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2010, Vol.16, No.2

  • 1.

    Tackling Juveniles' Anti-Social Behaviors

    Kim, Soon Yang | 2010, 16(2) | pp.1~56 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The primary purpose of this article is to examine juvenile delinquency by employing the term 'anti-social behaviors' and to explore policy alternatives to tackle juveniles' anti-social behaviors, based on the analysis on the contemporary situation of Korean minors' anti-social behaviors and the case study on British policies to tackle anti-social behaviors. To the end, this article first discusses the theory on anti-social behavior in terms of its concept, causes and typology. The next chapter is allocated to the understanding of the contemporary situation and problems of Korean juveniles' anti-social behaviors, paying special attention to the legal and administrative systems for handling juveniles' anti-social behaviors. Then follows the case study on the British efforts to challenge anti-social behaviors. This article concludes with the exploration of effective ways to tackle juveniles' anti-social behaviors in Korea, by relying upon the empirical analysis, targeting both counties of Korea and Britain, on juveniles' anti-social behaviors.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Factors that Influence Health Care Expenditure of a Nation

    Chulsoo Kim | Ellis Y. Kim | 2010, 16(2) | pp.57~92 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This cross-national study examines the factors that affect the healthcare expenditure of a country. Six different groups of variables are studied using the multiple regression method. The variables included are GDP, proportion of population over 65, healthcare system (represented by the numbers of physicians and hospital beds), health status (represented by percentage of babies immunized for measles, infant mortality rate), health risks (represented by tobacco prevalence among the people higher than age of 15), and inequality (indicated by the GINI index). Data were collected from the World Development Indicators database of the World Bank and from the World Health Organization database. Data collected are mainly from 2005. Models were constructed to include all the countries(86), then the countries were divided into four different income levels to examine the explanatory variables. The results show that an influential factor of the healthcare expenditure is the GDP of a nation, GINI index, infant mortality rate, as well as the proportion of the population over the age of 65. The results also show that the factors that determine the healthcare expenditures of a nation are different between the income brackets: the countries with less income were typically affected by the GDP, whereas the countries with higher income were mostly affected by healthcare system (represented by the numbers of physicians and hospital beds). GINI index was important variable for all the income brackets except high-middle income category. Since Korea belongs to high-middle income category, various factors, such as the healthcare system and health risks, influence its healthcare expenditure. However, while the proportion of population over the age of 65 is increasing rapidly, Korea has relatively high GINI index but low public expenditure. Therefore, if the public expenditure does not increase, the burden of private healthcare cost for each individual would inevitably increase. Compared to other countries with similar income level, healthcare expenditure of Korea is then more susceptible, and will rise faster than the countries with comparable GDP.
  • 3.

    Global Economic Crisis and German Economic and Social Policy against the crisis

    Eoh, Kiy Ku | 2010, 16(2) | pp.93~129 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Amidst facing global financial economic crisis from U.S, this study aims to see economic and social policy countermeasure of Germany dependant upon export for its economic growth as much as the Korean economy is. As expected, since the World War Ⅱ, Germany is confronting with ever most serious difficulties including the rapid reduction of volumes of its domestic and foreign orders received and production, which cause unemployment in the labor market. Nonetheless, social partners including labor, management and the government of Germany prepared an anti-crisis program with 100 billion euro against 2% of GDP, and this explains that Germany is striving hard to ensure its existence in the international community through this opportunity by more strengthening the potential growth, social security net and national employment system than trying to merely get over the current crisis. As a result of this study, it is remarkable to see that while the economic crisis, Germany focuses the role of social security net and objectives of the economic stimulus program more on the support for SMEs which are the biggest victims of the economic crisis and the protection of people. And another remarkable point to see is that various stakeholders including labor, management and the government participate and maximize execution power of policies in the process of making the economic stimulus programs.
  • 4.

    The Effect of Social capital on Health-Promoting Behaviors of the Poor

    임재영 | Tae-jin Lee | 배상수 and 3other persons | 2010, 16(2) | pp.131~180 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    It is known that the poor are usually less healthy than the rich, that the poor are more actively engaged in smoking and drinking, and less actively in exercise, good diet, and so on, and that the poor usually have less social capital than the rich. This study aimed primarily to investigate the determinants of health-promoting behaviors of the poor, particularly focusing on their social capital. For this purpose, face-to-face interview survey was carried out among a sample of 350 residents of Joongwon-Gu, Seongnam-cityin May 2006. The study subjects were sampled from the poor under a poverty line, and using the data obtained from the survey, various models were specified to determine the factors affecting health-promoting behaviors. The main results of the study are as follows; the social capital of the poor, measured at personal, communal, and institutional level, was found to have a statistically significant positive effect on their health-promoting behaviors, such as stopping smoking, reducing drinking, and regular diet, while the social capital of the poor was not found to have a statistically significant effect on regular exercise, undergoing medical examination, and controlling weight. In conclusion, increasing the social capital of the poor is expected to contribute to enhancing health-promoting behaviors, and consequently health of the poor.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of Aligning the Relationship between Long-term care policy for the Disabled and NLTC for Elders: Focusing on the Service Benefits and the Estimation of the Service Needs

    Kim, Chan-Woo | 2010, 16(2) | pp.181~222 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    In 2009, July, the 1st demonstration project of the LTC policy for the disabled was just started. The purpose of this study was to analyze critical policy issues around the LTC policy for the disabled and to estimate the target size of the policy by comparing with NLTC for elders launched on July, 2008. The key contents of this study were as follows. First, the study discussed the desirable concept and service types of LTC for the disabled by comparing those of NLTC for Elders and the Personal Assistance Policy which have been implemented since 2007. Secondly, the study examined the similar service policies for the disable in Japan and USA. This study found that the recent changes in Japanese Disabled Welfare policies have been in the middle of discussions to combine the KaiKo Hoken (LTC Insurance) and the Self-Reliance Assistant Policy for the disabled(public assistance) while USA LTC polices have utilized funding from both Medicaid and State tax-based programs. In third, the study estimated the target size of this policy and the result showed that at least 10.6% of the disabled population under 64 might be needed the LTC services in Korea. Finally, the study concludes the comparative discussions on policy components between LTC for elders and the disabled suggesting several policy alternatives in order to the develop the successful establishment of the LTC policy for the disabled.
  • 6.

    A Preliminary Conceptualization of the Functions of Social Assistance: From Poor Relief to Social Investment

    JO, JOON YONG | 2010, 16(2) | pp.223~252 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Social assistance has become a key social protection program in the post-war era. During the last several decades, social assistance provisions have been modified and expanded to serve various social goals. However, typology of social assistance has so far been limited to ideological discourses based on the poverty regimes of the advanced welfare capitalism. Moreover, despite the complexity and diversity of social assistance around the world, its variations, types and functions have not been properly discussed. As a result, very few practical implications of social assistance, if any, can be found in previous typology studies. The purpose of this study is to conceptualize functions of social assistance in the course of constructing a comprehensive typology of social assistance. It discusses the functions of social assistance in a historical and global context. It then seeks to conceptualize various functions of social assistance based on recent innovations and developments in social assistance. In doing so, this study addresses the potential for social assistance to positively impact the four major welfare objectives of: poor relief, poverty alleviation, poverty prevention, and social investment. The purported conceptualization would not only serve to enrich discussions of the typology of social assistance, but also provide implications for further studies on the development of Korea's National Basic Livelihood Security System.
  • 7.

    The Vocationalization and Professionalization of Chinese Social Workers and the Shanghai Model

    Won,Seok-Jo | 2010, 16(2) | pp.253~294 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The Chinese government made the Provisional Regulations on the Assessment of the Vocational Standards of Social Workers and the Measures for the Implementation of the Examination Regarding Professional Qualifications of Social Workers, and according these two rules the first qualification test of social worker was implemented on 2006. This paper intended to review the issues as well as the background and major contents of the vocationalization and professionalization of chinese social workers. For the purpose, the current conditions of social work education and social welfare institutions, ‘Harmonious Society,’ the central governmental system of social workers, so-called Shanghai Model were analyzed. Major issues of the vocationalization and professionalization of chinese social workers are as follows;First, the status of social workers are very low. The incomes and work conditions of social workers are inferior. So the graduates of university do not perfer the vocation of social workers. And chinese people don't know the role of social workers well. Second, the quality of social workers are relatively low. The social welfare services are provided by public officials not professional social workers. There are a few qualified social workers in social welfare institutions. A few qualified professors of social work departments of universities, and relatively low level of social work skills and careers which the qualification test needs are the reasons. Third, social workers need strong government support. Every social work professions want the governmental, especially financial support to develop the social worker systems. Almost all social welfare institutions are financially very weak and strongly depending on the government. Fourth, the job market of social workers is too much small. Many social work professions said there are so many fields which need social workers. But in real world a little fields need social workers, and it's not easy for social workers to become the public servants of the governmental social welfare departments. However, now the communist government sees social workers as a partner of the ‘Harmonious Society.’ So the future of vocationalization and professionalization of chinese social workers is bright.