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2011, Vol.12, No.

  • 1.

    Code-switching or borrowing?: A much-discussed topic in the code-switching literature

    박현숙 | 2011, 12() | pp.1~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    언어전환 (code-switching)과 외래어 (borrowing)의 구분이 이중언어 학자들 사이에 오랫동안 논쟁의 쟁점이 되어왔다. 논쟁의 근거는 여러 연구에서 이중언어 사용시 다른 언어에서 유래한 긴 구 (phrases)나 절 (clauses)보다 단일어 (single words)가 가장 많이 사용되고 있으며 일반적으로 자국어에 동화되는 단어와 비교할 때 구나 절은 형태, 통사적으로 보통 원어의 특징을 지니고 있기 때문이다. 또한 단일어는 외래어, 긴 구나 절은 언어전환이라는 설이 학자들 사이에 일반적으로 인식되어 왔다. 다른 언어에서 유래한 단일어들의 정확한 구분이 언어전환 연구에 중요한 논점이 되었다. 이 논문의 목적은 언어전환과 외래어의 구분을 위해 언어전환연구에서 현재까지 제안되어 사용되고 있는 방안을 분석 고찰하는 것이다. 논문 분석결과에 의하면 현재까지 제안된 구분 방법이 모두 문제점을 지니고 있음이 입증되었다. 본 논문은 언어전환과 외래어는 서로 다른 독립 개체가 아니라 동일하거나 혹은 비슷한 과정에서 비롯된 결과물이며 또한 같은 연속체에 존재하고 있다는 것을 제시하고 있다.
  • 2.

    A Research on the new paradigm of cultural policy in Sweden

    Hong, Jai-Ung | 2011, 12() | pp.25~52 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this study I discuss the cultural policy determined by the Swedish government and parliament. Sweden's parliament laid down the objectives and basic principles of Swedish cultural policy in 1974 and the Swedish Arts Council was founded in 1974. In order to view on the history of Swedish cultural policy, I introduce Peter Duelund's model on cultural policies in the Nordic countries. He divides the transition of the policies in four phases: The Democratization of Culture(1960-1975), Cultural Democracy(1975-1985), Social and Economic Instrumentalisation(1985-1995), and Economic and Political Colonisation(1995-2007). Cultural policies always reflect the political and economic struggles to establish a frame for artistic and aesthetic expression and other direct and indirect tools that governments and the state apparatus use to fund, stimulate and reguilate the production, distribution and consumption of art. But after Riitta Heinämaa's report, “The Model of Four Moduler - New Nordic Program for mobility and residence" in 2006, the objectives and basic principles of the cultural policy in Sweden were revised. The constantly changing environment, globalisation, and growing competition had effected all art forms, which were also facing new challenges of cultural diversity, and interdiciplinary practices. For various reasons, Sweden's parliament and the Swedish Arts Council is seeking for new paradigm of cultural policy. In 2007 the new programs began and Nordic Culture point was founded to administrate them. In recent years the goal of the Swedish Arts Council is to renew and revitalize Nordic culture co-operation and art in the Nordic region and stimulate new impulses and initiatives from the local, national, regional and international operators, organizations and institutions. Furthermore, it contributes to establishing Nordic culture co-operation and art as an important element among cultural operators in the Nordic countries and autonomous areas and making this co-operation visible in a global context.
  • 3.

    The Political Line and Leadership of Per Albin Hansson

    Shin Jeongwan | 2011, 12() | pp.53~78 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Per Albin Hansson was the most prominent political leader in modern Swedish politics. He served as the chairman of the Swedish Social Democratic Party(1928-46) and as the prime minister of the Swedish government(1932-46). In late 1920s and early 1930s, he transformed the Swedish Social Democratic Party into the united, politically strong, and dedicated reformist party. He rejected the traditional 'class politics' and instead accepted 'mass politics' for broadening political base of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. As the prime minister, he overcame the Great Depression by Keynesian macroeconomic policies, assisted by the minster of finance, Ernst Wigforss. And he rescued Sweden from the Second World War by firmly holding on to neutrality policies. His political line is characterized by mass politics, mutual understanding and cooperation with bourgeois parties and capitalists, dedicated holding on to democracy, and discursive strategy stressing the positive values of socialism. And his leadership style is characterized by popular appeal, broad-mindedness, and decisiveness. His political line and leadership style greatly contributed to the political success of the Swedish Social Democratic Party.
  • 4.

    Comparing the Application situations of Basic Income Program to Korea and Sweden

    PARK, SEUNG HEE | 김종환 | 홍세영 | 2011, 12() | pp.79~110 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Recently it is being insisted that the basic income program be introduced in Korea. We can imagine two kinds of the feasible basic income programs. One is the simple basic income programs, replacing the existing social benefits. The other one is the supplementary one, supplementing the existing social benefits. If the simple basic income program were put into practice, people would enjoy income security without exception, the level of income security would be higher and the efficiency for mobilization and distribution of resources would increase. But the social benefit for the industrial accident workers would be decreased too much. If the supplementary basic income program were put into operation, the merits of the simple basic income program would be sustained and the demerits would disappear. But, compared with even for current income security system of Sweden, it would have many problems. The replacement rate of the existing income by the social benefits would be too low. The minimum living standard of all people would not be guaranteed because of the high private share of cost for medical service and so forth.
  • 5.

    Continuity and Change in Active Labour Market Policy in Sweden since 1990's

    Seonhwa Jang | 2011, 12() | pp.111~135 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This essay attempts to explore the change of Active Labour Market Policy in Sweden since 1990's. Governing party usually hesitates to reform welfare or labour market policies. Moreover, for a long time, Social democratic party had been in governing party and continued swedish active labour market programme until 1980's. Non social democratic parties, in power for a short term, had not challenged labour market policies builded by social democratic government until then. Active labour market policies are affected by business cycle at most. The scale of active labour market policies had enlarged or reduced by change of economic condition also in Sweden. However, there are some changes in labour market policies in sweden lately. This essay explores why deviation in labour market policies have been on the way in sweden. Economic crises and the worsening of deficit had traditionally effected on the scale of active labour market policies. The reduction in the spending of ALMP had happened in the period of social democratic government, in the mid 1990's. Changes in government and the return of the center-right parties to the power, however, led to some discontinuities and substantive changes in active labour market policies since the mid 2000's.
  • 6.

    International Development Cooperation and Swedish Welfare Model

    Kim, Inchoon | 2011, 12() | pp.137~167 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Sweden is widely known as a country of universal welfare state and prominent ODA leader. According to Sida, the Swedish Agency for International Development Cooperation, key goals of Swedish international development cooperation are economic growth, economic and social equality, democratic development, and gender equality. They also emphasize economic and political independence to help to ensure that poor countries can make their own decisions on their economies and policies and create the conditions necessary for national self-determination. This paper argues that these goals and strategies reflect the goals and strategies of the Swedish welfare state. The Swedish welfare state eventually pursues development of personal capacity and provision of equal economic and social opportunities for all people. Short-term economic security and high level of living conditions including health and education are key elements for the Swedish welfare state as well as for the Swedish ODA.