An e-portfolio, an electronic portfolio, developed by grafting information and communication technology(ICT) onto a conventional portfolio, is used for solving problems of conventional portfolios such as difficulties in preservation, modification, and transportation of portfolio details. Because different e-portfolios have been used in different organizations, however, the e-portfolio also has a problem in terms of 'interoperability' of users' portfolio information, usually requested when they want to go on an institution of higher grade, to change their jobs, and to apply to promotions in companies. For securing the interoperability of e-portfolios, we need a standard of e-portfolio.
This paper has been written for proposing a standardization plan of Korean e-portfolio in order to enhance more effective utilization of e-portfolios in Korea. Firstly, this paper has introduced e-portfolio concepts and analyzed national trends and global trends of e-portfolio use cases. Domestic trends shows that e-portfolios have been used in various educational fields including K-12, higher, cooperative, and lifelong educations. In the analysis of global trends, five countries in Europe, USA, and Canada has been included. Secondly, this paper has also analyzed international trends of e-portfolio standardization activities being done by ISO/IEC, the international organization of standard and CEN, the European standardization organization. As the typical nation-wide standardization activity, JISC in UK has been analyzed.
Finally, from the analysis of global use cases and standardization activities of e-portfolios, this paper has proposed a standardization plan of Korean e-portfolio.