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2007, Vol.9, No.

  • 1.

    Syndrome and Treatment of Children with Asperger’s Disorder

    Kang, Kyung Mi | 2007, 9() | pp.9~27 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Asperger’s disorder is one of several autism spectrum disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction and by restricted interests and activities. Asperger’ s disorder is different from the other autism spectrum disorder in having no general delay in language or cognitive development. Children with Asperger’s disorder approach others, but fail to react appropriately. They desire for friends, but they fail to develop friendships. Prevalence of Asperger’s disorder is around 1 child per 200-300 children. Although the prevalence estimates arise slowly, there is little consensus on diagnostic criteria for Asperger’s disorder. Recent researches focus only on cognitive aspects, by employing neurological tests. Many children with Asperger’s disorder are misdiagnosed with atypical autism. The purpose of this paper is to suggest typical syndrome that will be helpful to differentiate atypical autism from Asperger’s disorder. This paper also deal with screening tools that be helpful to prevent delayed diagnosis and then offers preventive methods and treatment.
  • 2.

    The healing Power of God-images in Pastoral Counseling for Christian Depression

    Kim Young-Hee Shim | 2007, 9() | pp.31~67 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Depression as flue of emotional disorder in the postmodern society affects our whole being, body, affection, cognition, will and spirit. Here, symptoms and causal factors of depression were examined. Inner dynamics of Christian depressed including excessive feelings of guilt and worthlessness about themselves and of the anger against other people, themselves and even against God, were examined. Depression may be partly in our genes, childhood experience, our way of thinking, our brains and ways of handling emotions. Generally it is said that recovery from depression can only come about through a continuous act of will, a self-discipline applied to emotions, behavior, and relationships in the here and now. But this study dealt with the problem of the Christian depressed with holistic approach, namely pastoral counseling approach with spiritual dimension, since we diagnosed depression affects our whole being. Accordingly, I took theological perspective and dealt with the contents of value system and quality of faith of the depressed by utilizing their God-images. It is the hypothesis of this study that through the true and biblical knowledge of God-images and experience of the goodness and therapeutic power of that Godimages, healing and recovery from depression comes about. Second hypothesis is that if people’s God-image change, their view to themselves, other people and world also change. Therefore, the content and role of God-images were scrutinized.
  • 3.

    A Pastoral Theological Reflection of Virginia Tech Massacre: Analysis of Seung-Hui Cho’s Individual and Relational Environments.

    Ha, Jae Sung | 2007, 9() | pp.68~95 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Seung-Hui Cho murdered 32 innocent people, leaving 25 wounded, in Virginia Tech massacre. Who was Cho and what made this terrible rampage happen? He demonstrated extreme shyness in childhood, and he seemed to have stored devastating anger in adolescence. His unique personality and a new environment as an immigrant conjointly contributed to the dreadful killings. Cho showed psychological traits of both social phobia and anti-social personality disorder. He had history of receiving therapy because of his unusual behaviors and thoughts. Social anxiety aggravated his inability in public speaking, which in turn collected peers’mocking. Humiliation and fear deepened his anxiety, and he was well aware of its causes clearly as other social phobics do. On the other hand, his mischievous behaviors on campus may explain a possible diagnosis of anti-social personality disorder. His aggression that was eventually realized in fact was previously organized and carefully planned, which is distinctive from those with anti-social personality disorder. In addition to his individual troubles, he experienced serious social isolation at school and even in his family. Pastoral theology points to both his individual problems and his social environments. Theological reflections of his case swing in ambivalence between two poles: his life as a victim and his killing of innocent people as a criminal. He had once been abused and now he abused other people’s rights as well as his own freedom of conscience. Therefore, pastoral theologians and counselors must understand the need of individual redemption and social reformation for a Christian healing through this incident.
  • 4.

    Understanding and Treating of Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts

    Kim, Jun Soo | 2007, 9() | pp.99~122 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The flow of human thought does not always follow a purposeful and task oriented. The human mind is a rich tapestry of constantly shifting thoughts, images, feelings, sensations, and impulses. The human thought is frequently interrupted by unwanted cognitive activity. Worry, distractions, attentional biases, memory lapses, mindwandering, daydreaming, ruminations, and obsessive thought are examples of mental processes that create cognitive interference and they play a significant role in a number of psychopathological conditions. There is increasing evidence that effective treatment of anxiety, depression, OCD, insomnia, and other conditions will require clinicians to target relevant distressing intrusive cognitions and the patient’s reaction to these thoughts. It is also clear that the primary difference between the unwanted intrusive thoughts in clinical and nonclinical individuals is on of degree rather than kind. The characteristics, responses, and appraisals of unwanted intrusive thoughts in clinical and nonclinical individuals find quantitative rather than qualitative between-group differences. Obsessional thoughts among OCD patients are experienced as ego-dystonic being inconsistent with perceptions of the self and important personal value systems. One of the most important features of thoughts associated with depressive thought intrusions is self-critical, ego-syntonic involving themes of personal loss and failure. Worry is a predominant feature of generalized disorder. It is a cognitive phenomenon, it is concerned with future events where there is uncertainty about the outcome, the future being thought about is a negative one, and this is accompanied by feelings of anxiety. Trauma related intrusions refer seeing the trauma reoccur , or visualizing what occurred immediately before or after the traumatic event in the form of broad range of cognitive phenomena that includes images, memories, and impulses. There are various theories concerning the origins of unwanted intrusive thoughts. Salkovskis suggests that they are a product of problem-solving capacity. Rackman commented that external cues are important in the provocation of unwanted intrusive impulses. Klinger suggests that the concept of current concern plays a central role in understanding the frequent, rapid shifts in thought content. The importance of right thinking is emphasized throughout the Scripture. In the book of Philippians, it reads, “Whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable-if anything is excellent or praseworthy-think about such things.”The Bible teaches that man’s feelings, passions and behaviors are subject to and conditioned by the way he thinks. However, the Bible uses the word heart to describe who we are at our core and as the source of what we think. Therefore, from the biblical counseling point of view, managing unwanted intrusive thoughts is possible by finding what cravings and beliefs ruling one’s heart and renewing it through Spirit-directed repentance and faith.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Issue of the Main Reason, Pattern and Treatment of Schizophrenia and Christian counseling

    Kim, Tae-Soo | 2007, 9() | pp.123~140 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to find the main reason and pattern of schizophrenia, to explore the proper treatment of schizophrenia, and to develop the method of Christian counseling. The beginning of schizophrenia is typically during adolescence or early adulthood. Some people recover very quickly from schizophrenia, whereas others deteriorate progressively after the initial onset of symptoms. The disorder was originally defined by Emil Kraepelin, who emphasized the progressive course of the disorder. Eugen Bleuler coined the term schizophrenia, proposing that disturbances in speech and emotion are the fundamental symptoms of the disorder. The negative symptoms of this disease have given increased emphasis in DSM-IV. The manual requires evidence of a decline in the person’s social or occupational functioning, as well as the presence of disturbed behavior over a continuous period of at least six months. The DSM-IV recognizes many subtypes of schizophrenia, such as disorganized, catatonic, and paranoid types, that are based on prominent symptoms. The writer presented an evangelical theory, ‘agape counseling’which was a Christian counseling as an alternative to assist schizophrenia patient.
  • 6.

    Christian Counseling and Psychopathology

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2007, 9() | pp.141~167 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This article proposes that Christian counselor has to take a more evangelical robust view of psychopathology in order to set up a discrete identity of Christian counseling in the process of counseling. It mentions that Christian counseling needs to make an effort to give prominence to the place of Jesus Christ to discern the perfect normal state of human being alongside his salvation and the order of creation. It examines several aspects of the diagnostic methods, an expert system to aid medical diagnosis, and it’s limitation. The other issue discussed in this article is that three suggestions to integrate Christian perspective on the abnormal condition into the scenery of the Christian counseling; (1) spiritual assessment, (2) an acknowledgement of the importance of the sin, (3) deepening our understanding of the biblical principle about human motivation and psychopathology.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Christian Counseling for adolescence Eating Disorder

    Oh, Yoon Sun | 2007, 9() | pp.168~192 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The Purpose of this study was on the Christian Counseling of the adolescence eating disorder behavior and its treatment. Eating Disorders appears to be far more prevalent in industrialized societies, in which there is an abundance of food and in which, especially for females -More than 90% of cases of Eating Disorders occur in female adolescence-, being considered attractive is linked to being thin. The Eating Disorders are characterized by severe disturbances in eating behavior. This section includes two specific diagnoses, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Anorexia Nervosa typically begins in mid to late adolescence(age 14- 18 years). of individuals admitted to university hospitals, the long-term mortality from Anorexia Nervosa is over 10%. Death most commonly results from starvation, suicide, or electrolyte imbalance. The lifetime prevalence of Bulimia Nervosa among women is approximately 1%-3%. There are many factors that may cause an adolescent to become Eating Disorders, but the following are the most prominent: Sociocultural Influences, Pain, Perfectionism, Need for Control, Faulty Thinking. adolescence Counselor, pastor or teacher who suspects or knows a adolescence person is suffering from eating disorder should first approach God in prayer for wisdom and sensitivity and then implement the following response: listen, empathize, affirm, direct, refer.
  • 8.

    Narrative Therapy in the Bible

    Lee, Hyun Kyung | 2007, 9() | pp.193~217 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper proposed the premise and practicum of narrative therapy in the Bible with Biblical world view. The perspective of the narrative therapy practiced in the Bible cannot be isolated from the ‘Christian culture and language. A discourse is made up stories, action and text. It is to propose that we live by the stories that we have about our lives, that these stories actually shape our lives, constitute our lives, and that they “embrace”our lives. This is to proposed the human beings are interpreting beings-that we are active in the interpretation of our experiences as they live their lives. It’s to propose that It’s not possible for human bing to interpret human’s experience without access to some frame of intelligibility, one that provides a context for experience, one that makes the attribution of meaning possible. And, stories constitute this frame of intelligibility. The Bible’plot includes “moving story”. Bible story is developed events, sequence, time, and a plot. It’s to propose that depends on Text plot, christian’s identity can change. The story plot has the connective role among life events. If clients illuminate their problem differently, they can see the possibility to held alternative story plot, and their identities are creating in the narrative therapy.
  • 9.

    Effective Method for Home work in Christian Counseling

    JOSEPH JEON | 2007, 9() | pp.218~238 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This is to clarify the on assignment in Christian counseling. Secular counseling have researched into home work frequently. Christian counseling, however did not dealt with home work enough. Home work is very important resource for effectiveness of counseling to in Christian counseling. Generally, to give an assignment to a client is a method of humanistic psychology and behavioral counseling. In Christian counseling, a counselor ought to give the Bible reading, prayer etc. as a home work to a counselee. This researcher did not study on various sorts of home work. The researcher dealt with notion of home work of counseling, effectiveness, quantity, methods(importance, difficulties, check, result etc.), danger, specific character of Christian counseling.