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pISSN : 1739-0745

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.54
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2020, Vol.28, No.2

  • 1.

    Integrative Applications of Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology to Hall & Hall's Foundations of Clinical Integration

    Kim, Kyoungjun | 2020, 28(2) | pp.5~31 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to apply Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology (EBPP) to the foundations of clinical integration suggested by Hall & Hall, which is one of the works of the integration of Theology and Psychology. Firstly, a brief introduction to Hall & Hall's clinical integration containing the definition and the broad ideas was presented. Clinical integration has a strong foundation with four reasons for existence: pragmatic, ethical, empirical and personal. Secondly, the background history of how EBPP movement had been developed from Eysenck's article in 1952 to the report of APA Presidential Task Force in 2006 and the three major components of EBPP, which are the best available research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient's values, characteristics, preference, and circumstances, were described. Thirdly, an integrative work of applying the concepts of EBPP to clinical integration was executed with the common goal of the two paradigms that is to improve the effectiveness of the counseling process. This work included the inspection of the possible areas applying the main points of EBPP to the foundational reasons for clinical integration and its categories. In addition, this work can contribute to more effective counseling ministry even in the secular counseling setting as well as in the Christian counseling settings. Lastly, some suggestions for the Korean Christian Counseling settings were presented.
  • 2.

    Practical Implications of the Triple Office of Christ to Traumatic Family Systems

    Kyu Bo Kim | 2020, 28(2) | pp.33~76 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Family system can be traumatic. Domestic abuse, neglect, and dysfunctional systems are main factors causing trauma symptoms in family members, and such traumas are prone to be passed from one generation to the next. Inadequate family copings to trauma, such as concealment, just-world thinking, spiritual triumphalism, are also significant factors that trigger secondary traumatization to the sufferers. In this regard, this paper argues that the triple office (minus triplex) of Christ has practical implications for creating Christlike family order, which is to de-form trauma-prone family environments, to re-form trauma-resilient family system, and to desire the Kingdom of God. In the prophetic family order, members are to change its traumatic culture to the holy, anchored on the Word of God. In the priestly family order, members can participate in a confessional and prayerful worship, reducing the destructive impacts of trauma to the next generations and confronting the nature of trauma, without hiding or defending it. In the royal family order, members hand over their right to God's sovereignty and create a new way of life driven by God's vision for his kingdom, serving the public society and the church.
  • 3.

    Christian Counseling Readings of Jacob Narrative: Focused on Fairbairn

    Kim Mi Kyung | 2020, 28(2) | pp.77~108 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    We are now living in the age of Untact, where strong social distancing is prolonged due to Corona-19 and preparing for the change of the untact era by deciding to introduce non-face-to-face classes and telecommuting. These changes can also spread to Christian's religious life, and worship can also be offered in a non-face-to-face manner, which could potentially spread in the form of "distancing from God." Human beings are relational beings, especially the formation of a relationship with God is an important aspect of existence. To this end, this study will look at the descriptions of Genesis, which make Jacob's story focused on the "Bethel (House of God)" based on the Jacob story. By dividing Jacob's story into six scene structures, this study will examine the dynamic relationship between Jacob, the people around him, and God by applying Fairbairn's object relation theory. In particular, after the Jabbok River incident and the Dinah incident, it attempts to analyze how God intervened and made Jacob into Israel in the Reformation and Bethel event of Genesis Chapter 35 that Jacob had implemented in his family. Christian counseling should start with “Bethel,” the central motive of Jacob's story, and guide the client to return to “Bethel”. Upon returning to Bethel, the client's fragmented self encounters the ideal object of Christ with reinforcement of the central ego, and the client's well-being based on the relationship with God would be given.
  • 4.

    A Pastoral Counseling View and Application of King David’s Dysfunctional Family

    Taidoo Kim | 2020, 28(2) | pp.109~134 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research focused on King David’s dysfunctional family from a pastoral counseling perspective to apply to pastoral ministry. This research might be resourceful to pastors and parents who seek to understand and apply this study to counsel dysfunctional families. Three steps were applied in this study. First, the researcher studied the text (2 Sam 13:1-16:23) via brief exegesis to articulate the background of the narrative. Second, the researcher analyzed the text from a pastoral counseling and socio-psychological perspective. As a result of the analysis, the researcher found that David failed to manage anger as a parent. This resulted in three lessons from David’s failure: (1) Destruction of familial relationship, (2) Escalated anger and resentment between family members, (3) Negative influence from ignoring opportunities to bring healing and recovery to the family. Third, the researcher suggested four applications in pastoral counseling and in parenting. King David’s dysfunctional family calls for attention in the areas of (1) the significance of timely crisis counseling, (2) the importance of exemplary parenthood, (3) the importance of proper discipline and punishment in parenting, and (4) the significance of learning to deal with anger management in the family. From this study, pastors and parents may learn valuable lessons to build a biblically healthy family.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Happiness Enhancement Group Counseling Program for Christian Middle-aged Men on Spiritual Maturity, Subjective Happiness and Interpersonal Relationship

    Oh, Yoon Sun | 2020, 28(2) | pp.135~162 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to verify whether the group counseling program that happiness enhancement among Christian middle-aged men has some effect on spiritual maturity, subjective happiness and interpersonal relationship. This study confirmed the results as follows. First, the result of homogeneity test between the experimental and the control group came to be spiritual maturity(p=.154), subjective happiness(p=.214) and interpersonal relationship (p=.223). This result showed that there were no statistically significant differences in spiritual maturity, subjective happiness and Interpersonal Relationship scores. Second, as a result of data analysis from the pre- and post- test, there were some significant differences in the mean scores between the control group and the experimental group, the average of the mean scores of spiritual maturity(pre M=61.521-post M=66.431), subjective happiness(pre M=24.212-post M=27.452) and interpersonal relationship(pre M=M=17.845 -post M=23.645) of the experimental group is proved to be relatively higher than the average of spiritual maturity(pre M=61.612 -post M=62.115), subjective happiness(pre M=23.314-post M=23.752) and interpersonal relationship(pre M=18.124 -post M=18.824) of the control group. In addition, the significance level of the experimental group was statistically significant in spiritual maturity p<.001, subjective happiness p<.001, and interpersonal relationships p<.01, whereas the significance level of the control group was meaningless. This proves that the happiness enhancement group counseling program for Christian middle-aged men can be applied very usefully to improve spiritual maturity, subjective happiness and interpersonal relationship.
  • 6.

    Communal Justice and Christian-pastoral Counseling: Focused on the Recovery of a Narrative

    Ha, Jae Sung | 2020, 28(2) | pp.163~194 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is for Christian or pastoral counselors to pay attention to the high rate of unemployment of young adults amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, and to listen to their individual narratives from the point of social community. Young adults without jobs or in danger of losing them are supposed to speak out candidly about their stories, and the counselors are expected to listen to them with empathy. Unemployment of young adults threatens a continuation of their future life stories. A Christian or pastoral counselor may provide inspiration that young adults desperately need beyond material profits. A narrative as a story-telling has closely to do with the formation of a community as well as its moral values. Justice is the basis of the shalom community that the Israelites in the Bible dreamed of from ancient times. The story of exodus, for example, has formed God’s big narrative of redemption, and influenced the practice of mercy for poor people e.g., widows or orphans. The peaceful community is composed both of the big narrative of God’s redemption and of the individual narratives of practice. As Couture points out, a Christian or pastoral counselor must become familiar with empathic rhetoric so that individual care and social justice can be served for the socially isolated like the young ones of the time.
  • 7.

    A Study of Christian Counseling on Anger Toward God

    Han, Hyun Hee | 2020, 28(2) | pp.195~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    For Christians in suffering, anger toward God is often a phenomenon that is found, but it is difficult to express angry. That is because it appears to be faithless or spiritually immature. However, when anger toward God is unresolved, it affects a person physically, psychologically, and spiritually. In particular, a personal relationship with God is important in the Christian tradition. Unless the anger toward God is resolved, it is difficult to achieve true communication with God. But there is a disagreement in view of anger toward God in Christian Counseling. This paper deals with different opinions on anger toward God in Mark P. Cosgrove, Andrew D. Lester, Robert D. Jones, and David Powlison, and describes and compares their opinions to see how Christian counselors should care for angry clients. Based on the opinions of scholars, “human as a sinner” and “reframing of suffering” were derived as important topics that Christian counselors should consider. A Counselor should help the anger of a sinner client to be expressed with mourning. In addition, a counselor needs to help a client put down the beliefs and motivations that are more important than God in order to reframe the meaning of suffering. Lastly, it is described the limitations of this discussion and suggested case studies for specific application.
  • 8.

    A Research on the Experience of School Dropout Youths’ Internet Game Addiction : Implications of Biblical Counseling

    Hwang Seong shin | Son, Chul Woo | 2020, 28(2) | pp.223~266 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research was to deeply understand the experiences of youth school dropouts who are addicted to internet games. By result of this study, we hope counselors, teachers, church leaders and parents would understand these youth and gain basic information on how to intervene. For proper analysis, the researchers interviewed 4 male youth school dropouts, who were addicted to internet games, collected data, and further analyzed it by using Giorgi's phenomenological method. Through this analysis, the researchers were able to find 17 themes, then narrowed it down to five core elements. The five core components that the researchers discovered were ‘Inevitable pressure from reality’, ‘Enjoying the freedom to the full’, ‘Emptiness controlled by desire’, ‘Misery of addiction reality’, and ‘Struggling for change.’ The implications for Biblical counseling in regard to Internet game addiction for school dropouts youth were 'Facing their false ego revealed in the fantasy of a self-fulfilling life'. This results of this study gave opportunities those who care for youths in counseling field or church to recognize their limited capability and hope for salvation from God. Conclusively, researchers discussed the meanings behind the internet game addiction experiences of youth school dropouts and implications that can further help youth who are addicted to Internet games.