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2017, Vol.24, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study of Citizens’ Giving Behavior by Income Level: Estimation of Probability and Amount of Secular Giving

    Chul Hee Kang | 박태근 | LEE SOO YEON | 2017, 24(1) | pp.1~31 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This paper attempts to analyze citizens’ giving behavior by household income level. Particularly, it focuses on participation and amount of secular giving by using ‘Social Survey’in 2011, 2013, and 2015 from the Bureau of Statistics and employing Heckman selection model for statistical analysis. This study shows that citizens’ participation has a proportional tendency by their income level. Similar to participation of secular giving, citizens’ giving amount has also a proportional tendency by their income level. However, the degree of proportional tendency seems not to be significant in the case of amount of secular giving. This empirical analysis promotes understanding of participation and amount of secular giving by citizens’ income section in Korea by showing the differences. This paper provides meaningful empirical understanding regarding citizens’ secular giving behavior by their income level. In addition, it offers important clues to motivate relevant prospective studies and develop social agenda which contribute to strengthening giving culture in Korea.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Impacters of the Disabled Worker’s Subjective Career Success in the Competitive Labour Market: Application of the Multi-Level Analysis of the Individual and Organizational Properties

    권재용 | Lee, Dong Young | 전병렬 | 2017, 24(1) | pp.33~66 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Based on the premise that the systematic career process of workers in the general labor market was one of core elements of successful achievements and their establishment both at the individual and organizational level, this study set out to conduct empirical analysis of factors influencing the subjective career success of disabled workers in competitive employment at the multi-dimensional levels of individuals and organizations(corporations) and thus provide practical implications for the career management directionality of their successful vocational life with data based on practical and statistical accuracy. For those purposes, the investigator administered a structured questionnaire to 126 disabled workers at 48 companies in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, and Gangwon and collected data about the individual and organizational characteristics. Then the influential factors were analyzed with the multilevel analysis technique by taking into consideration the organizational effects. The analysis results show that organizational characteristics explained 32.1% of total variance of subjective career success, which confirms practical implications for the importance of organizational variables and the legitimacy of applying the multilevel model. The significant influential factors include the degree of disability, desire for growth, self-initiating career attitude and value- oriented career attitude at the individual level and the provision of disability-related convenience, career support, personnel support, and interpersonal support at the organizational level. The latter turned out to have significant moderating effects on the influences of subjective career success on the characteristic variables at the individual level. Those findings call for plans to increase subjective career success through the activation of individual factors based on organizational effects. The study thus proposed and discussed integrated individual- corporate practice strategies including setting up a convenience support system by reflecting the disability characteristics, applying a worker support program, establishing a frontier career development support system, and providing assistance for a human network.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study on Policies of Elderly Abuse in the Long-Term Care Facilities on WHO, Main countries

    MOON YONGPIL | HoYong Lee | 2017, 24(1) | pp.67~95 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study compared policies of elderly abuse of long-term care facilities on WHO, Main countries for improvement of Korean policy. So, This study reviewed policies of elderly abuse of long-term care facilities on WHO, Main countries. So, This study reviewed risk factors that may increase the potential for abuse of an older person can be identified at individual level, care-woker levels, socio-cultural levels and facilities levels. The results of the study were as follows: First, The openness of long-term care facilities are emphasized on many countries. There are a need for a policy considerations such as policies of Ombudsman, Adult guardianship for visiting facilities, external monitoring. Second, There was a difference of facilities infrastructure and workers of treatment condition long-term care facilities each other countries. So It is important to improve facilities infrastructure and workers of treatment condition. Third, It is necessary to consider traits of elderly in long-term care facilities. Especially, it is required to manage dementia elderly and elderly on night time in long-term care facilities. Finally, implications and future directions of policies of elderly abuse of long-term care facilities were discussed based on the finding of the study.
  • 4.

    The Paradigm Shift of Social Policy for Unwed Mothers in Korea

    Yongwoo Lee | 2017, 24(1) | pp.97~115 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    Unlike the past several decades when over 90% of unwed mothers chose to adopt their children, the number of never-married mothers who determine to raise their children for themselves has recently been increasing. However, many unwed mothers are still suffering from a diversity of problems including poverty, discrimination and biased stereotypes. To this end, this study aims to observe the development process of social policy for unwed mothers in Korea, with a special focus on the policy paradigm shift, and examine current social services for never-married mothers and their children. The results of the study shows the paradigm shift of social policy for unwed mothers occurred around the mid-2000’s towards helping never-married mothers rear their children. However, social services for them have not kept pace with the paradigm change, which makes still very much hard for unwed mothers to raise their kids on their own. The study concludes with policy implications for improving social services for families headed by never-married mothers.
  • 5.

    The Relationship between Quitting Time and Subsequent Time Allocation of Full-time Workers in Korea

    Seungho Lee | PARK Mijin | 2017, 24(1) | pp.117~151 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study explored the relationship between quitting time and subsequent time allocation of full-time workers with young children. First, as a result of sub-group difference analysis of subsequent time allocation by quitting time, the group who finished their work early used their additional time mostly for housework and care work. And if the workers finish their work late, they decreased their housework and active leisure time first, and then supplementally reduced their care work and passive leisure time. In addition, SUR analysis showed that as the workers finish their work earlier, the proportion of housework, care work and active leisure among five activities was getting higher. Last but not least, it was verified that the relationship between the quitting time and the subsequent time allocation was moderated by gender in housework, care work, and regenerative activity. This research can contribute to the development of debate on work-life balance of workers’ by providing the concrete and detailed results.
  • 6.

    A Structural Equation Modeling of Internalizing Problem Behaviors of Korean Chinese‘left-behind’Children in China

    현미나 | Park Ji Sun | Shin, Dong-Myeon | 2017, 24(1) | pp.153~185 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the actual conditions and causes of the problem behaviors of Korean Chinese‘left-behind’children in China in order to propose a support system to prevent problem behaviors of them. For this purpose, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 399 children who attend at three Korean Chines schools in Yonbian in China. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, internalizing problem behavior, social support, self-esteem, and self-resilience. This paper analysed the survey data by employing one-way ANOVA and a structural equation modeling. It verified if there is significant difference in internalizing problem behaviour, self-esteem, self-resilience, and social support between left-behind children’s group and non left-behind children’s group. It also identified a structural causal relationship and direct or indirect effects among problematic behaviour, self-esteem, self-resilience, and social support. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, there was a statistically significant difference in the social withdrawal and depression of internalizing problem behaviors between left-behind children’s group and non left-behind children’s group. Second, the left-behind children’s group showed no significant difference in self-resilience and social support compared to non left-behind children’s group, but showed a significant difference in self-esteem. In the positive self- esteem factor, non left-behind children’s group showed much higher score whereas left-behind children’s group was higher in the negative self-esteem factor. Third, social support for left-behind children’s group has a statistically significant direct negative effect on internalizing problem behaviors, and indirectly negative effects on problem behavior through self-resilience. These results suggest the necessity of establishing a social support system for mitigating and preventing problem behaviors and the necessity of preparing measures to improve self-resilience. Based on the results of the study, we discussed how to establish a social support system in China to mitigate internalizing problem behaviors of Korean Chinese left-behind children.
  • 7.

    The Relationships between Children’s Perceived Levels of Neglect and Abuse and Community Characteristics

    Jung, Sun Young | 2017, 24(1) | pp.187~211 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to examine the relationship between children’s perceived levels of neglect and abuse and community characteristics. For this, it analyzed data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey and data collected from the Statistics Korea. Main findings are as follows. First, children who resided in the communities with higher report rates of child maltreatment perceived higher levels of neglect. Second, children who resided in the communities with higher rates of welfare recipients, lower residential mobility, or lower rates of those who responded they had someone to ask for help when they were sick tended to perceive higher levels of neglect. Third, while the perceived levels of abuse were explained by the child factors, those of neglect were explained by child, family, and community factors. Based on these findings, this study suggested the interventions on the community levels and future research directions
  • 8.

    Evaluating the Efficacy of Income Security System of Korea

    Shin-Wook Kang | 2017, 24(1) | pp.213~237 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    It is essential in social policy evaluation to examine how effectively they protect people from social risks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of five income security programs of Korea in coping with poverty, using KoWEPs data. We analyse the coverage and adequacy of these programs, joint as well as individual, for each sub-groups. As a result, it was found that 35% of the poor get none of the benefits. The coverage and adequacy for the aged is rather high. However, for the working age people, the unemployed in particular, are very poorly covered and average benefits levels are very low. These findings imply that there are much room and demand for improvement of Korean income security program, especially for working age population.
  • 9.

    Paradox of Meritocracy of the Social Welfare Organization in the Neoliberalism

    Insook Lee | 2017, 24(1) | pp.239~275 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore what social workers experience and how they experience the needs of Meritocracy in the social welfare organization in the neoliberalism.. Therefore, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 social workers, and I analyzed Colaizzi(1978) in a phenomenological method through collected research materials. As a result, the analysis is integrated in a total of four essential themes. According to the research results, the meritocracy - oriented phenomenon in the social welfare organization was ‘paradox of Meritocracy’. Participants were buried in creating “nominal performance without any effectiveness” based on effectiveness and efficiency. Clients were instrumentalized in performance; moreover, they lost contact points with the field. Above all, there was “a reorganization of practices” that contradicted the original values of practice, in which the quality deterioration of service and the connection between organizations were weakened. In addition, the implementation of accountability of social welfare organization, which was intended by Meritocracy, has become a criterion for external evaluation, and the challenge of uncertain result has left a “rigid accountability without discretion.” While participants were devoted to making a nominal performance, they failed to be guaranteed by the distinct characteristics of social welfare group. They experienced lost pride of the practitioner in the reality which contained the value of social welfare. However, in spite of this paradox of Meritocracy, participants demonstrated flexibility in order to preserve the original value and reached “a compromise with reality in the identity conflict.” Based on the results of the research, I presented the discussion and policy directions.