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2019, Vol.27, No.2

  • 1.

    The principle and character of the Integration in the Christian Counseling

    Kang, Yeon Jeong | 2019, 27(2) | pp.7~33 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The history of Christian counseling developed in the history of acceptance, reject and integration between Christianity and psychology. The principles of integration of Christian counseling are: Trinity, authority of Bible, Biblical human condition, Christian worldview, eclectic acceptance of psychology, eclectic acceptance of counseling skills and methods, resource of faith community, personality, faith and ethics of Christian counselor. First, the process of counseling is presented in the time series : early-middle-last stage of counseling. Second, the process of counseling is presented in the image of concept and purpose of counseling. Third, the process of counseling is presented in the base of wholistic human understanding. Fourth, the process of counseling is presented in the resource of Christianity. There are principles of the skills and methods of Christian counseling. First, Christian counseling can accept and use general counseling skills and methods eclectically in the Christian perspectives. Second, Christian counseling examine generally useful counseling skills and methods in the Christian perspectives. Third, Christian counseling make use the traditional resources of the Christian community. Fourth, Christian counseling need the new developed counseling tools, programs, skills and methods for the practical situation. Fifth, Christian counseling need the new developed Christian counseling & training program and supervision for the Christian counselors.
  • 2.

    The Present and Tasks of the Biblical Counseling Movement in Korea for the Upcoming Wave

    Kyu Bo Kim | 2019, 27(2) | pp.35~75 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper reviews the new wave of the biblical counseling movement and proposes tasks for the upcoming Korean biblical counseling movement. Biblical counseling recently has been gradually expanding its influence within the evangelical Christian camps in North America. The movement develops into the progressive biblical counseling, beyond the traditional perspective. This new wave has impacted on the Korean Christianity as well. The movement in Korea, initiated from evangelical schools and institutes, has introduced the concepts, values and principles of biblical counseling, and now seeks to embed them into local churches and the public. At this point, the tasks of Korean biblical counseling movement are as follows. First, a need is nurturing professional biblical counselors with expertise of theology, Christian psychology and counseling practice. Second, a task is to develop theological and Christian psychological theories (quantitative, qualitative research, and research methodology of doing psychology biblically), which support the practice of biblical counseling. Third, it is desirable to develop effective methods, counseling-structures, and tools available in the field. Fourth, creating the solidarity with local churches and social institutes, participants need to contribute to the spread of the movement of taking a role for the public faith in action. These proactive tasks would be the ready for the new wave.
  • 3.

    Causes of Sexual Violence of Pastors and Preventive Measures

    ki young Park | 2019, 27(2) | pp.77~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to suggest the Causes of sexual Violence of Pastors and Preventive Measures so leaders of christian churches of Korea could acknowledge the significance of this issue and take part in actual actions. The sexual violence and abuse of pastors are at the core of the corruption and graft of christian churches of Korea. Therefore, the author has analyzed the causes of sexual violence of pastors and preventive measures. First, the author addressed the reality of sexual abuse by pastors and its aftereffects. In this paper, the author claims that psychological factors of pastors, patriarchal church structure, abuse of spiritual authority, arbitrary interpretation and misuse of the Bible, distortion of moral virtues of Christianity, practice of a church of protecting it own people, lack of regulations and laws, and others are attributable to pastors’ sexual abuse. As for preventive measures against sexual violence of pastors, the author suggests various options in detail under 4 aspects: spiritual, educational, pastoral, and institutional aspects. It is truly hoped that this study could be used for the sexual violence prevention education for pastors, so that it will not only prevent the sexual abuse of pastors in the church, but also contribute to the restoration of the holiness of christian churches in Korea.
  • 4.

    A review and application of Christian Counseling to Adler's fictional finalism

    Baeg, Hyun Sook | 2019, 27(2) | pp.113~145 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study focuses on examining the implications of fictional finalism based on Adler's theory from the Christian counseling point of view, and finding the possibility of it's application in the field of counseling including it's practical methods of application. Adler argues that distorted fictional finalism as well as private logic originated in early recollection brings on one's maladaptive life styles and many difficult life problems. In order to achieve the ultimate goal of Christian counseling, this study emphasizes on helping counselee's transition from life of fictional finalism to life of calling finalism in harmony with God's call and encouraging incarnated life of practicing Christ' love while getting out of self-centeredness and receiving others as existence themselves based on the right relationship with God. Thus, this study tries to assist counselees to figure out the reality of their own fictional finalism, consequently, to embrace themselves, having no choice but to live in a fence of their own fictional finalism. In addition, by opening counselees' eyes to their own calling finalism through exploring the word of God and their journey of life, the researcher suggests theoretical basis of counseling and concrete approaches to help them live their lives worthy of God's call, freeing them from the framework of maladaptive of their fictional finalism.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Gratitude Diary Writing on Gratitude Disposition and Anger Expression among Christian University Students

    Oh, Yoon Sun | 2019, 27(2) | pp.147~170 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was performed to examine the effects of gratitude diary writing on gratitude disposition and anger expression modes among Christian university students. The verification measures used for this study was Cronbach’s α, and the reliability and validity of the validation scale were proved to be relatively high. The Primary data were analyzed through a statistical package program PASW( SPSS WIN 21.0). In order to verify the average, and t-test, ANCOVA(analysis of covariance) were applied, statistical significant level was set at 95%. This study confirm the results as follows. First, as a result of homogeneity test between the experimental group and the control group of gratitude disposition and anger expression modes(anger-in, anger-control, anger-out) are such that do not show significant difference statistically in scores. Second, as a result of analysis of the pre- and post- test differences between the control group and the experimental group, the average scores of gratitude disposition pre(M=17.25)-post(M=21.53) and anger expression modes pre(anger-in M=13.47,anger-control M=23.12, anger-out M=14.65)-post((anger-in M=10.28, anger-control M=29.07, anger-out M=13.46) of the experimental group of gratitude diary writing are proved to be relatively higher than the average of pre-post of the control group. While a significant level of control group are meaningless, a significant level of gratitude disposition p<.01 and anger expression modes(anger-in p<.05, anger-control p<.01) showed statistically significant in the experimental group. In the above results, gratitude diary writing has been proven to be effective of the Christian university students' gratitude disposition and anger expression modes.
  • 6.

    Christian Suicide Family in Korean Chemyun Culture Self-Psychological Understanding of Shame and Christian Counseling

    Woo, Young Mi | 2019, 27(2) | pp.171~200 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the shame experienced by the Christian suicide family during mourning process in Korean chemyun culture through Kohut's self-psychology and the Christian counseling point of view. Different from Western individualism, Confucianism, which is widely spread in Korean culture, emphasizes importance of collectivism, focusing on relationships. Typical Koreans want to be calm when facing death and are ashamed to reveal the bereavement pain because of chemyun. The Korean church community is also deeply connected with the relationship culture. Thus, the Christian suicide family suffers from the mourning process experienced by ordinary bereaves, along with the indescribable disgrace and guilt of life that they have not kept their families as believers. This research compiles thoughts of the understanding of the suicide family and examines the shame experienced by the suicide family in Chemyun culture. Additionally, the shame of the Christian suicide family was considered as Christian counseling point of views based on the embarrassment of Koreans in objective self-awareness through the extended research on Kohut's self-psychology. The key messages are needs of follow-up studies on Christian community’s counseling perspectives on the mourning experience of the Christian suicide family and the preparation of professional care program within the Christian community to restore the psychological, social and religious health of the Christian suicide family in the church community under the cultural influence.
  • 7.

    Spiritual Support through Psychological Problems Analysis of Military Family

    JOSEPH JEON | 2019, 27(2) | pp.201~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research is based on the literature review. The purpose of this study is to clarify that spiritual support and mental health maintaining for military family in Korean military: centering around military member’s spouse and children. Korea has relatively few studies on military families compared to the United States military. Multidimensional studies of mental health and psychological problems for active military, reservists and military families have been actively conducted, however the contents of spiritual support for military families have been difficult to find. This research dealt with the military families’s psychological characteristics in order to solve their problems. The researcher observed this problem from the point of view of the ministry, pastoral care and counseling in military. One of the best spiritual supports is family worship. Spiritual support including family worship was found to have a positive effect on depression, anxiety and stress reduction in the military family. Family worship also makes the family hardiness, family resilience and family healthiness. Also, one of the supporting methods for a child who has absence of fatherhood of military family is compensation hypothesis of attachment theory. Family worship as compensation hypothesis is a mean of spiritual support methods for absence of fatherhood child.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Ruminative Thinking of the Middle-aged on Generativity : Focused on the mediating effect of trait meta-mood and moderating effect of christian

    Chung Hae Soon | Kim Mi Kyung | 2019, 27(2) | pp.223~255 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to confirm the relationships between ruminative thinking, the trait meta-mood, and the sense of generation and to find out the mediating effect of the trait meta-mood in their relationships. Also, it had been analyzed as to whether Christianity adjusts such relationships. For this, by selecting 460 adults in their middle years of the life who had been residing in Seoul and the capital city region and by carrying out a questionnaire survey investigation through an SNS with a standardized survey questionnaire, 448 copies among them had been analyzed. As a result of the analysis, firstly, it appeared that the rumination in the ruminative thinking has a negative influence on the sense of generation, and it appeared that the reflection has a positive influence on the sense of generation. Secondly, it appeared that the rumination in the ruminative thinking has a negative influence on the trait meta-mood, and it appeared that the reflection has a positive influence on the trait meta-mood. Thirdly, it appeared that the trait meta-mood has been playing the mediating role between the ruminative thinking and the sense of generation. Fourthly, it appeared that Christianity plays the adjusting role in the relationships between the ruminative thing, the trait meta-mood, and the sense of generation. This research has the significance with regard to the point that it had discussed about the ruminative thinking, the trait meta-mood, and the sense of generation in the middle-age transition period, it had grasped the structural relationships between the variables that have the influences on the sense of generation of the adults in their middle years of life, and it had proposed the need for the counseling intervention for the improvement of the sense of generation of the adults in their middle years of life.
  • 9.

    Intervening Anxiety of Cyber Violence Victims: A single case study in christian perspective

    Chung, Heyoun | Kim, Jun | 2019, 27(2) | pp.257~295 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate Biblical change process as a Christian counseling approach to anxiety in the victims of cyber violence. To achieve this objective, this study first characteristics, related concepts, and types of cyber violence, and points out the severity of cyber violence as a rapidly expanding phenomena. It then describes the causal relationship between the experiences of cyber violence and anxiety, and claims the necessity of Christian approach to anxiety problems of the victims. This research employs a single case study of qualitative method in conducting a Christian approach. Specifically, to understand the cognitive process of cyber violence victims, it reveals negative thoughts of the victims and applied these finding to Jun Kim’s biblical change mode, which is based on David Powlison’s tree model. The analysis of the single case shows that biblical change consists of five aspects of motive, thoughts, emotions, response, and fruits, and the change of distorted thoughts and deep motives bring real change in the victim’s life. Finally, this study reaffirms that serious situations of cyber violence and disastrous effects on the victims, and points of weakness of a single case study and suggests the direction of future study that investigates more cases related cyber violence.
  • 10.

    The Authority of the Bible, Queer Theology and Christian Counseling

    Ha, Jae Sung | 2019, 27(2) | pp.297~326 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is for Christian counselors to understand the significance of the authority of the Bible as an essential foundation for Christian counseling. Augustine fought the Pelagian heresy of his day by basing his trust on the inerrancy of the Bible. Calvin emphasized the atonement of the Christ revealed in the Spirit-inspired Scripture that becomes an object of our faith with its divine authority. However, liberal theology inherited the Pelagian priority of human reason over inspiration with the advent of the Renaissance and the preference of human rationality to Christian authority of the Scripture. Immanuel Kant valued human reason and morality higher than the Christian doctrines such as incarnation, crucifixion or resurrection and reduced the faith-tradition into religious moralism. Liberal theology that follows after Kant and Schleiermacher results in forsaking traditional faith values and, instead, taking only adaptable moral instructions for the day from the Bible. Queer theology, in the same vein, takes the liberal stance of the Bible by radically modifying scriptural texts only for the wellbeing of LGBTQIA people. Aware of the dangers of liberal theology, the Christian counselor must stand on the faith of the authority of the Bible and the Christ’s atonement that can even save the homosexual.