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2016, Vol.24, No.2

  • 1.

    Christian Counseling Ethics on a Counselor's Sexual Misconduct

    JOSEPH JEON | 2016, 24(2) | pp.9~43 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This research is to clarify the Christian counseling ethics on a counselor's sexual misconduct. The researcher dealt with the meaning and the background of counseling ethics. The researcher also examined the realities and the evil effect of a counselor's sexual misconduct, cause and weakness of a counselor's sexual misconduct, and a Christian counselor's preventive device against sexual misconduct. The definition of sexual misconduct used in this study consists of sexual intercourse, sexual violence, sexual assault, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, sexual attraction, and various sexual behavior. Counseling ethics deals with a moral and ethical standard, which includes a counselor's attitude, guideline of conduct in counseling. The cases of sexual misconduct in counseling setting and also in Christian counseling setting have been reported frequently these days. A counselor's sexual misconduct breaks the trust relationship between counselors and clients. Counselors who committed sexual misconduct are mainly male. Counselors should maintain a psychological and physical safety-distance from clients. Also, counseling institutes, such as associations, academies, societies, and graduate schools, in which they issue license of counseling should provide education system and/or curriculum on Christian counseling ethics in detail. One who wants to be a Christian counselor ought to have biblical perspective on human and Christian self-identify.
  • 2.

    Biblical Analysis to Emotional Perception in Early Counseling Intervention - Focusing on the Prayer at Gethsemane (Mark 14:32 - 36)

    Eun Jin Kwoag | 2016, 24(2) | pp.47~81 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to find the necessary principles of counseling, process, and methodology in Christian Counseling from a biblical perspective. For that reason this study explored an emotional approach required in early counseling process through the description of Jesus' emotional process. Jesus perceived his emotion(Mark 14:31-36) and Jesus was sensible to know it(Mark 14:32-34). Besides Jesus correctly recognized the emotion(Mark 14:35). In fact, the Bible says that Jesus gave names to his emotions of sorrow, surprise, and agony and reacted sensitively and honestly to his emotions, thereby confronting the pain which he was encountering(Mark 14:36). Jesus Christ perceived them calmly and heeded to messages from God even amid inner anxiety and agony and chose to fulfill his ultimate roles and duties based on extensive communication and deep trust with God. Bible is the spiritual repository and the most suitable book for counseling utilization. Also the Bible specifically the methodology of healing and restoration God has spoken to mankind. So this study emphasized human understanding through the Bible to be used as the principles of counseling tool and application. Finally, Christian counselors would need to have a sense of calling in order to examine and structuralize spiritual repository found in the Bible from the standpoint of counseling studies.
  • 3.

    The Effects of Worthington’s Forgiveness Promoting Program

    Kyoungjun Kim | Kim Hwacha | 2016, 24(2) | pp.83~114 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to verify the effects of the forgiveness promoting group program developed by Everett L. Worthington, Jr. under the Korean culture and to examine the applicability of the program in a Christian Counseling setting. The experimental and control groups were composed of 6 Korean adults each who reside in LA, USA. Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory-Korean: (TRIM-K) and Trait Forgiveness Scale-Korean (TFS-K) were used as forgiveness scales, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9-Korean (PHQ-9-K), Korean Beck Anxiety Inventory (K-BAI), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-Korean (STAXI-K) were administered to measure psychological effects of the forgiveness promoting program. The results of this study were as follows: First, the results of repeated measures ANOVAs showed that there was significant interaction effects on the total score of TRIM-K, ηp2 = .60, F(1, 10) = 14.96, p = .003. The experimental group showed more significant decrease on TRIM-K than the control group. Second, there were no significant changes on the levels of trait forgiveness, depression, anxiety, and anger between the experimental group and the control group. The results indicated that Worthington’s forgiveness promoting program was partially proven to be an effective intervention to increase the level of forgiveness in Korean culture and revealed that it can be utilized as an applicable tool in Christian Counseling settings that teach volitional and continual forgiveness.
  • 4.

    Agape Leadership: A Christian Leadership for overcoming the Leadership Crisis of Korean Churches

    Kim, Tae-Soo | 2016, 24(2) | pp.115~144 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this academic research is to investigate ‘agape leadership’ as a new pattern of Christian leadership. In the main stream of authoritarian leadership, this kind of leadership can raise various problems. Authoritarian leadership which is different from authoritative leadership is generally apt to compel members to obey and sacrifice to authoritarian leader. The researcher presents ‘agape leader’ as a new pattern’s Christian leadership. ‘Agape leadership’ is totally different from authoritarian leadership. The characteristics of this type of leadership are dedicative, sacrificial and altruistic. The writer presents three types of leaders: autocratic, servant and agape leader. Through this academic paper the writer deals with the following issues: first, modern leadership theories of Business Administration and the theory of pastoral leadership. secondly, the concept of agape leadership. third, the differences between authoritarian leadership and agape leadership. fourthly, the practical methods of agape leadership. fifth, agape leadership as a new alternative of leadership crisis among Korean churches, and so forth. The originality of this study is to introduce the issue of ‘agape leadership’ as an alternative to authoritarian leadership. The study method of this research is mainly to study reference books and articles related the issue of leadership.
  • 5.

    Christian Counseling Evaluation for Motivational Interviewing

    Park, Yoon Jeong | 2016, 24(2) | pp.145~181 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is Motivations to change are internal products injected with an energy of desire toward change. Because these motivations to change long for a voluntary and positive change, they become the strength that draws out the client to accomplish change as the goal of the counseling. More than anything, the motivation to change is the basis of power whereby the client attempts to achieve change as the ultimate goal of the counseling so it affects the effect of the counseling. However, the motivation to change disappears if energy is not constantly committed to it. Therefore, a method to constantly maintain and internalize motivations to change is required, and this is possible through Christian counseling. The purpose of the present study is to establish a basis for the possibility to integrate motivation interviewing methods that focus on enhancing motivations to change by assessing methods from a Christian counseling perspective. The assessment results show that, first of all, motivational interviewing failed to create motivations in an amotivational state. Second, dissonance in terms of ambivalence was included as a factor that resisted motivations to change, but the issue of sin was left out as a fundamental cause of resistance. Third, the study establishes an integrated contact point from a positive aspect that presents counseling methods that can actually be realized in the counseling field.
  • 6.

    Christian Counselling's Study and Approach based on Rizzuto's God's Image Theory - Preliminary study on the Development of God's Image's Transformation Model -

    shim jung yeon | 2016, 24(2) | pp.183~219 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to analyze Rizzuto's God's image theory in order to suggest God's image's applications to Christian counseling. In order to achieve this research goal, this article explained Rizzuto's God's image theory and God's image in Bible. With the perspective God's image in Bible, this study analyzed the limitation and usefulness of Rizzuto's theory. Then specific applications were suggested to Christian Counseling. According to understanding God's image revealed by God's works of creation and redemption in Bible, Rizzuto's theory suggest limitations and usefulness as follows: the limitations of Rizzuto's theory were that she considered only cognitive dimensions of God without thinking God's Deity and the complete Humanity of Christ and regard God as a 'transitional object' a kind of illusion. Moreover, her theory has a dangerous element to be adhere a specific God' image. Nevertheless, her theory gave various useful counseling ideas and insights such as a systemic methodology of God's image's diagnosis, importance of exploring parent's image when a counselor searched one's God's image, dynamics of self-focused sin and mental illness. Based on these findings, this study suggested three applications to Christian counseling: a systemic and complex diagnosis method of God's image, God's image's transformation based on God's image in Bible, and spiritual relationships with God, Christian counselors, church community and family members.
  • 7.

    The Distinctiveness of Christian Counseling Process

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2016, 24(2) | pp.221~253 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper intends to study the Christian counseling process. In order to develop Christian counseling, counseling process as well as theories has to be much more apparent and really put to use. First, pointing out that the Christian counseling process has a lot in common with general counseling process, we analyze the usual contents to be accepted in those processes. We obtain the general flow and frame of the process by studying main textbooks for practicing and training. Second, although it has a surface similarity to the other processes, Christian counseling process has some different factors in prerequisite and attitude. The real differences of the counseling practices are caused not only by theories, but also the biblical viewpoints on main topics. Christian counseling has a biblical stand on human beings, psychopathology, diagnostic criteria, aim of recovery, etc., as most counseling practices already have idealogical foundations. Moreover, it is important for the Christian counselors who have Christian personality and spirituality to have servant attitude in counseling and clients. Third, we clarify its specific approaches in relationship, exploration, assessment, and intervention. We suggest several spiritual resources and furthermore apply biblical counseling and a few spiritual approaches. Christian counseling will stand firm when the actual counseling process is practiced and trained on the base of Christian approach.
  • 8.

    The Study of Christian Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Spinal cord injury disabled - Based on the Truth Therapy -

    Oh, Yoon Sun | Yang Sook Yoo | 2016, 24(2) | pp.255~284 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Spinal cord injury disabled of Korean have being increased 2,000 people every year. Due to the fact that the number of people who are facing the crisis of situation in their life is growing but, Christian counseling method is not being implemented. Thus, the purpose of this study is trying to seek Christian counseling method for recovering psychology, society and spiritual of them. The following were specific goals of this study. First, it takes a theoretical approach of cognitive behavior therapy -truth therapy theory- for the disabled. Second, through the case study, it verifies effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy and provide basic data for the disabled. This study conducted on christian spinal cord injury disabled who are receiving hospital treatment in K hospital that located in Seoul and it combined theoretical study with case study. The following results which identified through this study. First, it is identified that Christianity cognitive behavior therapy -truth therapy- can be hopeful tools of Christianity psychotherapy for the disabled. Second, it can be confirmed that Christianity cognitive behavior therapy - truth therapy- is very helpful enhancing means index and acceptance of disability of the disabled. Therefore, Christian cognitive behavioral therapy-truth therapy-can apply as a new alternative of Christianity psychotherapy for the disabled. In the follow up study, it is necessary to develop a program for psychological and spiritual support of persons.
  • 9.

    A Qualitative Case Study on First Child Rearing Stress of Christian Mothers through Parenting Education Program Using Biblical Counseling

    Chung, Hee-Jung | 2016, 24(2) | pp.285~331 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to provide practical resources through parenting education using biblical counseling to help Christian mothers experiencing the first child rearing stress. The participants are two christian mothers whose daughter is 25 months old and 17 months old respectively. The Christian parenting education program using the biblical counseling developed by Chung Heejung has been utilized as an instrument of twenty-four in-depth counseling interviews, conducted from April 13, 2015 to November 16, 2015. The findings are as follows. First, the mothers recognized the situation of the first child rearing stress Second, they understood the cause of the problem and found out their emotion and desire through the objective analysis and evaluation of child rearing stress. Third, they changed to the virtuous from vicious cycle establishing a new goal in child rearing through God's grace. Fourth. they were educated to new rearing behaviors and made a change in child rearing through the continuous practice. In conclusion, through the parenting education program using the biblical counseling, the Christian mothers realized the meaning of themselves as a parent in God from an awareness of the vicious cycle of their response to the child rearing stress and relied on God in their continuous child rearing process.