Korea Social Policy Review 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 2.11

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pISSN : 1226-0525

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2016, Vol.23, No.3

  • 1.

    An Evaluation on Karl Marx’s View on Social Policy

    Cho Young Hoon | 2016, 23(3) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims to find Karl Marx’s views on the social policy and to reorganize them into a systematic social policy theory. His views on the welfare state are scattered in diverse works including Capital and Communist Manifesto, and are very complicated and sometimes contradictory. This article further aims to reinterpret his contradictory views on social policy and to attempt to show what he really meant on social policy. By so doing, this article will contribute to re-establishing Karl Marx’s status in the field of social policy study. Karl Marx’s social policy theory is one of the least researched area in social policy, although several Western scholars introduce and evaluate his views on the welfare state in social policy textbooks and articles. In particular, it is very difficult to find a work attempting to reorganize and reinterpret Karl Marx’s contradictory views on social policy. In this regard, this article deserves a significant academic concern.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Working-Time Stratification in Korea

    Shin Young Min , Kyu Sung Hwang | 2016, 23(3) | pp.17~47 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to analysis working-time of Korea focusing on “the difference and the distribution” by a stratum. Classifying working-time into four categories including marginal part-time, part-time work, standard-time work and long-time working, it compares the relative distribution by income quintile. The outcome is as following : 20% of low-ranking income quintile are (marginal) part-time working, 60% from income quintile 2 to 4 are in long-time working and 20% of top-ranking income quintile are in the standard-time working in overall. Working-time classes can be divided up into three: short time-low income of type 1, long time-medium income of type 2 and standard time-high income of type 3. Analysing working time type, the low wage-short time, medium wage-long time and high wage-standard time by the wage per month and low wage-very long time, medium wage-long time and high wage-standard time by the wage per hours are confirmed. Also, stratification of working- time has been intensified in terms of age, jobs and work status. Policy implication from this study is that the increase of minimum wage to the lowest income class and creation of employment by the reduction of working-time to the medium income class could be effective policies.
  • 3.

    The Corrections of Errors in the Estimations on the Nonstandard Workers Scale by an Empirical Analysis of Bogus Self-employment in Korea

    Jeonghee Seo , 박경하 | 2016, 23(3) | pp.49~77 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to reveal errors in the estimations on the nonstandard workers scale which have resulted from little consideration for bogus self-employment. Bogus self-employment means disguised employment relationships that are considered to be self-employed workers even though they have inherent subordination. The methods of previous studies estimate that the bogus self-employed workers are excluded from estimations because they are not workers in principle. We analyze the scale of the bogus self-employments using the empirical data [the Korean Welfare Panel of 2008-2013(six wave panel)] to re-estimate the scale of non-standard workers. In 2013, the year of the last wave, the percentage of the bogus self-employment was high, the proportion of them is 28.5% among self-employment without owning a place of business. Our results expect the number of contract workers from re-analysis would be over 740 thousand when reflecting on the predictive value in the actual number of paid workers. In conclusion, it is necessary to apply reasonable methods of analysis concerning the scope and scale of the nonstandard workers for the sake of coping with measures against the problem of nonstandard workers. The aim of this study is to reveal the estimation error on nonstandard workers’ scale which are resulted from having no consideration for bogus self-employment. Bogus self-employment means disguised employment relationship that is considered as self-employment workers even though they have inherent subordination. The methods of previous researches’ estimation on nonstandard workers have the problem that the bogus self-employment workers are excluded from estimation because they are not workers in principle.
  • 4.

    The American Route of the Reconciliation between Work and Family

    seong eun choi , Jae-jin Yang | 2016, 23(3) | pp.79~108 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study is focused on the historical route in which reconciliation between work and family has been operating in the United States whose welfare standards are low, by using analytic narratives, from late 19th century to early 20th century. The first step saw an increase in the social advancement of unmarried women due to the increase in employment in the occupation of white-collar, as well as the increase of women in the Academy and in educational institutions. In the second step, the social advancement of married women was increased by the enforcement of the New Deal, consumption capitalism, and World War II. In the third step, the sphere of highly-educated women was expanded to a professional one through active measures aimed at gender equality, and the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s took place. The United States’ path model was completed in the fourth step. This study show that the most important factors have a significant influence to complete route of the American’s Route were individual efforts of women (capacity building through the academic and the powerful women’s movement) and the individual employment relationship in labor market. This study shows that individual efforts of women, especially in building capacity through the academic and the powerful women’s movement, and the labor market, whose individual employment relationship is well-developed, have a significant influence on completing the route of the highly educated middle-class women in America.