Korean | English

pISSN : 2287-1705 / eISSN : 2288-2294

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.08
Home > Explore Content > Current Issue

2021, Vol.21, No.4

All Issues
  • 1.

    The development of CAMBRA; Updated CRA

    이수영 | 2021, 21(4) | pp.321~336 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to investigate the caries management by risk assessment (CAMBRA) development process and the latest updated caries risk assessment for the domestic settlement of the CAMBRA program and the activation of dental clinics. A system for CAMBRA was published in California Dental Association (CDA) in 2007. To investigate whether CAMBRA can be successfully implemented outside a university setting, a practice-based research network (PBRN) was created in the San Francisco Bay Area. Based on the CAMBRA-PRAN clinical studies, the caries risk assessment (CRA) tool was updated for patients aged 6 through adults in 2019. The CAMBRA system is expected to be widely and actively used in the dental field in Korea to contribute to oral health care.
  • 2.

    Clinical assessment of periodontitis in dogs using the MiriChekTM Oral Bacter test kit: An in vivo study

    Hyuck Choi | Jae-Hee Roh | Yun-Jeong Kim and 4other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.337~348 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: To determine the usefulness of MiriChekTM Oral Bacter as compared to traditional clinical methods in the periodontal assessment of dogs with and without periodontitis. Methods: In this study, 61 dogs were clinically examined using the MiriChekTM Oral Bacter test kit, and information regarding breed, age (months), sex, weight, presence of disease, and periodontitis stage was recorded. The test used a sample of supragingival plaque from the upper left premolar of the dogs. Results: This study included 30 and 31 dogs with and without periodontitis, respectively. Periodontitis was more common in older dogs than in younger dogs. The average positive and negative sensitivity rates of the MiriChekTM Oral Bacter test kit were 73.3% and 80.7%, respectively, and were both strongly correlated with the severity of periodontitis. Conclusions: The findings of this study encourage the use of new diagnostic assist test kits, such as MiriChekTM Oral Bacter, for appropriately detecting and diagnosing periodontal disease in dogs.
  • 3.

    Relationship between mental health and oral symptoms in youths of multicultural families

    Sin-Young Park | 2021, 21(4) | pp.349~356 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to determine the relationship between mental health and oral symptoms in the youths of multicultural families. Methods: Our data source was from an online survey on youth health behaviors, mental health-examined stress, depression, and suicidal ideation, and oral symptoms-examined trauma, pain, and bleeding general characteristics, and the relationship between mental health and oral symptoms was analyzed using complex sample logistic regression. Results: Stress and depression were associated with pain and bleeding, and suicidal ideation was associated with trauma. Conclusions: Oral health plans should be prepared based on the mental health of adolescents from multicultural families.
  • 4.

    Ethical consciousness and decision-making of dental hygiene students for COVID-19

    Seung-Hun Lee | 2021, 21(4) | pp.357~366 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to verify the level of ethical consciousness and decision-making of dental hygiene students in pandemic as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: This study included 249 college students who were interested in new infectious diseases. They completed a questionnaire on a 5-point scale, and data were analyzed by independent t-test, ANOVA, and correlation. Results: The perception of COVID-19 was moderate at 3.42 points. This was higher among males, first graders, emergency management students, those who received education and experienced self-quarantine. The level of ethical consciousness was moderate (3.89 points), which was higher in sophomores, emergency management students. Ethical decision�making was moderate, with a score of 3.44, and was higher in those with first grade, field practice training, and self-quarantine experience. The level of perception positively correlated with ethical consciousness (α=0.310, p<0.01). In addition, as the degree of ethical consciousness increased, the degree of decision-making also increased (α=0.539, p<0.01). Conclusions: In a crisis, involving the spread of COVID-19, providing prospective dental hygienists accurate information and an experience similar to that faced by patient is necessary for raising the level of ethical consciousness and decision-making.
  • 5.

    A study on the status of dental underserved areas in Korea

    유지원 | 신보미 | 신선정 and 1other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.367~381 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the status of dental care in underserved areas of Korea. Methods: This study targeted 229 cities in Korea. The analytical index was revised and supplemented with variables related to dental care, and the “oral health level” indexes were further selected to provide a total of 20 analytical indexes. All selected indexes were converted into T scores (cited by the Korea Health Promotion Institute) and subjectively weighted. Finally, the regional oral health indices and areas were derived. PASW Statistics 25.0 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, USA) was used to analyze descriptive statistics. Results: Gyeongbuk Cheongsong-gun had the highest dental underserved index. The city with the highest regional oral health underserved index was Jeonnam Shinan-gun. Daegu Jung-gu had the lowest dental underserved index and regional oral health underserved index. Regional gaps existed between dental care and the regional oral health underserved index according to the city province (p<0.001). Conclusions: To continuously evaluate oral health conditions and projects centered on vulnerable areas, it is necessary to develop indicators to derive vulnerable areas for dental care and to develop effective public dental policies.
  • 6.

    Relationship between oral health in adults and chewing difficulty : The 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

    임선아 | 2021, 21(4) | pp.383~391 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: Based on the 7th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1,135 adults aged 19 years were selected as the final study subjects to investigate the relationship between oral health and chewing difficulty in adults. Methods: Frequency analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were performed for general characteristics, oral health behaviors, awareness symptoms, and oral health using SPSS Program 21.0. Results: Regarding factors related to chewing difficulty, the oral health was 0.44 times lower than the average level and 0.28 times lower than the good condition. In the case of oral examination, chewing difficulty was 0.85 times lower. The speaking problem was 0.11 times lower in usually than inconvenient and 0.06 times lower in not inconvenient. In the case of un-treatment, it was 0.40 times lower than that in the case of treatment. The chewing difficulty was significantly higher by 2.09 times in the case of experience of tooth pain and 1.36 times in the case of periodontal disease. Conclusions: Based on the above results, it is thought that prevention and treatment are actively needed to identify factors of oral health to improve oral health, to solve chewing difficulty and to improve chewing function.
  • 7.

    Relative competitiveness of department of dental hygiene and the effectiveness of admission promotion using the YouTube platform

    전세정 | 2021, 21(4) | pp.393~402 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: As the school-age population continues to decline in Korea, the consolidation and abolition of departments continues with the economic logic. This study aimed to analyze the relative competitiveness of the department of dental hygiene and to investigate the effectiveness of the YouTube platform being used to promote admission. Methods: Using the admission result data provided by the Korea council for university education, the new student competition rate and recruitment rate of the department of dental hygiene were compared with those of the departments of natural sciences and all other departments. Also, the effect of YouTube channel operation on them was analyzed. Results: The department of dental hygiene showed a slight advantage but it was not particularly the case compared to other departments of natural sciences. The promotion using YouTube did not have any significant effects. Conclusions: Considering that the school-age population will rapidly decrease in the future, more active strategies are needed.
  • 8.

    Oral health knowledge and behavior of community pharmacists and their willingness to participate in oral health education programs

    황윤숙 | 정재연 | 안세연 and 1other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.403~412 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess oral health knowledge and behavior levels of community pharmacists as a step toward projecting them to play the role of oral health partners and to confirm pharmacists’ willingness to participate in oral health education programs. Methods: t-test and one-way analysis of variance were performed to analyze the data, and correlation analysis was also performed. Results: The mean score for pharmacists’ oral health knowledge was 7.29 out of 10. Of the 12 questions asked, the correct answer rate was highest for the question about the effect of smoking cessation on periodontal disease prevention; conversely, the correct answer rate was lowest for the question about the effect of taking medication for gingival infections on periodontal disease prevention. The mean score for pharmacists’ oral health behavior was 2.97 out of 4 points. Of all oral health behaviors, brushing twice a day was the most practiced, whereas immediately visiting a dentist in case of an oral health issue was the least practiced. Pharmacists’ oral health knowledge and behavior levels showed a weak positive correlation with their intention to participate in oral health education programs. Conclusions: Oral health education programs are necessary to improve community pharmacists’ oral health knowledge and behavior.
  • 9.

    Opinions of dental hygienists on the advanced dental hygienist system

    이선미 | 김창희 | 심선주 and 4other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.413~425 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study aimed to provide basic data to lay the groundwork for the introduction of an advanced dental hygienist system by sampling dental hygienists’ views about the system. Methods: A nationwide questionnaire survey was conducted targeting 857 dental hygienists working at dental hospitals and clinics, local health institutions, and educational institutions. The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (Duncan as post-analysis), and crossover analysis. Results: The average interest level in the advanced dental hygienist system was 3.83±0.95 points. The necessity by field was confirmed to be the highest during dental hygiene for the elderly and persons with disabilities. The working experience necessary for becoming a specialized dental hygienist is 5.56±2.99 (years). The education period necessary for becoming a specialized dental hygienist is 77.30±77.61 (hours). The work authority level for an advanced dental hygienist was indicated to be 50 respondents (5.8%), who said they required direct guidance from a dentist, 313 respondents (48.2%) who said they needed indirect guidance from a dentist, 200 respondents (23.3%) who said OK when given an advanced dental hygienist’s separate judgment, 194 respondents (22.6%), who said that the authority must be varied depending on the work. Conclusions: The interest and need of the advanced dental hygienist system were proven to be high and are expected to be applied to basic data for the introduction and settlement of the system.
  • 10.

    Derivation of professional ethics application criteria for dental hygienists using the Delphi method

    황윤숙 | 이선미 | 장종화 and 1other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.427~440 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: We classified items required for dental hygienists’ ethics training by domains. We administered a survey on experts using the Delphi method to collect opinions for guiding future trainings. Methods: 33 participants were selected and analyzed using the Delphi method thrice. Results: For relationships with patients, the item “1.3.1.1 I can keep the confidentiality of the information obtained from patients, including mature minors, related to their specific disease and treatment during medical care as well as other personal information of the patients.” had the highest mean value (mean=4.88). For medical and social relations, “2.3.2.2 I can understand how staff provide dental services as a team and explain a dental hygienist’s roles and responsibilities that enable a team to function effectively.” had the highest mean value (mean=4.85). For individual specialized fields, “3.1.1.1 I can explain the roles and responsibilities in public health of individuals, the public, the state and professional dental hygienist.” showed the highest mean value (mean=4.82). Conclusions: We identified 3 categories, 14 sub-categories, and 53 items on the scope of training and standards for ethical competencies for practical applications in professional ethics training of dental hygienists.
  • 11.

    Problems and improvements of a child · adolescent dental care service

    곽선희 | 신보미 | 신선정 and 2other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.441~453 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study identified problems and improvements in projects targeted to dental workers in a child-adolescent dental care service. Methods: The subjects were 40 dentists, 43 dental hygienists, and 51 others who participated in service in Seoul. A self-administered questionnaire was used to address the problems and improvements in the project. Descriptive statistics, chi�square test, and one-way analysis of variance were performed using SPSS 23.0. Results: Oral examination was performed by 99.2% of dentists, and some service items such as professional tooth cleaning, fluoride application, and scaling were performed by dental auxiliary personnel regardless of legal duties. The problem was that the subjects took a lot of time in providing services, and students or guardians participating in the project refused to receive preventive dental services. As regards improvements, the insurance fee was the highest (48.1%), followed by the provision of regular services (38.8%), and system improvement and administrative support (35.7%). Conclusions: To activate a child-adolescent dental care service, it is thought that continuous efforts such as providing financial support by the government, education to increase participants’ understanding, and social consensus for the participation of service providers and beneficiaries are required.
  • 12.

    Effect of dental hygienists on tobacco cessation education activities

    문혜수 | 조혜은 | 문상은 and 3other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.455~465 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate dental hygienists’ knowledge of smoking, attitudes toward tobacco cessation, and tobacco cessation education activities, which will serve as fundamental data for developing an effective tobacco cessation education program for dental hygienists. Methods: From 2020-08-17 to 2020-09-05, 184 dental hygienists working at dental clinics and hospitals in Gwangju and Jeollanam-do were surveyed. We performed t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses. Results: Dental hygienists’ smoking-related knowledge, expert attitudes toward tobacco cessation, and tobacco cessation education activities were all high in tobacco cessation education (p<0.05). According to the analysis of the dental hygienists’ knowledge of smoking, attitude toward smoking, and correlation of tobacco cessation education activities, there was a significant amount of correlation (p<0.01). According to the analysis of factors affecting dental hygienists’ tobacco cessation education activities, expert attitudes towards tobacco cessation (β=0.434, p<0.001), tobacco cessation materials (β=0.160, p=0.009), experience in tobacco cessation education while attending school (β=0.152, p=0.010), and attitudes toward tobacco cessation (p<0.05) were statistically significant. Conclusions: The results of this study are utilized as fundamental data to develop an effective tobacco cessation education program, factoring in dental hygienists’ attitudes toward tobacco cessation.
  • 13.

    A study on the performance and necessity of dental hygienists for oral health promotion activities for the elderly according to their learning experiences and performance experiences

    송가인 | 신선정 | 신보미 and 2other persons | 2021, 21(4) | pp.467~479 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of the performance and necessity of oral health promotion activities and seek ways to revitalize the professional role of dental hygienists in oral healthcare for the efficient oral care of the elderly. Methods: Eighty�five dental hygienists in charge of oral health promotion projects at public health centers and 38 dental hygienists in network dental clinical trials were investigated for their learning experience, performance experience, feasibility, and necessity of dental hygienists for general and oral health service items for the elderly. The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, chi�square test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The degree of performance possibility according to the learning experience and performance experience of the dental hygienist for the whole body and oral health promotion activity items for the elderly showed that the degree of performance possibility was higher among those with experience compared to the non-experienced person, and it was statistically significantly higher (p<0.05). Conclusions: The dental hygienist’s professional oral health service is a necessary system to improve practical knowledge and skills and to provide a wide range of professional oral health services for the elderly.
  • 14.

    The effect of some local dental hygiene and students’ self-determination on class participation: Focusing on the mediating effect of educators’ feedback types

    Jang Kyeung Ae | 2021, 21(4) | pp.481~489 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives: This study was conducted to understand the effect of learners’ self-determination on class participation, focusing on the feedback type of educators. Methods: A survey was conducted from May 1 to May 31 2021 on dental hygiene students, and a total of 151 valid responses were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, self-determination, class participation, and educator’s feedback type. The analysis method used correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: In relation to self-determination, class participation, and feedback type of educators, self-determination was positive feedback (r=0.338, p<0.01), class participation was corrective feedback (r=0.418, p<0.01), and positive feedback was correction (r=0.742, p<0.01). As a result of the mediating effect of the educator's feedback type in the relationship between self-determination and class participation, it was found to be significant by partially mediating positive and corrective feedback. Conclusions: It was found that the right to self-determination influences class participation based on positive feedback and corrective feedback of educators. It relates to efforts to strengthen learners’ self-determination and provide appropriate types of feedback from educators.