The purpose of this study was to investigate which factors predict undergraduates’ academic achievement and their academic persistence behavior in cyber university. As predicting variables, demographic information, prior learning preparation variables(experience of cyber learning, their perceived level of achievement in the final school), learner’s individual characteristics variables including motivation, attribution, self-efficacy, and self-regulated learning strategies, and learning process variables involving academic development, social integration, and extra-institutional integration were selected. Students were asked to responded a set of surveys including predicting variables in the middle of semester. Academic achievement was based on their total GPA obtained in that semester and academic persistence behavior referred to whether they registered or not in the following semester. This study sampled a total of 487 first year and transfer students, 397(81.5%) persisters, 90(18.5%) wiredrawers, who first enrolled in C cyber university in 2008. Data were first analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, χ2 test, multiple regression and binary logistic regression.
The following results were obtained from the analysis. First, among the related variables selected in this study, year, reason for entrance as degree acquisition and self-efficacy, and the use of self-regulated learning strategies were found to show statistically significant in predicting their academic achievement. Especially, entrance motive for degree acquisition was negatively associated with their academic achievement. Second, academic persistence was significantly predicted by goal commitment as students’ motivation, active interaction with instructor as an attribution, and academic development and extra-institutional integration of learning process variables. Finally, based on the results of the study, practical implication for lifelong education in distance education institute such as cyber university, limitations, and suggestions for future study are being discussed.