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pISSN : 1226-0525

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2013, Vol.20, No.4

  • 1.

    Social role and life satisfaction of Korean older adults

    Lee, Sojung | 2013, 20(4) | pp.9~35 | number of Cited : 38
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to analyze the determinants of the most typical socialrole types, namely family care, social participation and work, and to find outthe influence of these social role types on life satisfaction of the older adults. Datafrom the 1st wave of the 『Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging』 was used foranalysis. The analysis includes three steps: first, t-test and Analysis of variance wasemployed to find out the differences in life satisfaction according to the socio-demographiccharacteristics of the older adults. Second, multiple regression analysiswas employed to find out the determinants of social role types, and to analyze theirinfluences on life satisfaction. The results are as follows. First, older adults living in larger households and with lower household incometend to show the role of family care. Especially factors such as women with goodhealth were found to be statistically influential. However, the performance of familycare role was negatively associated with life satisfaction, indicating that the lifesatisfaction of older adults giving care within their families tend to be lower. Thedeterminants of social participation role were contrary to that of the family carerole, with high level of income and education acting as major determinants. Thelife satisfaction of people performing this role type was highest among the three. Last but not least, the determinants of work role were low level of education, thoseliving in rural areas, low age, male and good health. This role type also had positiveeffect on the life satisfaction of older adults. The implications are, the society should take more responsibility for the need for care role caused by structuralchanges, in order to enhance the life satisfaction of the elderly. Also, programsconcerning the social participation of the elderly should be activated not only withinthe public arena but also by inducing the participation of the private sector.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Self-Sufficiency Performance of the Middle-Old Aged: an Analysis of Interaction Effect of Individual Factors and Local self-support center’s Factors

    JINSEOP LIM | 2013, 20(4) | pp.37~75 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempts to explore individual factors and local self-support center’s factorson the self-sufficiency performance of the middle-old aged and to providepractical and policy implications for increasing the self-sufficiency. For this,Multi-level analysis was performed. The main analysis results are as follows. Theself-sufficiency performance of the middle-old aged is different in accordance withlocal self-support center. This mean that appling the multi-level analysis to thisstudy is reasonable. The higher self commitment, perceived quality of service, jobsatisfaction the self-sufficiency performance is increased in fixed effects. Of the individualfactors influencing on self-sufficiency performance, gender, perceivedquality of service, job satisfaction, stress are different in accordance with localself-support center. Perceived quality of service has only interaction effects withthe number of license and readership in analysis of Conditional slope model for interactioneffects between individual factors and local self-support center’s factorson the self-sufficiency performance. Based on the results of further research, practicaland policy implications for increasing self-sufficiency performance arepresented.
  • 3.

    Roles and Responsibilities of Actors in Development Aid: Applying the Principal-Agent Theory

    Hwayoung Lee | Minah Kang | 2013, 20(4) | pp.77~116 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Governance among actors involved in development aid are getting attention as oneof the important factors that affect aid effectiveness. In development aid relationships,multiple layers of delegation or co-operation of tasks occur, of which maincharacteristics are information asymmetry and difference in preferences betweenthe parties. This feature constitutes principal-agent relationships and subsequently,principal-agent problems occur in each related step. This article explains how principal-agent relationships are formed within donorcountry, between donor-recipient countries, and within recipient country and reviewswhat incentive mechanisms for addressing principal-agent problems exist ineach stage and what another alternatives can work. Within the donor country, thepublic is currently hardly playing the role as a principal due to the lack of understandingabout development aid, which makes transparency a critical issue. Between the donor and recipient countries, often problems of conditional aid arebeing recognized among developing partners and approaches that emphasize theownership of recipient country are getting attention as alternatives. At the sametime, there are demands for new approaches that may solve the ‘broken informationfeedback loop.’Overall, as it seems that no single solution can address every principal-agent problems,approaches that are based on each country’s unique context and its aid objectives should be prepared. Finally, the traditional the principal-agent model mightbe required to be modified with new interpretation with the changing dynamics ofrelation in actors involved in development aid that emphasize recipient countries’ownership.
  • 4.

    Improvement of Survivor’s Benefit in Korean Worker’s Compensation Insurance from the perspective of life cycle

    오종은 | Lee, Chanmi | 2013, 20(4) | pp.117~143 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Features of public pension income security is becoming more important due to therecent rapid aging. However, there are also challenges that the financial stability ofpublic pension should be addressed at the same time in the hidden side of socialsecurity’s building. Survivor’s benefit in Korean worker’s compensation insurancetends to be overly excessive paid compared to other social insurance and foreigncases even though the purpose of the social security considers something else. Therefore, this study was to reevaluate the part of being paid excessively from theperspective of life cycle to present the improvement of survivor’s benefit schemefor long-term funding through comparing of domestic social insurance with foreigncases. The findings are summarized as the following improvement direction. 1. payment standard improvement through the provision of stop payment. 2. paymentstandard improvement reflecting income replacement rate by life cycle. Through this system improvement, Korean worker’s compensation insurancescheme will lay the framework for financial stability in the long term and can performthe roles and functions as social security system properly.
  • 5.

    Issues on Restructuring Housing Benefit

    윤희숙 | 2013, 20(4) | pp.145~162 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Housing benefit in the national Basic Livelihood Security Programme (BLSP) isscheduled to be transferred to Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in2014. However, rent voucher, the original main feature planned to be embedded inthe new subsidy system has been dropped lately. This confusion reflects the problemthat the need to transform housing benefit to a voucher or the goal of housingsubsidy has not been fully specified in the previous discussion. Housing subsidyshould be focused on the aspect of rent subsidy protecting poor people from therent volatility. Also, various housing support programs need to be coordinated, andcommunity programs promoting family self-sufficiency need to be actively employedin combination with housing subsidies.