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pISSN : 1738-0057 / eISSN : 2671-8332

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2015, Vol.11, No.1

  • 1.

    Challenges and Basic Principles in ‘Dailiness of Learning’

    MIN HO KIM | 2015, 11(1) | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Korean government has tried to institutionalize lifelong education activities in order to increase out-of-school opportunities of the disadvantaged, and then, to fertilize lifelong learning activities in everyday life in order to fix HRD since 1980s. The discourse of dailiness of learning is an antithesis to the both policies. This study analyzed the meaning and epistemology in dailiness of learning; showed three challenges―development ideology, meritocracy, and institutionalized learning―to dailiness of learning; and applied four principles of pope Francesco’s social teachings―being concerned about initiating learning processes rather than possessing spaces of learning, building communion amid disagreement between ‘institutionalized learning’ and ‘dailiness of learning,’ informing realities of ‘dailiness of learning,’ and integrating the local in ‘dailiness of learning’ into the global keeping their individualism or identity. Finally this study suggested academic tasks for Korean scholars of lifelong education.
  • 2.

    Research on Reconstitution of Adult Women’s Self-awareness and Life by Body Activity Learning Experiences: Focused on Group Exercise Program Participants as Lifelong Learners

    박진아 | 2015, 11(1) | pp.27~62 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study is focusing on what women experience in the process of body activity learning and which influence it exerts on women's self-awareness and life. I analyzed the interview of women who are between 30s and 60s and participate in group body activity learning. This study reveals several findings. First, women changed the object of caring from other person to themselves through the body activity learning. And they kept their mind on the feelings and senses of the unfamiliar body by immersion and concentration on the body activity. Second, women reconstructed the knowledge of themselves by discovery of the talent about body activity and by breaking the prejudice and the norm of women's body. Finally, women extended the curiosity and the desire of learning into the new fields with the body activity learning as opportunity. They also became free from the achievement-first mind and kept their composure. As a result, they changed positively the attitude about daily life and the relationship with the people around them.
  • 3.

    A Study of Cyber University’s Operating Based on the Relative Efficiency

    Kwon, soon-hyoung | 남신동 | Jiwon Hwang | 2015, 11(1) | pp.63~88 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics of the efficiency of the organization’s operating the Cyber University of Korea through the analysis of the relative efficiency. To this end, the researchers analyzed the relative efficiency to take advantage of 17 Cyber university in Korea through DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) method. The results of this study are as follows. First, there were differences of relative efficiency in other models except the education-investment model of out-oriented perspective. Second, the cause of Cyber University’s inefficiency in education-investment model was revealed a main problem with the technical efficiency(combination of input resources). Third, the cause of Cyber University’s inefficiency in research model was mixed technical efficiency, economies of scale of Cyber University. In conclusion, this study suggests the basic facts in order to establish Cyber University’s quality management policy.
  • 4.

    Mentees’ Experiences of Multicultural Mentoring Program at Open and Distance University: A Qualitative Study

    Hea-Kyoung Eun | 2015, 11(1) | pp.89~113 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the mentees' experiences and needs of multicultural mentoring program at open and distance university. To attain the purpose of this study, 10 immigrant students who participated as mentees of multicultural mentoring program which were conducted by K university were face to face interviewed. Data collected from the interview analyzed using Patton's theme analysis method. As a result, 26 themes and 13 categories in 3 domains(participation motivation, assistance experience, difficulty and inconvenience) emerged in the analysis. The results are in as the following. First, the categories of participation motivation were 'solving academic difficulty', 'solving linguistic difficulty', 'the desire for friend', and 'mentee incentive'. Second, the categories of assistance experience were 'understanding the learning strategies for open and distance university', 'psychological support', 'receiving tips for education of children', 'receiving advices for future career', 'understanding Korean history', and 'learning Korean'. Third, the categories of difficulty and inconvenience were 'psychological discomfort', 'inconvenience of process', and 'inconvenience of contents'. Fourth, the general category among discovered categories were 'solving academic difficulty' of 'participation motivation', and 'psychological support' of 'assistance experience'. Meanwhile, 'solving linguistic difficulty' and 'the desire for friend' of 'participation motivation', 'understanding the learning strategies for open and distance university' of 'assistance experience', and 'psychological discomfort', 'inconvenience of process', and 'inconvenience of contents' of 'difficulty and inconvenience' were found as typical themes. Based on these results, the implication and discussion of operating multicultural mentoring program were presented.
  • 5.

    A Study on International Cases for Application of Flipped Classroom in Universities

    Eun-young Kim | Lee Youngju | 2015, 11(1) | pp.115~137 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze overseas cases of flipped classes that have been applied to actual college classes and to achieve implications for domestic college classes in order to design effective flipped classes in college. Papers were collected and classified into two categories such as (1) activity types applied before the class and after the class and (2) effects of teaching and learning through the flipped classes. Specific cases were introduced. As results of the analysis, first, various needs of students were reflected and audio recordings, lecture notes, simulations, quiz, and instructors’ feedback were presented together with a lecture video in ‘activities before classroom classes’ of the flipped classes. Individual activities such as quizzes, observation and practice, and various group activities such as discussion, experience, project and practice were exercised in ‘face-to-face classes’. Second, the opportunities of interaction between instructor and students were increased through flipped classes. Positive results were shown in performance and learning attitude of students. However, some negative results such as instructors’ burden of class preparation and lack of association between pre-class assignments and class were reported. For effective flipped classroom, balanced design between each factor, purpose of application and characteristics of lecture should be taken into consideration.
  • 6.

    An Analysis of the Group Dynamics shown in the Process of Learning Circles’ Growth

    Yi-seul Moon | Park, Sangok | 2015, 11(1) | pp.139~170 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the growth process and the group dynamics of learning circles and to explore the relationship between the both. For the purpose of the study, a case of a learning circle, ‘Dodamhoi', which has worked in G-gu, Seoul, was analyzed. In the results of the study, ‘Dodamhoi' has systematized, expanded, and developed its own organization step by step along with learning goals, operation methods, learning methods, and major activities. There were three categories of dynamics in the process of Dodamhoi's growth. First, there were positive dynamics of mutual learning and relationship formation and dynamics which was recognized as conflict factors among individual members. Second, there were differences of opinions about finding identity, fellow feelings, and systematization in dynamics between the learning circle and individual members. Third, the outside assistants, feedback of activities areas, and conflicts with a institution and independence were shown in dynamics between the inside and the outside of the learning circle. Based on the results of the study above, three things of practice, differences, and relationship can be drawn in the relationship between the growth process and dynamics of the learning circles.
  • 7.

    Identifying University Students’ Learning Competencies and Suggesting Strategies to Develop a Learning Program to Enhance Competencies

    Sung Min Kyung | 2015, 11(1) | pp.171~188 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to identify college students’ core learning competencies and develop a learning program to enhance these competencies. It identified eleven learning competencies by reviewing literature and competency inventories and performing focused group interviews with professors in educational technology. It also investigated how college students in Daegu area perceives these learning competencies using the importance-performance analysis. Educational needs identified by these students were used to develop a learning program to enhance five learning competencies. Results did not show significant difference between groups of gender, year, and majors. it developed a learning program which is intended for college students in general focuses on enhancing competencies of goal setting, motivation, time management, communication, and presentation.
  • 8.

    A Study on Leader’s Competence of Learning Circle: Based on Leader of Autonomous Learning Circle

    이재숙 | Lee Jung Hee | 2015, 11(1) | pp.189~216 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Studies on the activation of the learning circle are pursued actively, on the other hand, a research on it was pursued with the need because there is a lack of research on leaders of the learning circle. The qualitative research was conducted by limiting the object of study to the founders of the autonomous learning circle being operated for more than 1 year by being organized autonomously without being led by institutions or organizations, as the leaders. As a result of research and analysis, the leader's competence of the learning circle was showed as two parts of personality trait part and behaviorstic trait part. The learning circle leader's personality traits were 5 competencies of respect, friendship, sincerity, spontaneity and positiveness. the behaviorstic traits were composed of 4 competencies of personal relationship, organization management, social relationship and learning orientation. Therefore, this study hoped to help collect the preliminary data of leader cultivation for the activation of the learning circle by investigating what competence they showed in originating and operating the learning circles, and what the insufficient things were.
  • 9.

    A Study of Attitude and Intention toward E-learning Acceptance of the Older Adults

    Min-Jung Kim | 2015, 11(1) | pp.217~239 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study provides insights into how to increase voluntary participation to e-learning of Korean older adults by improving attitude and intention toward e-learning acceptance. Through the theoretical studies, to explain the voluntariness of e-learning acceptance the ‘Holistic E-learning Accpetance Model(HEAM)’ is created. The HEAM identifies antecedents of computer self-efficacy(cognitive), computer anxiety(affective), and compatibility(contextual), attitude toward e-learning adoption, and its effect has on learners' intention to e-learning as one of emerging education trends in the world. This study was conducted by SEM(Structural Equation Model), and the results are as follows. First, the effects of computer self-efficacy and computer anxiety to attitude toward e-learning acceptance were not statistically significant. Second, the effect of compatibility is the only and strongest variables on attitude toward e-learning acceptance. Finally, it is proven that the effect of attitude toward e-learning acceptance on intention toward e-learning adoption is verified. The ideas to boost voluntary e-learning participation and to build optimal environment is suggested as strengthening access to e-learning, creating agedfriendly contents, and building up learning community.
  • 10.

    The Case of Mesa/Rio Salado Community Colleges and Arizona State University

    seungshinahn | 2015, 11(1) | pp.241~259 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to examine the cooperative postsecondary online education system by looking at the online programs operated at Mesa/Rio Salado Community Colleges and Arizona State University. Maricopa County, located in Arizona, includes and surrounds the city of Phoenix and is the most populous country in the state, serving more than 260,000 students each year. In that county there are ten community colleges, which constitute the Maricopa Community Colleges system (MCCs). Each college is individually accredited, yet part of a larger system―the Maricopa County Community College District―which is one of the largest providers of higher education in the United States. The District offers approximately 1,000 occupational programs (degrees and certificates), and 37 academic associate degrees. It is the largest provider of health care workers and job training in Arizona, making it a major resource for business and industry and the place to be for students seeking education and job training. Among the ten campuses, the largest campus college is Mesa Community College (MCC), and the largest online college is Rio Salado Community College (RSC). These colleges have flexible course delivery options, including field based, hybrid, in person, independent study, Internet, mixed media, print-based, private instruction, evening, weekend and open-entry/open-exit choices. Students can learn in the manner that is best suited for them. If students see a four-year degree in their future, the colleges have transfer agreements with public and private colleges and universities that enable seamless transitions to four-year institutions. In addition, students learn with the lowest tuition rates compared with other colleges or universities and do not have to sacrifice work, family and other commitments to attain an education. With flexible Monday start dates (at RSC), they can enroll in online classes tailored to their own schedule, wherever and whenever they want, with 100 percent online and 100 percent flexible enrollment. In Arizona, there are three state universities―Arizona State University (ASU), University of Arizona, and Northern Arizona University, among which ASU is the largest and highest ranking school. The students who gain the required credits may transfer to these universities or take an associate degree to transfer to these universities. The students who enroll in ASU online programs, located anywhere and without constraints, have access to the educational opportunities of a great research university and all of its faculty. ASU online program students can learn the same content from the same excellent faculty who teach on the ASU’s four campuses. In sum, MCCs in Arizona offer a variety of community-based online programs and services to help their diverse student populations achieve their educational goals. And the cooperative academic partnership between MCCs and some 40 four-year institutions ensure success for students who want to achieve their goals.
  • 11.

    Comparison on Predictive Model of Continuance Usage Intention of SNS for Educational Purpose in University Courses

    Jeong, Hanho | 2015, 11(1) | pp.261~290 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to find the impact variables related to usage intention of SNS in university courses and to establish an optimum model for the relationship among the variables. This study is to identify the impact of the variables that influence on students’ usage intention of SNS for educational purpose in university courses. After drawing the variables related to usage intention of SNS and setting up the path, the optimum model was developed based on the Expectation Confirmation Model(ECM) and Technology Acceptance Model(TAM). Data were collected from students who were taking courses for teacher certification in ‘A’ university. The total of 164 questionnaires was analyzed using the structural equation modeling method. From the result of the current study, we proposed the optimum model to predict the students’ intention to continue using an SNS for learning within an university class. In this study, confirmation, and perceived ease of use were considered exogenous variables; while perceived usefulness, satisfaction, and perceived value were considered as the moderating variables; and the usage intention of SNS for learning considered as the dependent variable. This study produced additional practical implications.
  • 12.

    Trend Analysis of Research Topics in 『Journal of Lifelong Learning Society』: Using Network Text Analysis

    KIM, YOUNG HWAN | Jeong Juhun | Kang, Doobong and 2other persons | 2015, 11(1) | pp.291~315 | number of Cited : 34
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to determine the recent trend of research topics and their corelation targeting articles that published by “Journal of Lifelong Learning Society”, which is issued by Distance Learning Research Center of Korean National Open University. This study conducted frequency analysis and network analysis on 663 key words presented in the 173 articles. As a result, the most frequently mentioned key words for the last decade were ‘lifelong learning’, ‘lifelong education’, ‘learning’ and ‘adult’. To compare the trend of research before and after the journal was listed as a KCI journal, this study separated and analysed articles published in the former period(2005-2010) and the post period(2011-2014). Through the analysis, it turned out that the frequency of key words such as ‘lifelong learning’, ‘tutor’, ‘distance learning’ and ‘human resources’ has decreased and the number of key words such as ‘adult’, ‘self-efficacy’, ‘lifelong educator’, ‘educational welfare’, ‘SMART’ and ‘feminism’ has increased. Also, ‘tutor’, ‘human resources’, ‘city’, ‘system’, ‘North Korea’ and ‘ubiquitous’ haven’t appeared at all. Although the key words such as ‘self-efficacy’, ‘educational welfare’, ‘criticize’, ‘thinking’, ‘SMART’, ‘knowledge’, and ‘feminism’ were not mentioned in the former period(2005-2010), they have frequently appeared in the post period(2011-2014), which shows the change and expansion of study area. Through network text analysis, the centurality and relation among key guide word could be determined. Lastly, by cluster analysis, the clustering of a variety of guide words was able to be shown.