In this paper, we discuss the meaning of work, the relationship between
occupation and calling, and the purpose of work that are consistent with Christian
understanding. Everyone has his or her own view on the world of work.
Understanding this view within each counselee and biblical point of view of work
are the cornerstone of career counseling. Our primary calling is to a relationship
with God through faith in Jesus Christ. Furthermore, God calls each of us not only
to a self-actualization, but also to a life of stewardship. The Bible teaches that
everything we have are gifts God has entrusted to us to manage and use wisely for
the good of his kingdom. This paper briefly summarized a theoretical foundation
for vocational decision making and practical skills for the career counseling
process. Theories of occupational choice emphasis on assessing the interests,
abilities, and character of the worker. Trait and factor theory and career
development theory have been introduced. It is one thing to acknowledge the
theory and skill for career decision making and another to discern what God
wants us to do with our life and gift. Making our career decision is a partnership
effort between human being and God. God is ready and willing to do his part to
guide you into the work.
Many people believe that the reason their lives seem meaningless and unhappy
is due to their dissatisfaction of jobs. But according to Viktor Frankl’s
logotherapy which states that a person who knows the meaning to their life can
overcome any hardships in life, it is not the type of work that brings happiness,
meaning and value to one’s life, but the way a person sets his mental attitude
toward his or her job.
This article, with a Christian viewpoint, explores the meaning of work by
dividing the relational vocation with God as the first vocation and job-related
vocation as the second.
Thus through the etymologic, biblical, and Christian-historic meaning of the
word “job”, one must understand the meaning of a job not simply as something
that brings in wealth, but as a second vocation of calling from God; and that this
second vocation would be able to recover its true meaning through the calling of
the first vocation from God, or in other words through the restoration of a
relationship with Him.
But this article also indicates a problem of the protestant viewpoint of vocation
as understanding a job not as a second but first vocation. Secondly, since in career
counseling prevention is actually important, the article depicts about the
principles distinguishing the jobs God calls as second vocation. Lastly, through
the viewpoint of Christian counseling, the article examines the meaning of job
and the treatment of unemployment neurosis caused by unemployment.
Truly a job is a vocation given by God as a tool for making this world fit for
the coming of Kingdom of God. By recognizing wisely the calling of a vocational
job from God and by rejoicing and being thankful through that job would be the
way of life to return glory to the living God.
Career choice is one of the most important decisions to make as life choice.
But most people’s future educational paths and careers are decided by looking
outward to the influences of society and economic conditions, and not inward to
their own personalities and preferences. And they don’t get satisfaction on their
jobs and adapt in their career society.
This paper provides a critical discussion of the ongoing concern of career
theory and illuminates the career development and career decision factors on
Heer’s career choice theory. Futhermore, it proposes helpful advices and practical
tools for Christians as they manage their career in today’s changing workplace on
The result is that the career guidance and counseling should be in systematic
process of human development from childhood. And christian counseling has to
help christian clients choose appropriate career in Christ, and help the career be a
helpful tool to use one’s own talent that God gave and to achieve one’s selfrealization.
The purpose of this study was to explore variables affecting the psychological
crisis of married male early retirees. A survey was conducted by selecting health
status, social support, conjugal ties and bond with children as independent
variables, and retirement stress was selected as a parameter. The findings of the
study were as follows:
First, the older early retirees had a less amicable relationship with their spouses
and suffered more stress about retirement. Those in their 40s faced the most
general and personal crisis.
Second, stastic shows that the level of personal and general crisis is higher as
the early retiree get more stressed. In case of age group in less 40s, the level of
frustration gets higher as a tie between husband and wife gets lower.
Following by the result, we at the christian counsellor help them, get the
christian world on behalf of their vision, controlling of negative emotion and their
low self esteem. In addition, our goal for them is to recover the relationship with
our God. And finally they must change within God.
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of career counseling,
which used a career decision-making and self-concept statuses, on career
Counseling program of Christian students.
The research questions were: first, what differences exist between the career
decision-making statuses of before-after. second, what differences exist
between the self-concept statuses. for these purpose, we carried out the career
counselling program eight times with the single group before-after against 25
students of Christian university in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do area.
The main methods of statistic were frequency analysis, t-test, stepwise
regression. The statistical significance level was .05.
According to the results, we can draw conclusions as follows: The
meaningful difference between the career decision-making of students and the
test of self- concept. This counseling program improved the career decisionmaking
of students and points of will-self concept, faith-self concept among
the sub-elements of self-concept.
Heavy burdens of family duties, from housekeeping to raising children, bring
about women’s identity crisis in today’s Korean society. Many of them
experience a low self-esteem and a sense of resentment when those duties exhaust
their life energy with simple repetitions of labor without significant meaning.
However, children and family may continue to demand more from the women’s
side, considering their commitment taken for granted. John Calvin introduced
one’s job as a calling from God, which has put a solid foundation of the Western
capitalism, according to Sociologist Max Weber. Women’s duties for the family
equal a spiritual sacrifice to God from Calvin’s perspective. However, Calvin’s
understanding of gender roles of his day may provoke a keen dissention even
among his modern followers because of his ‘seemingly’ authoritarian position of
husband in the family. His own family, as a matter of fact, practiced mutual
respect and sincere care to one another. Without informed discernment, today’s
Christians may misunderstand his teachings about gender roles in the family by
essentializing women’s labor without full appreciation or compensation. By
providing proper theological meanings and by giving genuine appreciation for
women’s work at home, we may prevent them from deepening resentment and
The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of Christian learning
counseling program on the learning efficacy and ego identity formation of
Subjects were the first graders at middle school who have attended worship
every Sunday from H church and comprising 7 female students and 3 male
students. The members of experiment group and control group were 10
To assess pre and post effects between experiment group and control group
matched-samples t-test was used. Ego identity and learning efficacy using
comprehensive learning diagnostic test were measured for both experiment and
control groups before and after Christian learning counseling program.
To examine the research hypothesis that there is significant difference between
experiment and control groups before and after Christian learning counseling
program, independent-samples t-test was used.
As a result of testing the effects of Christian learning counseling program on
ego identity and learning efficacy, we identified that the mean scores of ego
identity and learning efficacy of experiment group who participated in the
program was improved compared to those of control group. Summarizing
findings from this study results, Christian learning counseling program has
positive effects on the learning efficacy and ego identity formation of Christian