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2004, Vol.3, No.

  • 1.

    Holy Spirit's Work for Client's Change

    JOSEPH JEON | 2004, 3() | pp.8~33 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This research is to clarify on Holy Spirit's works in individual Christian counseling for a client's change. Secular psychotherapy is unable to solve client's problems fundamentally and effectively. Evangelical counseling ought to use not psychological technique but means of grace. Holy Spirit has to be foundation of Christian counseling. Ultimate purpose of Christian counseling is to be effective change of a client. Counseling without Holy Spirit is not useful counseling for a church. Secular counseling was based on the psychotherapy that ignores work of Holy Spirit. Accordingly, Christian counseling does not accept secular psychotherapy totally. Those who counsel biblically recognize Holy Spirit as the main body of clients' change. Fundamentally, intervention, analysis, restoration, and change for a client are work of Holy Spirit.
  • 2.

    The Effective Verification of Inferiority Complex Therapy Program which Combined with Christian Counseling and Cognitive Therapy -in focused on self-concept and self-esteem

    SooMyungShim | 2004, 3() | pp.34~64 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The man who has inferiority complex criticizes himself because of low self-esteem. This sense of inferiority affects man's behavior and performs one of the strongest influences in forming character. We could witness many christians were suffering due to inferiority complex in pastoral circumstances. We could also observe discouraged many christians who had more potentials to develop themselves because of this sense of inferiority. So, to help them restoring the image of God, the therapy for their inferiority complex is essential. This study is to develop the program to heal the sense of inferiority by combining Christian counseling and cognitive therapy and to verify its effectiveness. Verifying the result, the persons which took this inferiority therapy program showed improvement on self-esteem and self-concept in general aspects-physical, moral, character, home society, and capability. So, we hope this program could be performed as helping program for Korean christians to accept themselves as it is, to restore their self-esteem that was given by the God, and to take themselves as invaluable existence. The significance of this program was the firstly developed program for inferiority complex and it combined the Christian counseling and cognitive therapy.
  • 3.

    the Dynamics of Change in Pastoral Counseling in the 21st Century.

    Kim Young-Hee Shim | 2004, 3() | pp.65~90 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    A quantum leap in scientific and technological development brought the change in social structure. And the coming of Postmodernism in the human society brought a sense of great confusion. The essence of Postmodernism is the denial of truth, hyper-consumerism, de-traditionalization, and moral spinout. As a result the human personality is desolated and spirituality is drying out. On this earth, there are so many wars, natural disasters, strives between religions and tribes. Therefore, the human races face so many troubles and were put into crises. In this article the dynamics of change in Pastoral Counseling was examined. The nature of Pastoral counseling in Postmodern society was concluded as first, with spiritual dimension, second, for the experience of God's presence (being with) through the empathic listening, and third, with storytelling method. The dynamics of change was studied: Change can occur with non-critical atmosphere, and only when the counselee feels the necessity of change and as a result only when the counselee willingly and voluntarily determine to stand up for the change. Change can occur when counselor and counselee meet in equality of being human and have equi-human address. Change was viewed as a work of Holy Spirit. In the process of change, counselor works as a catalyst of change not the subject of change. Change can be vitalized with the objective realism which includes the capacity of unhindered receptivity, pure discernment, and creativity. Change also occur with a new perspective which is the perspective of faith and theology at the core of which the understanding of the meaning of cross and resurrection. Also there is therapeutic impact of God-image that is, as parents, redeemer, Savior, and soul friend. Therefore, pastoral counseling has to examine the personal life story in the perspective of God-image and find out if there is any distortion or dysfunction of faith, and reframe the whole data and the meaning of information to provide vision and hope.
  • 4.

    Three Resources of Christian Counseling for Changing

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2004, 3() | pp.91~114 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The central issue discussed in this article is that three resources of Christian counseling would help one to grow into personal maturity. It involves the question of accepting the important role of Christian counseling in the maturing process of a person and thus achieving change and maturity. There are many biblical statements of maturity: 1) that maturity is the putting off our old self and putting on the new self; 2) that maturity is better described as dynamic process rather than static state; 3) that change is occurred when we live according to Holy Spirit. Sin is the primary problem the counselor must deal with in this process, and the Word of God is foundational to all significant and lasting life change. Then, this article analyzes three resources-mind, interpersonal relationships, and healing-from a maturational orientation in order to prove that they play a central role in growing and maturing. First, the role of the mind is evaluated in the context of the change process followed, finally, by a Christian rationale of cognitive therapy. The essence of a person is revealed in our mind about personal identity, quality of life, and personal responsibility. The renewal of mind unto biblical truth needs ongoing repentance and obedience in the power of the Holy Spirit. Second, the article shows the need for the influence of maturity provided by relationship with God and others. Relationship including spiritual role modeling is powerful in shaping the life. Christian counseling, with its concern to the processes of growing and maturing in relationships, has a biblical frame of reference which positively reinforces a developing maturity in relation to God, as well as others. Third, the awareness of hurt in a counselee's personal past and its healing have a significant influence upon his change of his manner of life. Change occurs in the present. It involves acceptance and catharsis of the hurts, and repentance of the distorted values, and the releasing from the past and putting on of new behavior patterns.
  • 5.

    'Agape' counseling: A new paradigm among various theories of counseling

    Kim, Tae-Soo | 2004, 3() | pp.115~133 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Today various theories in the field of psychology have been introduced: Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis or Carl Rogers' client-centered therapy. On the other hand, Jay E. Adams who was a Protestant counselor introduced a theory of 'Nouthetic' counseling which was based on the bible as a biblical counseling. In the midst of various theories of psychology and counseling, the writer needed to give a presentation an evangelical theory that could give the life and the agape love of Jesus Christ to the client. In this reason, the writer tried to deal with the issue of 'agape' counseling through this thesis. The writer got a hint from Jesus' examples of counseling in the bible and made a new title as a new paradigm of counseling among lots of theories. In the first chapter the writer deals with the issue concerning not only the concept of 'agape' counseling but also the biblical background of it. In the second chapter there is the purpose of 'agape' counseling. In the third chapter the writer deals with the theories of some scholars in the relationship of 'agape' counseling. In the fourth chapter the writer introduces some examples that Jesus concretely counseled and they could be a standard sample. Finally, the writer handled the concrete ways for effective 'agape' counseling: First, use the language of love. Second, listen to the client carefully. Third, be kind to the client. Fourth, keep good etiquettes. Fifth, counsel as the words of God's truth. This 'agape' counseling is the first theory that the writer presented as a new paradigm of Christian counseling, but not the last theory that the writer gave a presentation as a completed theory. Therefore, there is the task for the writer to formulate a system of this 'agape' counseling in the various theories of the 21st century.
  • 6.

    Seelsorge in systemischer Perspektive: Zur seelsorgerlichen Theorie ber Menschen als System

    Kwang-Hyun Choi | 2004, 3() | pp.134~151 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Innerhalb der Praktischen Theologie ist der Ort fr die Behandlung von Leitungs- und Steuerungsfragen die theologische Kybernetik. Wer die 'Kybernetik" in der Praktischen Theologie heute stark machen will, kann dies nicht tun ohne ein Verstndnis des systemischen Denkens, das sich in biologischen, naturwissenschaftlichen und sozialwissenschaftlichen Bereichen entwickelt. Die Gemeindeleitung bercksichtigt die Beziehungsebene und interpretiert sie im Horizont des systemischen Denkens. Auf der Basis des systemischen Denkens im Zusammenhang mit der Kybernetik kann die Gemeinde als System und auch als ein vernetztes System betrachtet werden. Die familientherapeutische Schule stellt Konflikte in den Zusammenhang des Systems und betrachtet Konflikte eines individuellen Familienmitglieds als den Ausdruck eines Problems im Umfeld. Aus familientherapeutischer Sicht wird das Systemisches Denken meint nicht spezifisch die Theorie des Systems, die als eigentliche Systemtheorie vor allem durch N. Luhmanns entfaltet wurde, sondern umfasst die Flle verschiedener Anstze, die statt vom Einzelnen aus vom sozialen System her denken. Im systemischen Denken ist auch ein Verstndnis von Konflikten enthalten. Die Suche nach ntzlichen Erklrungen der Konflikte und Leiden hat in der therapeutischen Praxis zur bernahme systemischen Denkens gefhrt. Die Konfliktdiskussion gewinnt eine neue Bedeutung durch systemisches Denken, das das Beziehungssystem und Kommunikationssystem reflektiert. Der systemische therapeutische Ansatz, der auf dem systemischen Denken basiert, betrachtet den einzelnen Menschen im Beziehungsgefge seines Umfelds und sieht menschliche Konflikte als Ausdruck bestimmter Beziehungsmuster und Kommunikationsmuster. Auf der Basis des systemischen Denkens lassen sich Familien oder auch andere Organisationen wie kirchliche Gemeinden aufgrund ihrer internen und externen Beziehungen und Strukturen als Systeme von Menschen in wechselseitiger Interaktion betrachten.
  • 7.

    Adolescence's Self-Esteem and Parental Authority -in focus on the Christian Faith-

    Jinyoung Lee | JOSEPH JEON | 2004, 3() | pp.152~177 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to clarify the relation between Adolescence's self-esteem and parental authority. The groups observed in this study were 934 students from 9 junior high- and high schools located in metropolitan areas including Suwon, Anyang, Gwachon as well as Seoul. In this study are amended questionnaires of PAQ and HSS based on the preliminary inquiry on a child with authentic confidence. PAQ was deployed by John R. Buri in 1991 and HSS was deployed by Bruce R. Hare in 1985. Both of them were adapted by Joseph Jeon in 2004. Statistics are compiled from the collected data based on two-way ANOVA using SPSS(Statistical Package for The Social Science) 11.0 at Sungkyul University. The below are Conclusions: Firstly, a Adolescence's self-esteem is highly subject to his/her Parental authority. Those perceiving their parents' authority in a authoritative way posted the highest marks in terms of a Adolescence's self-esteem. On the other hand, those understanding their parental authority in an authoritarian way made lowest marks. Second, Christian fathers showed higher level of respect for his child's self-esteem at home. Lastly, there is no subordinate relationship between mathers' Christian Faith and a Adolescence's self-esteem at home upon parental authority. In conclusion, parents' Christian Faith (especially fathers') is functioning as a key factor in forming their child's sound self-esteem. And further on, Christian counseling and parental education program within church can substantially help solve the difficulties and problems children are undergoing.
  • 8.

    Relationship between Christian Faith Mutuality and Self Esteem in Korean Theologians

    Bae Eun Joo | 2004, 3() | pp.178~189 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This research is to clarify that relationship between Christian faith mutuality and self esteem in Korean theologians. The object of this research is theological seminary students. Problems of this research are as followings: 1) Is there relationship between Christian faith mutuality and self-esteem in Korean theologians? 2) What is the having influence to Christian faith? 3) What is the influence to Christian faith by background variance of theologian. The conclusion is that there is significant differently relationship between Christian faith mutuality and self-esteem in Korean theologian. Christian self-esteem is from there faith to God, belief in Christ, salvation and assurance of salvation. Especially, assurance of salvation and faith mutuality are very beneficial influences to Christian faith. Accordingly, a church ought to guide, educate and counsel a Christian in order to get firmly self-esteem through assurance of salvation.