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2006, Vol.2, No.1

  • 1.

    An Analytical Study on Conditions and Nature of Adult Learners' Participation for Lifelong Education

    Choi Un-Shil | 2006, 2(1) | pp.1~35 | number of Cited : 44
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to analyse the conditions and nature of adult learners' lifelong education participation in Korean society. The comprehensive data collecting design include perceptions, conditions of lifelong education participation and needs analysis. Furthermore, this study analysed the data set by specified criteria such as life-cycle, gender, level of schooling, level of income, and occupations. Data collection was conducted among 5 major cities: Seoul, Gwang-ju, Chun-chon, Chang-won, and Geum-san. Total number of survey samples were 3,050 according to population distributions. Results of this study indicated that the participants in lifelong education rely more on practical(economic) factors than personal preferences. Also, cost and time were the most important prohibiting factors while public support is considered inadequate. This study also showed that the characteristics and patterns of adult learners' participation for the lifelong education are diverse and various by the demographic variables of adult learners such as life-cycle, gender, level of schooling, level of income, and occupations. Information on lifelong education were generally disseminated by word of mouth which suggested the necessity for constructing a systematic information channels and networks regarding lifelong education. In conclusion, efforts to promote and enhance lifelong education in Korea needs to be based on the diversity and specific nature of adult learners' conditions and education needs.
  • 2.

    Integrated Moral Education from the Viewpoint of Occupational Self-Realization

    Kyunghee Pyun | 2006, 2(1) | pp.37~61 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze the meaning of occupational self-realization by reflecting on the educational ideology of Dewey, and explore the meaning of integrated moral education from the viewpoint of self-realization. The implicit meaning of self-realization and moral education revealed in the aspect of occupation among various fields of life can be summed up such as followings :1) The major characteristics of occupation is interest, and interest is another word of self. Therefore, occupation is a representative phenomenon of life that can identify the self with the activity itself. 2) The self-realization is explained by the relation of tension and integrated reaction between the horizontal awareness of self(equal to the professional characteristics of occupation) and the vertical awareness of life(equal to the vocational characteristics of occupation). 3) The occupation is a concrete form of self-realization accomplished by the social and cultural evaluation, and possesses the moral characteristics in itself. 4) The occupation embodies the process of individual lives, or represents an embodiment beyond the overall lives. Human beings are leading and pursuing moral lives through their own works, which are the embodiment beyond the overall ideal. 5) The integrated moral education can be embodied by the practical process of life that forms and clarifies the center of integration, namely the overall ideal of individual, beyond the emphasis of the integration between what and what.
  • 3.

    Meaning of Learning : The Case of Housewife-Students Learning Experience

    Kiyeon YI | 2006, 2(1) | pp.63~94 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to explore the meaning of learning in concrete real world situations from the perspective of learners, and to illuminate what learners experience from the view of learning. Especially, this study focuses on learning experience of housewife-students. For this purpose, this study examines housewife-students’ learning experience through qualitative methods such as narrative, interview and participant observation. The result of the study demonstrates as followings. It can be said that the change that they experienced through their college courses is “the change of identity.” While studying, they lived with joy in everyday life. They experienced “taste of studying” that represents “joy of living,” “something like a rest,” “self-respect,” “self-confidence,” “dreams of future,” “making new relationship,” and “new perception of the world.” They found “another I,” and they had the feeling of fullness. These experiences had an influence on their identity. The effect of comprehensive changing was reflected on physical, psychological, cognitional changes and a change in social relationship. This study presents that the meaning of learning can be realized as an existence type.
  • 4.

    Agony and Tasks of National Mega-University : A Case Study on KNO

    Yeokak Yun | 2006, 2(1) | pp.95~120 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The Korea National Open University(KNOU) was established by Korea government in 1972 for people who had intense aspiration of university education but had lost the opportunity to participate in it. KNOU has delivered contents via various media and has been a mega-university with nearly 200,000 enrolled students. According to the continuous development of educational media and the change of people’s educational needs, KNOU is requested to reflect over all of present practices. First, has KNOU been trying to enhance the quality of education as a education-centered university?Secondly, has KNOU been coping with the rapid change of educational media flexibly as a university of distance education?Last, has KNOU been trying to induce all people’s and government’s concerns and aids as a national university for all people?In order to perform KNOU’s mission, first of all, KNOU must inform students concrete schedule of first grade to fourth one, professors and tutors and educational process of each subject matter in detail in the unit of department. Also, every information must be approached easily in each department’s homepage via KNOU web site. Last, the motive of welfare that KNOU has maintained must be duly appreciated and government must support the specialization of KNOU as the national mega-university.
  • 5.

    Institutional Autonomy and Accountability in Higher Education : A Sociological and Historical Perspective

    Shin, Jungcheol | 2006, 2(1) | pp.121~137 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to explore the sociological and historical underpinnings on institutional autonomy and accountability. The recent accountability movement in higher education emphasizes the institution’s role in the larger societal system. This role is defined by the relationship between the higher education institution and society. Because the relationship between higher education institutions and government has its roots in the earliest days of higher education, the relationship was reviewed in the perspective of history. Further, because an overemphasis on accountability tends to compromise institutional autonomy, the tension between accountability and institutional autonomy was discussed. New accountability systems in higher education have threatened to interfere excessively with the work of academia. One of the most difficult issues related to the management of higher education, then, is the need for balance between external accountability and the recognition of the autonomous nature of the institutions.
  • 6.

    Students' Sense of Community for promoting Interactions among Students in Online Learning Environments

    Dongjoo Lee | 2006, 2(1) | pp.139~155 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Students in online learning environments are likely to feel isolated and stop participating in their learning activities because of the physical distance and lack of regular face-to-face contact. A sense of community can help students overcome these problems and fully participate in their learning process by having them perceive the environments as safe and by fostering their sense of responsibility to meet the needs of the group. This study explored the factors influencing students’ sense of community in an online course, the relationships among the factors, and the influences of a sense of community. Results of the data analysis indicated that students established their sense of community by experiencing a sense of co-accomplishment through collaboration. Results also indicated that the factors influencing students’ sense of community related to three dimensions : group interaction, course context, and individual differences. Students’ sense of community was influenced primarily by the outcomes of interactions with group members, such as group members’ behaviors showing consideration for others, responding to their contributions, and contributing to the group collaboration. Factors related to the course context, such as the collaborative nature of the course and the technology used for the course, influenced students’ sense of community by either facilitating or interfering with the group interactions. In addition, some factors resulting from individual differences were critical for students to develop a sense of community. Once a sense of community was established, students developed a sense of camaraderie, a greater sense of responsibility, and trust in their group members.
  • 7.

    Blended Group Tutoring : the Choice of KNOU

    김보원 | 2006, 2(1) | pp.157~168 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Tutoring has been considered a focal point of learner-support in distance universities. Korea National Open University, however, has had difficulty in establishing a good tutoring system due to shortages in the budget. Fortunately, it is now endowed with the opportunity to utilize its own strengths : the information and communication technology and the on-line learning environment. First of all the new scheme is characterized by blended tutoring. The blending of on-line and off-line tutorings produced considerable synergies and presented a shortcut to the innovation of the tutoring system of KNOU. Another important aspect of the new tutoring is group tutoring. Grouping enables students to get a sense of companionship, to be motivated into competitiveness, and to share and enjoy what they have learned with other tutees. A kind of learning community is constructed within the tutoring system. Thus the new tutoring system shows a happy marriage of technology and psychology, which proposes the new tutoring system
  • 8.

    Factors Which Contribute to the Registration Rate for the New Students in Their Second Semester : A Case of Korea National Opent University

    유효순 | 윤영자 | 2006, 2(1) | pp.169~184 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korea National Open University(KNOU) has a successful history as the first and the largest distance education center in Korea since its foundation in 1972. However, KNOU is faced with several difficulties recently. One of the major difficulties is the sharp downward trend in the registration rate of the newly enrolled students. In this paper we analysed the contribution of orientation, study group, the lecturer, tutoring and professor’s email to the registration rate in the fall semester. The results showed that the study group, the lecturer, tutoring, and professor’s email contributed to the registration rate significantly. However, there were differences between the freshmen and the transfer students and also between the students at Seoul regional campuses and one of the local regional campuses and also between the students in the department of early childhood education and the students in the department of economics. Based on the results we recommended a couple of suggestions to help the new students to continue their studies in a distance education system.