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pISSN : 1739-0745

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.54
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2020, Vol.28, No.1

  • 1.

    Self-formation, Trauma, and Therapeutic Functions of Grace

    Kyu Bo Kim | 2020, 28(1) | pp.5~50 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper argues that God’s grace in Christ heals the sufferers who are traumatized in a broken relationship. According to object-relations and self psychological theories, a traumatic relationship breaks down the development of a cohesive self, and thereby forms a fragmented self, causing selfdestruction and a false self. This approach surely provides several contributions to understand trauma and relational dynamics, but it fails to consider God’s existence and works in its therapeutic discussion. Christian psychology presents a better approach to heal trauma, which relies on God’s grace in Christ. Frist, the sufferers, in Christ, can taste God’s agape, fully embracing their traumas, which is better than humanistic empathy. Second, union with Christ, which is better than transmuting internalization, can actualize their healthy self-love and true self, Third, in the body of Christ, the traumatized are welcomed, accepted, and loved, so that they will be empowered enough to build a new relationship with others in faith. Fourth, through daily practices of piety, the sufferers in Christ dwells continually in God’s grace, and thereby they can sustain to be a pious even in the midst of trauma. As a result, this inquiry argues that the relationship with God in Christ can be a powerful therapeutic element for the traumatized.
  • 2.

    Development and Effect of Christian Parent Education Program using Cinema Therapy

    Ko, Sun Ok | Kang, Yeon Jeong | 2020, 28(1) | pp.51~83 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this thesis is to develop a Christian parent Education program using cinema therapy based on Birgit Wolfz (2006)‘s Cinema Therapy theory, Horace Bushnell (2004)’s Christian Nurture theory and John Gottman (2007)'s Emotional Coaching theory and to investigate its effects. This program were conducted expert validity investigation and preliminary research, and the participants were selected Christian parents with school aged children 9 to 12 at the C/D church in C city. The participants were divided in two groups of 15 people each that were alloted randomly. One is a test group and the other is a control group. The program were conducted two sessions a week, 120 minutes per session and total 12 sessions. Data analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics Version 25 program, In conclusion, the Christian parent education program using cinematherapy developed by this researcher proved to be statistically significant in the parenting behavior, parent-child communication and spiritual well-being of Christian parents. Therefore, the Christian parent education program using cinematherapy suggests that it is an in-church viable program that can help improve spiritual well-being through communication with children based on the professional knowledge of parenting of Christian parents.
  • 3.

    Narrative Inquiry on ‘How to Become Pastor’s Wife’

    Kim, Bo Lim | Kim Mi Kyung | 2020, 28(1) | pp.85~118 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The study is the narrative inquiry on the stories of joy and sorrow, rewards and dilemmas of pastor’s wife in their roles at the site of sole ministry. For this purpose, the study researches the meaning of ministry, and the process of creating and changes in pastor’s wife in middle age. Interviewees were 4 pastors’ wives with period of ministry not less than a decade at sole ministry, and interviews were performed since April to November 2019. The study method followed the process of narrative inquiry proposed by Clandinin and Connelly. Stories of pastors’ wives were narratively coded in the flow of time and space, and in the changes of personal characteristics, and context of various events etc., focusing on the ministerial experiences, and the theme was unfolded, analyzing available materials by repeatedly reviewing site texts and listening to interview recordings. As the result of transferring the texts of participants to the Study to study text in order to compose the meaning with consideration on their context of life, 4 aspects were derived. In other words, based on the stories of participants, the meanings were composed focused on spiritual background, the background for marriage and ministry, child fostering in the course of ministry and relationship with disciples, and relationship with husband and retirement planning. the study is meaningful in triggering pastors’ wives in their middle ages to establish their identity on “Who I am” from the living viewpoints they shared, and to encourage them to pursue the story of living again.
  • 4.

    A Study on Christian Counseling for Reduction of Depression of Grandparents in GrandParents-Headed Family : Focusing on adult child forgiveness using Hargrave’s model

    Anna Park | 2020, 28(1) | pp.119~145 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to apply Hargrave’s family forgiveness model to improve the quality of life by reducing the depression of grandparents in GrandParents-Headed Family and to consider the possibility of using the model in Christian counseling. Depression of grandparents begins with the misery of adult children, is affected consistently by them throughout grandchild-rearing and reduces the quality of life in old age, so counseling dealing with forgiveness is necessary because forgiveness effectively improves the quality of life by increasing positive emotions. In the ‘salvage’ stage of Hargrave’s family forgiveness model, the insight level leads them to see the conflicts with their adult children objectively and to consider the impact of their reactions on the present and the future, while the understanding level provides an opportunity to understand the adult child as a person as well as adult child’s position. This increases the likelihood of forgiveness, reduces negative emotions such as anger, and increases positive emotions such as feeling of liberation to improve the quality of life for grandparents. This model is worth using for Christian counseling for grandparent counseling, but Christian counselors need to use it rightly by helping grandparents recognize forgiveness not for themselves but for God who forgive them so that they willing to forgive their child as result of obedience.
  • 5.

    Phenomenological research on lived experiences of pastors’ wives: From the perspective of Christian counseling Song, Kyung

    Song, Kyung Hwa | 2020, 28(1) | pp.147~181 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This research explores lived experiences of Korean pastors’ wives─ samonims. While samonims provide counseling for their congregants, they hardly become recipients of counseling. It is Christian counselors’ responsibility to develop effective strategies of Christian counseling for samonims. For this, the first task is to understand samonims’ lived experiences. I employ phenomenological research method for this because the purpose of phenomenological research is to provide a thick description of the essence of a phenomenon. I performed interviews with eight samonims. Then, I analyzed the interview data through phenomenological procedures. Finally, I identified six categories and sixteen themes. Description of these themes serves as a thick description of the essence of samonims’ lived experiences. The research result indicates: Samonims regard themselves as mothers for congregants and invisible helpers of their husbands; They participate in and experience both joy and worry by their husband’s ministry; They find difficulties in their family relationships─in raising their children and in their marital relationships; They enumerate their sufferings: having no person to talk with; feeling of being trapped; high level of stress; and attention and judgments by people; Their coping strategies are patience, prayer to God, and self-development; Samonims identify benefits of being samonims: special treatments and growth of personal faith. Also, the interviewees recognize their power as samonims.
  • 6.

    Understanding and Utilization of Hope in Christian Counseling

    Ahn, Kyung Seung | 2020, 28(1) | pp.183~217 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper emphasizes that hope is essential in people’s lives and that it should further be utilized as an important resource to help people’s recovery in Christian counseling. To strengthen this statement, this paper first studies how hope is utilized in general counseling. Theories such as the cognitivebehavioral approaches along with transcendental and positive psychology lay emphasis on this. Representative theories, derived insights, and the content of practical approaches are studied. Second, Christianity’s hope understanding is studied, while similarities and differences between Christian counseling and general counseling are evaluated. The conceptual understanding of hope in Christianity as well as futuristic and modern level benefits in the perspective of salvation, eternity, and Kingdom of God are identified. By combining previous studies, this paper focuses on identifying the practical use of hopecentered counseling in Christian counseling on three aspects. First, hope should be rooted in the conversation from the beginning of the counseling process and on. To enable this, the counselor should have high level of hope and the ability to reinforce hope through questions and conversations. Next, trust building is used to emphasize counseling where hope is grown. Fundamentally having a deep relationship with God is necessary, while the therapeutic relationship and the need for a community is stressed. Lastly, confirmation and embodiment of promises help content of hope be filled with God’s promises, so that it can be looked forwarded to and experienced.
  • 7.

    Christian Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Panic Disorder: A Research on development and effectiveness

    jungsun yang | 2020, 28(1) | pp.219~270 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop a Christian Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program for Panic Disorder, to verify the effectiveness of the program. To do this, the article first studied theoretical background and biblical perspective on panic disorder. Based on this, this study attempted a Christian counseling approach to Barlow and Craske’s MAP(Mastery of Your Anxiety and Panic), which is recognized as the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Panic Disorder, and developed a Christian Cognitive Behavioral Therapy program using five Christian change mechanisms. The Christian change mechanism used in this program is Bible-Based Relaxation Therapy(BBRT), that is, the biblical thought from the perspective of the Kingdom of God, turning self-dialogue into dialogue with the Lord, the image of God, motivation. The Christian Cognitive Behavioral Therapy program was conducted for 12 weeks for Christians diagnosed with panic disorder and the effectiveness of the program was verified. The results of this study are as follows. The experimental group who participated in the Christian Cognitive Behavior Therapy program showed a significant decrease in ‘severity of panic and agoraphobia’ scale and ‘anxiety sensitivity’ scale. As a result of the study, the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Panic Disorder has proven effective in Christians with panic disorder. This study developed the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Panic Disorder using five Christian Change Mechanisms for Bible Change, suggesting a method of Christian counseling.
  • 8.

    Christian Counseling and Community Care of Families with Disabled Children : Focusing on developmental disabilities

    Lee, Jung Kyoung | 2020, 28(1) | pp.271~300 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study deals with the need and approach for disability family counseling and care community in Christian counseling and approach. It is needed to understand and accept on disability as equal beings whom to love one another not as different beings with deficiency from God’s perspectives. This indicates needs for changes of distorted perceptions on disability in Korean society, and emphasizes that interests and attempts of ministries for disability should not be limited within only a few churches. Rather, it stresses out needs for care for increasing number of disability children and families. Thus, this study has a purpose on suggesting how church communities can be the resources of care and prevention for disability families’ suffering caused by various problems from their birth to adulthood, specifically focusing on the developmental disability. Particularly, it points out the seriousness of social isolation and difficulty of care for grown-up disability, and emphasis on the need of community not isolating disability people among society. And this study claims the care community of associated churches can help disability grown-ups. In this community, the proper roles as pastors and counselors are needed, and church communities understanding disability people and sharing their lives can be healthy communities by them. Followup study has to deal with more specific approaches and programs for the developmental disability grown-up by care communities.
  • 9.

    Pastoral Counseling through Understanding on the Grief of the Loss of Companion Animal

    JOSEPH JEON | 2020, 28(1) | pp.301~326 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article is to clarify pastoral counseling through psychological understanding on the grief of the loss of companion animal. Recently, companion animal becomes a part of family. So, the English word familization came into a psychological neologism. The grief of the loss of companion animal becomes as much as the grief caused by the death of a family member. Psychological traits of grief family include sadness, mental depression, and various emotional problems. When the pastoral counselor is asked by church members if their companion animal could go to Kingdom of Heaven, pastoral counselors may be lead by confusion. The reason for this is that there is no clear verse in the Bible. God the Creator made not only human but also animals. God is also the almighty God with love; thus, leaving the issue on animal salvation to God’s sovereignty is the sound attitude and evangelical aspect. The pastoral counselor should empathize the grief family from the loss of companion animal. In addition, it is encouraged that pastoral counselors make or support church members to join the self-help support group so that the grief from the loss of companion animal can be filled with the Holy spirit. Pastoral counselors are encouraged to help the grief families learn about human life and death through the loss of companion animals.
  • 10.

    The Relationship between Peer Trust and Life satisfaction in Christian Post-Adolescents: Focusing on Serial Multiple mediating effects of emotion and sense of community

    A Ram Choi | Oh, Yoon Sun | 2020, 28(1) | pp.327~362 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the serial multiple mediating effect of emotion and sense of community in the relationship between peer trust and life satisfaction in Christian post-adolescents. And the study seeks to provide basic data for teaching and counseling at the pastoral and educational sites. In order to achieve this purpose conducted to measure peer trust on Christian post-adolescents and life satisfaction, emotion and sense of community from 560 Christian post-adolescents. And using SPSS Version 21.0, and the methods of statistics were frequency analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis. And then structure equation analysis. Based on result of the study are as follows. First, peer trust on Christian postadolescents directly affect life satisfaction, emotion, sense of community. Second, emotion and sense of community has a partial mediating effect between peer trust on Christian post-adolescents and life satisfaction. Third, Peer trust wielded relation on life satisfaction, which was sequentially mediated by emotion, sense of community. The church is the best institution to develop and maintain Christian Post-Adolescents’ peer trust and sense of community. Therefore the Church is necessary to develop the training, personal and group program for these. On count of limitations of the study, directions for follow-up study were qualitative research and research programs should be conducted.