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pISSN : 2287-1705 / eISSN : 2288-2294

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.08
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2021, Vol.21, No.3

  • 1.

    Report on cases of misleading advertisements in the Korean oral hygiene products market

    전세정 | 2021, 21(3) | pp.203~209 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of exaggerated advertisements in the Korean oral hygiene product market and to urge dental hygienists to play the role of experts. The exaggerated advertisements on the largest online shopping platform in Korea were investigated. Searches were performed with keywords related to oral hygiene, such as “bad breath” and “tartar”, and product names of 1,000 products listed at the top were investigated to select the suspicious ones. The situation was found to be grave; for example, a mouthwash capable of preventing coronavirus disease, which lacks scientific evidence, and a self-tartar remover that did not guarantee safety or performance were being sold. Strict government supervision is required, and dental hygienists must be urged to play an active role as oral health experts.
  • 2.

    Validity of a new information and communication technology platform for oral health care of persons with disabilities

    Jae-Young Lee | Hye Ran Paik | Young-Jae Kim and 1other persons | 2021, 21(3) | pp.211~225 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: To validate the role of a new information and communication technology platform that we created for the betterment of the oral health of persons with disabilities and for providing appropriate health care services. Methods: A Delphi survey was conducted among 16 people in various professions, including academia, government agencies, and dentistry, to evaluate the validity of the information and communication technology platform. Moreover, platform satisfaction was evaluated using a user experience questionnaire among 200 people, including persons with disabilities, parents, and public institutions. Results: Experts in consensus indicated a high validity for the categories of service provider (CV=0.29, CVR=0.69), service target (CV=0.29, CVR=0.38), service contests (CV=0.27, CVR=0.63), and financial support (CV=0.30, CVR=0.63) in our information and communication technology platform. In addition, information from questionnaires on user experience and communication technology satisfaction analysis showed that both users and providers were highly satisfied with the platform. Conclusions: The provision of oral health services based on the new information and communication technology platform has numerous advantages, in addition to providing adequate oral health care for the disabled. Furthermore, the social safety net for improved oral health may be further strengthened.
  • 3.

    Relationship between smoking history and periodontal disease among the elderly in Korea

    So-Yeong Kim | 2021, 21(3) | pp.227~234 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between smoking history and periodontal disease among the elderly in South Korea. Methods: The study subjects comprised 2,703 elderly people who underwent oral health examination as part of the 7th South Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES; 2016–2018). Data were analyzed using frequency analysis, Rao–Scott chi-square test, t-test, and binary logistic regression analysis. Results: A complex sample logistic regression analysis showed that the odds for periodontal disease development were higher in past smokers (odds ratio [OR]=1.461; 95% CI=1.070–1.994) and current smokers (OR=1.601; 95% CI=1.011–2.536) than in lifetime non-smokers. Conclusions: Smokers must actively participate in smoking cessation programs and interventions starting from middle age.
  • 4.

    Changes in brushing behavior of children in childcare facilities and their parents’ perception of oral health before and after the application of the audiovisual oral health education program

    Su-Jung,Lee | 장종화 | 2021, 21(3) | pp.235~243 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of the Oral Health Education Program (OHEP) on the change in the children’s brushing behavior and reduction in the dental plaque index (PI) and to identify changes in their parents’ perception of oral health. Methods: The OHEP was applied 44 children recruited from two childcare centers. We conducted a self-reported survey of the parents at baseline and evaluated the oral conditions of the children at baseline and after 5 weeks. Their brushing behavior was assessed once a week during the OHEP intervention period and daily at home thereafter. We measured the PI after a 12-week follow-up and performed repeated measures analysis of varience. Results: The average PI score of children significantly decreased at week 5 as compared to the baseline (1.90±0.53, p<0.001), despite a substantial increase in week 12 (2.67±0.08, p<0.001). OHEP was effective in reducing the PI score and modifying their brushing behavior. Conclusions: OHEP effectively modified the brushing the behavior of the children. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and expand a systematic oral health education program to promote self-management of oral health in children.
  • 5.

    Estimation of lifetime dental expenditures for periodontitis

    Kim Yun Jeong | kwag jung suk | 2021, 21(3) | pp.245~253 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objective of this paper was to estimate a South Korean’s lifetime dental expenditures for periodontitis. Methods: For our study, we collected data from the Korea Health Panel Survey (KHPS), from 2010 to 2016. The outpatient dental care data of 1,919,608 samples of periodontitis were extracted using R version 3.0 and estimations of lifetime dental expenditures for them were generated using Excel. Results: Over 50% of the lifetime dental expenditure of South Koreans was spent for periodontitis, and incurred after the age of 40. The results showed that an estimate of average per capita lifetime dental expenditure for men (approximately 13 million won) was greater than that for women (approximately 8.8 million won) for periodontitis. Conclusions: Efficient methods for the prevention and management of periodontitis are necessary, and a new paradigm of health care system is required to reduce dental expenditure through its prevention.
  • 6.

    Effect of psychological resources on subjective career success and subjective well-being in dental hygienists

    Soo-Auk Park | Cho, Young Sik | 2021, 21(3) | pp.255~269 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Subjective well-being is a representative indicator of quality of life. Work and life are not separated, and work itself is a part of life. The purpose of this study was to confirm the effect of psychological resources such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, GRIT, and resilience on the subjective career success and subjective well-being in dental hygienists. Methods: From November 12, 2020 to December 30, 2020, an online survey was conducted on 650 dental hygienists, and data from 630 were analyzed. For the analysis, independent two-sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were performed, and the confirmatory factor analysis and measurement model, construct validity, construct reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity were confirmed. This was verified using a structural equation model. SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 were used for the statistical analyses; p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: The final model fit was found to be suitable. There was no significant difference in subjective career success with respect to the personal characteristics and career characteristics, except for total career and number of turnovers. There was no significant difference in subjective well-being according to personal characteristics and career characteristics. Psychological resources such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, GRIT, and resilience were significant for subjective career success (p<0.05, R2 =0.637). Subjective career success was significant for subjective well-being (p<0.05, R2 =0.378). Among the psychological resources, self-esteem had both direct and indirect effects on subjective well-being (p<0.05). Conclusions: Positive psychological resources, rather than external conditions, are an important prerequisite for subjective career success and subjective well-being. Thus, it is proven that work is a part of life.
  • 7.

    Impact of dental hygienist’s positive psychological capital on job satisfaction and job performance

    Mi-Sook Cho | Jang Kyeung Ae | PARKJUNGHYUN | 2021, 21(3) | pp.271~279 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of positive psychological capital on job satisfaction and job performance for dental hygienists. Methods: A survey was conducted from August to October 2020 among dental hygienists from a dental clinic in Busan, South Korea, and a total of 162 valid responses were analyzed. The statistical tool used for analysis was SPSS 25.0 (IBM Crop, Armonk, USA) and the significance level was 0.05. Results: The results of this study showed the relationships between job satisfaction with positive psychological capital (r=0.85, p<0.01), as well as job performance with positive psychological capital (r=0.88, p<0.01). There was a positive correlation between positive psychological capital and job satisfaction (r=0.85, p<0.01); and the contributing factors for the same were hope (p<0.05) and optimism (p<0.001). Further, positive psychological capital and job performance were positively correlated (r=0.88, p<0.01); the influencing factors for the same were hope (p<0.01), dynamic stability (p<0.05), and optimism (p<0.001). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop various intervention programs and strategies to strengthen the positive psychological capital in dental hygienists since it affects their job satisfaction and job performance.
  • 8.

    The influence of adaptation of dental hygiene students to campus life on satisfaction in major

    Sun-Mi Lee | Lee Jung Hwa | 2021, 21(3) | pp.281~290 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of adaptation of dental hygiene department students to campus life, and to provide basic data to prepare management strategies for effective campus life adaptation. Methods: Three hundred students in the department of dental hygiene in Busan Metropolitan City and Gyeonggi Province were surveyed from October 1 to October 30, 2020 and 291 questionnaires were used in the final data analysis. Results: Better adaptation to campus life was observed in subjects who participated in club activities, possessed an extrovert personality, were well adapted to the dental hygiene department, and had no conflict in interpersonal relationships, thereby showing a significant difference. Regarding the factors affecting the degree of satisfaction with the department, the higher the degree of satisfaction in the major, excellence in major, and coping ability, the higher was the degree of satisfaction with the department. Conclusions: For effective campus life adaptation of the university students as a way to increase the degree of satisfaction with the department, increasing the ability to adapt to campus life through achievement of pride in the major and participation in various interpersonal activities is a possibility. It is necessary to develop a program to create an environment for good adaptation to campus life.
  • 9.

    Development of human rights indicators for dental hygiene students

    원윤아 | 노희진 | 문소정 and 4other persons | 2021, 21(3) | pp.291~300 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to develop human rights indicators through reliability and validity tests in order to measure the human rights situation of dental hygiene students who experience clinical practice at dental clincs. Methods: The basic framework of questions was constructed through literature review. Nine experts were tested for validity of the contents of the experts twice. The main survey was conducted on 121 students in the 3rd and 4th grade who were enrolled in the department of dental hygiene located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon-do. Validity was tested through exploratory factor analysis, and reliability was tested through internal reliability coefficient and test-retest method. Results: The cronbach’s α value was 0.734, and the Kappa coefficient was 0.584. The result of the reliability and validity test was composed of 11 questions and 3 factors. Conclusions: During the practice of a dental institution, the validity and reliability of the indicators that can grasp the human rights status of dental hygiene students were tested. It is expected that the indicators of this study will be provided an opportunity to understand the human rights situation of dental hygiene students and to improve problems such as human rights violations.
  • 10.

    The influence of ethical propensity on dental hygiene professional intuition and ethical competency

    홍해경 | 한경순 | 2021, 21(3) | pp.301~310 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the types of ethics, professional intuition, and ethical competencies of students majoring in dental hygiene and to provide appropriate dental hygiene education by confirming the relationship between them. Methods: A survey was conducted from March 2 to March 30, 2021 using a questionnaire, and the data were analyzed using chi-square test, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson’s correlation analysis. Results: Regarding the ethics type, absolutists accounted for 36.1%, relativists for 33.8%, subjective for 16.5%, and exceptionalists for 13.5% of the respondents. Dental hygiene professional intuition scored 3.53 points, and ethical competence scored 3.52 points. The points for professional intuition and ethical competence according to the type of ethics were 3.64 and 3.61 for the absolutist, 3.55 and 3.53 for the relativist, 3.47 and 3.53 for the exceptionalist, and 3.27 and 3.37 for the subjective, respectively. The propensity of idealism showed a positive correlation with dental hygiene professional intuition and ethical competence (p<0.001). The tendency of relativism correlated with ethical competence, and ethical competence correlated with dental hygiene professional intuition (p<0.05). Conclusions: The implication of this study is that students majoring in dental hygiene must have clear and high dental hygiene professional intuition and ethical competence in order to demonstrate their potential positively. Therefore, ethics education and proper decision-making training must be included in the dental hygiene curriculum.
  • 11.

    A study on the relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, college adjustment, major satisfaction, and academic motivation in college students

    송귀숙 | Su-Jung,Lee | 2021, 21(3) | pp.311~318 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to understand the level and patterns of college adjustment, major satisfaction, academic engagement, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examined the factors influencing adaptation to college life. Methods: This study was approved by the institutional review board of 00 university. We analyzed 166 survey data responses collected by distributing questionnaires from June 1 to July 2, 2020. Statistical product and service solutions version 23.0 was used for statistical analyses. The data were presented as frequencies and percentages or means and standard deviations, and pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: There was a significant difference in the average score of major satisfaction according to the type of college (university) and grades. For college adjustment, there was a significant difference in the average score according to major grades. Academic engagement showed a significant difference in the average score according to the college type and grade. Major satisfaction, college adjustment, and academic motivation showed significant positive correlations among the variables, whereas ADHD, major satisfaction, and college adjustment showed a significant negative correlation. Multiple regression analysis revealed that major satisfaction (p<0.001) and academic motivation (p<0.001) were factors affecting college adjustment (p<0.05). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop and apply specific and systematic adaptation programs to improve the understanding, control, and guidance methods for college students and to promote human relations, such as school life and social life.
  • 12.

    Erratum : 치과위생사와 치위생과 학생들의 4차 산업혁명에 대한 인식도와 교육요구도에 관한 연구

    김선영 | 2021, 21(3) | pp.319~319 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    변경전(Before correction) 생명윤리심의위원회 승인(1041484-202025-HR-001-12) 변경후(After correction) 생명윤리심의위원회 승인(1041485-202005-HR-001-12)