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pISSN : 2287-1705 / eISSN : 2288-2294

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2018, Vol.18, No.2

  • 1.

    The effect of dental hygienist’s work environment on job satisfaction and organizational commitment

    Nam-Suk Kim | 윤나나 | 김예황 and 3other persons | 2018, 18(2) | pp.153~163 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the descriptive correlation of the commission intended to provide effective working practices to enhance job satisfaction and organizational engagement by examining the work environment of the dental hygienist. Methods: After the IRB approval, the subjects were dental hygienists working for dental hospitals and clinics in Busan from May 1st to May 31th of 2017. And the final 153 questionnaires were analyzed to SPSS 23.0 for windows, SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL. USA. The data was analyzed using average standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results: The average working environment of the subjects was found to be 3.37±0.53 points with the average job satisfaction of the subjects of 3.29±0.50 points and the average organizational commitment of the subjects of 3.25±0.59 points. As the working conditions of the working environment are higher, it revealed that the higher the working environment, the better the job satisfaction. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study showed that the ability to support managers' abilities, leadership, and dental hygienists is the most influential factor in job satisfaction and organizational involvement. Also, hospital administrators are encouraged to provide excellent work and leadership skills to enhance both the quality of work and that of work ethic.
  • 2.

    Factors influencing the organizational citizenship behaviors in clinical dental hygienists

    Min Hee-Hong | Mi-Hae Yun | Ahn Kwon Suk | 2018, 18(2) | pp.165~175 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aims to examine the factors that influence the organizational citizenship behavior of clinical dental hygienists to use them as basic data for improving effectiveness and efficiency of dentalclinics and hospitals. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was answered by 250 clinical dental hygienistsin Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, Jeolla and Gyeongsang province areas who were chosen using convenient sampling method from May 1st to June 30th of 2017. The data was analyzed using IBM SPSS/WIN 22.0 factor analysis on clinical dental hygienists’ organization citizenship behavior, organizational commitment, empowerment, self-leadership and job satisfaction. T-test and one-way ANOVA were performed for subjects’ general characteristics and organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment, empowerment, self-leadership and job satisfaction depending on their job characteristics. Themean comparison was drawn using the Scheffe test. Pearson’s correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed to examine the relation of clinical dental hygienists’ organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment, empowerment, self-leadership and job satisfaction Also, the significance level was set at 0.05. Results: Clinical dental hygienists’ organizational citizenship behavior was 3.84 points with organizational commitment of 3.27, empowerment of 3.41, self-leadership 3.45 and job satisfaction of 3.57. Factors that influence clinical dental hygienists’ organizational citizenship behavior appeared in the order of organizational commitment, job satisfaction, self-leadership, empowerment and job intensity, and the model’s explanation power was 45.6%. Conclusions: Clinical dental hygienists’ organizational citizenship behavior was correlated to career, organizational commitment, empowerment, self-leadership and job satisfaction, where organizational commitment had the biggest influence. Therefore, clinical dental hygienists organizational citizenship behavior needs further studies and investigtae more ways to promote factors that influence organizational citizenship behavior.
  • 3.

    Recognition of the national health insurance for dental scaling and change in oral health care interest

    jung eun seo | 김민지 | Ga-Young Park and 3other persons | 2018, 18(2) | pp.177~189 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: To provide necessary information for stable establishment of the national dental scaling reimbursement system. Methods: This study was conducted in 380 adults in their twenties or older for about one month from July 2017. The questionnaires were composed of general characteristics, recognition (awareness) of dental scaling, knowledge of the dental scaling reimbursement program, changes in perception before versus after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program, and interest in oral health. To investigate into any factors affecting changes of interest in oral health care after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program, a multiple regression analysis was performed. Results: The investigation into any factors affecting changes of interest in oral health care after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program showed that higher usual interest in oral health (p<0.001) and the consideration that the dental scaling charges have been affordable after introduction of the scaling reimbursement program (p<0.01) led to more changes in interest in oral health care. Conclusions: The above-mentioned results suggest that the dental scaling reimbursement program has brought favorable changes in the perception of dental scaling. It is expected that the said program will contribute significantly to the improved national oral health, and the Government should make constant efforts to develop it as a long-term policy for oral health improvement.
  • 4.

    The characteristics of heterosexuality of unmarried adults and factors affecting oral health behavior and concern

    KyeongHee Lee | 김나영 | 나경화 and 2other persons | 2018, 18(2) | pp.191~204 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to contribute to providing more effective basic data for adults ’oral health management in their future. Methods: The study investigated factors that influence oral health care and oral health behavior depending on the heterosexual status for about one month from Aug. of 2017 on 20 unmarried adults living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Statistical analysis of the collected data was performed using the SPSS WIN 21.0 statistical program. Results: The factors affecting the oral health behavior were high (p<0.001) while oral hygiene products (p<0.05) and interdental toothbrush (p<0.05) were found to have a positive effect on oral health behavior. However, it was found that the times of brushing were less thanthree (p<0.05) and the time for brushing was two minutes (p<0.05), which negatively affects oral health behavior. The concern of oral health was high (p<0.001), whiledental hygiene products (p<0.05), interdental toothbrush (p<0.05) and mouth saliva (p<0.05) were found to have positive effects on oral health care. Conclusions: Based on the results above, it was found that the concern and the behavior of oral health increased depending on the heterosexual status. The reason for this is that the motivation for oral care is more likely to be induced to make oneself attractive by making a resignation. Therefore, in order to promote oral health care and oral health activities, it is necessary to precede the motivation.
  • 5.

    Relationship between the number of remaining teeth and bone health status among the elderly in Korea

    조윤영 | 2018, 18(2) | pp.205~215 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the number of remaining teeth and bone health status among adults over 65 years old. Methods: The study subjects were 1,843 adults over 65 years old drawn from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2008-2010. Oral health status included the number of remaining teeth, and prosthetic appliance status. Bone health statuses were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Bone health statuses were classified into normal (T-score ≥ -1.0), osteopenia (-2.5 < T-score < -1.0), and osteoporosis (T-score ≤ -2.5). Complex samples chi-square test was used to estimate the relationship between the number of remaining teeth and bone health status, and related factors included in the model were analyzed with the complex samples logistic regression analysis. Results: Using the multinomial logistic regression analytic method, the elderly having 20 or more remaining teeth and those having less than 20 remaining teeth with prosthesis were compared. The latter group had 1.89 times higher rate of being diagnosed as having osteoporosis. Conclusions: This study suggests that oral health is an important factor for geriatric osteoporosis. Therefore, in order to prevent fractures due to osteoporosis and osteoporosis in old age, it is necessary to be aware of the relationship between oral health and osteoporosis, and oral health should be considered when preparing preventive management strategies.
  • 6.

    Differences in oral health behavior and quality of life among the elderly depending on income and education levels

    Yang Hye Jung | Won Sik Suh | 2018, 18(2) | pp.217~226 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find out differences in oral health status, defined as their oral health and oral health quality of life among the elderly depending on their income and education levels. Methods: This study used 922 senior citizens over 65 from the data (2015) of the 6th National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS). The regression analysis was adopted to identify factors affecting their oral health status which has effect on their oral health quality of life. The statistical package SPSS 21.0 was employed. Frequency analysis, chi-squared analysis and regression analysis were used, and the significance level or Cronbach's alpha value was 0.05. Results: Depending on income levels, there were differences in their oral health status as to whether they use oral hygiene products, take dental examinations, join private health- insurances, and delay dental treatments or not. And educational levels also made significant differences in their oral health status as to whether they smoke, drink alcohol, how many times they brush teeth a day, whether they use oral hygiene products, take dental treatments, and join private healthinsurances. Regression analysis on the relationship between their oral health status and the oral health quality of life showed that there were significant differences depending on whether they take dental treatments, delay dental medical treatments, smoke, take oral examinations, how many times they brush teeth a day, and whether they use oral hygiene products, or join private health-insurances. Conclusions: The study shows that a comprehensive plan is needed to raise attention on proper oral health-care and ultimately to improve the quality of life by considering the daily number of tooth brushing, oral hygiene product use, regular dental treatments, and other medical uses.
  • 7.

    Analysis of the factors of dental hygiene plans influencing patients of the dental hygiene program based on dental hygiene process

    Yu-Rin Kim | 2018, 18(2) | pp.227~237 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aims to recognize the importance of dental hygiene process diagnosis of dental hygiene process which can comprehensively grasp the patient’s problem and to use it as a basis for establishing the patient’s preventive treatment plan. Methods: This study did survey to 443 patients who received treatment based on the oral health care program from a dental clinic in Busan from January 2015 to January 2017. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics (Version 21.0), and statistical significance level was set at α =0.05. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to the dental hygiene problems affecting the dental hygiene plan. Results: There were significant differences in dental hygiene problems between male and female respondents on various dental problems such as dental plaque deposition, attrition, stain, dental fear, possibility of jaw joint disorder, food pressing, possibility of malocclusion. There were also significant differences in dental hygiene plans between male and female respondents in air-Jet, non-smoking education, and sealant. The most common dental hygiene plan was scaling, The problem of stain showed that the scaling plan was 0.20 times less. The explanatory power of the model was 43.5%, and the Hosmer and Lemeshow tests were 0.345. Conclusions: Therefore, if we continue to study the factors affecting the dental hygiene problems and the plan, we can reduce the burden of the dental hygienists applying the dental hygiene process in the dental clinic. And, it is expected that the oral health care program using the dental hygiene process will spread to the dental clinic as an excellent oral preventive program.
  • 8.

    Effects of clinical practice and major satisfaction of dental hygiene students on career preparation behavior

    Soo-Kyung Kim | 강리우 | 김은용 and 3other persons | 2018, 18(2) | pp.239~251 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dental hygiene students' clinical practice stress, satisfaction and major satisfaction on career preparation behaviors. Methods: This study was conducted targeting the dental hygiene students who have clinical practice experience. The final 305 subjects were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The correlation between clinical practice stress and career satisfaction and career preparation behavior decreases with the higher degree of clinical practice and career preparation behavior. Analysis results about the affecting factors on the level of satisfaction with major satisfaction factors showed the highest factor of preparation behavior, followed by clinical practice and clinical practice stress in order. Analysis results about the affecting factors on the showed the highest factor of preparation behavior, followed by clinical practice and clinical practice stress in order. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the higher the satisfaction of clinical practice and the higher the satisfaction of career, the more positive the career preparation behavior. Therefore, it’s recommended to support continuous education programs to be coherent with dental hygiene student’s career preparation behavior based on reinforcing individual competency by obtaining self-confidence and satisfaction from clinical practice.
  • 9.

    Effect of servant leadership of dentists on organizational culture and the happiness index of dental hygienists

    김나연 | Hyunsook Bae | kang Yu Min | 2018, 18(2) | pp.253~267 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine how the dentist’s servant leadership affects the happiness index of dental hygienists. Methods: The subjects were 221 dental hygienists that have been working at dental clinics or dental hospitals. The data were analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0 (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA). An independent t-test and one-way ANOVA analysis were conducted to examine the difference in the happiness index of dental hygienists according to general characteristics. The independent t-test was conducted to examine organizational culture and happiness index according to upper and lower group based on the mean score for servant leadership. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation among key factors. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify factors influencing the happiness index of dental hygienists. Results: According to the analysis, there was a statistically significant positive correlation between the dentist’s servant leadership, the organizational culture and the happiness index of dental hygienists. However, a stewardship of the dentist’s servant leadership factors was not found to have any correlation with the market culture. A multiple regression analysis was performed after including the dentist’s servant leadership, the organizational culture and the happiness index of dental hygienists. Meanwhile, the stewardship and community-building effect of the dentist’s servant leadership had a statistically significant effect on the happiness index of dental hygienists. Consequently, a higher servant leadership factor in dentists was correlated with a higher happiness index of dental hygienists. Conclusions: The findings show that the dentist’s servant leadership affect the happiness index of dental hygienists. Therefore, effective intervention and education programs related to the dentist’s servant leadership and sound organizational culture are necessary to enhance dental hygienists’ happiness index. Additionally, a follow-up study will determine the causal relationship among the dentist’s servant leadership, the organizational culture and the happiness index of dental hygienists, considering organizational members and the environment of the dental clinics.