Objectives: This study conducted a literature review to systematically confirm the quantitative results of individual studies on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among elderly adults.
Methods: Studies on quality of life related to oral health among Korean elderly adults were selected as targets, and literature published in Korean journals until January 10, 2019, was examined. A total of 179 papers were reviewed using RISS, KISS, eArticle, and DBpia, and 17 papers meeting the final conditions were selected for analysis. Factors were categorized with publication year, sample size, gender, and statistical analysis as main variables. Relevant factors and effect sizes were then encoded, and the values of correlation coefficients and correlation effect sizes were coded. Results: After classifying the factors affecting OHRQoL among elderly adults according to common characteristics, four studies related to food and diet, five studies related to xerostomia, and four studies related to dentures and denture satisfaction were found to be related. Conclusions: Overall, various factors affected OHRQoL among elderly adults.
Therefore, oral health among elderly adults must be developed and managed considering the various factors related to OHRQoL.