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pISSN : 1738-0057 / eISSN : 2671-8332

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2014, Vol.10, No.3

  • 1.

    An Analysis of Perspectives on Older Adult Learners in Major Korean Journals

    Jae Ah Jeon | Kim, Wonkyung | 2014, 10(3) | pp.1~25 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of the present study was to examine the perspectives of the old learners depicting the articles dealing with older adults education in major Korean journals from 1990 to 2014. Four major journals focusing on older adult education were selected to examine 51 articles regarding older adult learners in education. Results revealed three aspects of older adult learners in older adult education. First, the participants in the study of older adult education were mostly selected from the institute of older adult eduction. Second, the educational objectives of older adult learners emphasized affective aspects rather than cognitive or psycho-motor aspects. Third, the characteristics of older adult learner focused on three aspects in terms of physical, psychological, and environmental changes in older adults’ life in education. In conclusion, the perspectives of the older adult learners were someone who were deficient and residual, and then older adult learners were considered homogeneous in terms of participants in some institutional programs for older adults. Therefore, it is suggested that the various aspects of the older adult learners would considered in the study of older adults education regarding psychological, cognitive, and emotional aspects of older adults.
  • 2.

    Ethnographic Analysis on the Practices of Switching Learner's Position

    jung minseung | 2014, 10(3) | pp.27~46 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The critics to the explanation-centered standardized paradigm has diversified from educational sociology to teaching method. However, discourses for sophisticating the alternative paradigm is not enough to include the contents beyond critics. Although all the critical discourses are converged on the 'student-oriented attitude' in common, only a few theorists develop the concrete methodology or the meaning of this student-oriented attitude. This study aims at classifying the experiments of student-oriented practices into three categories and revealing the meaning of these practices which could be the base of alternative and constructive paradigm. Three main categories from lots of lifelong learning experiments are extracted: planning lifelong learning programs, participation as a lecture, and organizing spontaneous institute. Those are the activities switching 'traditional learner's position'. After the hermeneutics circle, this study discloses the characteristics of these experimental practices: subject-subject interaction in this practices instead of subject-object model, and integrated meaning finding process in learning. Also, it is possible to reveal the process of co-evolution which constructs self-organizing learning institute through the 'interactive authentic learning'. In order to establish and elaborate the alternative paradigm, it needs to change the habitus of education which is oriented to the 'role' of institution which lessens thinking of life itself. Changing habitus needs to involve 'ontological transition for learning' which drives factors for learning-oriented learning.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Changing Process of the Institutional Regulations of Adult Educators' Professionalism in South Korea

    Mihyang Kim | 2014, 10(3) | pp.47~69 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper presents an investigation into the changing institutional regulations of professionalism for adult educators in South Korea from 1945 to 2013. The study traced the period backgrounds, a factor of surrounding environment, along with the changing tendencies and characteristics of adult educators' professionalism in South Korean society and also identified the logic behind them. As a result, first, the professionalism of adult educators within the institution of South Korea changed from a focus on the attitude and ethical aspects to a focus on the knowledge and technological aspects. Second, the types of adult educators defined through the cultivation process in South Korean society changed from the state-led consciousness enlightenment types to the individual and professional types. Finally, the dominance of a political environmental factor in the changes of professionalism was replaced by the dominance of an economic environmental factor. The study identified the following two social education logics demonstrated in the institutional regulations of adult educators' professionalism in South Korea: first, the cultivation curriculum of adult educators changes according to the degree of democratization and economic stability. Second, as social education becomes more and more institutionalized, the true nature of social education gets distorted, which is a reverse function.
  • 4.

    The Effects of Learning Experience of High-school Graduates New Employees on Job Retention Intent: Focusing on the Mediated Effect of Job Satisfaction

    SEOK YOUNG OH | 2014, 10(3) | pp.71~90 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the relationship among learning experience of high-school graduates new employees, their job satisfaction and job retention intent. The research participants were high-school graduates who have under 5 year work experience. The study consider the learning experience at workplace as 4 variables such as formal classroom learning(e.g. job task-related programs and vocational basic competency program), non-formal experimental learning at workplace(e.g. mentorship, OJT, and CoP), self-development learning (e.g. college education), and informal relationship-based learning. The results of the study are as follows. Only formal classroom learning has statistical direct impact on job retention intent, while self-development learning, informal relationship-based learning, and non-formal experimental learning at workplace influence through job satisfaction to job retention intent. Therefore this research concludes that companies can statistically and jointly provide formal and informal learning experience with new high-school graduates to help their work adjustment with achieving different types of career success for the sake of their purpose.
  • 5.

    A Study on Principles of Establishing Digital Work Experience Theme Park(Focused on the AEEP’s Principles)

    박경민 | KIM, YOUNG HWAN | 2014, 10(3) | pp.91~117 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, as the increase of interest in work experience, a large-scaled Work Experience Theme Park began to emerge. However, it has the limitations of time, financial resources, and space, so the researcher has proposed the Digital Work Experience Theme Park(DWETP) to solve them. The purpose of this study is to extract the basic principles for designing the 'DWETP'. For this purpose, the researcher analyzed the disadvantages of 'Work Experience Theme Park and Digital Theme Park' by literature research, evaluated them by using the principles compensated from 2007 of Edutainment Park System as an instrument for evaluation, and interviewed with experts, teachers and students to derive the needs for designing the 'DWETP'. Through this research, the 4 basic factors which was extracted from this study are including the Builder's Principles, the Principles of Program, the Principles of Space, and the Principles of Social Supporting System. Overall, if this 'DWETP' was designed on these basic principles, it will be helpful to the career guidance for more students that this low-cost Theme Park will be established and operated on the basis of the digital content infrastructure supported by the government.
  • 6.

    A Program Design through Needs Assessment about Teachers' Pre-Retirement Education

    KUYOUNGHEE | Yun, Myung Hee | 2014, 10(3) | pp.119~144 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to analyze the awareness and needs about pre-retirement education of teachers and to suggest educational program design and operational plan. To fulfill these purposes, the respondents are elementary, middle, and high school teachers who are at the age of 40 or more in Busan and Yangsan City. 323 teachers have responded and their responses were used as data for analysis. The demand survey for pre-retirement education of teachers turned out that the awareness about the necessity for pre-retirement education was high. This program contains 7 domains, such as life design, health care, pastimeㆍhobby, community service, trend understanding, post-retirement employmentㆍthe founding of a business, financial management. As a result, it turned out that teachers had various needs to program contents of pre-retirement education. Experts in this field are most desired as instructors. The teaching methods of experiences study and cases presentation are most favored. Based on the results of needs level and operational requirements of programs contents according to the needs of subcategories, the operational plans of pre-retirement education program are made up of 9 subjects of required courses, 29 subjects of optional courses and 5 days, 40 hours as the duration of the program. Moreover, in order to specifically perform it, the program is carried out by writing specific teaching-learning plan.
  • 7.

    Development of Successful Aging Scale for Elderly Women

    Jeon, Eunhui | Yong-Kook Joo | 2014, 10(3) | pp.145~180 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to develop a successful aging scale for elderly women and verify the validity of the successful aging scale that has been developed. For this purpose, a preliminary question items of the successful aging scale for elderly women were developed based on the analysis of previous successful aging scales of the literature review and the response analysis of the interview with the elderly women. The question items underwent three rounds of verification of content validity and reliability as well as the exploratory factor analysis performed by doctors and experts in the field of elderly education. As a result, the successful aging scale for elderly women comprised of a total of 45 question items that were composed with the following 6 factors-'physical and everyday life efficacy,' 'family harmony,' 'aging acceptance,' 'financial stability,' 'companionship spouse' and 'active social activity.' Correlation analysis between the content areas, reliability verification test, confirmatory factor analysis and concurrent validity test were conducted in order to verify the validity of the successful aging scale with the final 45 questions. The analysis proved the validity of the developed instrument for measuring the wisdom of Korean senior citizens.
  • 8.

    Analyzing Weights of the BSC Performance Evaluation Model for University Lifelong Education Centers

    Kim Keung Hee | Yun, Myung Hee | 2014, 10(3) | pp.181~208 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed weights of the BSC performance evaluation model to increase feasibility and utility of the management effectiveness and quality improvement for university lifelong education centers. This study conducted importance rating with 34 lifelong education expert panels. This study identified the importance of hierarchy items and showed weights including perspectives, critical success factors, and key performance indicators of the BSC performance evaluation model for university lifelong education centers. As a result, the important items of evaluation with the highest weights were "learners and the related peoples" among the 4 perspectives in the first hierarchy, "increasing learner satisfaction" among the 13 critical success factors in the second hierarchy, and "learner satisfaction degree" among the 54 key performance indicators in the last hierarchy. The study also proposed BSC weighted performance evaluation indexes for university lifelong education centers according to the scoring criteria of evaluation items in order to put together the analysis results of weights of the model and apply them to the practice of performance evaluation. This study can contribute to make rational criteria of the management performance evaluation for university education centers and increase effective value and practicability of the model.