Community periodontal index treatment needs in relation to dental health care of migrant worker
Jung, Myung Hee, Kim J Y.
Dae-Gu Health College, Department of Dental Hygiene
Key word : CPITN, migrant workers, Periodontal disease
Migrant Worker are rapidly increasing in Korea since 1990. They are nowadays main sources of laborer groups engaging in medium-sized factories. The purpose of this study is to provide the basic information to establish proper oral health policy.
Dental caries and periodontal disese are the most common disease that occur in the mouth. Periodontal disease is the most common disease in humans and the biggest reason for the loss of the teeth in the adult population. The CPITIN has been developed jontly by the international Dental Federation and the World Health Organization. CPITN is now an established index of level, of periodontal condition in populations for which specific intervention might be considered.
This study was conducted to obtain the information regarding to CPITN of migrant workers located in Daegu, Questionaire survey was carried out for 289 workers from July 9 to August 8, 2006. Total survey was 289, 224 males and 65 females.
The result was as follows :
First, The number of nationality was 14. The first majority was China as 31.8% Among 14 nationalities were Cambodia 18.0%, Vietnam12.8%, Sri Lanka 12.1%, Indonesia 7.3%, Nepal 4.2%, the other 13.8% . those who are aged from 20 to 29 were 43.9%, and salary from 1,000,000 won to 1,490,000 won 51.2%.( as for their residence, those who resided) over 3 years were 42.6% and not insured reached 68.5%.
Second, more than 93.4% of the subjects need periodontal treatment. only 4.9% of non-smoker was health periodontal states, four times frequency of tooth brushing per a day was 16.7%.
Third. 28.7% of migrant workers had experienced visit of dental clinic, and 22.9% had received treatment of decayed tooth.
Fourth. It is difficult for them '65.1% of them' to visit dental clinic in korea. the First was a communication problem and the second was time.
Fifth. Most of them didn't have a oral health education but 85.1% of them said that they wish they attend oral health education.
We conclude that the situation of migrant workers was very bad considering their working conditions, circumstances, and health condition. According to this study, more than 93.4% of the people need periodontal treatment. Besides they didn't have accurate knowledge about prevention of periodontal disease. Therefor our considering these facts, the policy of dental health by government should be established for migrant workers