This paper analyzes various policy options for reducing irregular migration under the employment permit system. For this purpose, this paper investigates causes
of irregular migration and policy options for reducing irregular migration in each step of migration process. To minimize irregular migration, choosing the right sending countries with lower irregular migration rate and higher employers' satisfaction rate is important. Thus in the process of revising the MOUs with sending countries, Korea has to adjust the number of sending countries to the optimal level from current ten countries which are beyond efficiently manageable.
The Korean Employment Permit System is a demand-driven system. Thus Korea has to develop effective system to select right qualified migrant workers in the process of recruiting candidates based on the demand of employers. Korea also develop evaluation and monitoring system on the each step of process of the Employment Permit System including recruiting and immigration, managing employment and stay, protecting human rights of migrants, controlling illegal stayers, etc. In managing Employment Permit System, it is quite effective in minimizing irregular migration to use economic incentives to migrant workers and employers by raising economic returns to regular migration and costs of irregular migration. International cooperation to promote voluntary return in both sending and receiving countries is important as well.
The purpose of this study is to reconsider disability through social exclusion perspective which is comprehensive and multi-dimensional and to suggest implications for disability policy. For this purpose, this paper attempts to discuss possibilities that independent living model contributes to social inclusion of people with disabilities, considering the ideological and practical relationship between social exclusion perspective and independent living discourse.
As a result, we could find the relevance of social exclusion to independent living discourse in that both of them ideologically share comprehensive definition of problem, socio-structural causality, and civil right-based approach. In addition, it was observed that independent living centers have system emphasizing own needs of people with disabilities and provide services focusing on social barriers that prohibit social inclusion of people with disabilities. Thus, it could be argued that independent living model can be justified as a disability policy alternative. Finally, various efforts are recommended to consolidate useful and effective practical alternatives based on evaluation of present services and systems.
This article aims to discuss the methods of improving the delivery system linkage of the National Long-term Care Insurance for the Elderly. For the aim, this article, at first, explored the theoretical backgrounds relating to the principles of the social welfare service delivery system and the concept of linkage. After then, the Act of the National Long-term Care Insurance for the Elderly that was enacted in April 2007 was anatomized in terms of its contents and linkage system. Finally, this article suggested the methods to upgrade the linkage of the delivery system of the National Long-term Care Insurance for the Elderly. The particular emphasis of the analysis was brought onto the three aspects of participants' role setting, the establishment of coordination and communication, and the creation of core leadership of linkage.
The paper examines the situation of Jjogbang (low-income rental accommodations) and to identifies the policy alternatives for the housing poverty group. In urban Korea, there are different kinds of rental types and rental housing that are commonly used by low-income groups. Most of the poor are tenants in the substandard settlements and illegal rented rooms, so called Jjogbang in the inner city areas. The literal meaning of Jjogbang is to divide the room or to emphasize small. Since the IMF crisis, Jjogbang has bridged the gap between the unemployed and the poor's housing needs and supply. These kinds of accommodation are usually very poor with several people crowded into each room with very inadequate provision of basic services. Jjogbang is a new type of rental housing or accommodation for the lowest income groups and the homeless. There are no data available on Jjogbang in the census or other government statistics. This paper was based on the investigation which was concentrated on fact-finding work focusing on an sample areas (Donui-dong) representing central location. In order to get progressive realization of the right to adequate housing of the poor disadvantaged groups, we shall seek the active participation of our public, private and non-governmental partners at all levels to ensure legal security of tenure protection from discrimination and equal access to adequate housing for all person and their families. In devising future public housing and welfare programs, authorities have to clarify the ambiguity and define the target group, taking into account local housing situations and community-wide objectives relating to maintaining ‘bottom-up’ or popular participation in housing welfare planning. On the other hand, top priority should be given to medical treatment for the Jjogbang people and creating employment opportunities for the poor. The poor's ability to find suitable work needs to be strengthened through job training and improved job placement services.
It is important to solve the problem that the nonstandard workers were not covered by the public pension and the unemployment insurance. To solve this problem, it is necessary to know why the nonstandard workers were not covered by a public pension and a unemployment insurance. So, the purposes of this article is to analysis the reason of nonstandard worker's un-affiliation to public pension and unemployment insurance in Korea and Japan.
The results are first, the reasons of that nonstandard workers were not covered by public pension and unemployment insurance is because of the frame of social insurance. The Part-time workers and the day workers were not covered by the law of public pension and unemployment insurance in Korea and Japan.
The results are second, the reasons of that nonstandard workers were not covered by public pension and unemployment insurance is because of that nonstandard worker are located in precarious labor market.
So First, To solve this problem of nonstandard worker's un-affiliation to public pension and unemployment insurance, reformations of public pension and unemployment insurance are necessary. So to relax of the rules that it is need to be covered by the public pension and unemployment insurance are necessary. Second, introduction of 'work credit' for nonstandard worker is necessary.
Creating a supportive and preventive welfare service delivery system is necessary to enhance the effectiveness of services. However, it is a very difficult task for one institution to deliver all necessary services. Thus, instituting network systems among different types of agencies can allow delivery of such services. This study examines the possibility of reshaping the healthy family-support centers to be the core of that networking system. Nowadays family welfare delivery system is divided into two agencies, social welfare centers and healthy family-support centers. Although these two agencies have different functions, consolidation of services are necessary in order to deliver effective family welfare services. Therefore, a state-centered welfare network environment is needed in order to enhance the family support functions. In other words, state-centered agency with authority to mediate and link the services is needed to utilize all welfare related information and capabilities. As a solution, reshaping the heathy family-support centers to be the core of related agencies can achieve the sound networking function and publicness.
The "productive welfare" reforms undertaken by the Kim Dae Jung government during the IMF financial crisis became an important historical event in upgrading the previous Korean welfare system into "the Korea welfare state." This expansion of the welfare system in Korea triggered some interesting academic explanations as well as debates about the natures of the Korean welfare system as well as the productive welfare reforms. The Esping-Andersen's three models of welfare regime had been predominantly applied to those efforts. However, his analytical framework revealed many problems and limitations when it applied to the East Asian context as well as the Korean case where the welfare system had its own developmental logics. Being aware of this critical problem, this paper adopts the perspectives of "the varieties of capitalism", which is emphasizing the role of production regime in the development of the welfare regime, develops a synthesis model enabling us to explaining some peculiar historical developmental pathways of the Korean welfare policies, and reinterprets some important causalities that the previous studies had dismissed. By doing so, this paper ultimately aims at providing new analytical and empirical bases for the next studies of the post-crisis development of the Korean production and welfare regimes.