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pISSN : 1739-0745

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2017, Vol.25, No.1

  • 1.

    Marital Conflicts and Forgiveness: Self Psychological and Christian Counseling Perspective

    Kim, Jun | 2017, 25(1) | pp.9~34 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine empathy as the key element of forgiveness process in relation to couple conflicts in the light of self psychology and Christian counseling. Specifically, the study examines how self psychology explains the meaning of empathy by using its key concepts such as selfobject relationship and selfobject needs, and then, assesses them in the light of Christian counseling. To achieve this purpose, it first explains the necessity of forgiveness and importance of empathy in the process of resolving marital conflicts. Then, it explains negative emotions like rage and shame couples experience in the course of conflicts by examining the key concepts such as selfobject needs and narcissistic injury. The study argues that self psychology illustrates the necessity of mutual forgiveness between couples through experiencing compassion and empathy each other. However, it warns that overemphasis on selfobject needs might be contradictory to Christian messages found in the Bible, and thus suggests a biblical view on Christian marriage in order for the couples to have a balanced view on their conflicts and related emotions. Finally, the study suggest a qualitative case study or phenomenological studies on couple conflicts, which may reflect self psychological explanation on the nature of couples' conflicts.
  • 2.

    Mediating Effects of Self-esteem in the Correlation between the Religious Disposition and Career Decision Level of Christian University Students

    bakmiha | 2017, 25(1) | pp.37~64 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to verifying the mediating effects of self-esteem in the correlation between the religious disposition and career decision level of Christian university students. The subjects of study were 247 university students with the Christian faith and survey research was conducted by using religious disposition scale, self-esteem scale and career decision level scale. The data analysis was performed by using SPSS 18.0. The study results are as follow. First, it showed negative correlation between the extrinsic religious disposition and self-esteem of Christian university students, and intrinsic religious disposition showed positive correlation. Second, self-esteem had partial mediating effects in the correlation between extrinsic religious disposition and career decision level of Christian university students. Namely, extrinsic religious disposition also had indirect effects through self-esteem while having direct effects on career decision level. On the other hand, self-esteem was found to have complete mediating effects in the correlation between intrinsic religious disposition and career decision level. Although intrinsic religious disposition did not have statistically direct effects on career decision level, it had indirect effects through self-esteem. Accordingly, it discussed the need to develop a Christian counselling intervention strategy for reducing extrinsic religious disposition and enhancing self-esteem through intrinsic religious disposition to improve the career decision level of Christian university students.
  • 3.

    A Single Case Study of Art Therapy for Children with ADHD to Reduce Social Withdrawal and Aggression

    Park, Yoon Jeong | 2017, 25(1) | pp.65~116 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to prove the effectiveness of Christian counseling started to help reduce psychological distress in children with ADHD and function in an adaptive lifestyle with the appeal of mothers who suffer from conflicts caused by their children’s problem behaviors. And to verify whether the counseling method intervening to reduce the social withdrawal and aggressive behavior of children with ADHD has an effect. Art therapy was conducted on children with ADHD as a strategic method for concrete realization, and it was combined with art counseling as an attempt of practical integration, utilizing Christian counseling resources. What impact it had on the children with ADHD would be discussed. The research method was constructed with single-case experimental design, ABA model as a method for emphasizing the clinical significance and proving the effect of a therapeutic intervention. First, Children with ADHD cultivated positive emotions as they experienced the sufficient acceptance and purification of their emotions through art therapy. Second, As the characteristic symptoms of children with ADHD, social withdrawal and aggressive behavior decreased. Third, Mothers expanded the range of the level of understanding of their children through parent education and counseling. And Mothers’ relationships with their children resulted in a virtuous circle. As a result, the psychological conflict between the mother and the children was resolved.
  • 4.

    Christian Counseling approach to Adolescent Narcissism relating to Online Game Addiction - Based on Otto Kernberg's theory -

    shim jung yeon | 2017, 25(1) | pp.117~151 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to research adolescent narcissism relating to online game addiction and suggest applications to Christian counseling. In order to accomplish this research purpose, after confirming the importance of adolescent narcissism to understand online gaming addiction based on online game and adolescent developmental characteristics, this study found Kernberg's narcissism theory and explored narcissism metaphor and biblical healthy self-love in Bible. With the perspective bible's understanding of narcissism and biblical self-love as self-cure based on self-denial, this article suggested the limitation and usefulness of Kernberg's theory and applications to Christian Counseling. According to understanding narcissism as self-worship and healthy self-love with self-denial and self care, this study proposed the limitation and usefulness of Kernberg's theory as follows: First, his theory did not consider narcissism component and metaphor as a general self-worship metaphor and considered a real self excepting the relationship with God. However, he suggested useful theoretical framework to understand self-worship metaphor and all or nothing thinking connecting to polarized objects, importance to mourning activity and sublimation. Based on these findings, this article suggested specific application to Christian counseling as follows: Diagnosis of inflated self-image, approach to real and integrated self-recognition, biblical healthy self-love based on self-denial were needed to recover adolescent narcissism relating to online game addiction.
  • 5.

    Influence of Interpersonal Problems on the SNS Addiction Proneness in Christian University Student: Mediating Effect of Covert Narcissism

    Oh, Yoon Sun | A Ram Choi | 2017, 25(1) | pp.153~184 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of covert narcissism between Interpersonal Problems and SNS addiction proneness. And the study seeks to provide basic data for teaching and counseling at the ministry and educational sites. It was conducted to measure covert narcissism, interpersonal problems, and SNS addiction proneness from 318(139 male, 179 female) Christian university students. Using SPSS WIN 21.0, correlation analysis and the mediation regression analysis presented by Baron & Kenny were conducted. The analyzed findings are as follows. First, interpersonal problem was positively correlated with SNS addiction proneness. Second, interpersonal problems directly affect SNS addiction proneness. Third, All lower variables(need for recognition, exploitation and egocentrism, lack of confidence, goal instability, sensitiveness vulnerability) of covert narcissism has a partial mediating effect between interpersonal problem and SNS addiction proneness. Namely Interpersonal problem had indirect effects SNS addiction proneness through the mediation of the lower variables of covert narcissism. The results of this study are not dissimilar to the results of the preceding study of general university students. Implications of these results were explored in relation to the importance of interpersonal problems and SNS addiction proneness. Finally, limitations of the study, directions for future research were extensive qualitative research and research programs should be conducted.
  • 6.

    Emptiness of Borderline Personality Disorder Tendencies and Christian Counseling

    Jae Soon Lee | Kim Mi Kyung | 2017, 25(1) | pp.185~217 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In order to understand the essence of a sense of emptiness experienced by borderline personality, this study researched eight samples with raw score for 39 & up, considered as a group experiencing similar problems with the experience of borderline personality disorder in the borderline personality disorder scale(PAI-BOR). Regarding data collection and analysis, according to Giorgi's phenomenological analysis methodology, first, the overall contents were understood to cognize the whole by repetitively reading the text. Analysing phenomenons suitable for a sense of emptiness in the unit of meaning, and also topicalizing the unit of meaning into academic terms, total 39 sub-elements were drawn. Those 39 sub-elements were integrated into 11 elements, and the results of this study are like below: ‘self-awareness of none’, ‘pain caused by hopelessness’, ‘decline of desire for life’, ‘non-being like feeling’, ‘unstable faith’, ‘lacking in confidence’, ‘difficulty in relationship’, ‘loss of life control’, ‘repetitive suicide incident’, ‘tendency to addiction’, and ‘expectation about overcoming’. Like this, as the core of a sense of emptiness experienced by people with borderline personality disorder tendency is the self-awareness of none, they experience the paralysis of emotion. In other words, as their internal structure was fragmented by the absence of experience in good objects, they experienced the confusion of identity, instability of emotion, and difficulty in relationship. Based on such results, the Christian counseling was discussed to relieve a sense of emptiness of people with borderline personality disorder tendency.
  • 7.

    Approach to Homosexuality from an Aspect of Evangelical Counseling

    Hyung Joon Jun | Yoon Kyung Kang | 2017, 25(1) | pp.219~254 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The issue of homosexuality has now become an important topic in Korean society and Korean church. This study set the research question as follows and contemplated on them from an aspect of reformism pastoral counseling for the purpose of suggesting evangelical counseling approach to homosexuality. First, what is the general understanding about homosexuality? Second, what is the biblical understanding about homosexuality? Third, what is the approach to homosexuality from an aspect of evangelical counseling? The following summarizes the study results. First, as for the general understanding about homosexuality, consensus in the academic circles of psychology was that it sees homosexuality from a social perspective, rather than viewing it as a sin and acknowledges it with an emphasis on human right. Second, as for the biblical understanding about homosexuality, it was confirmed that homosexuality is regarded as an obvious sin and is prohibited. Finally, the approach to homosexuality from an aspect of evangelical counseling includes the following: 1) meeting homosexuals with the mind of sympathy; 2) church should be in charge of family ministry who serves them as healthy family; 3) it is important for church community to build trust with love; 4) belief in the change that the Holy Spirit gives. 5) respected listened to, invited and I pulled as member of the Body of Christ.
  • 8.

    The Evaluation and Usage of Inner Dialogue in Christian Counseling

    Choi Keum Soon | 2017, 25(1) | pp.255~294 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the evaluation and possibility of using 'inner dialogue' as a tool of Christian counseling. Christian counseling tends to focus on content-centric processes conducted by professionals. However, this process has now been deemed lacking - an empirical, process-centric approach that takes place here and now. Therefore, I confirmed the usefulness of internal dialogue as a complementary tool and examined the factors necessary for actual counseling. As a basis for this research, this study emphasized that the creativity of the client as an imaginary and self - communicating person and the activeness of the client. As a biblical principle of the use of tools, it was suggested that through the tools, God would be directed and the skills of life improved. This study also paid attention to the need to go beyond his own personal needs and needs to spiritual needs, suggesting the use of the Bible in all of these processes. This study has looked at the characteristics, strengths and limitations of general counseling approaches, ranging from Cognitive therapy, Inner Child Therapy, Gestalt therapy, Emotion-Focused Therapy and recent IFS to finally suggest the applicability to Christian counseling. In particular, this study proposed the application of Christian counseling as a tool to follow the premise and principle of Christian counseling in the structure and content of inner dialogue