The purposes of this study are to reinterpret the existed concept of learning community. So, this research is to investigate a community learning activity in a rural, how to adapt to new conditions and in balance learning community formation from adaptation, harmony and change based on ecological approach and draw ecological characteristics showed in its formation process.
Data are collected by reference, interview, observation, conversation by Hangkun town in Y-City, which made Lifelong Learning Community in aging society and operated Lifelong Learning center.
The leadership of the community leader became a motive for an active participation of community residents and minimize confusion and discord. And Leaning results of aged learners were showed as the strongest change-promoting factors with perception change of people around then, such as other learners, village leader, families, neighbors, etc. and reciprocal interactions. Also, rural people preferred community learning rather than individual learning.
The community learning through interaction is more effective than the private learning. the Performance of study and compliment make self-esteem and motive of participation. Accessibility and Cooperation of external experts, supplements of no experts, influences on a consistent learning activity and a formation of learning community based on trust and solidarity. For the main ecological learning characteristics showed in the learning community’s formation process, there were durability of learning, external effects of learning maintenance and its promotion, mutual dependence and reciprocality.