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2015, Vol.23, No.2

  • 1.

    The study of Christian Counseling about the Positive Psychology - focused on Psychology of Happiness -

    Kang, Yeon Jeong | 2015, 23(2) | pp.9~37 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Traditional psychology, focusing on negative and pathologic parts of each individual, believed that curing and changing those symptoms could solve the problems and increase the feeling of happiness. However, positive psychology, recently on the rise, is an approach which tries to increase the optimal feeling of happiness and improve the quality of life by developing and enhancing the positive aspects of each individual. Positive psychology is also known as psychology of happiness. The psychology of happiness has many points to be criticized from the perspective of christianity because it is a humanistic approach based on the development of human potential and possibilities. The true biblical happiness means to have a right relationship with God and enjoy the 'blessing' from God. The biblical blessing is not easy to understand, sounds paradoxical, and sometimes goes with trial and pain because it has different meaning and level from the happiness in psychology. Happiness theory of positive psychology is thought in the level of aims, contents, methods, and results of Christian life. Christians will experience the true biblical happiness when they make efforts to enjoy the 'blessing' from the perspective of the Bible in the true relationship with God. And Christian Counselors must to analysis the critical points about positive psychology and to study the possibilities of acceptance and integration in the perspective of Christian worldview.
  • 2.

    Christian Counseling based Care to Prevent Elderly Suicide: Focused on Narrative Therapy

    Kim Mi Kyung | 2015, 23(2) | pp.41~68 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to make Christian counseling suggestions based on narrative therapy in order to prevent elderly suicide whose rate is the highest in the life cycle. According to the domestic and foreign studies, religiosity and spirituality is the protection factor to lower elderly suicide rate. Based on the result, through the narrative therapy, this study tried to intervene to prevent elderly suicide from the perspective of Christian counseling. The Christian counseling suggests based on narrative therapy to prevent elderly suicide are presented as follows: First, the story saturated with elderly issues leads into an alternative story newly Secondly, story transition should bring about the creation of life meaning. Thirdly, a client's sad and despairing story should be re-authored to a story to recover the client's crushed self-esteem. Fourthly, it is required to connect human narrative with God's narrative through active religious activities like church service. Fifthly, it is necessary to build cooperative relationship through re-membering service that provides the elderly with the unique wisdom and practice of Christianity. Sixthly, with the application of the reflecting team of narrative therapy, it is needed to enrich individuals' life experience. By making the suggestions, this study is meaningful in the point that it re-constructs narrative therapy from the Christian perspective and finds the practical and clinical implication to prevent elderly suicide.
  • 3.

    A Case Study on Christian Counseling for the Reduce of Psychological Anxiety of Selective Mutism in the Adolescents

    kim, Sangin | 2015, 23(2) | pp.69~102 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The selective mutism is an psychological anxiety disorder in which a person who is normally capable of speech does not speak in specific situations or to specific people. The selective mutism usually coexists with shyness, social psychological anxiety, and social phobia. Also, the adolescents who have experienced trauma are known communication disorder to suddenly stop speaking. The selective mutism can contribute to chronic depression, further anxiety, and other interpersonal relation and emotional problems. The medical treatment of this disorder is medication to with phenelzine and fluoxetine. The skills of counseling psychology is art therapy, music therapy, game play therapy, play therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and family therapy. But this study is qualitative case research with Christian counseling for the reduce of psychological anxiety of selective mutism in the adolescents. The participant is 17-year-old boy to have psychological anxiety by selective mutism’ symptom. This case research implemented to be 9 times of individual counseling. The Christian counseling for the reduce of psychological anxiety is Bible leading, intercessory prayer, and worship service. The result of research has been reduced of psychological anxiety by 35.7% than in pre-test, decreased 21.9% than in after-test. In addition, participant has been improved communication with the mother. In the above result, Christian counseling’ skill has been proven to be effective for the reduce of psychological anxiety of adolescents’ selective mutism.
  • 4.

    Effects of the Transcendence Virtues of Christian Young Adults on Religious Well-being and Existential Well-being

    bakmiha | 2015, 23(2) | pp.103~128 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to verify the effects of transcendence virtues of Christian young adults on religious well-being and existential well-being. As for research object, 238 Christian young adults were selected and transcendence virtues, religious well-being scale and existential well-being scale were conducted. As for data analysis, SPSS 18.0 was used. The results are as follow. First, it was found that there was a positive correlation among the transcendence virtues, religious well-being and existential well-being of Christian young adults. Second, gratitude and spirituality of transcendence virtues were having positive effects regarding religious well-being and appreciation was having negative effects. However, optimism and humor were found to have no significant effects. Namely, it means that religious well-being increases when spirituality and gratitude are high and appreciation is low. Third, gratitude and optimism of transcendence virtues were having positive effects regarding existential well-being and appreciation was having negative effects. However, humor and spirituality were found to have no significant effects. Namely, it means that existential well-being increases when gratitude and optimism are high and appreciation is low. Such results show that transcendence virtues of Christian young adults is having respectively different effects on religious well-being and existential well-being. There is a need for differentiated intervention of transcendence virtues in enhancing the religious well-being and existential well-being of Christian young adults.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Courage Understanding and Courage Establishment of Christian Counseling for Avoidant Personality Disorder Therapy

    Park, Yoon Jeong | 2015, 23(2) | pp.129~161 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Although psychological treatment method for avoidant personality disorder can be a temporary treatment, it cannot be a fundamental one. Therefore, a fundamental measure needs to be established which can achieve recovery and facilitate growth, which is the starting point of this research. Courage can be a catalyst which can awaken the potential for recovery for those with avoidant personality disorder who need genuine relationship to trust and count on. This study conducts discussions focusing on the need for a plan to lead those with avoidant personality disorder to gain internal strength through establishment of courage in Christian counseling. The purpose of this study an inquiry into the true meaning of courage, which has recently become a popular issue, is conducted with a Christian world-view. With a premise that courage can be a resource of restoration, a plan for cultivating courage is proposed theoretically through a literature review. Courage establishment; First, biblical recognition of courage is enhanced. Second, Help is provided so as to acknowledge and accept a sense of fear. Third, Motivation is continuously provided through encouragement, so that courage can be developed. Fourth, Courage is developed through community training. The research a limit has been put to a practical plan for building up courage. A study of a substantial methodology is proposed, using a group program for the future.
  • 6.

    Study on the Expended Understanding of Intuition : Based on Christian Counseling Approach

    Bae, Sieun | An, Yoon Kyung | Kim, Yong Tae | 2015, 23(2) | pp.163~194 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the conceptual basis of intuition in order to extend the concept of intuition in Christian counseling scope. Intuition is a phenomenon which appears in the process of cognizing objects consequentially. Intuition contains diverse conceptual factors in the enlarged scope of episteme. However, intuition serves as a way to cognize the unconsciousness. Thus, it is necessary to illuminate intuition from the perspective of Christian counseling. The result of this study is as follows. First, the understanding of intuition in psychology has been limited to spontaneous thoughts or the concept of unconsciousness. Second, intuition can be presented as the process of perception in terms of philosophy, the perception of sensory information in terms of psychology, and the spirituality to recognize and understand God in terms of theology. Third, the origin of intuition can be expanded to the concept of Christian spirituality from human’s unconsciousness. Finally, the necessity of clarifying the definition of intuition is presented since the definition of intuition includes psychological, social as well as spiritual concepts. Spiritual source is added to the range of intuition through the study of unconsciousness and revelation. Therefore, this study prepares grounds to expand the concept of intuition in Christianity and to integrate the concept of Christian revelation and psychological intuition.
  • 7.

    A Study on Relationship between Justification and Sanctification in Christian Counseling

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2015, 23(2) | pp.195~222 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    In order to build Christian counseling upon a firm and sound foundation, this paper traces biblical themes. Exploring the order of salvation which can be said the core of the Christian view of human nature, especially it focuses on justification and sanctification. It demonstrates the indivisible connection between justification and sanctification of a vast body of theological research to apply them to Christian counseling, First, justification and sanctification have the common goals which is to achieve our salvation. Second, faith, the Holy Spirit, the union with Christ all play important roles simultaneously in the whole process of justification and sanctification. Third, these two words are virtually interchangeable in the Bible. A field application of Christian counseling needs to be considered not comprehensively, but as an individual due to each person’s various problems and situations. However, Christian counseling has to be oriented towards sanctification making sure justification and powered by justification practicing sanctification. This approach as a absolute and valuable resource for Christian counseling influences all the spheres of Christian life. While this paper argues the need for a more balanced approach to these two themes in Christian counseling as possible, it shows that the foundational biblical truth helps Christian be conformed into Christ’s image.
  • 8.

    The Effects of Faith Maturity and Resilience of Christian University Students on Forgiveness

    Oh, Yoon Sun | 2015, 23(2) | pp.223~254 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to measure the effects of Christian university students' faith maturity and resilience on forgiveness. In order to achieve this purpose, the data were collected from 510 Christian university students by a questionnaire survey. The statistic analysis of this study employed PASW(SPSSWIN 20.0), and the main methods of statistics were frequency analysis, F-test, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, the results revealed that Christian university students' faith maturity and resilience had significant positive correlations with forgiveness. Second, Christian university students' faith maturity had a positive effect on forgiveness. When the Christian university students had higher levels of faith maturity, the degree of its sub-factors and total score of forgiveness were higher. Third, Christian university students' resilience had a positive effect on forgiveness. When the Christian university students had higher levels of resilience, the degree of its sub-factors and total score of forgiveness were also higher. In the above results of this study, faith maturity and resilience have been proved to be effective for enhancing the Christian university students' forgiveness. Accordingly, faith maturity and resilience are the important variables for increasing the forgiveness quotient, and each of the variables is reciprocal two-way relations.
  • 9.

    Qualitative Case Study of Mothers’ Anxiety on Parenting based on Parenting education and Christian Counseling

    Lee, Soo Hee | 2015, 23(2) | pp.255~289 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of the Biblical Counseling on the anxiety levels of parenting mothers. The qualitative case study is based on counseling records and interviews of three Christian mothers who have completed the parenting program and have finished the Biblical Counseling three months prior to the qualitative research. In order to achieve the research goal, three questions are raised. In what form does anxiety of parenting appear in their life? What are their motives of the anxiety on parenting based on biblical view point? How and what have changed in their life by the Biblical Counseling, and did the changes last to this day? The results of the study are as follows: first, Biblical Counseling solves the anxiety on parenting by reducing conflict, restoring the relationship between family members, and assisting in the spiritual growth of individuals. Secondly, when meditation of Bible, practice of devotion and praying are integrated into life, conflicts between parents and children lessened, and prolonged effect of counseling and parenting program. These practices help parents to reflect their own sinful reaction. Lastly, comfortable relationship with children can be built by educating parents with effective communication methods and nature of mental and physical development of child. The results indicate that activated parenting program with the biblical view point and Biblical Counseling can support many parents in the church.
  • 10.

    A Christian Counseling Approach to Posttraumatic Growth

    Woo Jae Lee | 2015, 23(2) | pp.291~325 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This research tried to present a christian counseling approach so that an individual to experience trauma from Catastrophic events and accidents may suffers from multitude of its symptoms such as depression, anxiety, panic, phobia, and posttraumatic stress, but eventually can reach posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive change by effectively coping with it as he/she is not diagnosed into mental disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For this purpose, this article not only investigated what traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder are, but also proposed precaution in Christian counseling associated with three views of trauma revealed in the Bible – a view of God’s judgement, a view of a impact from the Fall, and a view of an opportunity to commune with God. This study examined a few important variables of PTG that have been recently studied and frequently cited in this area like attachment styles, self-disclosure, social support, coping strategies, deliberate rumination, and religiosity and spirituality after broad categorical variables found by leading researchers are reviewed. This research investigated its Biblical answers as well as an existential question that is often asked by individuals encountering traumatic events and then suggested both what an integration model of the Christian counseling is and a way of integrating psychotherapeutic dynamic model of change with it.
  • 11.

    A Study on a Effective Application of Biblical Counseling Through Therapeutic Approaches of Postmodern Era

    Choi Keum Soon | 2015, 23(2) | pp.327~361 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study suggests the improvement areas for the biblical counseling to become more biblical. I believe that what we need to keep examining is not the sufficiency of the Bible but the periodical limitations of the counselors. The language of the counselors has its periodical background and motivations, spoken in the paradigm of changing era. The biblical counseling has focused on the client’s mind, trying to find the root of the sin and make the person repent and change. In actual counseling, the Work of the Spirit has depended more on the Bible or the tool of counselors than making close connections with the client’s life. And the community has actually been used weakly while emphasizing it. On the contrary, the therapeutic approaches in postmodern era focus mainly on the journey of client’s life and suggest the processes where multi-directional effects of the Participants are used. This is more of collection than interpretation, focusing on what to listen to. This study examines the listening language of the biblical counseling and the therapeutic approaches of postmodern era. The biblical counseling becomes more biblical in that we listen to the client’s life as the history of the Work of the Spirit, making it more abundant in the community.
  • 12.

    An Application of the Biblical Counseling for Aging Anxiety

    Ghoi, Ewha | 2015, 23(2) | pp.363~389 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to help the counselors who try to give the biblical counseling to the old people who are suffering from aging anxiety. Today the problems of aged people are rapidly increasing because of longer life span than ever before. Therefore, counselors cannot fail to notice the problems of aging anxiety. This article observes the topic of aging anxiety and the purpose of the biblical counseling for the problem. Especially it takes a close look at the physical, economical, and social changes caused by aging. The causes of aging anxiety are as follows: the loss of health and finance, the pain of bereavement, the change of role, the lack of personal relations, death. On the basis of this kind of study, this article discusses the applicable principles of the biblical counseling for aging anxiety by means of examining the existent scholarly works. The principles are as follows: listening to the story, healing the emotion with the Bible and searching for the meaning of life and practicing it. If the biblical counselors use these applicable principles, they will experience successful results. As a result, it is expected that this article gives some practical helps to the professional counselors or ministers who want to help the people suffering from the aging anxiety with the biblical and effective counseling.