This study examines the current states and prospects of lifelong learning in terms of e-learning for the realizing lifelong learning, and explores their implications for policy making for e-learning in lifelong learning. Conceptually, e-learning itself is a form of lifelong learning and it serves as a method of teaching and learning for lifelong learning. This conceptual analysis provides four practical aspects of lifelong learning in terms of e-learning: state level lifelong learning, general-institute level lifelong learning, internet-based distance university, and corporate e-learning. Following the analysis of current states and future prospects of each practical aspect of lifelong learning, this study suggests three major implications for policy making regarding the realization of lifelong learning through e-learning. First, there should be a sort of long-term planning including e-learning to deal with the high demand of lifelong learning in the future. Second, there must be guidelines for emphasizing the development of various e-learning contents and teaching/learning methods. The e-learning can be used for distance learning contexts in which face-to-face learning is not available, and alternative methods such as simulation should be explored. Finally, there must be a systematic effort to make sure that e-learning contents and program have a level of high quality. The standard and areas of evaluation should be elaborated, and a credible evaluation institute should be established.