Korea Social Policy Review 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 2.11

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2014, Vol.21, No.3

  • 1.

    Understanding the Neoconservative Welfare Theory

    Cho Young Hoon | 2014, 21(3) | pp.9~36 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Neoconservatism is often used as if it is the synonym of neoliberalism. However,neoconservatism as the modern version of conservatism is a different value systemfrom neoliberalism, which inherits the tradition of classical liberalism. The mix-upof the different value systems results in a misunderstanding of the characteristics ofneoliberal and neoconservative social policies. Almost all the critiques to the welfarestate are generally regarded as those of neoliberalism even though some ofthem are neoconservative. This article aims to show the characteristics of the neoconservative social policy andto evaluate it. This research attempts to reconstruct the neoconservative welfaretheory, focusing on George Gilder, Lawrence Mead and Charles Murray as its majorproponents. This paper has an academic significance in the sense that it provides asystematic view on the neoconservative social policy. A few studies have been done on the neoconservative social policy, but they treat itas part of the neoliberal one or simply regard it as same as the neoliberal one. Thisarticle, by clarifying the characteristics of the neoconservative social policy and differentiatingit from the neoliberal one, will contribute to removing the conceptualconfusion in the social policy field and to establishing a criterion of evaluation forsocial policies in reality.
  • 2.

    A Case Study on Carers’ Movement Organization as User Involvement

    Choi, Heekyung | 2014, 21(3) | pp.37~70 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The study aims to explore the characteristics of social welfare service user involvementin the case of Carers UK, a national voluntary organization of family carers inUK. The identities and practices of the organization were analyzed based on thefour major features of user involvement-diversity, challenge, networks, and values. As the result of the study, diversity of the organization was showed in activities, financialresources, and relationships with external organizations. Also ‘user knowledge’created from caring experiences was functioning as a major source of the recognitionand influence. Advocacy and social conscious for the rights of carers weredeveloped due to the various networks based on local communities, issues andidentities. Finally, it has gained recognition for the value of care as well as socialcontributions of carers, and promoted universal citizenship by representing explicitlythe needs and voices of carers which were hidden in private familyrelationships. Effective governance system made it possible that the organizationhad equal relationships with local governments, corporations, and professionals.Suggestions were made for promoting participation of family carers as service usersfocused on policy, professional, and user constituent.
  • 3.

    Immigrant integration and reconfiguration of citizenship in Europe: cases of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom

    Sunju Lee | 2014, 21(3) | pp.71~92 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    In the 2000s the EU and its member states introduced immigrant integration policies,which was first implemented in the Netherlands. This actually shifted frommulticulturalism to integration. The shift presents not only changes in immigrationpolicies but also a citizenship reform. Through immigrant integration the stateshave made a linkage between citizenship and national identity in order to intensifysocial cohesion. In doing so, once perceived as an asset, dual citizenship is seen asa threat in terms of polluting loyalty to a nation-state and weakening nationalsecurity. In this situation, nation-centered citizenship has been reasserted althoughit dose not replace the post-nationalist thesis: international human rights. The papertherefore examines the ways in which the Netherlands and the UK, previouslyknown as multicultural countries, reconfigure citizenship for migrants by looking attheir development of immigrant integration policies.
  • 4.

    Analysis of the ‘Time Selective Job policy’ : A Comparative Study on South Korea, Netherlands and Germany

    Yuhwi Kim , Sophia Seung-yoon Lee | 2014, 21(3) | pp.93~128 | number of Cited : 20
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes ‘Time Selective Job’ policy which has been newly introducedby the Park Geun-Hye government by conducting a comparative study on part-timework and labour market in South Korea, Netherlands and Germany. We first theoreticallydiscuss on the relations between part-time work and employment rate andon the relation between part-time work and precarious labour market. Then we investigatethe development and context of part-time related policies in Netherlandsand Germany related it to labour market consequences. Next, we examine the developmentand context of ‘Time Selective Job’ and compare policies in the selectedthree countries with a focus on policy coverage, protection for the workers and relatedprogram together with the main context of the policy. In sum, this paperssuggests that without a strong legal protection for equal working condition betweenfull time and part-time employment and also legal guarantee for workers’right to ‘select’ working time, it is difficult to expect the time selective job policy inKorea to achieve its goal of increasing employment rate, not to mention the reductionof precarious labour market.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Household’s Economic Status on the Childbirth

    Kim, Sun-suk , Baek Hakyoung | 2014, 21(3) | pp.129~157 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to analyze the determinants which make people have the firstchild, second one and the third and more children. To achieve this purpose thestudy focused on household’s economic status measured by its income and wealth. The study employed 7-year longitudinal data from 2005 to 2011 provided by KoreaWelfare Panel, in order to analyze the relation between household’s economic statusand female childbirth decisions. The target group of the study was 20-49year-old married women which was constructed by adding 20-49 year-old marriedwomen of each panel year to the corresponding group of the first panel year. Wefound that different factors influenced women’s childbirth decision among the first,second and third and more children. Moreover the study has shown that the influencesof household’s economic status were different from each childbirth decisionaccording to its order. Base on these findings we proposed the need to deliverchildbirth support policies differentiated by people’s economic strata.
  • 6.

    The analysis of job-training for the unemployed : focusing on employment, income, re-unemployment

    Lee, Seo-yun | 2014, 21(3) | pp.159~187 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This research verified the effect of job training on the unemployed based on theKorean Labor and Income Panel Study phase 4~12. The subject of this study is600(540) unemployed people who were dismissed in 2001~2009 and are betweenthe age of 18 to 65. To minimize sample selection bias, PSM method was usedwhile the composition of experimental group and control group and Cox proportionalhazard model was used on the analysis. In verifying the effect of job training,the researcher was focused on three rates- ‘re-employment hazard’, ‘the recoveryhazard of former income level’, ‘the hazard of recurrence of unemployment afterthe re-employment’. In conclusion, ‘going through job training’ is surely promoting outplacement in Korea. But it will not guarantee the unemployed the quality of employment, such as incomelevel or employment stability. In other words, job training is leading the unemployedto get employed in short time, by preventing failing from the employe market or fallingto the discouraged unemployed. But the quality of employment of them is notsignificantly higher than the group which were not engaged in job training.