According to a number of studies regarding the issue of confrontation, confrontation is used infrequently, accounting for about 1% to 5% of therapist statements. Also, therapists and clients rated confrontation as moderately helpful but clients had negative reactions to confrontation such as being scared, worse, stuck, confused, or misunderstood. These studies suggest that confrontation can be helpful in point out problems of clients but needs to done carefully and empathically.
Today various theories in the field of psychology have been introduced: Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis or Carl Rogers' client-centered therapy. On the other hand, Jay E. Adams who was a Protestant counselor introduced a theory of 'Nouthetic' counseling which was based on the bible as a biblical counseling.
In the midst of various theories of psychology and counseling, the writer needed to give a presentation an evangelical theory that could give the life and the ‘agape’ love of Jesus Christ to the client. In this reason, the writer tried to deal with the issue of 'agape' counseling through this thesis. The writer got a hint from Jesus' examples of counseling in the bible and made a new title as a new paradigm of counseling among lots of theories. In the second chapter the writer deals with the issues of confrontation: concept, purpose, response, example, and a biblical case. In the third chapter there is the theory of 'agape' counseling as that of a new biblical counseling. In the fourth chapter the writer tries to deal with the application regarding the theory of confrontation and 'agape' counseling.
This 'agape' counseling is the first theory that the writer presented as a new paradigm of Christian counseling, but not the last theory that the writer gave a presentation as a completed theory. Therefore, there is the task for the writer to formulate a system of this 'agape' counseling in the various theories of the 21st century.