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2012, Vol.19, No.

  • 1.

    Understanding and Tasks of Biblical counseling in Korean Church

    Hyung Joon Jun | 2012, 19() | pp.9~46 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we review the tasks of Biblical counseling in Korean Church from the viewpoint of biblical counseling. To this end, we first reviewed evangelical theology, which states that we shall witness the truth of being justified by faith, which means we are saved only by faith. The core of this faith is that Jesus Christ is God, and the belief of his suffering, death, resurrection, lifting to the heaven and the second coming. We conclude that we should follow the biblical view of humanity in order to provide better Biblical counseling. We also reviewed the history of Biblical counseling in relation to the history of the Korean church. The tasks of Biblical counseling in Korea are: 1) to establish the theology of Biblical counseling; 2) to determine the tasks to be carried out by the Korean church; 3) to determine what tasks are necessary to restore human dignity; 4) to determine and carry out the tasks necessary to restore family health; 5) to determine and carry out the tasks necessary to achieve holistic health; 6) to determine and carry out the tasks necessary for addiction treatment; and 7) to determine and carry out the tasks necessary for spiritual development. We are eagerly looking forward to seeing healthy churches and a healthier society by spreading the Biblical counseling movement led by the Korean Evangelical Counseling Society.
  • 2.

    Analysis of Client Problem Characteristics of Christian Tele-Counseling

    Hahn Sook Ja | Moon-Sook Kim | 2012, 19() | pp.49~73 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research provides an analysis of problem patterns dealt with Christian tele-counseling clients. After cross analysis of client characteristics (gender, age, marital status, duty at church, faith history) with following problems: faith related issues, marriage issues, children issues, diseases related issues and interpersonal relationship issues. The analysis of client characteristics and counseling issues shows the following. Men's most frequent issue is faith and interpersonal relationship. Female clients, faith and marriages issues are most frequent. In all age groups, faith related issues are the most frequently request counseling topic. Married clients show marriage and children issues as their top counseling needs where as singles requests counseling for disease related issues and dating issues. Deacons and Pastors requests faith related issues the most. Female elders requests children issues as their most discussed issues, and both male elders and pastor’s wives raise marriage issue the most. People with all length of faith has faith and marriage problem as their top issues, where as Christians with less than 5 years in their faith show disease related issue as their top topic. Analysis shows that gender and marital status has a statistical significance. But age, duty at a church, duration of faith showed no statistical significance.
  • 3.

    Biblical Models for Spirituality Recovery of the Elderly : Centered on Moses and Caleb

    Kim Mi Kyung | 2012, 19() | pp.74~99 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The senescence has significance as the final developmental stage of life. People at senescence are desirous of spirituality more than any other developmental stages due to the occurrence of mental problems such as physical deficit, anxiety, sense of loss and depression, etc, as the unavoidable aging process. Accordingly, old people are influenced by spiritual matters more strongly than any other age groups. Spirituality relieves depression making their lives fulfilling as an element closely related to ego-integrity. Thus, spiritual well-being at old age could wield positive influence over a crisis of destruction of well-being by providing the goals, meanings and sense of integration of living. Like this, the weight and meaning of religious spirituality of the people at old age among life-span grow greatly in particular in individual lives. Christian spirituality enables wholistic ego-integrity through recovery of well-being state in the present site of living in holistic healthy and full centering around by God through the establishment of relationship with God. We can see those detailed examples through the lives of people in the Bible. They are showing throughly how they seek for the solution fighting ultimate problems such as meaning of life, pain, dying without giving up the hope for the bright future through the faith in God in the way of accepting themselves in the present. Today, as aging is so rapid in Korea society, an in-depth discussion on the mental health and spiritual well-being of the elderly in Christian counseling way is so desperate now than ever.
  • 4.

    Church's Family Ministry with a Perspective of Congregational Studies

    Kim, Jun | 2012, 19() | pp.100~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this essay is to propose that congregational studies could provide a perspective for congregation's family ministry's application in and harmonious ministries for the congregation. Many church leaders and congregations have realized the problem in and needs of families in congregation and got more interested in family ministry for the congregation. At the same time, however, they have realized the uneasiness to launch family ministry. This essay points out the lack of concerns on the actual practice of family ministry in congregation and potential problems in the process of family ministry, and then, suggests that congregation need to understand the definition of family ministry that set the boundary and scope of family ministry. More concretely, it introduces congregational studies and suggests the importance of understanding ministry philosophy and leadership, existing elements of family ministry, and resources for family ministry through the perspective of congregational studies. In conclusion, the essay states that family ministry should be "tailored family ministry" fitting to the situation and context of congregation and transform into the congregation "embedded" with nurture and support for families in congregation.
  • 5.

    The Effects of the Character Strengths on Depression and Anxiety between Christian University Students and Non-Christian Ones

    Miha Park | KIM EUN HYE | 2012, 19() | pp.125~156 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to examine the effects of the character strengths on depression and anxiety between Christian university students and non-Christian ones. The population of this study was limited to 290 university students examined by Inventory of Strengths, Self-Rating Depression Scale, and State-Trait anxiety Inventory. The findings of the study are as follows. First, there were significant differences statistically between Christian and non-Christian in 19 characters strengths except open-mindedness, persistence, authenticity, self-regulation, and fairness. Second, there was a negative correlation between most character strengths and the depression of university students. Optimism, appreciation of beauty and excellence, self-regulation and prudence explained the depression of Christian university students. However, optimism explained the depression of non-Christian ones. Third, the anxiety of university students had negative correlation with most character strengths. Optimism explained the anxiety of Christian university students, while love and self-regulation explained that of non-Christian ones. Therefore, the character strengths of university students are so effective variables to decrease depression and anxiety that a differentiated counseling should be given to them.
  • 6.

    Christian Counselor and the Importance of Establishing a Christian Worldview

    Park, Yoon Jeong | 2012, 19() | pp.157~187 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Christian counselors always treat the matter of human beings. And it is very important to set in the right perspective on human beings. In other words, it is the essential mission for Christian counselors to reconsider the correct direction by judging from the Christian view. This study argues that the core of the direction is applying Christian worldview to human being and Christian counseling. The main goal of Christian counseling makes people grow to one's whole personality through his or her changes in worldview, which has to be based on God’s grace and Holy Spirit. The real change can be started from restoring the relationships with God and the renewal of worldview according to sound biblical perspective. This should come before actual changes. Also, the worldview can be changed effectively through Christian counselling, especially, led by Christian counselors having a proper worldview. For Christian counselors, therefore, it should be preceded to establish the desirable Christian worldview. Recognizing the importance of Christian worldview, this study emphasizes on having the right worldview, which is essential element for changing of both christians and non-christians. Another reason why the study focuses on the worldview is to avoid compromising with clients who don’t have the firm worldview, and to practice the sincere Christian counseling by building Christian worldview among them.
  • 7.

    The Past, Present, and Future of the Evangelical Christian Counseling

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2012, 19() | pp.188~216 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This article seeks the answer to the question, “What is the Evangelical Christian counseling?” Although the question seems to be obvious and theoretical, it will be a meaningful pursuit in order to figure out the current status of the Evangelical Christian counseling, keep its identity and restore correctly its significance. The first focus is upon the traditional understanding of evangelical theology, evangelical faith, and core values of the movement. Second, the article exams the definition and distinctives of Christian counseling accepting in the Anglosphere. It gives us far more clear understanding of the features of the Evangelical Christian counseling which need to be built and recovered today. In addition to the precedent study on this topic, evangelization, discipleship, sin, and the Scripture are emphasized. After setting up the category of the Evangelical Christian counseling, the article focuses more specifically on the relationship of Biblical counseling, Christian psychology, and integration view to evangelicalism. Third, the article suggests some areas of research and practice related to building up the Evangelical Christian counseling. And then, it discusses Christian counselor’s spirituality, spiritual resources from Christian sour care tradition, the necessity of integrating several topics from a Christian world view, and new framework of Christian counseling.
  • 8.

    The Effect of a Forgiveness Program on Forgiveness Experience and Self-esteem of the Christian Adolescents

    Oh, Yoon Sun | 2012, 19() | pp.217~244 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a forgiveness program on forgiveness experience and self-esteem of the Christian adolescents. Data were collected from 30 high schools students who were the Christians. This study confirmed the results as follows. First, as a result of homogeneity test between the experimental group and the control group, the sub-regions of forgiveness experience and self-esteem are such that p=.413/p=.331 do not show significant difference statistically in scores. Second, as a result of analysis of the pre-post differences, the average scores forgiveness experience pre(M=66.65)-post(M=78.21)and self-esteem pre(M=35.21)-post (M=39.28) of the experimental group of a forgiveness program are relatively showed a significant difference compared to the average scores pre(forgiveness experience M=66.10,self-esteem M=35.38)-post(forgiveness experience M=66.12,self-esteem M=34.21)of the control group. While a significant level of forgiveness experience and self-esteem of the control group are meaningless, a significant level of forgiveness experience p<.01 and self-esteem p<.05 showed statistically significant in the experimental group. In the above results, forgiveness program has been proven to be effective of the adolescents' forgiveness experience and self-esteem.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Practice of Pastoral Counseling for the Elderly in the Aging Society

    Kwang-Hyun Choi | 2012, 19() | pp.245~269 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In the situation of aged society, Christian churches need to execute pastoral counseling for the aged and their families. However, going beyond quantitative and material approaches to elderly problems, the church should be able to present new elderly counseling programs and pastoral visions. It is because aging is one of the most important issues not only to the country and society but also to Korean Churches and it should be solved with active alternatives. The growing population of adults over the age of 65 continues to outstrip our provision of services. Pastoral theology for the aged approach in the field of counseling and gain strength in various field. But there in no official report this applied in elderly counseling. This thesis endeavored to apply Pastoral theology for the aged approach to the elderly. Pastoral elderly program operators should carry out ministry in the ways of forming friendliness with elders, understanding their mind, and embracing them. Moreover, elders should be treated with knowledge and insight, and respected as whole persons rather than as beneficiaries of education or welfare. In this way, the churches should imbue elders with life and power so that they can lead their own life in a new spirit as creative and organic contributors.
  • 10.

    Resources of Theological Education for the Prevention of Pastor's Sexual Abuse

    Ha, Jae Sung | 2012, 19() | pp.270~295 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Pastor's sexual abuse brings about disastrous results in every way. It is a betrayal against the One who is calling him to his service and the congregation to which he is called for ministry. It is also a spiritual assault against the church member(s) by violating his or her dignity and autonomy of sexuality. Rather than healing the victim or accusing the perpetrator aftermath, therefore, the prevention of pastor's sexual abuse in advance is much more valuable and economical in saving the church's energy. First of all, pastors and seminarians must learn that sexuality is part of their life and ministry. The stronger their obsessions against sexuality for the sake of "sacred" ministry, the more chances they will get to act out the suppressed desires. Second, pastoral authority and power must be subject to their self-inspection in order to prevent abuse. The acknowledgement of pastoral power helps discern its dynamcs for or against the parishioner and protect her from the blind patriarchal power in the church. Third, pastoral leaders must monitor the countertransference that is unconsciously and deceptively happening within themselves. Last but not least, a new theological focus on the victim will result in revealing the truth and realizing justice.
  • 11.

    The Effect of Improved Spiritual Well-being in the Elderly on Reducing Death Anxiety

    JOSEPH JEON | Kyungok Han | 2012, 19() | pp.296~323 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The thesis is aimed to discover the possible ways of helping the elderly, who are facing death, to reduce their anxiety level while increasing peaceful mind of spirit. With no doubt, death is the biggest fear of all for the elderly people. Although there has been a significant mount of physiological and medical research for resolving different types of issues raised by physical aging of the elderly, there has been a lack of spiritual approach to the issue. The Bible regards death as more than physical or natural. It is rather spiritual from its view. It is a door to the eternity. Therefore the church should be able to suggest a way of spiritual maturity based on physical and psychological status of the old. It should develop more self-learning opportunities for the elderly people by providing them various programs, such as spirituality seminars and biblical lectures. As a result, educating death preparation will become one of the most important roles of the local church. Among all religions, only Christians hold resurrection as a doctrinal faith. Therefore, when church's spiritual view of death is clearly established, the elders will overcome the fear and reduce their anxieties concerning the death with faith in resurrection.