This researcher is to clarify that Christian counseling varies according to
counselor’s theological & psychological background. This researcher presumed
that openness of psychology is a major factor that represents the tendency of Christian
Counseling. Results from this research are as follows:
Counselor’s psychological openness is one of the important factors which
decides Christian Counseling tendency. Tendency of Christian Counseling in
accordance with openness of psychology of Christian Counsellor was classified
into 5 types.
First, opened type. Christian Counsellor makes best use of reference materials
for psychology in counseling, and adopts very open posture to psychology.
And they are unconcerned with using the Bible & the theological resources.
Second, accepted type. This is a standpoint not to lose an identity of Christian
Counseling, whilst admitting psychology. But, They take a little more conservative
posture than opened type.
Third, separated type. They hold a position to separate the area of expertise,
whilst they approve theology and the authority of psychology on equal term.
Fourth, filtered type. They use the topics that would not turn out to be the
problem connected with Bible after having filtered psychology by means of theology.
Evangelical Counselors take this type.
Fifth, closed type. They adopt a closed posture toward psychology. They
don’’t need psychological assistance any more, because they believe that only
the Bible can solves counselee’s problem enough.
Taken above research results together, Christian Counsellors should know
their own tendency toward theology, and openness of psychology. In Conclusion,
The evangelical view of Christian counseling is to use the psychological resources
filtered theologically, not reject it unconditionally. Also, when conducting counseling
having established counseling skills based on such a type they will be
able to provide for efficient helps to clients.