Journal of Lifelong Learning Society 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 3.62

Korean | English

pISSN : 1738-0057 / eISSN : 2671-8332
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2021, Vol.17, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the Generative Collective Learning that Drives Group Change: Focusing on the Journalist Group of Legacy Media

    DASEUL KIM | 2021, 17(3) | pp.1~32 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores the ‘development process of contradiction’ and the aspects of ‘generative collective learning’ driving the group change. To achieve this goals,this study explored the aspects of collective learning in which the group itself changes its structure and form in order to adapt to the change of context. Through this, this study attempted to clarify that collective learning played a role in defining the group’s own way of being, beyond learning activities in a narrow sense. In accordance with this purpose, the ethnography was conducted on the process of group change process of the journalist group in newspaper A. The findings are as follows: The contradiction structured within the group as the context changed acted as a driving force for group change, and the generative collective learning that emerged in the process of recognizing and overcoming the contradiction in the group qualitatively restructured the group. I found such generative collective learning was a process of organizational, communicative, and systematic changes in which the group undergoes emergent evolution.
  • 2.

    An Exploratory Study on the Learing Experiences of Middle-Aged Women: Focusing on the Consumer Cooperative Activities

    LEE RYOWHOA , LEE HEE SU | 2021, 17(3) | pp.33~57 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics and meaning of the learning experiences of middle-aged women participating in consumer cooperative activities. For that purpose, thirteen female participants female activists who have been involved in iCOOP cooperatives for more than three years were selected as research subjects and the qualitative research was conducted. As a result of study, four themes of implicative propositions were derived. The first theme is that Middle-aged women face a crisis due to conflicts in the opportunity to create a transformative meaning of life. The second theme is that Middle-aged women develop flexible coping skills to overcome conflict experiences. The third theme is that Middle-aged women lead the transformative meaning of awareness improvement and behavior change. The fourth theme is that Middle-aged women build her self-directed will to promote her learning experience. Based on these results, this study suggests several directions for co-op activities in the perspective of Lifism.
  • 3.

    Case Study on Academic Management of University Distance Education: Focusing on Universities That Operate Degree Programs Exclusively for Adult Learners

    Jin Hee Park , Sooyoung Kim | 2021, 17(3) | pp.59~84 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The study aims to analyze rapid changes in university education and prepare for the future educational environment. The research results of selecting six universities participating in the project, collecting data, and conducting interviews. First, the university has established a staff and organization dedicated to distance education as attempts to secure expertise and proactively respond to changes. Second, the learning disabilities of adult learners in distance education differed depending on digital literacy, so universities made efforts to carefully manage manuals and SNS. Third, quality management of classes varied depending on adult learners’ needs, regions, teaching methods, and the university was under efforts to improve the quality of learning contents in various ways, including teaching training and teaching method contests. At a time when the function of lifelong education and generalization of universities is important, distance education is very useful in that it can provide customized education required for adult learners. In order to prepare for future education in the digital transformation, it is necessary to continue research on the academic management of distance education.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Experience of Team Based Learning in Distance Learning Situation: Focusing on the Case of Adult Learners at the Graduate School of Education

    Jeong, Hanho | 2021, 17(3) | pp.85~123 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to examine adult learners’ experience of team based learning conducted remotely at the Graduate School of Education, leading to deriving and to derive implementation plans for online team based learning. This study found that when adult learners performed team based learning steps, they mainly experienced of team based learning related to ‘communication and interaction’, such as presenting opinions, mutual consultation, sharing, and coordination. And, it was found that adult learners learned ‘steps of team based learning methods under remote situations’, such as ‘contacting institution, planning, communication and consideration, visiting institution and interviewing, field investigation, preparation of presentation materials, report preparation’, etc. But, the study found that adult learners ‘experienced’ overall difficulties of team based learning, such as‘non-face-to-face communication, setting topic direction, visiting institution and contacting interviewees, and a variety if schedule adjustments’. Based on the above contents, this study suggested an effective team based learning methods in the non-face-to-face distance learning situation.
  • 5.

    Analysis of the Connection and Structural Characteristics of the Maeul Learning Community through Social Network Analysis: Focusing on the case of Wolsan–dong Maeul Learning Community

    Han, Hyejeong | 2021, 17(3) | pp.125~156 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study conducted social network analysis(SNA) to understand the connection relationship and the structural characteristics of the network among various participating entities by paying attention to the relational properties of the Maeul Learning Community. The Wolsan-dong Maeul Learning Community in Gwangju Metropolitan City was selected as an analysis case. As a result of the analysis, the degree of connection between participants is different, and the subjects who are establishing themselves as keymen can be identified. Second, it was forming an "open network" with a "weak connection" relationship, which had an open community structure of loose solidarity. Third, the role of the broker was increasing the connectivity and efficiency of the network, which is the vulnerability of the open network. In the end, bridge social capital formed through open structures of heterogeneous and diverse subjects and loose solidarity has shown a positive effect on revitalizing the community.
  • 6.

    Learners’ Perceptions toward Quality of Online Education and Factors Influencing Successful Online Learning: A Comparison between Open University and Regular University Students

    Ilkyoung Noh , Sue-Yeon Song , Kim Myungjin | 2021, 17(3) | pp.157~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to explore the perception of learners on the quality of online education and the contributing factors of successful online learning. The study particularly focuses on a variety of perceptions that students have towards online learning, via comparing the perceptions of open university students with regular university students. The major findings are as follows: first, open university students perceived online education more positively compared to regular university students; second, in comparing the these groups, open university students placed teaching factors as more important while regular university students indicated that institutional factors were crucial for the success of online education. Lastly, according to our regression models, all factors within the teaching dimension positively contribute to the success of online learning for open university students, whereas only the interaction factor turned out to be statistically significant for regular university students. The study highlighted the pivotal role of university management based on types of universities beside the varying levels of preparedness for performing successful online education.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Perception of Lifelong Education and Lifelong Educational Needs: Focused on Three Autonomous Regions of a District

    Kim Insook , YANG JI HEE | 2021, 17(3) | pp.179~212 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to propose a plan to revitalize lifelong education for the sustainable development of autonomous regions through the understanding perception of lifelong education and educational needs of adult learners. For this,the survey was conducted on 2,000 adult learners living in three autonomous regions of A district. The results are as follows: First, lifelong education perception has significant differences in participation purpose, main beneficiaries,environmental satisfaction and the way of information acquisition. Second, it is found that there is also a significant difference between the current implementation and the future importance of adult education programs in the three autonomous regions of A district, and the needs for lifelong education programs are different. Third, we derived plans to revitalize lifelong education of autonomous regions by combining analysis of existing data, awareness of lifelong education by three autonomous regions in A city, and analysis of educational needs. The results of this study are expected to be utilized as the basis for revitalizing lifelong education for the purpose of sustainable development of autonomous regions.
  • 8.

    A Study of Factors Affecting the Learning Outcomes of Semi–Older and Older Learners

    Lee Seung Yeong , Jiyoung Choi | 2021, 17(3) | pp.213~239 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of individual factors and of learning factors on semi-older and older learners about their learning outcomes. For this purpose, the data of “Survey on Lifelong Study at the Individual Level” 2020 by the Korean Educational Development Institute, which categorized learners aged 55∼64 and 65∼79 as semi-older and older learners, was used. The main findings of this study were as follows: First, the individual factors affecting learning outcomes were the level of education and life satisfaction in semi-aged learners, and economic activity and life satisfaction of elderly learners. Second, the learning factors that influence learning outcomes were program satisfaction and familiarity with digital learning mediums in semi-aged learners, and participation courses, program satisfaction, vocational ability programs, and digital learning media familiarity in elderly learners. Finally, it was confirmed that the learning outcomes of semi-older and older learners increased as they became familiar with digital media classes. Based on these findings, we presented that the elderly are re-examined as active learners, and from the viewpoint of lifespan development foraged population, a direction for effective development of education for the elderly is presented.
  • 9.

    An Analysis on Lifelong Learning Participation of Low-income Adults Using Lifelong Education Voucher

    Jong-Im Byun , Seo Youngah | 2021, 17(3) | pp.241~265 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the changes in low-income adults who experienced lifelong learning by using lifelong education vouchers. In order to achieve this goal, adult learners’s essays using lifelong education voucher was explored with focus on. Results were as the followings: First, low-income adults participate in lifelong learning with the hope of escape from negative reality and vague expectations of learning outcomes as a learning motivation. Second, the process of low-income adults participating in lifelong learning is composed of determination and courage to overcome psychological and social conditions caused by poverty. Third, through lifelong education low-income adults have experienced self-esteem in themselves, changes in the member of family, and social participation. The learning motivation and participation process of the learners reflects the situations of low-income adults. On the other hand, it was found that low-income adults experienced changes into ‘active learners’. These results suggest an increasing in lifelong education voucher support, and the need for learning counseling and consulting for low-income adults.
  • 10.

    The Effects of a Tutoring Program on University Students’ Core Competencies and Differences in Competencies According to Student Variables

    Kim, Myunghee , JangYunHo | 2021, 17(3) | pp.267~290 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effects of S university’s tutoring program on students’communication, problem-solving, and self-directed learning abilities, and the differences in these competencies based on student variables. To collect data, pre and post surveys of 372 students(184 in the experimental group and 188 in the control group) were conducted. The results showed that the communication and self-directed learning abilities of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group, and had significantly improved after the program. In addition, significant differences in communication, problem-solving, and self-directed learning abilities were found depending on the department to which the students belonged. In particular, the communication and problem-solving abilities of the Humanities group were higher than those of the Science and Engineering group. These results suggest not only that the tutoring program is effective in improving university students’communication and self-directed learning abilities, but also that it is necessary to establish strategies to cultivate students’ problem-solving abilities and to provide differentiated support for each department.