A Study on Approach toward Integrative Dental-Hygienist
Mi-Yeong Hwang, Chun-sun Lee1
Dept. of Dental hygiene, Dongnam Health college
key word; integration, integrated curriculum
The purpose of this study was to classify the courses of the dental-hygiene curricula into several categories by field, to incorporate the subjects in the same category into an integrated course, and to suggest how to ensure the successful phase-in application of integrative education according to Ronald M. Harden's 11-stage integrative ladder model. The findings of the study were as follows:
1. When the existing curricula were analyzed, it's found that many credits were provided to the courses in the area of basic dentistry that offered both theory and practice. In particular, the subjects tested by the national examination were offered by every college.
In the field of public oral health, the largest number of credits was allocated to theory of oral prophylaxis and practice courses. In clinical area, clinical practice, in the area of dental office management, dental insurance course was given the largest credit. There were 31 to 61 major subjects in the colleges, which indicated that the major subjects were segmented in detail.
2. It seemed necessary to incorporate the subjects in the field of basic dentistry into oral biology, and theory of oral prophylaxis/practice, preventive dentistry/practice, preclinical stage, emergency treatment and introduction to dental hygiene should be integrated into clinical dental hygiene. The courses in clinical area should be combined into clinical dentistry, and in the field of medical management, dental insurance, hospital management and medical relation law should be incorporated into management of dental clinic.
3. In the 11-stage integrative ladder, the subjects in the same field could perfectly be incorporated as the stages advanced. Each of the subjects was less emphasized, and communication and joint plans among teachers who were respectively in charge of the courses were increasingly considered important. Specifically, there should be a consensus among the teachers in regard to the outline of teaching programs, order of education, objects and objectives of programs and what and how to evaluate.