The rapid development of new technologies and widespread of networks demand a new paradigm in education to keep up with those newly emerged environment, In this context, e-learning, distance learning and the web-based online learning community have been paid plenty of attention from both theoreticians and practitioners, The primary interest in the web based online learning community(OLC) focuses on the collaborative learning. In the OLC, learners share information and knowledge by interactions based on reasoning and information exchange. However, similar to the face- to-face interaction, emotional aspects of communication cannot beelements frequently used in online learning communities 2) to categorize the emotional elements in reasonably small number of factors so that they can be easily used by practitioners 3) to find out the frequencies of the emotional factors in accordance with the dimensions of interactive messages(Henri, 1992).
Two hundred and forty elementary students and three teachers participated in this research. Participatory observation, questionaire and interviews were administered.
The result of the research showed that there are six dominant factors (pleasure, concern, disappointment, anger, pride and delightfulness) of emotional expressions in OLC, And also showed that there exists significant relationships between the emotion factors and the dimensions of messages. In other words, certain emotion factors are rather frequently used by certain dimensions of messages.
The importance of the integration of emotional factors in the designing of OCL was discussed and practical guidelines for the practitioners were suggested.