Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.87

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pISSN : 2287-1705 / eISSN : 2288-2294

http://journal.kci.go.kr/jksdh
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2022, Vol.22, No.1

  • 1.

    Oral health belief and satisfaction after scaling experience with comprehensive dental hygiene care

    Mi Hye Kim , Sang Eun Moon , Yun Jeong Kim and 3 other persons | 2022, 22(1) | pp.1~9 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to find scaling patients’ oral health belief and satisfaction by applying Comprehensive Dental Hygiene Care (CDHC) process. Methods: From July 1 to September 20, 2020, the data about 182 patients who had scaling in dental clinics and hospitals had been collected and analyzed. For data analysis, SPSS Statistics 22.0 was applied to conduct frequency analysis, chi-square, t-test, One way ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation analysis. Results: Regarding oral health behavior, in the CDHC group 92.4% used oral care products (p<0.001), and 67.4% regularly visited dental clinics for oral care (p<0.001). Regarding the oral health belief according to general characteristics, in the CDHC group, persons aged ‘50-65’ scored 2.4 (the highest), and were significantly different from those aged ‘20-29’ as the result of post-hoc analysis (p<0.001). Regarding the oral health belief of the CDHC group according to oral health behavior, the scaling cycle ‘3 months’ scored the highest (p<0.05). The patients’ satisfaction had high correlations with benefit (p<0.01) and Importance (p<0.05) as the sub factors of the oral health belief of the CDHC group. Conclusions: CDHC positively influenced scaling patients’ oral health belief and satisfaction. Therefore, it is necessary to expand CDHC, as the medium to improve oral health belief and satisfaction, to clinical settings.
  • 2.

    Effects of e-health literacy and oral health knowledge on oral health behavior in adults

    Yi Seul Kim , Soon Ryun Lim | 2022, 22(1) | pp.11~19 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify new variables that can enhance adult oral health behaviors by confirming the degree of adult e-health literacy, oral health knowledge, and oral health behaviors and examining their relevance. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 350 adults from June 22 to August 1, 2021. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0. independent t-test, one way ANOVA, the scheffé post-hoc test and the pearson correlation coefficients were reviewed, A hierarchical regression analysis was conducted. Results: Oral health behaviors according to general characteristics showed significant differences in gender, educational background, dental visit within 1 year, subjective oral health status, oral health interest, frequency of oral internet use, and reliability of internet oral health information. Also it was found that e-health literacy affects oral health behavior. Conclusions: In this study, e-health literacy, oral health knowledge, and oral health behavior were correlated and it was confirmed that e-health literacy had an effect on oral health behavior. In the future, it is necessary to develop a tool that can measure e-oral health literacy and to find a way to improve the oral health behavior of adults by using e-oral health literacy.
  • 3.

    The effect of an oral exercise program including whole-body exercises on the mental health of the elderly

    jung eun seo , 서수연 , 이경희 | 2022, 22(1) | pp.21~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study investigated the influence of oral exercise programs with whole-body exercises on the mental health of the elderly. Methods: Elderly individuals aged 65 years or older were assigned to an experimental group and a control group. Oral exercises with whole-body exercises were conducted in the experimental group for 40 minutes, twice weekly, during 5 weeks from May to June 2021. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, the oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14, GOHAI), mental health, happiness, and social support of the elderly were explored both before and after the execution of the program in the experimental group. A paired sample t-test was performed to check the changes in the factors investigated, both before and after the execution of the program in the two groups. Results: The values of difference between the experimental and control group were compared in relation to the dependent variables, before and after the execution of the oral exercise program with the whole-body exercises. It was found that statistically significant differences in the OHIP-14 (p=0.163), GOHAI (p=0.156), and feelings of happiness in the elderly (p=0.280) were not evident in the experimental group. However, statistically significant differences emerged with regard to the mental health and provision of social support of the elderly (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was found that the oral exercise program with whole-body exercises executed in this study were effective in improving the mental health and social support of the elderly. However, no significant differences were shown in oral health relating to quality of life and feelings of happiness. It is considered that these findings need to be verified by means of future long-term studies.
  • 4.

    Association between age at menarche, oral health behavior and oral health status

    In-Ja Kim | 2022, 22(1) | pp.29~36 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to examine the association between age at menarche and two major oral diseases. Methods: Data from the 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016–2018) were used. The participants included girls and women aged 12 years and above. Thedataofa total of 7,420 participants were analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed using complex samples cross-tabulation analysis and complex samples general linear model. Results: The average age at menarche of those aged 12 to 80 years was 13.81 years. The age at menarche was found to be associated with decayed-missingfilled teeth (DMFT) (p<0.05). When the age at menarche was nine years, DMFT was 4.20 when it was 19 years, DMFT was 10.80. The age at menarche was found to be associated with periodontal tissue state (p<0.05). The group with early menarche age had healthier periodontal tissues (17.1%), whereas the group with late menarche age had more unhealthy periodontal tissues (17.9%) (p<0.001). Conclusions: The age at menarche was associated with two major oral diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to provide women with oral hygiene care and oral health education to prevent major oral diseases before their secondary sex characteristics appear.
  • 5.

    The relationship between dental caries-related dietary frequency and dental caries experience in primary, middle, high school students

    여안나 , 강유민 , 이수영 | 2022, 22(1) | pp.37~45 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between dental caries and the frequency of dental cariesrelated dietary intake among primary, middle, and high school students. It is intended to be used as a basic data for adolescent dietary guidance. Methods: The data were analyzed using the health questionnaire survey and oral examination data from the raw data of the 2019 student health test sample statistics conducted by the Korean Ministry of Education. A total of 59,370 primary, middle, and high school students were selected. Results: For middle and high school students, the more frequent the intake of sodas, the more cases of dental caries were noted. The rate of dental caries was increased in comparison to the group which did not consume dairy products or consumed these once or twice a week. Conclusions: For middle and high school students, dietary guidance should be employed so that consumption of sodas will decrease or consumption will be reduced to less than twice a week.
  • 6.

    The effect of work environment and positive psychological capital on job embeddedness in dental hygienists

    이현옥 , 한예슬 | 2022, 22(1) | pp.47~54 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between work environment and positive psychological capital on job embeddedness in dental hygienists. Methods: Data were collected from 263 dental hygienists in the dental institutions. It was then assessed by mean of descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and a stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: The impact of work environment was 3.35±0.46 points, positive psychological capital was 3.30±0.40 points, and job embeddedness was 3.34±0.47 points. The result of the stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that work environment, positive psychological capital and clinical career predicted 45.7% (F=7.35, p<0.001) of job embeddedness. Conclusions: Therefore, it is necessary to improve working environment and to strengthen positive psychological capital in order to increase the degree of work commitment in dental hygienists, and to encourage long-term service.
  • 7.

    The relationship between COVID-19 pandemic and mental health of dental hygienists

    권유주 , 김은경 , 사공준 and 1 other persons | 2022, 22(1) | pp.55~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between depression, anxiety, and COVID-19 with regard to dental hygienists. Methods: A questionnaire survey on depression and anxiety was conducted on 189 dental hygienists from dental hospitals and clinics in the Daegu–Gyeongbuk area. Results: The overall prevalence of depression was 69.8% and that of anxiety was 53.4%. The aspect of depression was heavily influenced by past experience with COVID-19 related quarantine and contact with a confirmed patient. The prolonged pandemic was observed to have exerted a greater impact on depression and anxiety (p<0.05). Conclusions: Depression and anxiety seem to be related to COVID-19 related factors among dental hygienists. Dental hospitals and clinics should monitor the level of depression and anxiety of dental hygienists who are at an elevated risk of COVID-19.
  • 8.

    The need for oral welfare products services among elderly facility workers

    최용금 , Sun-Mi Kim , 김은정 and 1 other persons | 2022, 22(1) | pp.63~72 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to prepare basic data to propose the necessity and utilization of oral welfare products in the welfare services of the long-term care insurance system, focusing on facility workers working in elderly facilities. Methods: The analysis was conducted on 144 workers working at some local elderly facilities. The questionnaire was constructed by classifying the use of oral welfare tools into 6 questions and the necessity and demand for oral welfare devices into 13 questions. Frequency analysis and technical analysis were performed for data analysis, and one-way ANOVA was performed for differences in the necessity and demand for oral welfare equipment. The statistical significance level was p<0.05. Results: As a result of examining the awareness of the necessity and demand for oral welfare equipment among workers in elderly facilities, the awareness of the necessity of including oral welfare equipment in the items of welfare equipment in the current long-term care insurance system was high at 4.15 points. As a result of analyzing the correlation between awareness of care products and the need and demand for oral welfare equipment, it was confirmed that there was a statistically significant positive correlation (p<0.01). Conclusions: In the long-term care insurance system for the elderly, oral welfare products need to be considered for welfare equipment services. The provision of oral welfare products within the long-term care insurance system for the elderly can provide opportunities and services to select various self-care tools. In addition, it is expected that it will be possible to promote changes in the long-term care insurance system for the elderly and to improve the system in a variety of positive ways.
  • 9.

    The effect of dental hygiene student’s life stress and grit on career decision-making self-efficacy

    황주희 , 유경자 | 2022, 22(1) | pp.73~79 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the correlation among dental hygiene students’ life stress, grit, and career decisionmaking self-efficacy, and to identify the factors influencing career decision-making self-efficacy. Methods: Data were collected through a survey from October 19 to November 7, 2020, targeting 196 students enrolled in dental hygiene departments in Daejeon and Daegu. Life stress, grit, and career decision-making self-efficacy were measured. For data analysis, the descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis were performed using SPSS/WIN 24.0. Results: Life stress was 2.12 points, grit was 3.07 points, and career decision-making self-efficacy was 3.43 points. Career decision-making self-efficacy was influenced by satisfaction with the course department, as well as life stress and grit; the most influential factor was found to be grit. These variables could explain career decision-making self-efficacy by 23.8%. Conclusions: For students to advance successfully into society as dental hygienists, a career decision-making self-efficacy promotion program that can help students achieve self-confidence and establish career goals should be developed. additionally, a program that can enhance grit should be included in this development.