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2021, Vol.29, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study of a Triple Relational Interaction Model from the Viewpoint of Christian Counseling

    Sunghwan Kim | 2021, 29(1) | pp.5~39 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the face of the 4th Industrial Revolution and the Information Age, communication in the virtual space is increasing while human relations in the real world are becoming more and more difficult. Accelerating Christians’ biblical recovery of relationship interaction suffering from relationship difficulties has become an essential task for their integrated healing and maturity. Therefore, this study tries to develop and propose a relational interaction model to help Christians undergo psycho-spiritual integration healing and maturity. We first explored the aspects of relational interaction shown by the psychological theories of Freud and other scholars, and extracted ‘Aggression’, ‘Dependency’, and ‘Evasion’, as three basic element that activate relational interaction. We examined the overall structure and dynamics of Christian interactions and develops the model of relationship interaction on the frame of reference of the Christian worldview of creation, fall, and redemption, for the purpose of helping Christians who were suffering from erroneous relationship interactions to recover their life of the channel of God’s true love. To this end, the three-fold relational interaction model(ADE), reflecting three basic elements of the relationship interaction of ‘Aggression’, ‘Dependency’, and ‘Evasion’ on the basis of the structure of relation with ‘IGod’, ‘I-Other’, and ‘I-I’, was proposed. This model can be used to help Christians who are struggling with relationships with others to gain insight into themselves and to recover their life of a channel of God’s true love.
  • 2.

    A Research on the Psychological Conflicts and Spiritual Experiences of the Parents of Adolescents in Hikikomori

    Kim, Shin-a | Kang, Yeon Jeong | 2021, 29(1) | pp.41~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this research, psychological conflicts of the parents of adolescents in Hikikomori and the meaning of their spiritual experiences in those conflicts are to be studied. The purpose of this research is to understand the meaning and essential structure of the psychological conflicts and spiritual experiences of the parents of adolescents in Hikikomori by using a phenomenological research approach among several qualitative research methods and to provide basic data to help them. Seven parents of adolescents in Hikikomori participated in this research. A conclusion was drawn by applying phenomenological research method of Giorgi. The psychological conflicts and spiritual experiences of the parents of adolescents in Hikikomori can be categorized into 6 components, 21 sub-components, and 53 abridged units of meaning in this research. The six components are as follows: “shock, distress and confusion caused by the seclusion of the children,” “becoming exhausted by degrees,” “the waning hope,” “the plummeting faith of mine,” “grasping the hands of God at the bottom of the pain,” and “God’s love recovering me.” Through this research, the psychological conflicts and spiritual experiences of the parents of adolescents in Hikikomori were revealed. Also, I came to understand the importance of support to relieve them of difficulties and exhaustion. I expect this research to make a contribution to developing christian counseling approaches and several programs for helping those parents of adolescents in Hikikomori.
  • 3.

    A Phenomenological Study for the Understanding of Bibliodrama Experiences for the Improved Interpersonal Relationships of Christian Young Adults

    Kim, Yun Ju | 2021, 29(1) | pp.75~110 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study are to implement Bibliodrama and examine its process. The format of Bibliodrama was used to understand the meanings and psychological phenomena of Christian young adults in the process of their improvement of interpersonal relationships and examine how these experiences would be manifested in their life courses. Based on Giorgi’s phenomenological methodology, the improvement process of interpersonal relationships was applied according to the research procedure. nine young adults in their twenties were selected at a church that had its first encounter with Bibliodrama. Along with a program of eight three-hour sessions, an indepth interview was conducted with the participants individually. The results of their interviews outcomes identified eight components and 27 subcomponents. The eight components include “check of life,” “maladaptive interpersonal relationship,” “experience of catharsis through Bibliodrama,” “understanding of oneself through role playing,” “interaction with others,” “creation of a new role,” “changes in one’s life attitude,” and “growth and challenge.” In the study, the participants expressed and experienced familiar stories in the Bible in connection to their personal lives, broadening their understanding of others as well as new perceptions of themselves. These findings indicate that experiences through interactions with others helped them form new relations and that they had enhanced experiences of more flexible interpersonal relationships thanks to growing positive thoughts and feelings.
  • 4.

    The Understanding and Application of Biblical Pastoral Crisis Counseling in light of the Book of Job

    Taidoo Kim | 2021, 29(1) | pp.111~142 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to apply a biblical perspective and understanding of the book of Job in a pastoral crisis counseling context. Job deals with diverse counseling issues such as disasters, death of family members, health issues, financial loss, marital conflict, poor counseling, PTSD, and struggling to understand God’s sovereignty and the mystery of the suffering of the righteous. The researcher analyzed the entire book, then exegeted passages to apply them in a pastoral crisis counseling context. The researcher then applied the findings to four areas: (1) The Background of Job’s family and their Experience of unexpected disasters. (2) The Understanding of God’s sovereignty and of the Suffering of the righteous. (3) The Efficiency of the crisis counseling of Job’s three friends and Elihu. (4) The Understanding and Application of pastoral crisis counseling. The study also explores the importance of empathy, accurate diagnoses of crises; of God as the Advocate and Redeemer; and of the Necessity of repentance, forgiveness, resilience, and healing. The researcher found that suffering is under God’s sovereignty and that perseverance and faith like that of Job is needed in the midst of the mystery of suffering. The researcher also found that God the Advocate and Redeemer is good and faithful to provide resilience and healing and that Jesus Christ is the eternal Wonderful Counselor.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Recent Trends of Grandparent-headed Family Studies and the Direction of Christian Counseling in the Future : Focusing on the Concept of Family Function in the Book of Ruth

    Anna Park | 2021, 29(1) | pp.143~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to present the direction of Christian counseling for grandparent-headed family in the future by analyzing the trends of the relevant research published in Korean journals since 2010. As a result of analyzing the studies on grandparent-headed family since 2010 the “professional counseling that strengthens family functions” of grandparent-headed family was the core of the latest research trend and it came from the perspective of seeing them as A family type. Accordingly, in order to understand the family function through the Bible containing the essence of the family, the book of Ruth was examined, and the biblical family function of “family continuity” and “restoration of rest through care” was derived. Therefore, Christian counseling for grandparentheaded family should be directed toward helping them regain these two functions. Specifically Christian counselors can encourage for their contribution to the continuity of the family, promote voluntary care and help them to unite with the community. And it is proposed to apply to case conceptualization. This study is meaningful in that it examines the nature of family counseling for grandparent-headed family and the specific application of the improvement of biblical family function through the latest trends in the study of grandparent-headed family.
  • 6.

    The Mediating Effect of Resilience and Transcendence Self in the Relationship between Christians’ Distress Tolerance and the Existential well-being

    Oh, Yoon Sun | Kim, Jin Tae | 2021, 29(1) | pp.173~210 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of resilience and transcendence self in the relationship between Christians distress tolerance and the existential well-being. For this study, 315 Christians were selected for the sampling of this study and randomly collection was conducted. The data collected were analyzed using the PASW(SPSS Win. 20) Statistical Package Program. The statistical analysis methods used were analyzed with frequency analysis, correlation, and SPSS Process Macro Model 6. The results of this study are as follows: First, distress tolerance has a negative correlate existential well-being, resilience and transcendence self and then existential well-being, resilience and transcendence self has a positive correlate to each other and this result has a statistically significant level(p<.001). Second, distress tolerance had negative effect on existential well-being. In addition, this result has a statistically significant level(p<.001). Third, in the relationship between Christians distress tolerance and existential well-being, resilience and transcendence self have a dual mediating effect. In addition, this result has a statistically significant level(p<.001). The results of this study suggest that distress tolerance, resilience, and transcendence self are important factors that affect the existential well-being of Christian and also this study suggests that Christian faith can be higher level of distress tolerance.
  • 7.

    The Influence of Pastor’s Stress on Burnout: The Mediating Effect of Family Resilience and Calling Consciousness

    Choi, Sung Sang | Kim Mi Kyung | 2021, 29(1) | pp.211~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify the mediating effects of family resilience and calling consciousness on a relationship between pastor’s stress and burnout. First, this study conducted a theoretical consideration on pastor’s stress, burnout, family resilience, and calling consciousness. Also, this study inferred the mediating effects of family resilience and calling consciousness on stress and burnout based on precedent studies. A relationship between each variable was verified through correlation analysis and structural equation modeling. Also, this study identified mediating effects of family resilience and calling consciousness using Sobel test, and the research results are as follows. First, a relationship between pastor’s stress, family resilience, and calling consciousness showed a negative correlation, and showed a positive correlation with psychological burnout. Secondly, family resilience and psychological burnout of pastor showed a negative correlation. Also, it was identified that family resilience reduces pastor’s stress and acts as a buffer against psychological burnout of pastor as it mediates a relationship between pastor’s stress and psychological burnout. Thirdly, calling consciousness did not have any mediating effect on a relationship between pastor’s stress and psychological burnout. Fourthly, among subfactors of pastor’s stress, it was identified that pastors perceive stress in the order of pastoral activity > economic problem > pastor himself. Finally, the implications and limitations of this study and follow-up studies were discussed.