In this study, the status of rural community businesses was investigated to comprehensively analyze the rural community businesses and provide policy data for vitalizing community businesses, such as supporting excellent businesses. In addition, this study made an attempt to predict the direction of rural community businesses and improve the future development and quality of life for local residents by analyzing the past and present status of rural community businesses. The results of this study showed that, first, the income business type of the subcategories of rural economy is the highest, accounting for 73.87% of all rural community businesses. Second, as a result of analyzing business targets, companies targeting the general public showed the highest ratio of 90.23% of the total. In addition, the most common business objective among the farming and fishing community companies was to generate income, activate farms, and create jobs, accounting for 50.45% or a little more than half of the total. The most active business area of the rural community businesses was the food and specialty products sales business, and production and sales business was the highest business type by content, accounting for 51.35% of the 19 business types by content. Third, the most common organization type was corporation.
Among the four types of corporation, union, private organization, and other organization, the corporation type accounted for 94.95% of the total. Fourth, Jeollanam-do was the region where the highest number of farming and fishing community businesses was distributed with 26.58% of the total.
It was also found that the region where the most rural community businesses were established and still most active is Jeollanam-do. In fact, analyzing the current status of city, county, and district also revealed the largest distribution of 4.05% in Gangjin-gun, Jeollanam-do. It is deemed important to find measures to establish rural community businesses in various regions and support existing companies to continue their operation.