Journal of Lifelong Learning Society 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 3.62

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pISSN : 1738-0057 / eISSN : 2671-8332
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2007, Vol.3, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Co-relationship of Tutor’s Computer Literacy and Tutor’s Competency in Distance Education

    JoungYoungRan , Hyoseon Choi | 2007, 3(1) | pp.1~25 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the co-relationship the tutor’s computer literacy and the competency of the tutor. The tutoring is one of the core learner supports system in the open and cyber universities. The computer literacy of tutor is a important factor to decide the quality of online tutoring. In this study, the elements of the computer literacy are computer skills, internet skills, and information skills. The competency of tutor is a core factor that affect the quality of teaching and learning in distance learning. The competency of tutor consists of cognitive, affective, and systemic competency in this study. The co-relationship of computer literacy and competency of 138 tutors with tutoring experience in KNOU during 2005~2006 was analysed for this study. The result of analysis shows the positive co-relationship of computer literacy and competency of tutor. More skilled tutor in the computer literacy had also higher competency level as a tutor. Especially, the information skills, one of the computer literacy was the core variable to effect the tutor’s competency.
  • 2.

    Linking Education, Employment and Welfare for National Human Resource Development:A Conceptualization of The Logical Structure

    Rha, Ilju , 서울대학교 , Hyeryung Jung and 1 other persons | 2007, 3(1) | pp.27~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The need to link education, employment and welfare for national human resource development has lately been claimed by both scholars and policymakers. However, the argument tends to be accepted without serious logical explorations. The purpose of this study is to explore the underlying logics of linking education, employment and welfare for national human resource development(NHRD). In this regards, the study tries to clarify the conceptual basis on the logical aspects of the discussion on the linkage among those three areas. The logical structures were explored by following subsequent three stages. Firstly, the study surveyed the common interests of the three areas along with the roles and philosophies of each area. Secondly, the study tries to extract some of the hidden implications and philosophies from the actual practices by investigating the cases of the national level policy implementations. Lastly, based on the first and the second stage findings, prototypes of the logical structure concerning the linkages among education, employment, and welfare were developed. The three dominating prototypes of the logical structure concerning the linkage were 1)logic of system optimization, 2)logic of national human resource development and 3)logic of solving imminent practical problems. The study concluded that the logical structures discovered in this study could be a sound starting point for the further discussion on the practical policymaking.
  • 3.

    A Study on Factors Influencing Students′ Intention to Participate in E-Learning Programs

    Yoo Sang Mi , Inyeob KIM , KIM, MI RYANG | 2007, 3(1) | pp.51~74 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    E-Learning is another way of teaching and learning. E-learning is a networked phenomenon allowing for instant revisions and distribution, and goes beyond training and instruction to the delivery of information and tools to improve performance. The benefits of e-learning are many, including cost effectiveness, enhanced responsiveness to change, consistency, timely content, flexible accessibility, and providing customer value. The proponents of e-learning stress the importance of using communities of interest to support and enhance the learning process. They also emphasizes that students learn more effectively when they interact and are involved with other students participating in similar endeavors. The purpose of this study is to identify the determinants of planned behavior toward e-learning lasses in commercial high school. This study developed a research model to analyze the factors explaining the intention to register in e-learning classes, employing ease of use, perceived usefulness, contents-quality, self-directed studying capability, ICT-skills, expectation from classes, technical aspect of web-site as major research variables. We collected close to 500 survey responses from the commercial high school students attending e-learning classes. The results indicates that the ease of use, perceived usefulness has some impact on the intention to use, but the technical aspects of web-site and contents did not appear significant to the flow. It was also found that contents-quality, self-directed studying capability, expectation from classes influence the perceived usefulness, and that self-directed studying capability and ICT-skills improve the level of easiness on e-learning classes.
  • 4.

    Expanding Open and Distance Education in an Era of Lifelong Learning

    John Daniel | 2007, 3(1) | pp.75~88 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The paper examines how developing countries can respond to the tremendous pressure to increase capacity in their higher education systems. It concludes that the profile of higher education in developing countries in the coming decades will include a larger role for ‘for-profit’ providers, distance learning and cross border education. One key to expansion is fees policy. Countries that wish to create effective systems will need to develop fees regimes that provide bursaries and loans for poorer students and do not create too great a disparity between public, private, and for-profit providers. Technological developments, notably the spread of connectivity and the movement to create Open Educational Resources (OERS) could allow price reductions in distance learning that will bring it within the reach of the poorest sections of society. Governments and institutions should encourage the OER movement by contributing materials under the most open licence possible. The huge increase in the size of the global higher education system will create challenges of quality assurance. International organisations are providing assistance in the form of guidelines for quality in cross-border education. Finally the complexity of the emerging lifelong learning system will call for competent leaders at all levels and the article concluded with advice for institutional heads.
  • 5.

    Approaches to Quality Assurance in Distance Education : with respect to Cross-Border higher Education

    Jung, Insung | 2007, 3(1) | pp.89~103 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper, based on the results of a series of surveys, offers an analysis of various approaches to quality assurance in distance education (including e-learning) in the context of cross-border higher education. It commences with a discussion of the exponential growth and changes of distance education and identifies four notions of quality and differing approaches to quality assurance in distance education at the institutional and national levels. Pedagogical and practical values, strengths and weaknesses of each approach are discussed with regard to cross-border higher education and example cases are provided. The paper concludes with a list of policy directions and argues that quality assurance mechanism of distance education should not be distinguished from that of conventional higher education especially at the national level.
  • 6.

    Analyses of Individual Differences in Social Demographic Variables to set up Adult Self-Regulated Learning Literacy Norm and Implications to Adult Online Learning

    Chengyun WANG | 2007, 3(1) | pp.105~113 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Online learning has been becoming a significant learning pattern different from traditional classroom learning in information society. Especially for adults, due to their learning characteristics in physical, social and psychological conditions, online learning is a comparatively suitable pattern for them to achieve learning targets. Basically, online learning is self-based and independent learning. Whether the individual has sufficient self-learning literacy or not will directly impact the effectiveness of learning. Unfortunately, the concrete analysis of self-learning literacy in the context of online has not been fully explored yet. The author therefore chooses self-regulated learning (SRL), a format of self-learning, and conducts relevant researches to reveal the specific elements of literacy. The aim of the paper is to extend the empirical findings of individual differences in SRL literacy, in terms of social demographic variables, to explore their implications to adult online learning. A 28 item SRL scale for adults is developed to carry out the empirical study. About 3800 adult samples in Taiwan are selected and measured their SRL literacy via a large scale of questionnaire survey, based on seven groups of social demographic variables. After analyses of individual differences in seven social demographic variables, Adult Self- Regulated Learning Literacy Norm is formulated for further research in norm reference comparison and other applications. The potential implications of the above empirical findings to adult online learning will further be revealed. Applicable recommendations will be raised to enhance individualized teaching and learning supports for effective adult online learning and to enrich adult’s online SRL literacy.
  • 7.

    The Current Situation and Futere Prospect of the E-learning Collaboration Activities of Korea National Open University

    yountoungja | 2007, 3(1) | pp.117~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In 1998, with the objective of maximizing the investment effectiveness for different materials and human resources between universities related to e- Learning, Korea National Open University (KNOU) formed the Korea Cyber Campus with 8 other universities. As of 2006 this Korea Cyber Campus Association (KCCA) expanded to 10 members. Concurrently with its establishment, Korea Cyber Campus Association’s priority was to develop e-learning contents to be taught to the students. The evaluation for these programs has been very positive. Students from the different universities could develop various activities, for example, questions and answers, open discussions towards given topics and report submission without any time-or-space restrictions. Since 2003 with the new challengeable objective in the global era, KNOU has been preparing an international collaboration through e-Learning content with financial support from the Ministry of Education. Eight subjects were completed by 2005, and more path-ways towards international collaboration are being explored. This research will analyze how KNOU has been developing the domestic collaboration activities according to scientific and technological changes as well as educational environmental trends and what their effects have been. Furthermore the future collaboration activities will be prospected, and the 8 internationalized subjects will be introduced and their collaboration methods will be discussed.