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2014, Vol.21, No.4

  • 1.

    A Meta-Analysis of the Related Variables with Martial Satisfaction for Marriage Migrant Women

    Eunjoo Lee | Jun, Mi-Kyung | 2014, 21(4) | pp.9~44 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to integrate the relationship between martial satisfaction of marriage migrant women and related variables through metal analysis and suggest a multicultural policy, based on the result. Martial satisfaction of marriage migrant women showed the most significant relationship when they formed positive relationships with parents-in-law, and there was a high relationship between social support and martial satisfaction. Also, the relationship with martial satisfaction was high, when marriage migrant women highly recognized family health, had a low parenting stress and positively recognized child and martial relationships. Among a lot of related variables, academic background, age of marriage migrant women, educational background of spouses, gender role attitudes and recognitions of marriage migrant women and spouses showed extremely low relationships with martial satisfaction. Also, Korean language ability, marriage path and marriage duration of marriage migrant women showed low relationships. In addition, occupations, remittance to marriage migrant women’s parents, the number of children, age and occupations of spouses were not statistically significant. Based on these findings, practical discussions for marriage migrant women’s marriage adjustment and support are as follows. There is a need to develop education for parents-in-law and a multicultural counseling support policy for mothers-in-lawand daughters-in-law, construct an associated system of social support, develop a life cycle-based educational support policy, expand child-rearing support service and separate education from counseling.
  • 2.

    Issues and Implications of Seoul-Type Basic Livelihood Security as a Reformation Plan of National Basic Livelihood Security

    이승선 | Kim Yeon Myung | 2014, 21(4) | pp.45~79 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to improvement of National BasicLivelihood Security(NBLS) scheme by analyzing the structure of Seoul-Type BasicLivelihood Security systematically and discussing its achievements and limitations. To theses ends, this study compared the reformation plan of central government forcustomized benefit systems with the Seoul-type program, thereby determiningstructural features of the program, and examined its performances and tasksthrough in-depth interviews with some officials who practice the program in thefields. Seoul-type program has different structure in contrast with the presentscheme and the reformation plan as it relaxes the selection criteria of family supportobligation rule and the methods for converting assets into incomes, and in thisrespect, it can be regarded as a significant contribution to, to some extent, solvingthe problem of excluded people from the public assistance system and guaranteeingthe minimum standards of living for those in poverty. However, it still has somelimitations, so it is necessary to discuss to find a way for the fundamentalcountermeasures.
  • 3.

    A Study on Developing a Scale for Emotional Self Sufficiency

    Tae-Young Um | 2014, 21(4) | pp.81~102 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research was to develop the scale of emotional self-sufficiencyfor the participant in the self-sufficiency program. For this, the current study wasbased on the preceding research which had investigated emotional self-sufficiency,expert delphi study. And 25 preliminary questions were made. After that, 287 peopleparticipated to the exploratory factor analysis and a validity of scale in six factorsand 25 questions was verified. Also, the scale of emotional self sufficiency wasascertained in consideration of goodness of fit through the confirmatory factoranalysis. The concrete factors consist of a positive attitude for the life, human relation,rewarding job, self-control, will of independence, and self-image. Finally, thisresearch proposed the direction for improvement about the self-sufficiency throughthe developed self sufficiency scale.
  • 4.

    How Does the Interplay of Labor Market Institutions and Mismatch Affect Labor Market Outcomes?: An Empirical Analysis of 24 Countries Using PIAAC Data

    Kirak Ryu | 2014, 21(4) | pp.103~136 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    It is commonly known that mismatch between human capital embodied by the employeeand the demand for skills will lead to an under-utilization of human resources,therefore yielding a negative impact on the macro economy. While policyefforts have been made in terms of equilibrium of labor demand and supply, it seldomattracts attention that structural properties and institutional features of labor marketscan play a role in determining labor market outcomes. This paper has tried to fill thisgap by analyzing how the interplay of labor market institutions and mismatch unfoldsin generating labor market outcomes using the PIAAC data. Results show that the likelihood of working on atypical contract, job-related trainingparticipation, and earnings, when used as measures for human resources placementand rewards, have revealed negative impacts of education and skills mismatches. Inaddition, labor market segmentation, in conjunction with collective bargaining, natureof labor market policy, and generosity of unemployment insurance, aggravatesthe negative effects of mismatches on labor market outcomes. These finding attestto the request for balance of policy orientation between the equilibrium and thestructural approach to human capital utilization and placement.
  • 5.

    Relation of participating in leisure activity and acculturation of Koreans residing overseas: Mediation effect of depression-Mainly about middle-aged Koreans living in Sidney

    하춘광 | 2014, 21(4) | pp.137~164 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study intends to grasp the influence which participating in leisure activity ofmiddle-aged Koreans residing overseas on acculturation and to investigate depressionwhich seems to mediate these 2 variables. For this study, 233 middle-agedKoreans residing in Sidney Australia were chosen as object and technical statistics,analysis of correlation, analysis of reliability were done by using SPSS ver.18.0 forstatistical method. By utilizing structure equation AMOS ver.7.0 program was used to verify the hypothesisof study model suggested by this study. The result of analysis is as follows. Acculturation and depression are directly affected by leisure activity and acculturationis affected by depression. Then, leisure activity affected acculturation by mediationof depression. The result will be provided as basic data to emphasize the importanceof participating in leisure activity which helps the middle-aged Koreans residingoverseas for acculturation and to support the welfare-related program of overseasimmigrant policy and compatriots emigrating overseas for acculturation.
  • 6.

    A Study on Strengthening Social Policy Functions in the Korean Occupational Pension: Focus on Income Security

    Jung Chang Lyul | 2014, 21(4) | pp.165~194 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Reorientation of private pension in the pension reform has been an importanttheme in the western social policy but, the Korean occupational pension has beenoverlooked in social policy sphere. Starting from an awareness of the issues thatoccupational pension has the interface between economic and social policy, thispaper examines social policy functions of the current Korean occupationalpension. The analysis shows that income security-coverage, benefit level, benefitform and entitlement security-in the Korean occupational pension was structuredfrom a point of view of financial market activation rather than old age income security-social policy function. This distortion is because finance stakeholder haveplayed a leading role for occupation pension debate. Considering that the rolesand functions of occupational pension can be different whether occupational pensionsstrengthen the social functions or not, it is necessary to be interested in occupationalpension in the social policy sphere.