visiting dental clinic, tooth brushing frequency, use of self-care devices. Conclusions: The prevalence of periodontal disease was related with socioeconomic factors in Korean adults. Therefore, differentiated oral health service policies and dental health education among adults with lower education and income is required in order to reduce the prevalence of periodontal disease.
  • 10.

    Relationship self-perceived halitosis and related factor among adults

    조혜은 | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1121~1134 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the self-perceived halitosis of adults and to utilize them as basic data for the development of prevention and management program to reduce of self-perceived halitosis. Methods: A questionnaire survey of 301 adults in their 20s and 50s living in Gwangju and Jeonnam selected by convenience sampling from July 1, 2017 to August 31, 2017 was conducted to investigate oral health status and behavior, fatigue and perceived stress. Statistical analysis was performed using frequency analysis, independent t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The degree of self-perceived halitosis was higher in married (2.51) and unemployed (2.71), with tongue brushing (2.68), intention to participate in halitosis education (2.57), taking medication (2.73), coated tongue (2.82) and there was both otolaryngology and gastrointestinal disease (2.72) and periodontal disease (2.89) (p<0.05). Fatigue ( =0.237), periodontal disease ( =0.196), and coated tongue ( =0.237) affect the self-perceived halitosis (p<0.001). Conclusions: The self-perceived halitosis in adults was correlated with fatigue and perceived stress. Also fatigue, periodontal disease, coated tongue factors were analyzed as factors influencing self-perceived halitosis. Additional studies such as prevention and management of periodontal disease and coated tongue, which is a factor of self-perceived halitosis in adults, and development of programs to reduce self-perceived halitosis for fatigue management, which is an external factor, are necessary.
  • 11.

    A study on the correlation between self-perceived oral health status and periodontal diseases in elderly Koreans

    jung eun seo | KyeongHee Lee | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1135~1145 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objective of the study was to review the correlation between self-perceived oral health status and periodontal diseases in elderly Koreans, using data from the 6th (2nd year) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014). Methods: The subjects for this study were a total of 1,454 elderly people aged 65 years or older who responded to the health questionnaires of the 6th (2nd year) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. Their general characteristics were analyzed using frequency analysis, while a cross-tabulation analysis ( 2-test) was performed to understand the correlation with periodontal diseases. To clarify any effect of self-perceived oral health status on periodontal diseases, the selected variables were controlled and subsequently analyzed according to the logistic regression analysis. Results: In terms of the difference between elderly people with periodontal disease and those without periodontal disease, higher prevalence rates of periodontal diseases were found in women, those of younger age, those with lower educational and income levels, those with poorer subjective oral health status, those in the presence of chewing discomfort, those who had a toothbrushing frequency of twice per day, and/or those who had received no oral examination over the previous one year. Regarding the effect of self-perceived oral health status on periodontal diseases, 1.78-fold and 1.74-fold higher prevalence rates of periodontal diseases were shown with poorer subjective oral health status and in the presence of chewing discomfort, respectively. Conclusions: Based upon the results above, it is considered that a better understanding of self-perceived oral health status is necessary for a healthy life of the elderly. Furthermore, constant relevant studies and effective prevention programs intended to moderate the progress of or prevent periodontal diseases in the elderly in communities should be performed and implemented for the sake of better quality of life and oral health.
  • 12.

    The related factors with experience and intention of dental implant among some rural elderly

    박신영 | Han Mi Ah | Park, Jong and 3other persons | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1147~1157 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Dental implants are one treatment method for tooth loss. The purpose of this study is to investigate the status of experience and intention for dental implants and related factors among elderly. Methods: The participants were 244 elderly residing in rural areas with age over 65 in Samhoeup, Yeongamgun and Jeollanamdo, Korea. Chi-square tests, t-tests, and a multiple logistic regression analysis were performed to investigate the factors influencing the experience and intention of implants. Results: Many elderlies residing in rural areas rural elderly had experienced tooth loss (83.6%). The proportion of dental implant experience was 30.9% and intention to receive implants was 57.8%. The odds ratio (OR) for experience of implants was significantly higher for participants with a lower number of chronic diseases (0: OR=12.48, 95% CI=2.12-73.38, 1: OR=4.95, 95% CI=1.66-14.72), they have dental treatment experience during the past 1 year (OR=6.61, 95% CI=1.83-23.89), they have surrounding person who have experience of implant (OR=18.06, 95% CI=2.81-115.99), higher dental implant recognition (OR=3.97, 95% CI= 1.92-8.23). The odds ratio (OR) for dental implant intention was significantly higher for participants with a lower age (65-69: OR=8.18, 95% CI=2.38-278.08, 70-79: OR=3.17 95% CI=1.04-9.68), lower number of chronic diseases (0: OR=4.15, 95% CI=1.00-17.29), they have drink alcohol (OR=5.03, Cl=1.31-19.34), they have surrounding person who has experience of implant (OR=3.22, 95% CI=1.30-8.02), they have not experience of tooth loss (OR=4.65, Cl=1.22-17.70), higher dental implant recognition (OR=2.69, 95% CI=1.55-4.67). Conclusions: In the future, it is necessary to utilize the results of this study to address loss of teeth and to support dental implant treatment selection through improved increased awareness of the advantages and disadvantages of dental implants.
  • 13.

    Relationship between health risk behaviors, oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and happiness in soldiers

    박민선 | Jong-Hwa Jang | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1159~1169 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate factors affecting health risk behavior, oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) and happiness in soldiers. Methods: Data were collected from Gangwon and Chungchong provinces from the first to the 15th of October, 2016. Excluding five copies with incomplete answers, 203 copies of the questionnaire were were analyzed. Health risk behaviors (drinking and smoking), perceived oral health, OHIP-14 and happiness were measured. The data were analyzed with a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using the SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The amount of daily cigarette consumption of soldiers (66 people) was an average of 10.11 cigarette. The mean of OHIP-14 and that of happiness were 4.43 and 4.05, respectively. The higher the quality perceived oral health ,the better the OHIP-14 (r=0.234) and happiness (r=0.192) were. The higher the OHIP-14, the higher the happiness (r=0.357). OHIP-14 was related to army, perceived oral health and happiness. The explanatory power of the model was 17.0%. Conclusions: OHIP-14 is associated with happiness. These results suggest that oral health education programs and policies need to be developed to instill happiness in soldiers.
  • 14.

    A study on the critical thinking and problem-solving abilities of dental hygiene students

    shim hyung soon | HYANGNIM LEE | 김은미 | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1171~1182 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 386 dental hygiene students enrolled in Gwangju Health university from August 30, 2017 to September 2, 2017. The general characteristics of the subjects, their critical thinking and problem-solving abilities were measured for the study. The tool to measure critical thinking was adapted from Yoon which had a Cronbach’ alpha of 0.77. The tool for problem-solving ability was adapted from that used in Heppner & Petersen, which had a Cronbach’ alpha of 0.77. The collected data are analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson’s Correlation analysis, and multiple regression using SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: The results show that critical thinking scored 3.45 while problem solving ability scored 3.20. The correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities was found to be strong. The strongest positive correlation in problem-solving ability was critical thinking (p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis suggests that the factors affecting problem solving ability of the subjects was statistically significant. The significant variables included critical thinking (β=0.440) (p<0.001), satisfaction with one’s major (β=0.108) (p<0.05), interpersonal relationships (β=0.104) (p<0.05) and academic performance (β= 0.086) (p<0.05) with an explanatory power of 38.3%. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a curriculum and learning method for critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in the dental hygiene students.
  • 15.

    Factors affecting the awareness of internet ethics and the intention to practice internet ethics in dental hygiene students

    Kim Yun Jeong | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1183~1193 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate factors affecting the awareness of internet ethics and intention to practice internet ethics in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 254 dental hygiene students in the Jeonnam area from September 1 to 22, 2017. The data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS 12.0 program. Results: Factors affecting the awareness of internet ethics were personal information sensitivity (=0.242, p<0.01) and ethical identity(=0.185, p<0.05) (Adjusted R2=0.143). The factor related with intention to practice internet ethics was personal information sensitivity (=0.464, p<0.001) (Adjusted R2=0.212). Conclusions: To improve the awareness of internet ethics and intention to practice internet ethics in dental hygiene students, it is necessary to promote internet ethics education in as a part of curriculum and develop internet ethics education’s program to enhance personal information sensitivity and ethical identity.
  • 16.

    Relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor in public health students

    한여정 | moonsangeun | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1195~1206 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor awareness of public health students. Furthermore, this study aimed to recognize the importance of prevention and treatment of internal and external factors and to contribute to the correct oral health management behavior. Methods: The study subjects were 500 students from 5 health departments of 2 universities located in Jeollanamdo who participated in self-administered survey from September 1 to 15, 2014. For statistical analysis, SPSS 21.0 for Windows was used. Descriptive analysis and a Chi-square test were conducted to investigate the effects of general characteristics, health behavior, oral health behavior, and oral health status on subjective oral malodor awareness. Finally, to investigate the relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor awareness logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the group requiring dental care with the score of 1.63 (95% CI 1.00-2.65) compared to the group not requiring dental care. Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the severe coated tongue group with the score of 5.31 (95% CI 1.45-19.40) and significantly higher in the moderate coated tongue group with the score of 2.56 (95% CI 1.61-4.08). Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the often mouth breathing group with the score of 2.13 (95% CI 1.02-4.47) and significantly higher in the sometimes mouth breathing group with the score of 2.66 (95% CI 1.65-4.29). Conclusions: In order to prevent oral malodor, it is emphasized that regular dental checkups, proper brushing after the meal, and brushing of the tongue are necessary to remove the coated tongue. In addition, the use of supplementary oral care products is considered to be a meaningful oral health behavior.
  • 17.

    Degree of scaling fear in college students

    조명숙 | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1207~1214 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aims to investigate degree of scaling fear (Fear when scaling: FWS, Fear from dental hygienist unbelief: FFDHU, and Fear after scaling: FAS) in college students. Methods: 113 students were recruited for the study in Daegu Health College between March and June of 2017. Frequency table of general characteristics was generated, and then the t-test and ANOVA (scheffes's post hoct) were used to analyze the differences between scaling fear and two or three groups of variables. Results: Mean scores of scaling fear in 113 students were 2.24 (FWS), 1.76 (FFDHU), and 1.76 (FAS). Score 2.48 of female's scaling fear (FWS) was significantly higher than men's 2.02 (p<0.05). Smokers who have smoked less than 3 years (2.56) (FWS) were lower than those who have smoked over 3 years (1.55) (p<0.01). Score of students want the explanation of scaling when scaling (1.94) (FWS) were significantly higher than those who does not (1.59) (p<0.05). Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that there were gender and smoking periods when scaling to effect a score of scaling fear.
  • 18.

    The correlation of dietary calcium and phosphorus intake with DMFT among Korean schoolchildren

    박지혜 | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1215~1223 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between dietary calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) intake with DMFT (Decayed Missing Filled Teeth) among Korean schoolchildren. Methods: Data of 1,529 schoolchildren were derived from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2013 to 2015. Sociodemographic, oral health behavior, and dietary factors were collected as independent variables. The DMFT was used as a dependent variable. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the correlation between dental caries and the other variables. Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that DMFT was correlated with sex, age, and daily P intake. Conclusions: Adequate intake of phosphorus may have a positive effect in preventing dental caries in schoolchildren. Therefore education on increasing phosphorus intake, including raised awareness through provision of dietary guidelines, will be needed.
  • 19.

    The oral health status of the preschool child according to the oral health management behaviors performed by their parents

    최하나 | LEE JEE WON | 이성민 | 2017, 17(6) | pp.1225~1235 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of parents’ oral health management behavior towards children on children’s oral health. Methods: Dental examination were done to 82 children, and a survey was conducted to 82 parents of them. This researcher conducted multiple regression analysis to figure out how parents’ oral health management behavior towards their children influences their oral health condition. Results: Among the kinds of parents’ oral health management behavior towards their children, when they received a lower score in guidance for dietary control, children tended to have more dt index. Among the kinds of parents’ oral health management behavior towards their children, guidance for tooth brushing and guidance for oral care influenced their children’s O’leary index. When they received a higher score in guidance for tooth brushing and guidance for oral care, their children’s O’leary index became lower. Conclusions: This study has found that parents’ dietary guidance provided to children influences their dt index, and O’leary index, one of the major causes of dental caries, is influenced by parents’ guidance for tooth-brushing and guidance for oral care. Therefore, we should realize that according to the degree of parents’ interest in children’s oral care, children’s state of oral health can be changed, and parents should acquire proper knowledge about oral health and instruct and train their children desirably.
  • 20.

    "Literature review on oral health among people with disabilities in Korea (2000-2015)"

    Eun-Mi Choi | 최원익 | Son Jung-hui | 2017, 17(6) | pp.957~967 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study consisted of a literature review on oral health among people with disabilities, and to present the factors that should be considered in developing an oral health program for people with disabilities. Methods: The key words ‘people with disabilities’ and ‘oral health’ were searched in 4 Korean academic journals and 5 online search engines and a total of 635 papers were identified. Duplicate papers were removed, and the literature selection criteria were applied to the remaining papers. Finally, a total of 45 papers were used in the review. Results: First, people with disabilities were the most common research subjects, followed by dental students, dental hygiene students, dentists, dental hygienist and guardians and special education teachers. Second, the most frequently studied research topic was dental examination, followed by oral health behavior and behavior of using dental clinics. Third, research purposes included the status of oral health, the quality of oral health, dental treatment, the use of oral health service, and oral hygiene behavior and perception. Fourth, the most frequently discussed policy task was expansion of research subjects, followed by oral hygiene and policy development. Conclusions: To enhance the oral health of people with disabilities who have difficulty in keeping their teeth clean and healthy on their own, development of an oral hygiene training program is required not only for people with disabilities, but also for guardians and teachers. It is equally important to examine oral health behavior that could potentially affect the status of oral health and create a more accurate and systematic oral hygiene method. In addition, the government, together with various other research institutes, should conduct an oral health survey of a representative sample of people with disabilities to determine oral health status and facilitate improvements to oral hygiene programs.
  • 21.

    A study of dental erosion prevention by calcium contents of fermented milk

    김경희 | Daun Kim | 김애옥 and 3other persons | 2017, 17(6) | pp.969~981 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of exposure to liquid fermented milk containing various concentrations of added calcium on dental erosion, and to investigate the optimal concentration of calcium effective in reducing dental erosion. Methods: The present study consisted of a total of 6 experimental groups: a mineral water group, a fermented milk with no added calcium (0%) group, and four fermented milk with various concentrations of added calcium (0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, and 2%) groups. Twelve specimens were immersed for 1, 3, 5 and 10 minutes in each experimental drink and the change in surface microhardness was measured. Additionally, the surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope. Results: The difference in surface microhardness before and after 10 minutes of immersion in the experimental drink was the highest in the Ca 0% group, followed by the Ca 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% group and the mineral water group, in that order. The groups with a calcium concentration of more than 0.5% showed statistically significant differences in surface microhardness compared to the Ca 0% group. In addition, when the surface morphology of enamel was observed under a scanning electron microscope, the results showed that the highest level of surface damage was observed in the Ca 0% group, followed by the Ca 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% group, in that order. Conclusions: The present study confirms that a higher calcium concentration in fermented milk is associated with a higher possibility of preventing dental erosion. The addition of 0.5% calcium, which is a relatively low concentration, did not completely prevent dental erosion, but significantly inhibited dental erosion compared to fermented milk without any added calcium. Therefore, it is suggested that consumers should be educated and provided with guidance to consider the calcium content when choosing fermented milk.
  • 22.

    Gingivitis reducing effect of calcium glycerophosphate, cetylpyridinium chloride and dipotassium glycyrrhizate containing dentifrice

    김상선 | Cho, Ja-Won | Lee Cheon Hee | 2017, 17(6) | pp.983~992 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study is to compare measuring gingival and peridontal indices and changes in dental plaque per period using a three mix types of dentifrice and to investigate dental diseases preventive effects depending on gingivitis reducing effect of dentifrice through a clinical experiment. Methods: This study targeted adult females and males with mild to moderate gingivitis from age 20 to 60. The Calculus index, Papillary Marginal Attached Gingival (PMA) index, Gingival index, Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index, and Plaque index were measured at pre-experiment and at 1, 2, 4 weeks post experiment. Results: The PMA, Gingival index, PHP index, plaque index of experimentla group decreased after 4 weeks (p<0.05). Conclusions: A three mix types of dentifrice for relieving tooth sensitivity was verified to be effective in removing dental plaque and reducing gingivitis.
  • 23.

    The effect of the cariview test and professional brushing training on the reduction of PHP index of dental hygiene students

    Kim, Yeon-hwa | Yu-Geun Kim | 유진아 and 1other persons | 2017, 17(6) | pp.993~1001 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness in oral health promotion through oral health education for freshmen students of the dental hygiene department. Methods: To verify its effectiveness, research was conducted on 74 freshmen of the dental hygiene department by the evaluation of DMFT index, PHP index, and Cariview test (2015-2016). Results: The analysis of the test results using Cariview equipment shows a categorization of low risk group consisting of 10 students (13.5%), middle risk group consisting of 47 students (63.5%), and a high risk group consisting of 17 students (22.9%). DT index according to the number of daily tooth brushing by <2 is DT index average score higher and in such a case, statistics are considered meaningful (p<0.01). Oral health state at DMFT index of low risk group according to Cariview risk group for an analysis is lower than both the middle risk group and the high risk group (p<0.001). Conclusions: A review of the effect of the promotion of oral health through oral health education on the behavior change rather than of Cariview test and value of dental plaque through tooth brushing method was conducted.