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2010, Vol.17, No.2

  • 1.

    Analysis of Meta-evaluation of Hospital Quality Assessment

    김선희 | 정주용 | 2010, 17(2) | pp.7~41 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze the Hospital Quality Assessment, which have implemented by Korea government since 2004, through using the metaevaluation framework. Evaluation standard for metaevaluation consists of five factors, such as environment, input, process, output and feedback. As a result of the meta-evaluation, first, there are conflicts around the basic orientation of evaluation between evaluator and evaluatee. From input sides, there are lacks of systemic construction, independence in evaluation organization, of expertise, fairness and appropriateness in evaluation staffs and of sufficiency in budget. In evaluation process, there are too many or complex evaluation indicators, heavily focusing on quantitative or physical sides. In output side, both lower acceptance and utilization of evaluation information are noticed without demanding incentive system.
  • 2.

    The Impact of the Basic Old-Age Pension Scheme on Poverty Reduction and Income Guarantee

    Sung-ho Kang | 최옥금 | 2010, 17(2) | pp.43~71 | number of Cited : 31
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of the basic old-age pension scheme on poverty reduction and income guarantee. Using the KOWEPS(Korean Welfare Panel Study), we analyzed the impact of basic old-age pension scheme on poverty reduction and income guarantee. The results of this study are as followed: first of all, the basic old-age pensioner have chance to get out of the state of poverty. But people who cannot receive the basic old-age pension have risk to be the state of relative poverty. Second, the basic old-age pension has the impact of income guarantee. However, this impact has the limitation because it is only focused on the poor. Such results suggest that the basic old-age pension has the impact on poverty reduction and income guarantee, but the impact is very marginal. therefore it is needed to increase the benefit of the basic old-age pension and make a reform the basic old-age pension.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Family Resilience of Migrant Workers on the Acculturative Stress - Focused on Gimhae Community -

    Gum-Sil Na | Kim Hee Jae | Choi Song Sik | 2010, 17(2) | pp.73~101 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study were to analyze the effects of family resilience on migrant workers' acculturative stress and search for policy alternatives from the perspective of family welfare. For those purposes, a questionnaire was made up based on the literature about family resilience and acculturative stress, and a survey was taken among migrant workers in Gimhae City, Gyeongnam Province. As a result, acculturative stress was under the significant influence of nationality factor of social-demographic variables. The Filipinos and Indonesian was lower than Chinese. Of the factors of family resilience, stability of family roles had the greatest impacts on acculturative stress. The study finds its significance in that it attempted to devise family welfare policies to strengthen family resilience among migrant workers.
  • 4.

    British Third Sector Policy and New Labour's Communitarianism

    송백석 | Kwak, Jin O | 2010, 17(2) | pp.103~134 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates the British third sector policy and social enterprise policy in the context of New Labour's communitarianism. The interventionist attitude of the Labour party's policy in the third sector has been controversial, and it has been alleged that the government has violated the principle of democracy while weakening the autonomy of civil society. This paper argues that the interventionist approach of the government could be understood in terms of New Labour's communitarianism. The communitarianism was a guiding principle of the government's civil society policy, and it conjucturally needed the role of the strong state because it was faced with the task of rehabilitating the value of community which had been neglected for a long period under Conservative rule in Britain.
  • 5.

    Effects of disability benefits on poverty reductions: Comparing allowance and pension

    Lee, Sunwoo | 2010, 17(2) | pp.135~162 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to measure effects of disability benefits on poverty reduction using poverty rates, poverty gaps, and poverty gap rates(PGR). Poverty rates measure poverty incidence, but it is not an appropriate measure for poverty intensity. Poverty gaps and PGRs are able to measure poverty incidence and poverty intensity. The analysis results show that the effects of disability benefits on poverty rates were much smaller than their effects on poverty gaps and PGRs. It seems to be resulted from differences in proportions of beneficiaries among the total registered people with disabilities and their income classes. The effectiveness of disability allowance and disability pension on reducing poverty rates is low since the percentages of beneficiaries of disability allowance or disability pension are very low. Disability allowance is more effective on reducing PGRs than disability pension because the percentage of the beneficiaries of disability allowance is much higher than that of disability pension, and because the beneficiaries of disability allowance are lower income classes than those of disability pension. Thus it can be said that disability allowance is better targeted on low income disabled people than disability pension. As a result, disability allowance is a better scheme for reducing poverty of disabled people. However, the percentage of the beneficiaries of disability allowance is still low since the beneficiaries are very limited to people with income below 120% of the absolute poverty line. Moreover, the benefit rates of disability allowance are very low. Therefore, disability allowance is not very effective on reducing poverty problems of disabled people. It is fundamental to expand beneficiaries of disability allowance and to raise its benefit rates in order to reduce disabled people's poverty.
  • 6.

    Estimates of the Social Costs of Crime in Korea - considering the seriousness index of crime -

    Heungseek Cho | Won-Hong Min | 김현민 | 2010, 17(2) | pp.163~199 | number of Cited : 22
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to estimate the social costs of crime committed in Korea in 2008. It is widely recognized that estimating social costs of crime is an essential basis for criminal justice policy and decision making. However, to date there have been few studies on the social costs of crime in Korea. Therefore, this study will play a significant role in developing crime-related studies. The methodology of this study is as follows. Firstly, categorize the types and scope of crime, define the main concepts such as opportunity costs, transfer payments, and social costs vs economic costs, and confirm measurable factors, all of which are necessary to measure crime costs. Secondly, divide the costs relating to crime into three categories, and estimate them: costs in prevention of crime, costs as a consequence of crime, and costs in response to crime. The analysis of this study follows the direct estimation due to the severity of types and the incidence of crime. The advantage of this approach is to consider the types of crime according to their importance. but it does not include all types of crime in Korea. The results show that the total costs of crime in Korea in 2008 are approximately 37trillion KRW per year. More specifically, about 11.5trillion KRW is estimated as the costs in anticipation of crime, 15.5trillion KRW is estimated as costs as a consequence of crime, and 9.6trillion KRW for response to crime. However, due to the shortage of data, the result of this study is not fully reliable and verified. Most estimates of costs as a consequence of crime are made using relevant Korean data but since there is enough data available, it has no choice but to have an over or under estimates. Therefore, it is of fundamental importance that follow-up studies are conducted in order to measure social costs of crime in Korea accurately.
  • 7.

    Reframing the Governmental Support System for Social Enterprises

    Kim, Soon Yang | 2010, 17(2) | pp.201~234 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the problems of the current governmental support system for social enterprises, in the aspects of authentication, financial subsidy, performance evaluation and the administrative system, and to suggest the alternatives for a better way of supporting and nurturing social enterprises. For the aim, this article first explores theories on the concept and developing story of social enterprises and then debates on the contemporary situation of social enterprises in Korea. The analytical framework is also formulated. The next part is allocated to the empirical analysis on the current situations of the each stage of the governmental support system in terms of its criteria, adaptation and the administrative system. Also, the case study on the governmental support system of the United States is undertaken to learn the lessons from their earlier experiences. Concluding remark suggests the alternatives for the better governmental support system in Korea, in terms of three aspects: the development and adaptation of criteria in each stage of governmental support, the improvement of linkage systems between stages, and the establishment of a more efficient administrative system.
  • 8.

    Social Exclusion and Social Inclusion in the Public Health Security System

    Yong-Gab Lee | 2010, 17(2) | pp.235~265 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    The public health security system in Korea has some institutional grantees for social integration that provides the low income-vulnerable health care services: first, the Medical Aid Program as one of the Public Assistance Programs; second, the reduction of contribution in the National Health Insurance; third, the deficits disposal of defaulted contribution in the National Health Insurance. But, these security instruments can not prevent or solve the problems of social exclusion in the public health security system. The low income-vulnerable in urban areas can not benefit from the reduction of the contribution, the Medical Aid Program disqualifies some low income-vulnerable from providing public health services, and deficits disposal of defaulted contribution has no regulation for the generalization. This Study has explored the situations and problems of social exclusion and social inclusion in the Korean public health security system with the concept of the 'social exclusion' that is discussed in the context of the groups of not-protected from social insurance systems. After a review of the discuss about the social exclusion in France, EU and England, this study has made an analysis of the Universal Medical Benefits Insurance(CMU) in France that is the social programs against the social exclusion in public health security system. For the more perfect social inclusion in the public health security system, this paper has proposed some social security arrangements: the reduction of National Health Insurance contribution for the low income-vulnerable in urban areas, the sustainable guarantee for the low income-vulnerable as the Medical Aid Program beneficiaries, the institutionalization of the deficits disposal of defaulted contribution in the National Health Insurance, and the integration of the Medical Aid Program into the National Health Insurance.