This study explores a learnfare mechanism to link practical education to labor market in Denmark, focusing on transformation of the Flexicurity Model with three components of flexible labor market, social security and Active Labor Market Policy (ALMP). Since 1990s, the basic axis of ‘the golden triangle’ has shifted from connecting social security and the labor market to linking ALMP and the labor market, a new critical factor being practical education. This manuscript attempts to examine the nature and the process of the ALMP and the educational systems to strengthen it.
In Danish vocational education and training system (VET), one can witness remarkable, workable cooperation between labor market and educational system, with its programs pragmatically responding to local demand of innovation and development. Key components of the VET can be hands-on training with local flavor and active participation of stakeholders. The VET’s work-based education such as internship or on-the-job training amounts up to 50∼75% of the entire programs. Social partners in the programs, including trade unions, employers, and local authorities, have officially and/or informally been engaged in planning, implementing and auditing the training programs. Notably, the approach in general education emphasizing entrepreneurship for primary and secondary schoolers inspires their potential for future jobs.
Additionally, the paradigm of ‘Responsible University’ contributes to innovation and development of regional labor market.
The Danish experiences can provide lessons to Korea, which despite a high level of education struggles to vitalize labor market in sustainable terms. Long overdue, a methodical design for practice-oriented education system merits consideration in order to embrace real world demand from both market and localities.