Adolescents with high perfectionism tend to feel guilty and humble themselves
too much because they are obsessed by the feeling that they cannot reach
the goal set by themselves and are unable to satisfy anyone with their behaviors.
Also, they consider God as the Being that can never be pleased by them,
so the feelings of doubts, disobedience and even hostility against God always
overwhelm them, Therefore, in order for them to be recovered to the image of
God as originally created, they should receive God’s grace given to them in
To satisfy these needs, this study was researched to develop a group art therapy
program to decrease the perfectionism of adolescents and to test its effectiveness.
Also this study was intended to examine whether the developed program can
be applied at churches and schools.
The targets of the main research were the 40 second-grade middle-school students
who were willing to participate in this test. They were selected from the
high 30 percentile of perfectionism among the second-graders. The 40 students
were divided into two groups, 20 students each. The 20 student group was divided
again into two groups, the test group and the control group, 10 students a
group. The group art therapy program was carried out after school for 7 months
2 to 3 times per week over 20 sessions, each session lasting 90 to 120 minutes.
In order to verify the effectiveness of the program, MPS(Multidimensional
Perfectionism Scale), was chosen as a quantitative analytical tool and a pre-post
repeated dispersion measure was made to compare the average differences of
each group. For qualitative analysis, the observation of behavioral and emotional
change of the participants and the group process evaluation were carried out
The study result could be summarized as below.
First, the group art therapy program was effective in decreasing the perfectionism
of the adolescents with high perfectionism.
Second, the adolescents with high perfectionism showed a positive change in
their emotion and behavior during each session.
Third, the evaluation and the response of the adolescents with high perfectionism
to the group art therapy was very positive.
Therefore, this program which was developed as an alternative to lower the
perfectionism of the adolescents is expected to be effectively applied at churches