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2018, Vol.26, No.1

  • 1.

    A Narrative Inquiry for Identity and Dilemma of Christian Counselors

    Kim, Kyung Mi | Kang, Yeon Jeong | 2018, 26(1) | pp.7~32 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a qualitative inquiry into the identity and dilemmas that christian counselors usually go through and its purpose is to prepare alternatives for the strategic assistance and policy making for the sake of christian counselors. For this, narrative inquiry has been conducted on 20 christian counselors who have a faith for over 10 years and more than master's degree at christian counseling with over 3 years of field experience. The results analyzed using a qualitative analysis software NVivo11 are as follows. In details, the inquiry into the identity and dilemma is discussed in three points of view, respectively: an academic, practical and personal area. In relation to the identity, the first is demands for the secure professionalism in christian counseling. The second is more opportunities for it. The third is the discussion for the establishment of personal identity of christian counselors. In relation to dilemma, firstly christian counselors are trying to combine faith and counseling after they have overcome many dilemmas in the early stage of counseling. Secondly, they experience dilemmas in the same three areas. Finally, they experience dilemmas with the establishment of negative identity caused by others' understanding over the christian counseling. This study provides basic materials to understand their identity and dilemma and also provides detailed information to support them.
  • 2.

    Christian Counselor's Identity : Focused on spiritual qualities

    Kim Kyunghee | 2018, 26(1) | pp.33~64 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine spiritual qualities as identity factors of Christian counselors and to suggest tasks for improvement of spiritual qualities. The study first explored the definitions, goals, and characteristics of Christian counseling, which are differentiated from general counseling, and provided a deeper understanding of Christian counselors based on this, and it was insighted that spiritual qualities could be a key factor in the formation of identity. In order to improve the spiritual qualities of Christian counselors, first, I proposed to organize curriculum as an academic society level task, to assign Christian world view to essential curriculum, and to deal spirituality problem in supervision. second, the counselors emphasized the effective use of personal training and Christian resources as an individual task, and an effective plan for presenting the gospel to the client in the counseling scene. and I suggested a close examination of the concrete method and an active discussion. In order to improve the spiritual qualities of Christian counselors, first, I proposed curriculum as an academic society level assignment, Christian world view assignment as essential curriculum, and spirituality problem in supervision. Christian counselors will be able to contribute to fulfilling the mission of establishing true identity and expanding the kingdom of God on earth through Christian counseling.
  • 3.

    Approach to ‘Silence’ from Christian Counseling Perspective

    Kim Mi Kyung | 2018, 26(1) | pp.65~92 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In counseling, silence may be interpreted as various meaning. The counselor’s silences such as those in consent to client’s feeling and thoughts or those intended to induce client’s self exploring etc, contain more than just ‘absence of speaking’. So far in psychological counseling, researches have been actively pursued on the importance and meaning of silence. However, study on ‘silence’ from Christian counseling perspective is scarce. In this regard, this study mainly reviews what meaning Jesus gave us in his silent response, through counselors’ silence and client’s silence as well as Jesus’ counseling described in the Gospels. Jesus’ silence provides the path to the reversal in client's story. Jesus’ silence derives the narrative of connection, improvement and recovery of relationship, rather than alienation, severance. Narrative can be used as the tool to understand client’s silence, through experience as the method to access the true substance of experience and by analysis on the narrative that has been experienced and spoken. In other words, in order to approach the substance of client’s experience, it is useful to use a narrative as a medium, looking after the unique experience of a person in Christian ways. The therapeutic practice in Christian counseling shall be the process in the new and essential interpretation that human life is the co-authoring of the human and the God.
  • 4.

    Phenomenological Study of Confrontation Experiences :Suggestion of methodology for the conditional utilization of confrontation skills

    Park, Yoon Jeong | 2018, 26(1) | pp.93~126 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study, Confrontation is not a confront skill paying close attention and using it at the right moment while holding fast to a client’s attitude for the client’s awareness and insight. It has a conditional meaning for a more frequent use. The study investigated the meaning of what the confrontation the client experienced in the counseling process would cause changes in the meaning. This study proposes three domains(sin, motivation, relationship) of confrontation to promote essential changes and measures for the conditional utilization of the confrontation skill for a more frequent use. As a result of the study, in the client, the improvements of self-understanding, self-reflection, self-acceptance, the understanding of others, control ability, positive attitude, and motivation for change and growth occurred through confrontation. And it turned out that it was effective when the client voluntarily chose confrontation with enough recognition of confrontation skill. In addition, it became the foundation on which the experience of confrontation in three domains would bring about dynamic changes. Thus, the confrontation object and the area of confrontation are important, generally instead of the time of its use. And it seems that it would be more important to broaden the total amount of changes through the quantitative amount of confrontation. In conclusion, it is emphasized confrontation conditions can be used more frequently, so it is emphasized to actively use that.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Acceptance Action of Christian University Students on Faith Maturity and Strengths Knowledge: Focusing on the mediating effects of positive coping

    Oh, Yoon Sun | Kim Mi-Sook | 2018, 26(1) | pp.127~161 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze and verify the effects of christian university students’ acceptance action on faith maturity and strengths knowledge, focusing on the mediating effects of positive coping. For this, a total of 450 christian university students were selected for sampling. Frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis on collected data were conducted by using the SPSS Win 21.0 statistics package program. Through AMOS 24.0, the structure equation modeling analyses were conducted. The results of the study were as follows. First, acceptance action, faith maturity, strengths knowledge and positive coping were positively correlated. Secondly, it was found that acceptance action had direct positive effects on faith maturity. Third, it was found that acceptance action had direct positive effects on strengths knowledge. Forth, it was found that faith maturity had direct positive effects on strengths knowledge. Lastly, it was identified that positive coping of christian university students played a mediating role in relations between acceptance action and faith maturity, and between acceptance action and strengths knowledge. It was found that acceptance action, positive coping and faith maturity had direct positive effects on strengths knowledge. Based on these results, practical and policy implications, and suggestions for the future study were discussed.
  • 6.

    Qualitative Case Study of the Experiences of Women in Their Sixties Overcoming Marriage Crisis -The recovery of confidence as spouse takes on the role as a ‘strong helper’-

    Lee, Soo Hee | 2018, 26(1) | pp.163~200 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to provide Biblical perspectives on marriage crisis counseling by studying Biblical value of helping spouse. The research explores the marriage experiences of two wives in their early sixties, through the analysis of their counselling records and observations. Following are three  questions that the research mainly  focuses on. First, how have their marriages been? Second, what  were the motives that the wives had during the marriage? Lastly, how did recovering Biblical identity as ‘strong helper’ helped them become more mature wives? The method of the research is quantitative case study. The research studies the Biblical viewpoint of ‘strong helping spouse’ and advanced research on marriage. It analyzes the counseling records and observations of their attitudes during the counseling process to examine the motives that wives had in their marriage. Lastly, the research examines how recovering identity as ‘strong helping spouse’ helped them overcome marriage crisis. The conclusion of the research is that counseling emphasizing the recovery of the identity as ‘strong helper’ can help wives to overcome marriage crisis. It also shows that counseling can give them another chance to become more mature spouses. The wives in the research are in process of growing as the mature spouses due to the counseling.
  • 7.

    Christian Counseling for Intimate Partner Violence as A Psychological Trauma -Centering around psychology of assailant and victim-

    JOSEPH JEON | 2018, 26(1) | pp.201~236 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to clarify the Christian counseling for intimate partner violence(IPV) as a psychological trauma centering around psychology of assailant and victim. This study dealt with the realities and an evil effect of IPV. (The cause of dating violence, the actual condition and the abuse of dating violence, the relationship between family violence and a cause of dating violence) The researcher also mentioned the psychological understanding of IPV such as psychology of offender and victim. The researcher discussed biblical understanding of IPV pevention and IPV in Christian counseling, and conclusion(summary, discussion, & suggestion). The conclusion of this study is that IPV is divided into dating violence and family violence (marital violence and child violence). In IPV, it is founded that dating violence eventually leads to family violence. IPV is a psychological trauma that affects the victim seriously. When such violence occurs for the first time, victims of violence should not have violence acceptance, but should form a support group, and report it to them. In other words, the support group means being supported by the power of family, relatives, friends and law enforcement a authorities like a police. In Christian counseling, IPV must be clearly perceived as a transgression. People should understand that they are created in the image of God. Especially intimate relationship (loved one, couple) is a relationship that must be made with love. Date violence is the opposite action of love. Christians should regard loved one as a prospective mate(bride and bridegroom) in their date. A spouse is a helping person, and as a gift of God, one has to believe and respect for biblical, happy relationship.
  • 8.

    A Review of Calvin as a Pastoral Counsellor

    Hyung Joon Jun | 2018, 26(1) | pp.237~264 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to review Calvin as a pastoral counsellor. First, How the principles of biblical counselling are shown in Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion? Second, How is Calvin’s preaching correlated with biblical counselling preaching? Third, How is Calvin shown as a pastoral counsellor in his pastoral care ministry? The results of the study were as follows. First, 1) Humans were created in God’s own image is based on Chapter 15 Book 1. 2) Humans were corrupted by sin is based on Chapter 1. Third, Human problems are the problems of the heart is based on Chapter 3 Book 1 and Chapter 4 Book 2. 4) The primary tool for counselling is the Bible is based on Chapters 6 and 9 Book 1. 5) The model of a biblical counsellor is Jesus Christ is based on Chapters 12 and 13 Book 2. 6) Humans are a suffering existence is based on Chapters 2 and 3 Book 2. 7) Genuine human changes are made by the work of the Holy Spirit is based on Chapter 7 Book 1, Chapter 2 Book 2, and Chapter 1 of Book 3. Second, the methods of interpreting the Bible shown in Calvin’s preaching were confirmed to have high correlations with biblical counselling preaching. Third, how Calvin appeared as a pastoral counsellor in his pastoral care ministry was reviewed.
  • 9.

    Christian Counseling for Middle-aged Women’s Mental Depression Solution

    Hong Keun Mi | 2018, 26(1) | pp.265~294 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This is the study to solve mental depression in middle-aged women on Christian counseling. Mid-life can be called by the parable so called 'sachugi'(mid-life crisis)" as the meaning of time for the autumn of life. It is so named because the rapid changes and developments pursuant to youth development generally appear. Most of family therapy scholars agree to understand that mid-life itself and especially mental depression in middle-aged women are crisis. Especially mental depression in middle-aged women effects women themselves, even husbands and family so negatively. Mental depression in middle-aged women is able to directly effect husband of mid-life crisis(sachugi) to weaken the marital relationship and gloom home atmosphere by causing depression, anxiety and various psychological crises. Therefore mental depression in middle-aged women is the severe problem to be solved for happy home and especially marital relationship as soon as possible. Therefore, based on literary study, this thesis attempts to understand the concept and multi-dimensional causes of mental depression in middle-aged women: its physical, social, cultural, psychological, emotional, family therapeutic, and religious causes. Futhermore, this thesis also attempts to suggest Christian counseling methods to solve mental depression in middle-aged women by understanding its real impact on the marital relationship: self-dialogue of truth, forgiveness / recomposition, and self-respect / spiritual growth.